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4AJ-07PA

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest: Evaluating Past Production Hens

8/19/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In a 4-H poultry judging contest participants are required to rank a group of four hens from the most to least productive. The criteria used in judging the hens are based on pigmentation, abdominal capacity, abdominal fat condition and molt.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 3.30 mb
Pages: 8



4AJ-11PO

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest: Market Poultry: Ready-to-Cook Poultry Parts Identification

8/18/2021 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The market poultry division now includes one class of ready-to-cook broiler carcasses to grade, one class of ready-to-cook roaster carcasses to grade, one class of parts identification, one class of parts grading, and one class of further processed boneless poultry products. Each class is worth 100 points, for a total of 500 possible points for the division. This factsheet specifically looks at the 24 possible parts that will be selected from for use in the contest. This is an increase from the 17 possible parts in previous years.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 10.00 mb
Pages: 10



4AJ-04PA

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest (An Overview of the Project): Overview

8/2/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Judging contests are a tool used in the development of the life skills of 4-H members. Participation in judging and other competitive events helps 4-H'ers learn to make and defend decisions and to speak in public. Poultry judging also provides an excellent opportunity for 4-H'ers to learn about live chickens and the basis of grade and quality of eggs and poultry products.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 1.92 mb
Pages: 8



4AJ-12PO

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest: Market Poultry: Grading to Ready to Cook Parts

8/2/2021 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The market poultry division now includes one class of ready-to-cook broiler carcasses to grade, one class of ready-to-cook roaster carcasses to grade, one class of parts identification, one class of parts grading, and one class of further processed boneless poultry products. Each class is worth 100 points, for a total of 500 possible points for the division. This factsheet looks at the new class of grading ready-to-cook parts.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 11.30 mb
Pages: 9



ASC-246

Properly Maintaining a Backyard Poultry Facility

8/2/2021 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

It is important that you properly maintain the poultry facility so that you do not attract rodents, flies, or create an odor problem. These are the three main reasons that non-poultry enthusiasts give for not wanting backyard flocks in their communities and neighborhood.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 1.47 mb
Pages: 4



ASC-247

Broodiness in Chickens

8/2/2021 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Broodiness is the term used to describe a hen that is preparing to naturally incubate eggs and raise newly hatched chicks. When broodiness occurs in a hen certain behavioral changes may be evident. These changes include increasing the time spent in the nest, being overly protective of the eggs and nest, changes in the consumption of feed and water, and the stopping of egg production.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 375 kb
Pages: 2



4AJ-06PA

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest: Grading Ready-to-Cook Poultry Carcasses

7/14/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In 2021, major revisions were made to the market poultry division of the 4-H poultry judging contest. The market poultry division now includes one class each of ready-to-cook broiler carcasses to grade, ready-to-cook roaster carcasses to grade, parts identification, parts grading, and further processed boneless poultry products.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 6.48 mb
Pages: 12



4AJ-10PO

Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Contest: Market Poultry: Evaluating Further Processed Poultry Products

7/14/2021 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Boneless further processed poultry meat products are common in retail markets as precooked, poultry meat patties, tenders, nuggets, or other boneless products. This factsheet will cover the evaluation of further processed poultry products.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family, livestock, poultry
Size: 8.13 mb
Pages: 7



ID-270

Human-Horse-Environment Interface: Metals in Indoor Horse Arenas

6/21/2021 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Erin Haynes, Staci McGill, Kimberly Tumlin

A University of Kentucky research collaboration analyzed footing samples for metal concentrations as part of a larger study on indoor arenas. By determining what metals are present within the indoor arena footing, we can begin to develop an idea of the metals which could potentially become airborne particulates as horses are worked in the arenas. To date, metals havenít been as widely considered when considering respirable particulate matter (PM) that can impact horses and humans in the arena environment.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, UK Epidemiology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 430 kb
Pages: 3



AGR-48

Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky

4/6/2021 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 2.05 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-169

Beef Sire Selection Manual, 2021

4/1/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Darrh Bullock

In principle, genetic improvement is a straight-forward exercise that results from using above-average selection candidates as the parents of the next generation. In practice, the devil is in the details. Both bull breeders and bull buyers need to consider their breeding objectives, defining the list of traits that need to be modified to advance the towards their goal.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 7.30 mb
Pages: 56



ASC-245

Feeding Soybeans to Beef Cattle

3/24/2021 (new)
Authors: Jeff Lehmkuhler, Katherine VanValin

Various factors such as delayed planting, early frost, drought or suppressed market prices may lead one to consider feeding soybeans to cattle. Soybeans can be fed to beef cattle as an energy and protein source. Depending upon the stage of development, soybeans will have varying degrees of feed value and a feed test for nutrient content is recommended.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, farm crops, grain crops, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, soybeans
Size: 308 kb
Pages: 3



ID-108

The Kentucky Beef Book, 2021

3/23/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Les Anderson, Michelle Arnold, Darrh Bullock, Kenny Burdine, Roy Burris, Ben Crites, Jimmy Henning, Steve Higgins, Steve Isaacs, Kevin Laurent, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Lee Moser, Gregg Rentfrow, Kylie Schmidt, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch, Lee Townsend, Katherine VanValin, Paul Vijayakumar

Kentucky is ideally suited for cattle production. The main feed for cattle is a renewable resource Kentucky has in abundance--forages. The majority of the state's terrain favors cattle production over row crops. Kentucky farms cover 14 million acres, with approximately half of that occupied by forage grasses and legumes. Our natural resources and climate permit the growth of most cool-season and warm-season species. Water is readily available in all areas of the state, and we have a relatively long growing season.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 4.50 mb
Pages: 164



ID-230

Blackpatch of Forage Legumes: Cause of Slaframine Toxicosis or "Slobbers" in Animals

3/5/2021 (major revision)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Shane Bogle, Bob Coleman, Ray Smith, Kiersten Wise

Blackpatch is an important fungal disease of forage legumes in Kentucky. A metabolite produced by the fungus can result in slaframine toxicosis or "slobbers" in many animals. The fungal disease was first reported in Kentucky in 1933 on red clover. Most Extension literature associates blackpatch and slaframine with red clover, which is very susceptible to the disease. However, many forage legumes including alfalfa can be infected by the causal fungus.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Caldwell County, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-159

Using Drones to Monitor Fence Lines

2/16/2021 (new)
Authors: Joshua Jackson

The escape of livestock is a serious concern for producers. Escaped animals can potentially damage property and/or injure people, especially when they are loose in undesired areas. Fence line inspection and the monitoring of gates, wires, and latches is a time-consuming task that must be regularly conducted to mitigate the risk of escape. The use of drones to evaluate fence lines is one of the newer methods being evaluated for farmers. With their onboard camera, rapid flight speed, and ability to fly over obstacles, drones have potential to expedite fence line inspection.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 3.50 mb
Pages: 7



ID-196

UK Ag Equine Programs Calendar, 2021

12/7/2020 (minor revision)
Authors:

The information in this calendar is provided to aid owners in planning for the care and use of their horses. When necessary, information is discussed in the month prior to application to allow horse owners adequate time to plan for activities such as weed control, soil testing, and vaccinations. Contact your local veterinarian for health-related issues and your county extension agent for further information.

Departments:
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 12.00 mb
Pages: 32



ID-262

Considerations for Utilizing Frozen Small Grains for Forage

12/2/2020 (new)
Authors: Carrie Knott, Chris Teutsch, Katherine VanValin

Once wheat and other small grains adapt to cooler weather in the fall, they are relatively tolerant of cold temperatures and freeze injury. Frost injury in the spring normally occurs when February and March are unusually warm and small grains initiate growth earlier than normal or from an unusually late frost event. Freezing temperatures during sensitive growth stages can significantly impact grain yield. In some cases, the impact on yield can be moderate to severe.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, farm crops, livestock
Size: 429 kb
Pages: 4



ID-265

Riding Arena Footing: Materials and Characteristics

10/26/2020 (new)
Authors: Claire Burnham, Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Staci McGill

This publication provides an overview of riding arena characteristics, and in particular, footing. Many different factors must be considered when planning to build an arena or determining how to care for an existing arena. This basic guide explains how arenas are structured, describes the components that generally make up arena surfaces, and discusses various considerations that all arenas need.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 536 kb
Pages: 5



ID-266

Riding Arena Maintenance: Dragging and Watering

10/26/2020 (new)
Authors: Claire Burnham, Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Staci McGill

Maintenance is a key aspect to extend an arena's lifespan, and it is extremely important for the horses and riders who use the surface. Arena maintenance is essential for the casual recreational rider up to the high-performance athlete. The surface the horse encounters during work has a profound impact on the horse's biomechanics, which can affect the horse's soundness over time. Having a well-maintained surface increases your horse's performance capabilities and enhances training.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 1.09 mb
Pages: 5



ID-267

Riding Arena Maintenance: Equipment Guide

10/26/2020 (new)
Authors: Claire Burnham, Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Staci McGill

This guide gives a basic overview of drags, their component parts, and other arena maintenance equipment. Selecting the proper equipment and maintenance protocol is essential for keeping a usable and well-maintained arena. Because there is variation in the terminology used between manufacturers, this compilation of basic terms, descriptions, and pictures will improve the arena manager's understanding of common terms.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 6.78 mb
Pages: 8



