University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

Online Publications

Filter by Author

Jayoung Koo

Placemaking: Planning and Designing Meaningful Public Spaces
12/13/2017 (new)

Public spaces are areas that are open to the public to access and use. Spaces that are used most frequently tend to be valued highly in the community. When these public spaces have personal meanings associated with them that transform them into memorable public places. Therefore, public places are not only locations in our society, but tend to have an additional special identity linked to the public spaces. Great public places in communities should strive to be destinations for both locals and visitors. | LA-12
web only | 6 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 3,390 kb

Placemaking: Strengthening Your Public Spaces
12/13/2017 (new)

Strong public spaces provide lasting impressions and shared community experiences. Public spaces refers to locations that are accessible to the public. This can include parks, streets, playgrounds or fair grounds. In addition to publicly owned spaces, public spaces can also include privately owned spaces with areas open to the public such as plazas or memorials. Although the size and scope of public spaces may differ, the goals and functions should be suitable and appropriate for the size and location, whether small or large, rural or urban. Successful public spaces connect with other parts of a community and are accessible and open to the public, residents and visitors alike. | LA-11
web only | 3 pages | - | 22 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb

Walkability and Connectivity: Planning for Enhancing Walkability and Connectivity
12/13/2017 (new)

Built environment patterns are essential for supporting the pedestrian experience in communities for health, wellness and safety. Since the mid-20th century, the intertwined relationship between sprawling development patterns and auto dependence has left many communities with built environments that discourage people from walking in the community. With shifting focus on people rather than cars, attention and interest in planning and design has brought about the need to bring back walkable communities for various goals and objectives including pursuing healthy lifestyles, engaging in more physical activities and investing in attractive pedestrian focused environments. Many communities have turned their efforts toward reintroducing and strengthening their pedestrian paths/networks and increasing connectivity in the community. Supportive built environment patterns can have other impacts on people's everyday lives and lifestyles such as providing for a safe and attractive environment for outdoor activities. Furthermore, sound and well-connected walkable environments can also directly influence a community's economic health, place identity, and sense of community. | LA-10
web only | 8 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 4,230 kb

Walkability and Connectivity: Enhancing the Pedestrian Travel Environment for Healthier Communities
11/20/2017 (new)

Our built environment patterns can be more supportive of pedestrian experiences rather than that of vehicle travel. Since the mid-20th century, housing developments have sprawled beyond city limits with convenient and connected infrastructure such as road networks. However, such built environment patterns have influenced personal lifestyles. Partly, this results from the lack of appropriate environmental settings for safe and engaging outdoor activities within close distances to and connections to where we live and work. Attention and interest in planning and design of our built environment has brought about the need to return to walkable communities for a variety of goals and objectives, including investing in attractive pedestrian focused environments, engaging in more physical activities and pursuing healthy lifestyles. In addition to the physical health of communities, walkability characteristics of communities also have indirect influences on a community's economic performance, sense of community and place identity. | LA-9
web only | 3 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb

Streetscapes: Planning and Designing Vibrant Streets
11/20/2017 (new)

Streetscapes can provide and support community visions for social interaction and achieve common goals such as safety, economic health, or social destinations. Streetscapes also contribute to lasting impressions of communities and places. The streetscape development process requires community members to work together with local governments and other state and federal agencies that are responsible for creating and managing public right-of-ways, the property located edge to edge on either side of a street. The planning process provides opportunities for collaboration among organizations, meaningful interaction and strengthens community capacity. | LA-8
web only | 6 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 3,590 kb

Streetscapes: Visioning Vibrant Relationships
10/20/2017 (new)