AEN-156

Using a Kit to Set up a Cattle Scale System under a Squeeze Chute

10/23/2020 (new)
Authors: Joshua Jackson

On cattle operations, the use of a scale system to weigh animals is vital to the proper administration of health products such as dewormers and antibiotics, and for making management decisions. A scale system mounted to a chute allows animals to be securely restrained for measuring weights accurately and minimally impacts cattle flow through the working facilities. Excitable animals can be properly restrained and, with their movement limited, cattle can be weighed accurately.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 6.83 mb
Pages: 9



ID-264

Feeding Corn Silage to Beef Cattle

9/29/2020 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Greg Halich, Chad Lee, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Katherine VanValin

Kentucky is in the upper transition zone which allows for the growth of warm- and cool-season forages. Corn, a warm season grass, grows well in the state and may be harvested for either grain or silage. Corn harvested as silage can be an economical alternative for beef cattle. Implementing sound management strategies and determining the nutrient content to balance rations will allow for successful feeding of corn silage to beef cattle.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 690 kb
Pages: 4



AEN-155

The Importance of Water Source Layout in Farm Infrastructure

8/28/2020 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

Water source layout is a critical infrastructure component for cattle and cattle producers. Strategic water resource layout is a part of a farmstead plan that does not always get adequate attention, despite its critical importance. Nonetheless, when farm infrastructure planning incorporates the latest practices, rules, and knowledge, the resulting design can satisfy generations of users.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 3.56 mb
Pages: 6



AEN-153

How Understanding and Managing Soil Organic Matter Can Improve Beef Cattle Production

8/6/2020 (new)
Authors: Morgan Hayes, Steve Higgins

Beef cattle production is directly affected by soils, but active soil management is limited. Most producers' soil management decisions are limited to submitting a soil sample, getting the analysis back, and then applying the tons of fertilizer or lime recommended at the bottom of the sheet. Meanwhile, producers request assistance to reduce or eliminate mud, weeds, gully erosion, and compaction (if they have identified compacted ground). Occasionally, producers don't have enough forage or hay to get cattle through drought or winter because of low forage production. These issues may have little to do with soil fertility but instead be directly related to soil properties.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, livestock, soil and land
Size: 143 kb
Pages: 2



AEN-154

Land and Water Use Planning Applied to a Pasture-based Beef Operation

8/6/2020 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

A typical cow-calf grazing operation needs to feed and water cattle on a daily basis. Ideally, this is accomplished by rotating cattle from field to field and providing them with a convenient source of water to drink. Cattle operations can better manage cattle when facilities are designed to meet the needs of cattle and the producer. Land use-planning can increase production and reduce production costs.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, livestock, soil and land
Size: 884 kb
Pages: 4



ID-224

Producer's Guide to Pasture-Based Beef Finishing

7/13/2020 (reprinted)
Authors: Greg Halich, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Lee Meyer, Gregg Rentfrow, Ray Smith

Will pasture-finished beef eventually become a commodity with lowered product prices? These and other questions must be evaluated by those considering pasture-based beef finishing. As with any new enterprise, however, the learning curve is steep, and success requires a commitment to working through the many production, marketing, and processing details. This reference guide provides a foundation for this process.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.51 mb
Pages: 48



ID-263

Alternative Protein Sources for Cattle

7/2/2020 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Darrell Johnson, Kevin Laurent, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Katherine VanValin

Kentucky has several bourbon distilleries and one fuel ethanol plant. The spent grains from the production of ethanol is utilized as a protein source in livestock feed. Shutdowns for fuel ethanol plants may also occur as a result of unfavorable profit margins when crude oil prices are low. Most distilleries and fuel ethanol plants will have a scheduled maintenance shutdown each year. During a shutdown, availability of distillers grains and other coproducts from these plants may be limited or unavailable. So, the question is what else can I feed in place of distillers grains?

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Regulatory Services
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-244

Feeding Distillery Stillage to Beef Cattle

6/1/2020 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Kevin Laurent, Jeff Lehmkuhler

The growth of the bourbon industry has provided an increase in distillery byproduct feedstuffs that can be utilized by cattle as a source of energy and protein. Learning the nutritional characteristics of these feedstuffs will facilitate proper feeding, allowing for improved cattle performance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 130 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-150

Understanding Soil Mechanics to Improve Beef Cattle Winter-Feeding Areas and Production

5/14/2020 (new)
Authors: Morgan Hayes, Steve Higgins

Understanding soil mechanics and management in winter-feeding areas could improve beef cattle production, with less effort on the producer and cattle. This publication is intended to guide evaluating soil strength for winter-feeding areas, the pollution potential of winter-feeding areas, and to provide solutions for correcting structural deficiencies and reducing mud on both the ground and on the cattle.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, livestock, soil and land
Size: 93 kb
Pages: 2



AEN-151

Lanes for Beef Cattle Operations

5/14/2020 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

The benefits of lanes can be applied to pasture-based Kentucky cattle operations of any size. Lanes can be used to move cattle from pasture to pasture, and to access structures or barns, handling facilities, load-out areas, and areas with shade.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 2.89 mb
Pages: 2



ID-261

Are Common Stall Fans Effective? Orientation, Placement, and Fan Style

5/13/2020 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Staci McGill, Kimberly Tumlin

During summer months, horse owners hang fans around their barn and stalls in an effort to increase air movement to reduce temperature and flies in stall areas. These fans typically are 20-inch 3-speed box fans or 20-inch high velocity mounted fans. Both fans are easy to find at any home improvement or big box store and are ready to use with little to no assembly. But are these commonly used fans really serving these intended purposes?

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Epidemiology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 702 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-148

Considerations in Goat Barn Design

3/30/2020 (new)
Authors: Morgan Hayes, Katie Jackson, Joe Taraba

Farmers who raise goats for meat or milk need guidance in the interrelated tasks of choosing a barn design and managing temperatures for their herd. Barn orientation, ventilation design, and stocking density are all important considerations which impact goats socially and physiologically, potentially impacting production. While other species are relatively well studied in these areas, research on goats is somewhat limited. The goal of this publication is to provide recommendations drawn from research in goats and sufficiently similar species.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 175 kb
Pages: 5



AEN-149

Heat Stress in Goats

3/30/2020 (new)
Authors: Morgan Hayes, Katie Jackson, Joe Taraba

Heat stress is prevalent in most livestock species, but especially in dairy animals where large quantities of energy are necessary to sustain milk production. Both dairy goats in lactation and meat goats, which are being fed for growth, are susceptible to heat stress. Knowing the physiological signs to observe (like panting or excessive drinking) can make heat stress more apparent.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, livestock, non-traditional, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 159 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-147

Structures for Beef Cattle

2/13/2020 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

Livestock housing, whether simple or sophisticated, must perform the required functions. It should meet the thermal and physical needs of the animal; it should provide a place to store and feed materials without damage or loss; it should increase the performance of cattle; and, it should allow the producer to conduct all chores associated with cattle production efficiently. A building can contribute to management efficiency and animal performance, which itself is defined by productivity, health and welfare. The building should create optimum environmental conditions for cattle by providing light, air flow, appropriate flooring, space, and ventilation.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 956 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-145

Designing or Reworking Your Cattle-handling Facilities: A Checklist for Success

2/3/2020 (new)
Authors: Morgan Hayes, Joshua Jackson

Cattle-handling facilities should be designed to match the management goals of the operation. The safety of workers and cattle should be the highest priority when designing or reworking a handling facility. A well-designed facility will make working cattle faster, safer, less labor intensive, and less frustrating.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 126 kb
Pages: 4



VET-36

Anaplasmosis in Beef Cattle

12/9/2019 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold

Anaplasmosis is a disease caused by Anaplasma marginale, an organism that invades cattle red blood cells (RBCs), resulting in severe anemia, weight loss, fever, abortion and death in adult cattle. Anaplasmosis is considered a "tick-borne" disease because ticks transmit the organism when feeding on cattle. However, spread of this disease can be by any method that moves fresh blood from infected to susceptible cattle. In addition to ticks, the Anaplasma organism may be spread by biting insects (mosquitoes, horse flies, stable flies) or using blood-contaminated tools such as dehorners, ear taggers, castration tools, and implant guns without disinfection between animals. A very common method of transmission is using the same hypodermic needle on multiple animals when administering vaccines to the herd. Transmission may also be from cow to calf during gestation.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 450 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-144

Four Beef Cattle Barn Flooring Options: A Case Study

11/21/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

Barn floor design is critical to the physical and thermal comfort, health and safety of cattle. Generally speaking, barn flooring is the surface on which an animal stands, lies down, and excretes its urine and manure. Therefore, to meet animal needs, it must be durable, not slippery, and well drained, as well as comfortable, warm, and dry. In addition to providing animal comfort, the flooring should easily be cleaned. No single material, from concrete to soil, meets all of these specifications.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 3.55 mb
Pages: 3



AEN-142

Loose Housing for First-Calf Heifers: A Case Study

11/11/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

The loose housing system increases the productivity of the replacement herd and the stockman by providing the optimum environment for production and management. While there is work in creating the system upfront, the design will reduce effort later by creating greater efficiency, flow, and movement of materials.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 1.94 mb
Pages: 4



AEN-143

Calf Areas, Pens or Pastures: A Case Study

11/11/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins

The creation of a creep pen or pasture area can be accomplished using various methods and materials. Using what is on hand and/or revitalizing an unused area of the farm that has infrastructure may reduce expenses. The cost of one fallen calf could pay for the implementation of the practice. This practice may benefit spring calves over fall calves, so that might be a consideration when choosing a time to plan construction of your creep area.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 1.25 mb
Pages: 3



ID-259

Suitable Spaces for Indoor Horse Activities

10/14/2019 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Morgan Hayes, Staci McGill

Many horse owners involved in the industry look for an indoor arena in which to work horses regardless of weather. These facilities might be at home or at a community location for many riders to access. The following highlights some common characteristics and requirements of indoor arenas. While these act as minimums, many disciplines and activities may require additional investment in facilities, such as larger dimensions, more lighting, special footing, etc.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 1.25 mb
Pages: 2



ID-258

Weaning Beef Calves

9/17/2019 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Michelle Arnold, Darrh Bullock, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Weaning is the process of separating suckling offspring from their dam. Weaning is a management procedure applied by the herd manager. Cattle are herd animals and their gregarious nature can lead to stress as a result of this separation. Managing the weaning process can aid in reducing stress for the animals and livestock managers.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 821 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-133

Using Camera Surveys to Estimate White-tailed Deer Populations

8/7/2019 (new)
Authors: Jonathan Matthews, Matthew Springer

For the past 20 plus years, wildlife biologists have used game camera surveys to estimate population size and health in many wildlife species including white-tailed deer. Population estimates of wildlife populations have historically been conducted through capture-mark-recapture surveys, line-transect surveys, helicopter surveys, and other methods. These methods, while proven accurate, are often costly, time-consuming, and are not readily available to the average landowner. In the 1990s, researchers evaluated the reliability of camera surveys based on proven methods of population estimates. Studies indicated that camera surveys are a reliable method for accurate population estimates of white-tailed deer, and more recent studies have continued to support this method. The simple yet robust method has created a reliable, rather easily implementable tool to the public, allowing them to inventory their deer herds on the properties they own or lease.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 847 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-134

Identifying and Mitigating Plant Damage Caused by the Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

8/7/2019 (new)
Authors: Matthew Springer

Woodpeckers cause various types of damage to plants, trees, and even human structures. There are several species of woodpeckers present in Kentucky, and damage varies with species. One species of woodpecker that creates a rather unique type of damage is the yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varus), which overwinters in Kentucky and then migrates north in spring.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags: animals, wildlife
Size: 1.01 mb
Pages: 2



ID-188

Strategic Winter Feeding of Cattle using a Rotational Grazing Structure

7/30/2019 (reviewed)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Sarah Wightman

Winter feeding of cattle is a necessary part of nearly all cow-calf operations. In winter months, livestock producers often confine animals to smaller "sacrifice" pastures to reduce the area damaged from winter feeding. A poorly chosen site for winter feeding can have significant negative impacts on soil and water quality. Such areas include locations in floodplains, such as those along creek bottoms or around barns near streams. These locations are convenient, flat areas for setting hay ring feeders; however, their negative effects on water quality outweigh the convenience.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, equipment and structures, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 737 kb
Pages: 4



AEN-134

Fenceline Feeder Systems for Beef Cattle Production and Resource Conservation

7/29/2019 (major revision)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Lee Moser

One of the most challenging and costly aspects of beef cattle production in Kentucky is winter-feeding. Many producers complain about the time required to feed stored forages, the mud, the drudgery that it creates for the operator, and the decline in production. The intense traffic associated with winter-feeding on unimproved surfaces causes mud, compaction, erosion, and loss of desirable vegetation, often resulting in annual pasture renovations to address areas impacted by winter-feeding practices. Fenceline feeding systems offer an alternative to traditional in-field bale feeding during the wet winter conditions that Kentucky often experiences. These structures can be utilized to reduce the impact of winter-feeding on pastures and improve the operational efficiency of a winter-feeding area.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, equipment and structures, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 2.55 mb
Pages: 13



ASC-243

Managing Dry, Open Ewes

7/25/2019 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron, Don Ely

Ewes on vacation should remain healthy, but not become obese. Keeping them in a BCS of 1.5 to 2.0 will not be an easy chore because all they have to do is graze and deposit body fat. Limiting forage dry matter consumption to 2.0% of body weight daily through stocking rate management and rotational grazing is the best way to keep ewes from becoming excessively fat. If ewes have an optimum BCS at the beginning of nutritional flushing, and are flushed correctly, 95 to 98% of the ewes will conceive in a short period of the breeding season and lambing rate can be increased by 15 to 20% above that of less intensely managed ewes.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 749 kb
Pages: 2



AEN-140

Constructing a Platform Alley Scale System

6/17/2019 (new)
Authors: Joshua Jackson

Most producers would like information on cattle weight to improve management. The widespread use of cattle scales on most farms in Kentucky is limited by the cost of purchasing the equipment. Local cattlemen's associations or extension office's frequently have scale systems to rent or borrow. This has challenges due to scheduling conflicts, reliability, rental fees, or the scale may not align with the handling facility layouts. There are two options for producers to obtain cattle weights--in the alley or at the chute. An alley scale provides the ability to measure cattle weight independent of the head gate or cattle chute. This publication describes the measurement of cattle in the alley leading to a head gate or cattle chute.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 2.90 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-242

Composting Poultry Litter in Your Backyard

5/2/2019 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Keeping laying hens in the backyard is popular, but along with a daily supply of eggs, the hens also produce a large supply of manure. Fresh poultry manure has an unpleasant odor and will attract flies. Bedding material, such as pine shavings, is put down on the coop floor to help control odors and flies, but eventually the litter (manure and bedding material) needs to be replaced. While poultry manure can be an excellent fertilizer, it should not be used fresh. "Raw" manure can burn plants and may contain pathogens that could contaminate any plants being grown for consumption. Composting makes the manure safe to use as a fertilizer on any lawn or garden. Composting involves a process by which billions of beneficial soil organisms decompose the organic material. Simply piling up waste is not really composting. With the right proportions for materials, the process has minimal offensive odor and destroys most of the pathogens in the manure. Compost is both science and art.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 893 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-138

Protecting Pastured Cattle using Windbreaks and Mounds

4/10/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Lee Moser

Research shows that cattle benefit from summer shade and winter shelter. Pastured cattle seek shelter around structures, under trees, and in forested streamside zones. These areas are often heavily trafficked and become muddy, compacted loafing areas. Mud creates further stress on cattle and compounds the problems of temperature stress and feed inefficiencies. One option that could be used to lure cattle from these areas and provide winter shelter and summer shade is a constructed windbreak fence on a mound.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 1.80 mb
Pages: 4



AEN-137

Farm Gates: Design Considerations

2/18/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Lee Moser

Farm gates are a necessity for controlling traffic and increasing security. There are many design considerations for optimizing a system of farm gates. Very few gates incorporate all the recommended design components that will be discussed in this publication. However, to move people, materials, equipment, and livestock through a gateway, the gateway should economize time, be navigable, and operate in an efficient manner. Time spent operating a poorly designed gateway is time wasted and a hindrance to production. This publication is a guide to aid producers in creating more functional designs for gateways.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 2.50 mb
Pages: 6



AEN-136

Fence Line Stiles, Escapes, and Refuges

1/23/2019 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Michele McHugh, Lee Moser

Opening farm gates for trucks, tractors, equipment, and livestock is unavoidable. However, opening a large gate, or a set of gates, for a person on foot is extremely inefficient, especially if the entrance does not put the producer where they need to be. An inconveniently located gate can lead to additional steps and unnecessary movements. Opening gates may require dealing with clasps, chains, or ropes just to get the gate unfastened. The gate may then have to be lifted or dragged open and closed. The bottom-line is that entering a poorly installed and unmaintained gateway can make the experience of opening and closing gates a time consuming nuisance.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 9.30 mb
Pages: 4



ID-252

Equine Cushing's Disease or PPID

12/18/2018 (new)
Authors: Amanda Adams, Fernanda Camargo, Ashton Miller

Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is one of the most common endocrine diseases in horses, generally affecting those over the age of 15 years. It is also frequently referred to as Equine Cushing's Disease. PPID is caused by degenerative changes in an area of the brain known as the pituitary gland, hence the name of the disease. This gland is located at the base of the brain. In horses with PPID, the specific section of the pituitary gland that is most affected is called the pars intermedia. Unfortunately, in horses with PPID, changes occur within this gland, which results in increased production of a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.25 mb
Pages: 3



ASC-237

Breeding Habits of the Ewe

12/7/2018 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron, Don Ely

Reproduction is the beginning of a series of significant events involved in the production of lambs for market. Obviously, the higher the reproduction rate in ewes, the greater the chances of achieving maximum profit. A knowledge of the mating (breeding) habits of the ewe can improve the chances for higher reproductive rates, marketing more pounds of lamb per ewe, increasing the efficiency of labor use, and ultimately increasing the chances of greater profit.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-238

Beginning a Sheep Operation

12/7/2018 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron, Don Ely

Kentucky has the resources required for successful sheep production systems. The state has a vast forage production potential, under-utilized labor and facilities, and access to a well-established market. Many Kentucky farmers should consider the sheep enterprise and its benefits, particularly if they want to make more efficient use of their forages, labor, and facilities. In developing this enterprise, the following must be considered: feed supply, labor, facilities and equipment, foundation stock, and the production system.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 675 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-241

Urban Poultry

12/4/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The terms urban poultry and backyard poultry both refer to flocks kept on a residential lot. Keeping chickens in urban areas is becoming increasingly popular throughout the country. The main reasons given for keeping chickens are as pets and for egg production--pets with benefits. Small numbers of hens kept in the backyard can provide an urban family with entertainment, eggs, and fertilizer. For those with children, backyard poultry flocks can also teach them responsibility and be used for 4-H poultry projects.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 2.24 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-240

Blanketing Horses: Do's and Don'ts

11/1/2018 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Blanketing can be a hot-button topic among horse owners and caretakers. Some people are adamant about blanketing and some people are the exact opposite: unyielding about not-blanketing their horses in the winter. So the question remains, do horses NEED to be blanketed when the weather turns cold?