A streetscape is the sphere that includes the public right-of-way from the edge of properties on both sides of the street. The streetscape typically includes a mix of features including but not limited to the following: vehicular lanes, sidewalks, bike lanes, parking spaces, planting strips, storm water management elements, signage, street lights, utility lines, amenities such as bus stops, and facades of built structures. The nature of a successful streetscape design is to convey a safe, environmentally friendly, aesthetically appealing, inclusive, and context sensitive atmosphere to the area, neighborhood, or district. Additionally, established streetscapes enhance the functionality, accessibility, and vitality of the built environment. | LA-7
web only | 3 pages | 1,205 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 720 kb

Wayfinding: Planning and Design at Work
1/26/2017 (new)

Communities can learn from one another's successes, challenges, and limitations for going about wayfinding projects. What worked for one community may not always work for another. However, it is also important to note that what did not work for one community may work for another community depending on the context, scale, scope, or support of a community. With this in mind, the following case studies can help identify types of signage, potential locations, and serve as an effective starting point to pursue your own community's wayfinding project, including potential funding sources. | LA-6
web only | 4 pages | 1,698 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 2,501 kb

Wayfinding: Planning and Design with Communities
1/26/2017 (new)

Wayfinding is an ability to orient oneself based on repeated cues from the physical environment. Travel experiences for both residents and visitors can be strengthened through efficiently laid out information in our physical environments. Features that stand out in the environment can remind people of a particular meaning through experience and recognition. | LA-5
web only | 4 pages | 1,912 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 2,674 kb

Effective Navigation through Your Community: Wayfinding and Signage Systems for Communities
1/26/2017 (new)

Wayfinding is the ability to orient oneself based on repeated cues from the physical environment. Various physical features and structural elements can help people find their way around places, feel welcomed beyond the initial welcome sign at the entrance to a town or district, be informed, and feel helped when uneasy or lost. These uneasy experiences can change and become positive benefits for the community with effective wayfinding systems that complement the physical features in the built environment. | LA-4
web only | 2 pages | 1,250 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 374 kb

Trailblazers: Two Case Studies for Community Trails
3/28/2016 (new)

The following two communities have successfully planned, designed, and implemented trails and greenways in different time lines, contexts and processes. Both projects share a range of trail project features, lessons learned and processes that can be adapted to be suitable for other locations, contexts, communities and cultures whether old or new, urban or rural, or large or small. These communities identified and utilized their natural resources to address potential issues prior to a disruptive event such as a flood or protected natural resources that were up against development pressure. Trail systems and greenway projects can be used to proactively propose alternative solutions that balance human needs with ecosystem processes which benefit both the communities and the larger region. | LA-3
web only | 4 pages | 1,863 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb

Beyond a Path 2: Trail Planning
3/28/2016 (new)

There are two general ways to begin a trail project in a community. The first method is for the community (client) to hire design or planning professionals such as landscape architects, urban planners or engineers to lead a trail project on behalf of the community. The second way involves a grass roots approach where a community gets the project started and develops the conceptual ideas on their own and then later brings in professionals during the design phase. Regardless of the approach for the initial phase, professionals need to be involved to eventually construct the trail(s) but how much of the process and outcome they influence is ultimately up to the community. For the purpose of this document, we will focus on the second method to help projects get started in the community by the community. Collaboration, coordination and partnerships are essential for the success of a project due to the linearity of trails and complexity of trail systems. The specific outcomes of a trail, its benefits, and costs for the community depend on the specific location, region and potential of the community group as covered in the Beyond a Path 1 publication. | LA-2
web only | 7 pages | 2,094 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 6,600 kb

Beyond a Path 1: Trails as Resource Connections in Your Community
3/28/2016 (new)

The development of a trail system can help a community improve recreational, travel and health assets and generate revenue. Trail systems or greenways can indirectly have positive effects on adjacent property values and potentially boost economic activities within close proximity. Well developed trails support conservation efforts for wildlife habitat or agricultural land use while also connecting points of interest. Therefore, trails can provide many direct and indirect environmental, social, and economic benefits for communities to strengthen the health of their environment and longer term sustainability. | LA-1
web only | 2 pages | 1,076 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 200 kb