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 1.90 mb
Pages: 5



ASC-239

Warm Up Ring Etiquette

10/24/2018 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

While it is understood that the warm up ring is a chaotic place to be, warm up ring etiquette should be expected at every show, and taught in every lesson program. A good warm up is extremely important for the health of the horse, and it helps the rider and horse to get acclimated with the new environment. So in the name of having a more productive ride both in the warm up ring and then later in the show ring, there are some rules (sometimes untold rules) that everyone should follow.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 210 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-236

Molting Small-Scale Commercial Egg Flocks in Kentucky

2/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Molting is a common event in the annual life cycle of most avian species. Each year chickens lose feathers and grow new ones, and this occurs in both wild and domestic birds. During molt, laying hens go out of egg production and feathers are replaced. Molting, regardless of what stimulates it, is more than just the replacement of the plumage. Hormonal and physiological changes occur as well.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-230

Factors to Consider Before Starting a Small-scale Egg Production Enterprise in Kentucky

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

There are several things to consider before starting an egg production operation. The most important is market availability. Before you start production you need to have a market that your production can supply, in terms of both quantity of product and the price you need to get in order to be profitable. You will need to make sure that local regulations allow for poultry production on the land available to you. Cash flow is also an important consideration. A flock will require a considerable investment before the hens start to lay eggs to produce an income. You also need to have a way to deal with the manure produced, and any dead birds. You also need to have a plan for the hens after they have finished laying (referred to as spent hens).

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, business and records, livestock, poultry, production practices
Size: 126 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-232

Raising Replacement Pullets for Small-Scale Egg Production

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Poultry producers who raise their own replacement pullets have better control over the growth, condition, and development of the flock. The quality of the pullet flock will have a direct effect on the subsequent level of egg production. The two most important quality factors for a replacement flock are proper body weight and uniformity. Pullet weight at 6 weeks of age has been shown to influence subsequent egg production. Once the pullets start to lay, it is too late to solve problems from poor nutrition or management during the pullet rearing period.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 2.48 mb
Pages: 9



ASC-233

Feeds and Feeding for Small-Scale Egg Production Enterprises

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Animals eat in order to get the energy and nutrients they need to live, grow and reproduce. Animals use energy to perform normal body functions such as breathing, walking, eating, digesting, and maintaining body temperature. Different types of nutrients provide energy as well as the building blocks needed for the development of bone, flesh, feathers, and eggs. These nutrients include: water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Each of these components is important and a deficit of even one can have serious health consequences for poultry.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, poultry, production practices
Size: 2.54 mb
Pages: 12



FOR-121

Vertebrate Pest Management: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 19

1/23/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Matthew Springer

Most people enjoy watching wildlife around the home, whether it is birds at a feeder, butterflies on flowers, or the occasional deer or turkey wandering through the yard. In some instances, wildlife come into contact with humans and are in the wrong place at the wrong time. For the gardening enthusiast, this encounter can create conflict.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 750 kb
Pages: 10



ASC-234

Use of Biosecurity and Natural Remedies for the Prvention of Poultry Disease in "Natural" and "Organic" Flocks

1/22/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

It is easier to prevent disease than it is to treat an outbreak. A biosecurity plan is essential to an effective health management plan. "Bio" refers to life and "Security" is protection. A biosecurity program for a poultry farm is a series of common-sense activities designed to keep disease (bacterial, viral, parasitic) out of the poultry flock.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 157 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-235

My Mare's in Heat: Predicting and Recognizing Signs of Estrus

1/22/2018 (new)
Authors: Amy Lawyer

You have heard the term frequently that a mare is in heat, but what does it mean exactly? Heat is the layman's term for showing signs of estrus. Whether you are planning to breed your mare or not her body will continue to prepare to be pregnant.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, production practices, reproduction and genetics
Size: 85 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-229

Marketing Regulations Affecting Small-scale Egg Producers in Kentucky

1/12/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

It is important that you comply with all the laws and regulations with regards to the marketing of eggs. Eggs are capable of carrying bacteria such as Salmonella enteritidis. As a result, eggs are considered a hazardous food and their sale is regulated. With regard to small-scale producers, if you sell more than 60 dozen eggs in any one week, you will require an egg handler's license. You will also need an egg handler's license if you sell to someone who sells eggs to someone else. This would include grocery stores, restaurants, or wholesalers. The same will hold true if you sell to a bakery, confectionary or ice-cream manufacturer.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, business and records, livestock, poultry, production practices
Size: 267 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-231

Breed Selection for a Small-scale Egg Production Enterprise

1/12/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Once you have decided you are going to go into egg production, you need to determine what breed of chicken will best suit your needs. A variety of different commercial breeds are available for use in small-scale commercial egg production operations. Most lay a brown-shelled egg, which is typically preferred by the people purchasing eggs produced in alterative production systems. Most of these commercial chickens are hybrids selected specifically for these systems.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 1.28 mb
Pages: 5



AEN-135

Rainwater Harvesting for Livestock Production Systems

11/7/2017 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Lee Moser

Abundant, clean drinking water is an essential nutrient for livestock. The obvious water source that is recommended by veterinarians is city water. However, city water has its drawbacks. City water distribution systems are often expensive to install and have a recurring usage charge. In some instances, city water is unavailable, may have inadequate pressure, or producers consider it too expensive to operate, forcing them to use streams and ponds to water livestock. Collecting rainwater from a catchment area, is a low cost, high quality alternative water source that can supplement traditional water distribution systems and improve the environmental quality of farming operations. Rainwater harvesting involves the collection of rainfall from rooftops or land based catchments systems for storage and distribution as needed. Capturing rainfall has the added benefit of improving water quality by reducing soil erosion and runoff. Strategically installed rainwater harvesting systems can be used to direct stormwater around sensitive areas of the farm where animal waste is present, thus reducing the potential for nutrient and pathogen delivery to nearby waterways. Rainwater harvesting and stormwater management techniques can also reduce the volume of water that must be managed in liquid manure management systems by diverting clean water away from manure pits and lagoons.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 807 kb
Pages: 5



AEN-115

Appropriate All-Weather Surfaces for Livestock

10/16/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Stephanie Mehlhope, Lee Moser, Sarah Wightman

Many livestock producers would say that mud is a natural part of livestock production. But the creation of mud costs producers money and makes them less competitive. Livestock that walk through mud require more feed for energy but actually eat less because walking in mud requires more effort to get to feed and water. Therefore, mud decreases average daily gains. Mud accumulation on the coat increases the amount of energy needed to generate heat in the winter or to keep cool in the summer. Also, it can lower sale prices due to hanging tags. The creation of mud also increases animal stress and leads to a variety of health problems, including protozoan and bacterial infections. It is essential that livestock producers understand that mud hinders cost-efficient livestock production and efforts should be made to limit the creation of mud. This publication explains how mud is created and describes different types of hardened surfaces and pads that agricultural producers should use to reduce mud creation and ultimately increase production efficiency and protect natural resources.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 2.73 mb
Pages: 8



ID-247

Pastured Poultry

9/21/2017 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Ray Smith

There has been an increased interest in pasture-raising poultry for both meat and egg production in the last decade. Raising poultry on pasture was a common occurrence until the latter half of the 20th century. Fresh forage provided an important ration balancing factor during the years before poultry nutritionists fully understood the required essential vitamins and minerals for growth and optimum meat and egg production. With the development of balanced rations, poultry no longer require access to pasture and year-round production of meat and eggs is possible. However, there are still some benefits from the lush forage, invertebrates, and exercise that pasture provides. In addition, we continue to learn more and more about the positive influence that fresh grasses and legumes have on fatty acid profiles and general bird health. As a result, there is an increased interest in pasture-raised poultry for both meat and eggs.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, poultry, production practices
Size: 2.00 mb
Pages: 7



ASC-206

Common External Parasites of Poultry

9/8/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Periodic examination of your flock is recommended so that infestations can be detected early and a larger flock outbreak contained. It is especially important to detect infestations early in food-producing poultry because there are restrictions on the treatments available.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, poultry, production practices
Size: 839 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-228

Body Condition Scoring Ewes

8/25/2017 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron, Don Ely

Body condition scoring is a system of classifying breeding ewes on the basis of differences in body fat. While it is subjective, with practice it can be accurate enough to indicate the nutritional status of individual ewes as well as the entire flock. Thus, it allows the shepherd to identify, record, and adjust the feed intake of ewes determined to be thin, in average flesh, or fat. In the long run, this can save money for producers and/or prevent problems attributable to ewe condition.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, small ruminants
Size: 2.20 mb
Pages: 5



AEN-133

Tire Tanks for Watering Livestock

8/8/2017 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Steve Higgins, Joshua Jackson, Lee Moser

Kentucky's abundant forage and extensive stream system have helped the Commonwealth become the largest beef producing state east of the Mississippi River. While streams and ponds serve as a water source for many operations, livestock can quickly degrade soil and water quality by trampling streambanks and defecating and urinating in and around waterbodies. These actions increase sediment, pathogen, and nutrient loads to streams, rivers, and lakes which in turn can causes eutrophication. To help protect the health of Kentucky's soil and water, producers can implement best management practices (BMPs). These practices help reduce the sources of pollutants and/or the transport of pollutants to waterways. One such practice or BMP is limiting cattle access to streams and ponds. When producers exclude livestock access to stream and ponds and their associated riparian buffers, an alternative source of water is required. Automatic water fountains are one commonly used means of providing cattle with water from an alternate source. A water tank constructed using a heavy equipment tire may serve as a viable option for supplying livestock with an alternate source of water.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 4.65 mb
Pages: 8



AGR-199

Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs

11/21/2016 (reprinted)
Authors: Garry Lacefield

For most livestock producers, extending the grazing season for their animals, or otherwise filling gaps in pasture forage availability to reduce stored feed needs, should be a high priority objective. This publication outlines strategies that can be used in some or many areas to extend grazing and reduce stored feed needs, thus increasing profit.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, livestock
Size: 1.51 mb
Pages: 20



ID-143

Rotational Grazing

11/21/2016 (reprinted)
Authors: Roy Burris, Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Ray Smith

A rotational grazing program can generally be defined as use of several pastures, one of which is grazed while the others are rested before being regrazed. Continuous grazing is the use of one pasture for the entire grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 887 kb
Pages: 16



PR-718

2016 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

11/18/2016 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 842 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-129

Black Vulture Damage Control

11/11/2016 (new)
Authors: Matthew Springer

Vultures, as with all other wildlife, will take advantage of resources available to them, and unfortunately this behavior sometimes involves human dwellings or livestock operations. Fortunately, vultures respond well to relatively simple methods that discourage them from congregating or feeding in critical areas.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.93 mb
Pages: 4



ASC-226

Help! My Horse Roars! What Is Laryngeal Hemiplegia?

10/10/2016 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Various ailments can affect the different parts of the larynx of horses. Diseases of the larynx can produce airway obstruction and sometimes dysphagia. Obstructive diseases, such as laryngeal hemiplegia, often produce an abnormal respiratory noise and, most important, they limit airflow, which leads to early fatigue and poor exercise performance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 402 kb
Pages: 4



ID-239

Equine Metabolic Syndrome: Is My Horse Just Fat, or Is He Sick?

10/4/2016 (new)
Authors: Amanda Adams, Fernanda Camargo

Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) is an endocrine disorder that affects equids (horses, ponies, and donkeys) in three defining ways: they are obese and/or have localized fat deposits, they are in an insulin resistance (IR) state, now referred to as insulin dysregulation (ID), and they are predisposed to developing laminitis.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.47 mb
Pages: 3



ID-236

Providing Water for Beef Cattle in Rotational Grazing Systems

8/2/2016 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Kevin Laurent, Lee Moser

Water is the most essential nutrient for cattle production. Water is used in almost every bodily function, including digestion, milk production, and excretion. Given the role and function of water in relation to animal production, health, and welfare, it is critical that abundant, clean water is available in any livestock production operation. Livestock must have immediate access to water within every paddock of a rotational grazing system to realize maximum efficiency and production.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 3.00 mb
Pages: 6



AEN-130

Drought Risk Management for Beef Cattle Farms

2/25/2016 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Lee Moser, Kylie Schmidt

Once a drought occurs, it can be difficult to effectively manage your resources and overcome the conditions that drought creates. At the heart of effective drought management is preparedness. A systems-management approach is an ideal tool for drought preparedness, as its goal is to improve each component of the farming operation (soils, forages, facilities, stock, etc.) and improve the connections between the components (i.e. the system). The goal of this publication is to aid beef producers in implementing best management practices (BMPs) that take a systems approach to maximizing farm water use efficiency, while operating under the assumption that water is becoming an increasingly uncertain resource that is vital to the future of the farm.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 7



PR-703

2015 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/10/2015 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 875 kb
Pages: 8



SR-110

Etymology of the Scientific Names of Some Endoparasites of Horses

10/29/2015 (new)
Authors: Gene Lyons

The use of only common names for parasites can be confusing because of lack of uniformity. Fortunately a huge contribution for science was made by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus who is considered the father of taxonomy. English translation of the scientific names here are mainly from "dictionary" sources. A few are from the original descriptions. More than one possible meaning is listed for some of the scientific names.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 114 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-225

Managing Precision Dairy Farming Technologies

9/22/2015 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Lauren Mayo, Amanda Stone, Nicky Tsai, Barbara Wadsworth

Precision dairy farming is the use of technologies to measure physiological, behavioral, and production indicators of individual animals to improve management strategies and farm performance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 1.87 mb
Pages: 3



ID-229

All-Weather Surfaces for Cattle Watering Facilities

7/28/2015 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Kevin Laurent, Kylie Schmidt, Donald Stamper

Strategically locating the watering facility will also provide production benefits such as increased forage utilization and improved access to water, and may possibly reduce the cost per pasture of providing water. This publication will provide guidelines for the location, design, and construction of all-weather surfaces for cattle watering facilities.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, production practices
Size: 2.98 mb
Pages: 6



SR-109

Strongyles in Horses

7/24/2015 (new)
Authors: Gene Lyons, Sharon Tolliver

Parasites live in a host from which they obtain food and protection. They may harm but usually do not benefit the host. The word "parasite" is derived from the Latin and Greek languages meaning, in general, "one who eats at the table of another." It is said that a "good" parasite does not overtly harm or kill its host. It is theoretically possible that a more benign parasite (e.g. Gasterophilus spp.) is much "older in eons of time" and it and its host have adjusted better to each other than a conceivably "newer" parasite (e.g. Strongylus spp.) which may be more harmful to its host.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 8



VET-35

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Staggers (Tremorgenic Syndrome)

7/20/2015 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold

"Staggers" is an all-inclusive term for a group of nervous system disorders caused by indole-diterpenoid mycotoxins produced by various types of fungi on forages. These mycotoxins are collectively known as "tremorgens", and they may be found in several types of grasses at varying stages of maturity.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 588 kb
Pages: 2



ID-231

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Acute or Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)

7/17/2015 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeff Lehmkuhler

In the Southeastern United States, acute interstitial pneumonia has been produced by ingestion of the leaves and seeds of perilla mint (Perilla frutescens). Perilla ketone is the toxin absorbed from the rumen into the bloodstream and carried to the lungs where it damages the lung tissue in cattle.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 507 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-221

Keeping and Using Flock Performance Records

12/17/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron

Performance records serve as the cornerstone of any good livestock management program. Unfortunately, the task of collecting, maintaining and using performance records is the one area of livestock production in general that gets the least attention. This fact sheet provides ten reasons why all sheep producers need to keep performance records on their flocks. Then, some ways of maintaining and using those records are discussed.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 890 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-219

An Introduction to Sheep

12/16/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron, Don Ely

The information in this fact sheet was developed to provide a quick reference to the most frequently asked questions about sheep and sheep production.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 1.07 mb
Pages: 5



ASC-220

Basic Sheep Genetics

12/16/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron

Genetics is the science of heredity. It seeks to explain differences and similarities exhibited by related individuals. The application of genetics to livestock improvement is known as animal breeding. The objective of this fact sheet is to provide a refresher course on basic genetics and to show how knowledge of genetics can be used to improve sheep production.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 465 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-222

Sheep Breeding: Heritability, EBVs, EPDs, and the NSIP

12/16/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron

Genetic improvement in a flock depends on the producer's ability to select breeding sheep that are genetically superior for traits of economic importance. This is complicated by the fact that an animal's own performance is not always a true indicator of its genetic potential as a parent.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 1.08 mb
Pages: 5



ASC-223

Inbreeding in Sheep

12/16/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron

Inbreeding is broadly defined as the mating of individuals that are related. Strictly speaking, however, all animals within a breed are related. So, in a sense, every purebred sheep producer practices some degree of inbreeding. In most cases this relationship is very slight. Therefore, inbreeding is more practically defined as the mating of individuals more closely related than the average of the breed. This practice includes mating brother to sister, sire to daughter and son to dam.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 896 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-224

Crossbreeding Considerations in Sheep

12/16/2014 (new)
Authors: Debra Aaron

Crossbreeding is the mating of individuals from different breeds. To a certain extent, it is a simple concept, but embarking upon a crossbreeding program, in sheep or any other livestock species, involves long-term decisions. The primary benefits of a crossbreeding program are heterosis and breed complementarity.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 677 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-216

Reading a Feed Tag

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Feed stores carry a variety of feed types. How do you chose which to buy? You need to read the feed tag. A lot of information is on a feed tag that can help you make your selection and this publication breaks it down for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-217

So You Want to Produce Your Own Eggs?

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Backyard chicken flocks are becoming popular throughout the country in urban, suburban and rural communities. Preparation is essential for a successful backyard flock. This publication will give you the information you need decide if producing your own eggs is right for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 3.05 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-218

Proper Handling and Transportation of Eggs for Sale at Kentucky Farmer's Markets

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Regardless of the number of eggs produced, and whether the eggs are for home use or sale, careful egg handling is very important. This publication will give you the information and guidelines in the proper handling and transportation of eggs for sale.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 1.28 mb
Pages: 2



PR-685

2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 810 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-215

Mineral and Protein Blocks and Tubs for Cattle

11/3/2014 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Roy Burris, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Nutritional supplement blocks and tubs are convenient for beef producers, require no investment in feeding troughs and require a limited area for storing. One of the most attractive features is that they lower the labor needed to supplement livestock. Many producers use these products to provide supplemental nutrients to cattle consuming low-quality forages or as a mechanism to promote a more consistent intake of minerals. These products are also attractive to producers who have off-farm employment as they eliminate the need for daily feeding. Yet, they often come at a greater cost per unit of nutrient than more conventional feedstuffs. Since there are differences in the blocks and tubs being marketed today, familiarity with how to compare products and determine their differences will enable producers to decide which product best fits their needs.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 159 kb
Pages: 4



ID-226

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Hypomagnesemic Tetany or "Grass Tetany"

9/18/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Magnesium is a vital component of normal nerve conduction, muscle function, and bone mineral formation. Hypomagnesemic tetany or "grass tetany" is a disorder caused by an abnormally low blood concentration of the essential mineral magnesium (Mg). Synonyms for this disorder include spring tetany, grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning, or lactation tetany.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 121 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-214

Is Creep Feeding Lambs a Profitable Undertaking?

9/8/2014 (new)
Authors: Don Ely, Endre Fink

Creep feeding is a technique of providing feed to nursing lambs to supplement the milk they consume. Creep-fed lambs grow faster than noncreep-feds and are more aggressive in nursing ewes. This aggression stimulates greater ewe milk production which, in turn, increases creep feed intake because these lambs will be bigger at a given age. Typically, the creep diet is a grain-protein supplement mixture and is made available in an area constructed so lambs can enter, but ewes cannot. Some situations when it may be economical to creep feed are described in this document.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, small ruminants
Size: 309 kb
Pages: 3



ID-223

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Brassicas--Be Aware of the Animal Health Risks

8/12/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Although infrequent, brassica crops can cause animal health disorders if grazing is managed improperly. Most brassica-related disorders in cattle tend to occur during the first two weeks of grazing while adjusting to the forage. The primary potential disorders are polioencephalomalcia or PEM, hemolytic anemia (mainly with kale), nitrate poisoning, and pulmonary emphysema. Other possible clinical disorders include bloat and rumen acidosis, and metabolic problems such as hypomagnesemia and hypothyroidism with goiter. Glucosinates present in brassicas are precursors of irritants that can cause colic and diarrhea. Large bulbs may lodge in the esophagus and lead to choking. Certain brassicas (specifically rape) can cause sunburn or "scald" on light-skinned animals, especially when grazed while the plants are immature. Other potential problems include oxalate poisoning and off-flavoring of meat and milk.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 913 kb
Pages: 3



ID-221

Fescue Toxicosis

7/3/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill, Ray Smith

"Fescue toxicosis" is the general term used for the clinical diseases that can affect cattle consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue. Tall-fescue pastures containing ergot alkaloids are responsible for the toxic effects observed in livestock, including hyperthermia (elevated body temperature), gangrene of the extremities, decreased weight gain, and poor reproductive performance. Clinical signs vary depending on the cattle, the environmental conditions, and the level and duration of the exposure. Early clinical signs are often reversible after removal from contaminated pastures or hay.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 740 kb
Pages: 4



AEN-123

Lowering Somatic Cell Counts with Best Management Practices

5/14/2014 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Kylie Schmidt, Sarah Wightman

As health and food safety concerns grow, dairy producers are facing more stringent regulations. In 2010, the European Union (EU) set the somatic cell count (SCC) upper limit, an indicator of milk quality, for exported milk at 400,000 cells per milliliter. However, the current U.S. SCC limit is 750,000 cells per milliliter. As of January 2012, any U.S. milk used in export markets must meet the EU standards. It is projected that US milk processors will gradually adopt the EU upper limit, making it difficult for dairy producers to sell milk containing more than 400,000 somatic cells per milliliter. Dairy producers will have to find innovative and cost-effective ways to reduce the somatic cell count of their milk. This publication will discuss how agriculture best management practices can be used to lower SCC.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-27

Cool-season Forage Grasses: Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, Bluegrass, and Timothy

5/5/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Tall fescue, orchardgrass, bluegrass, and timothy are the dominant forage grasses in Kentucky. They have potential for the cash hay market and for intensive grazing. Significant price premiums may be possible for high-quality hay. Timothy hay, either alone or in mixtures with alfalfa, is much desired by horse owners. Historically, timothy has been an important seed crop in Kentucky; however, at present only a small acreage of timothy is grown for seed.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 410 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-121

Increasing Dry Cow and Bred Heifer Performance with Environmental Management

4/23/2014 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Kylie Schmidt

Producers must understand that dry cows and bred heifers are the next milking herd, so focusing on their management can maintain or actually increase future profitability. This publication focuses on environmental management strategies that improve dry cow and bred heifer performance.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 454 kb
Pages: 3



ID-220

Cyanide Poisoning in Ruminants

4/21/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Cyanide poisoning of livestock is commonly associated with johnsongrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and other forage sorghums. Choke-cherry or wild cherry, elderberry, and arrow grass are less frequent causes. Young plants, new shoots, and regrowth of plants after cutting often contain the highest levels of cyanogenic glycosides. The risk from potentially dangerous forages may be reduced by following the management practices in this publication.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 255 kb
Pages: 2



ID-180

Collection and Preparation of Milk Samples for Microbiological Culturing

4/16/2014 (major revision)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley, Bob Harmon, Stephen Locke

In developing individual farm mastitis control and treatment strategies, it is often necessary to characterize the types of bacteria that are present on your farm. To answer this question, a microbiological analysis, or milk culture, must be performed on milk samples collected from cows showing clinical or subclinical signs of mastitis. Results of the milk cultures will help identify which bacteria are causing the mastitis. In turn, this information can be used to alter mastitis control, prevention, and treatment options to fit your herd's conditions.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 873 kb
Pages: 4



ID-218

A Fresh Cow Health Monitoring System

4/2/2014 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley, Amanda Sterrett

Researchers at the University of Kentucky combined existing disease detection systems to produce a fresh cow examination system that may help producers detect diseases earlier by monitoring subtle changes every day during a cow's fresh period. Compiling daily information about each animal will enable producers to notice changes in health that may otherwise have been overlooked. These records may help producers detect illnesses early, thus reducing the long-term effects (reduced milk production or fertility) and costs (re-treatment, milk loss, or death) of a disease. Learning what diseases are common on a particular farm can focus producers' efforts towards preventive measures specific to their operation. Preventing disease, rather than treating, can save producers time and money and can improve overall cow well-being.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.90 mb
Pages: 15



VET-34

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Ergotism

3/31/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold

Ergotism and fescue toxicosis are clinically similar syndromes caused by consuming plants containing ergot alkaloids. The toxic effects and mechanisms of action are similar in both syndromes although the alkaloids are produced by different species of fungi. It grows on rye, wheat, barley, triticale, oats, and various grasses. Rye and triticale are more susceptible than other grains because they require a longer period of pollination. Grasses potentially infected include tall fescue, bluegrass, brome, canarygrass, quackgrass, timothy, wild barley, and annual and perennial ryegrass. Shallow cultivation, no-till farming, and lack of crop rotation increase the likelihood of infection of crops. Environmental conditions of a cool, wet spring followed by hot early summer temperatures are ideal for the fungus to grow.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-212

Stereotypic Behavior in Horses: Weaving, Stall Walking, and Cribbing

3/14/2014 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Many stabled horses perform a variety of repetitive behaviors such as weaving, stall walking, cribbing, headshaking and pawing. These behaviors have been called many different names including stereotypic behavior, stereotypies, stereotypes, obsessive compulsive disorders, vices and habits. Although it may be difficult to know why exactly each horse performs these vices, there may be specific causal factors for these activities in the horse. These behaviors are not simply learned and not simply inherited, but may be a mixture of both. Studies show that some families of horses have a higher prevalence of certain vices, which suggests heritability and genetic components. However, the tendency to perform the behavior only becomes apparent when other risk factors are also in place.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 480 kb
Pages: 2



ID-217

Forage-Related Disorders in Cattle: Nitrate Poisoning

3/10/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Ray Smith

Few plants normally contain high nitrate levels, since under normal growing conditions the nitrates are converted to protein as quickly as they are absorbed from the roots. However, under certain conditions plants can develop dangerously high nitrate levels which can cause nitrate intoxication. Death or abortion may result. Care must be taken to recognize possible toxic forages and manage them appropriately to avoid animal loss.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 314 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-211

Expected Progeny Differences: Trait Definitions and Utilizing Percentile Tables

2/7/2014 (new)
Authors: Sean Bessin, Darrh Bullock

Expected progeny differences (EPDs) are useful tools in providing the best estimate of the genetic value of a particular animal as a parent. Differences in EPDs between parents of the same breed predict the performance differences of their future offspring if environmental factors are the same. EPD values should not be compared between breeds; for example, you should not compare an Angus bull's weaning weight EPD with a Simmental bull's weaning weight EPD. Most established breeds have EPDs for calving ease, growth, maternal, and carcass traits. When used properly, producers can make genetic improvements to their herd through parental selection. This publication is intended to help producers better understand EPDs and how one might use them in selection of replacement animals.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 370 kb
Pages: 3



VET-33

Colostrum Management for Dairy Calves

1/22/2014 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold

During gestation, the placenta of the cow effectively separates the blood of the fetus from that of the dam and prevents any transfer of protective immunity while in the uterus. Therefore, the calf is born completely dependent on the absorption of maternal antibodies from colostrum after birth. Colostrum is the milk produced from the mammary gland in the first 24 hours after birth. A calf's gastrointestinal tract is designed to temporarily allow the absorption of large molecules including antibodies from the small intestine, but only during the first 24 hours after birth. Although colostrum contains several different types of immunoglobulins, IgG accounts for roughly 85 percent of the total volume. IgG absorption is most efficient in the first four hours of life and declines rapidly after 12 hours of age. At 24 hours, the gut is completely closed and there is no further immunoglobulin absorption. These absorbed antibodies must be consumed in order to protect the calf from disease organisms until its own immune system becomes functional.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-205

Selecting Feeds for Horses

1/6/2014 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Laurie Lawrence

Feeds should be selected with the nutrient requirements of the horse in mind, recognizing that requirements vary with the life stage of the horse (growing, pregnant, lactating, working, idle). Feeds for horses should always be clean and free from toxins. Feeds should also promote gastrointestinal health. The large intestine (cecum and colon) of the digestive tract contains a diverse population of beneficial microbes that can easily be upset by poor feed selection. In nature horses will spend more than 50% of their time grazing; therefore, feed that promotes similar feeding behavior may be desirable. Once appropriate feeds have been selected, it is important that they are fed in the correct amounts using good feeding management strategies.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.45 mb
Pages: 5



PR-669

2013 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 940 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-201

Avian Female Reproductive System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Anyone raising poultry for eggs, whether for eating or for incubation, should have an understanding of the reproductive system. This will help them understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 914 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-202

Avian Skeletal System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

All animals have a skeleton to allow them to stand up and to protect their internal organs and tissues. The avian skeletal system looks similar to those of their mammalian counterparts, but there are some important differences.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-203

Avian Digestive System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

An understanding of the avian digestive system is essential to developing an effective and economical feeding program for your poultry flock. Knowledge of avian anatomy, and what the parts normally look like, will also help you to recognize when something is wrong and take the necessary actions to correct the problem.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 2.07 mb
Pages: 4



ASC-204

Avian Muscular System

11/19/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

If you raise poultry for meat, it is always a good idea to have an understanding of the muscular system of poultry so you can better understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 1.89 mb
Pages: 2



ASC-199

Avian Male Reproductive System

11/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The avian male reproductive system is all inside the bird, unlike the males of mammalian species which have their reproductive systems outside of the body. This is one of the really remarkable things about birds; the sperm remain viable at body temperature.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 843 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-200

Avian Respiratory System

11/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Knowledge of avian anatomy and what the parts normally look like will help you to recognize when something is wrong and to take the necessary actions to correct the problem.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-196

Selecting Geese

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Size, behavior and egg production vary according to breed, and the right breed of goose for your flock will depend on what you intend to use them for. This publication will help you decide on the right breed for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 663 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-197

Selecting Turkeys

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Raising wild turkeys is illegal in some states, including Kentucky. The prohibition includes domestic strains of wild birds. The law is meant to protect native populations of wild turkeys. Learn more about selecting the right breed of turkey in this publication.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 664 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-198

Selecting Ducks

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

As with many domesticated species, ducks are selected for different purposes, primarily meat or egg production. They are also valued for their feathers and down. It is important to choose a breed of duck that best suits your particular needs.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 758 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-209

Raising Guinea Fowl

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Guinea fowl are rough, vigorous, hardy, and mostly disease-free game birds. They are increasing in popularity for a variety of reasons.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 730 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-210

Processing Chickens

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Steve Skelton

When processing poultry, remember that you are producing a perishable food product that will eventually be consumed by people. The goal is to produce a safe, nutritious product.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 3.11 mb
Pages: 7



SR-106

Review of Life Cycles of Some Parasitic Nematodes in Mammals

10/28/2013 (new)
Authors: Gene Lyons

Most internal parasites of vertebrates require stages outside the host for development and transmission. Some life cycles are simple and straightforward. Others may have one or more intermediate or paritenic hosts. Knowledge of life cycles of parasites first of all is of great scientific interest. Secondly, life cycles are of great importance in controlling parasites. The object of this presentation is to review life cycles of some mammalian parasitic nematode species in research in association with the University of Kentucky.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 8



ID-166

On-Farm Composting of Animal Mortalities

5/6/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Amanda A. Gumbert, Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

On-farm composting can provide animal producers with a convenient method for disposing of animal mortalities and also provide a valuable soil amendment. In addition, the finished compost can be stockpiled and reused to help compost other mortalities.

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 2.80 mb
Pages: 6



ID-167

On-Farm Disposal of Animal Mortalities

5/6/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Spencer Guinn, Amanda A. Gumbert, Steve Higgins

Animal mortalities are an expected part of animal production. Depending on the scale of the animal enterprise, animal mortalities can overwhelm the producer with a large number and mass of dead animals. This publication provides guidance to the producer for handling animal mortalities in accordance with Kentucky law.

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 4



ASC-194

Poultry Production Troubleshooting

5/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

When investigating a problem with a poultry flock, the questions in this publication can help you determine the cause and possible solution.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 272 kb
Pages: 4



ID-212

Using DHIA Records for Somatic Cell Count Management

4/26/2013 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley

DHIA (Dairy Herd Improvement Association) records are an essential part of dairy herd management for many progressive dairy operations. However, for producers new to DHIA, interpreting the meaning of all this information can be a bit overwhelming. Even producers who have been DHIA members for many years may not fully understand all the value that DHIA records can provide for SCC management. What follows is a description and interpretation of SCC-related information available to dairy producers on DHIA test reports.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 915 kb
Pages: 5



ID-213

2011 Kentucky Compost Bedded Pack Barn Project

4/26/2013 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Randi Black, George Day, Joe Taraba

Kentucky dairy producers are adopting compost-bedded pack barns (CBP) as dairy cattle housing at a rapid rate. When properly managed, as an alternative dairy housing system, CBPs may decrease somatic cell count (SCC), increase production, and reduce lameness. Because the system is relatively new, however, many questions remain regarding best management practices and key factors for success. University of Kentucky dairy scientists and agricultural engineers conducted a comprehensive observational study of Kentucky CBPs from October 2010 to March 2011. The goal of this research was to determine key management concepts that determine success or failure in the compost-bedded pack system.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 13



ID-200

Environmental Compliance for Dairy Operations

4/24/2013 (new)
Authors: Amanda A. Gumbert, Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

Some farmers are reluctant to talk about the environment, but because farms are under increasing review by state and federal regulatory agencies, producers need to be familiar with environmental issues and regulations. Implementing best management practices (BMPs) can help farmers continue to protect the environment and increase productivity.

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 6



ID-202

Feedlot Design and Environmental Management for Backgrounding and Stocker Operations

3/21/2013 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Sarah Wightman

Kentucky's cattle industry represents the largest beef cattle herd east of the Mississippi, ranking eighth in the nation for number of beef cows. This industry is extremely important to Kentucky's economy. This publication discusses site evaluation strategies, production area management techniques, and a variety of facility types for intensive cattle production that preserve natural resources and improve production.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 3.80 mb
Pages: 12



ASC-207

Stall Bases: Are Your Cows Comfortable?

3/18/2013 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Barbara Wadsworth

Cow comfort generally refers to minimizing animal stress in order to maximize milk production and animal well-being. Lying behavior plays a critical role in the production, profitability, and well-being of dairy cattle. The potential economic impact of increased production, reduced lameness, improved milk quality, reduced culling rates, and increased longevity are immense.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 640 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-208

Pre-Investment Considerations for Precision Dairy Farming Technologies

3/18/2013 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Karmella Dolecheck

Precision dairy farming involves the use of technologies to measure physiological, behavioral, and production indicators on individual animals. The primary goals of precision dairy farming are to 1) maximize individual animal performance, 2) detect diseases early, and 3) minimize the use of medication through preventive health measures.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 270 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-195

Development of the Chick

1/14/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Poultry eggs are part of a unique reproductive system. The egg serves to protect and provide nutrients to the developing embryo. Since the embryo receives no additional nutrients from the hen, the egg must contain all the nutrients essential for life. Nutrients are found in the yolk, the albumen, and the shell of the egg. The egg is a convenient, self-contained package for studying embryology.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 3



PR-652

2012 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 900 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-189

Making a Hoop Pen for Pasture Poultry

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Interest in pasture poultry production has been on the rise. This kind of poultry production typically involves housing the birds in a bottomless pen that is placed on pasture and moved at regular intervals. The flock has access to the pasture (plants and any associated insects) while providing them some protection from predators.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 4.60 mb
Pages: 8



ASC-190

Selecting the Right Chicken Breed

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Many factors should be considered before selecting a chicken breed for your flock, whether you are planning to start a new flock or to add to an existing one. You might be looking for a meat breed, an egg breed, or perhaps a breed that performs reasonably well at both (referred to as a dual-purpose breed). Perhaps you just want a pet or chickens to show at exhibitions.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-191

How Much Will My Chickens Eat?

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Before purchasing chicks (or chickens) it is important to consider the cost of keeping them. Much of this cost is in the feed they consume. So the key question is, "How much will my chickens eat?" Chickens need a complete feed that contains protein (with the right balance of amino acids), energy, vitamins, and minerals. Today we know more about the nutritional requirements of chickens than any other animal. The amount of feed they need will depend on several factors.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, poultry, production practices
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-193

Poultry Producer Liability

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

As more and more producers begin to have small- or medium-sized poultry operations the issue of liability and responsibility has become a concern. It is important producers are aware of what is expected of them by consumers and society as a whole.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 270 kb
Pages: 2



ID-208

Recommended Milking Procedures for Maximum Milk Quality

11/30/2012 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley

When it comes to minimizing mastitis and lowering somatic cell counts, the area where you have the most control is your milking procedures. Understanding and following proper milking procedures is a critical step to maintaining maximum milk quality.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 2.70 mb
Pages: 4



ID-209

Management of the Dry Cow to Prevent Mastitis

11/30/2012 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley

As we move into a new era of lower acceptable somatic cell count levels, the prevention and control of mastitis takes on increased importance. For many years, the contagious mastitis pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Mycoplasma bovis were the focus of control measures primarily implemented in the milking parlor to stop the spread of these organisms from cow to cow. These contagious organisms often cause high individual somatic cell counts and ultimately high bulk tank somatic cell counts. As these high somatic cell count cows have been culled due to milk marketing regulations and more dairymen have adopted NMC recommended milking procedures, the contagious pathogens are decreasing.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 430 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-192

Why Have My Hens Stopped Laying?

11/27/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Egg production in a chicken flock follows a typical curve. While the curve is similar for most breeds of chickens, the specific numbers can vary significantly, especially with regards to age at first egg, peak production rate, and egg weight.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, poultry
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 5



ID-206

Compost Bedded Pack Barn Design: Features and Management Consideration

11/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Randi Black, Flavio Damasceno, George Day, Joe Taraba

The compost bedded pack barn is a housing system for lactating dairy cows. It consists of a large, open resting area, usually bedded with sawdust or dry, fine wood shavings and manure composted into place and mechanically stirred on a regular basis.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 15.44 mb
Pages: 32



ID-207

Considerations for Starting an On-Farm Dairy Processing Enterprise

10/17/2012 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Elizabeth Chaney, Brianna Goodnow, Julia Hofmeister

With proper facilities and education, entreprenuers can successfully produce value-added dairy products on-farm.

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 327 kb
Pages: 5



ID-135

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis ("Pinkeye") in Cattle

9/24/2012 (major revision)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, John Johns, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Patty Scharko

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is a costly disease for the beef producer. Tremendous losses stem from poor weight gain and loss of appetite in affected animals suffering from visual impairment and ocular pain.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 325 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-185

Feeding the Broodmare: Four Easy Steps

8/22/2012 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Laurie Lawrence

The nutritional needs of broodmares change as they go through the stages of reproduction. This publication begins with nutritional strategies to enhance the likelihood a mare will become pregnant, then it discusses feeding management of the mare during pregnancy and lactation, and it ends with some nutritional considerations for the post-weaning period.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.75 mb
Pages: 4



4AJ-02PO

Chicken and Turkey Barbecue Project

7/12/2012 (major revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Cooking barbecue is a national pastime--as American as apple pie. What is more welcome than the aroma of food cooking on an outdoor grill? Barbecue cooking is for almost everyone, so get ready to develop skills you will use the rest of your life.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 3.54 mb
Pages: 11



SR-2000-1

A Practical Method of Identification of the North American Cyathostomes (Small Strongyles) in Equids in Kentucky

5/3/2012 (major revision)
Authors: Sharon Tolliver

Now that veterinarians and researchers are beginning to accept the pathological consequences that can be caused by cyathostomes (small strongyles), more and more researchers want to learn to identify them. Fortunately, for those just learning, the reality is that they will probably see fewer than one-third of the 33 species. Additionally, these species are the most prevalent and in the greatest numbers; consequently, they are the most dangerous to equids. Once a person is familiar with these, a rare species will "stick out like a sore thumb." The fact that a species is so different will be noted and its characteristics easily remembered.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 3 kb
Pages: 44



ASC-187

Help! My Horse is Too Fat!

4/19/2012 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Laurie Lawrence

As we understand more about the impact that obesity has on animal health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 413 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-188

Help! My Horse is Too Thin!

4/19/2012 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Laurie Lawrence

As we understand more about the impact that emaciation has on animal health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 465 kb
Pages: 6



AEN-113

Nutrient Management Concepts for Livestock Producers

3/27/2012 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

Nutrients are constantly cycling through farms. Nutrients come onto a farm in the form of feed, commercial fertilizers, manure, or compost, and they leave the farm with harvested crops, sold livestock, and off-site disposal of manure and other waste. Sometimes nutrients are even lost to the air, soil, or water. Nutrient management allows farmers to use nutrients (specifically nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) wisely for optimal economic benefit with minimal impact on the environment.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 345 kb
Pages: 5



ID-190

Staphylococcus Aureus Mastitis

3/5/2012 (reprinted)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Jeffrey Bewley

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial cause of contagious mastitis on dairy farms worldwide. More importantly, it is often at the root of chronically high somatic cell counts, recurrent clinical mastitis, and damaged mammary gland tissue. It is considered to be a contagious udder pathogen that spreads within and between cows during milking. Because it is often subclinical (milk looks normal but with a potentially high somatic cell count), infected animals pose a risk of infection to herd mates during each milking.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 271 kb
Pages: 4



ID-189

Vegetative Filter Strips for Livestock Facilities

2/23/2012 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Ray Smith, Sarah Wightman

An enhanced vegetative strip is a best management practice that can be installed to protect surface waters from pollution produced by animal production facilities. Most people think of a vegetative strip as a grassed area or waterway, but when intentionally installed and properly managed, an EVS can be much more effective than a simple grassed filter strip. If properly managed, enhanced vegetative strips can be used to trap, treat, and absorb pollutants, which can be removed from the designated area by harvesting or grazing.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 380 kb
Pages: 4



PR-636

2011 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 410 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-186

Distillers Grain Coproducts for Beef Cattle

12/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Roy Burris, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Feeding distillers grains derived from the production of spirits or ethanol for fuel is an acceptable practice for beef cattle production. The use of these products as both an energy and a protein supplement has been beneficial as the cereal grain prices have increased making these coproducts more cost competitive.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, crops and plants, farm crops, grain crops, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, small grains
Size: 231 kb
Pages: 4



ID-197

Equine Viral Arteritis

11/14/2011 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Amy Lawyer, Peter Timony

Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a contagious disease of horses and other equine species caused by equine arteritis virus (EAV) that is found in horse populations in many countries. It was first isolated and identified in 1953 from the lung of an aborted fetus with characteristic pathologic changes in the smaller arteries, which is how the disease got its name.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 270 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-146

Methods of Identification for Horses

9/13/2011 (major revision)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

In today's competitive world of equine sports, proper identification has become a top priority. Thorough and effective identification ensures that the horse being bought, sold, raced, or bred is indeed the horse it is claimed to be. Many methods are used to identify a horse, including markings, cowlicks, chestnuts, tattooing, freeze branding, blood typing, DNA typing, and microchip identification.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 340 kb
Pages: 3



AEN-103

Stormwater BMPs for Confined Livestock Facilities

7/28/2011 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency states that agricultural sediment, pathogens, and nutrients account for more than 50 percent of water pollution in the United States. Animal confinement facilities, widely used for holding, feeding, and handling animals, are potential sources of that pollution. The pollution load of these facilities can be reduced by installing and maintaining best management practices. The BMPs may be implemented as part of permit compliance or may be used to ensure that a permit is not needed.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 5



AEN-107

Paved Feeding Areas and the Kentucky Agriculture Water Quality Plan

7/28/2011 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

Kentucky's abundant forage makes it well suited for grazing livestock. Livestock producers can make additional profits by adding a few pounds before marketing calves; however, adding those pounds requires keeping calves during the winter months, when pasture forages are dormant and supplemental feed is required. The areas used to winter calves need to be conducive to feeding and need to avoid negatively impacting the environment, especially water quality.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 260 kb
Pages: 5



AEN-101

Stream Crossings for Cattle

7/13/2011 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

This publication provides livestock producers with instructions on how to install a stream crossing that provides animal and vehicular access across streams. This best management practice (BMP) is intended for use with exclusion fencing that restricts cattle access to the stream. Implementation of a stream crossing with exclusion fencing will improve water quality, reducing nutrient, sediment, pathogen, and organic matter loads to streams.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 1.10 mb
Pages: 7



AEN-105

Pasture Feeding, Streamside Grazing, and the Kentucky Agriculture Water Quality Plan

7/13/2011 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

Kentucky's abundant forage makes it well suited for grazing livestock, but the pasturing and pasture feeding of livestock need to be managed. Allowing cattle to behave as they would naturally can lead to overgrazing, congregation in sensitive areas, buildup of mud, loss of vegetation, compaction of soils, and erosion.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 284 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-184

Preventing Barn Fire: Tips for Horse Owners

6/2/2011 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Every year, close to 200 horses are reported to have died in barn fires in the United States. Although less frequent than house fires, barn fires are more common than we would like. Many barn fires could be prevented by good barn design/construction, strict personnel policies, and clear directives about how the barn and equipment should be maintained.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 3



ASC-128

Colic in Horses

5/18/2011 (major revision)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Among the species of domestic livestock, the horse is the species that most commonly suffers from colic, which is a general term for abdominal pain. Colic is one of the leading causes of death in horses and should be of concern for horse owners.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-183

Horses and Rain

5/9/2011 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Laurie Lawrence

Spring is a very rainy season in Kentucky. With a lot of rain comes a lot of mud, and in some places, floods. If you own horses, you need to be aware of some problems that arise when you have too much rain in a short period of time.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 2



AEN-98

Alternative Water Source: Developing Springs for Livestock

5/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Donald Stamper, Sarah Wightman

Water supply is a key component in livestock production. One option producers have when providing water is to develop an existing spring, which occurs when groundwater running along an impervious rock layer hits a fracture and discharges on the surface.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 814 kb
Pages: 4



ID-187

Woodland Winter Feeding of Cattle: Water Quality Best Management Practices

5/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Jeff Stringer, Sarah Wightman

Cattle maintain their body temperature in winter by burning more calories, which requires them to consume more feed. Livestock producers use wooded areas to provide protection for cattle from wind and low temperatures. That protection enables the cattle to conserve energy and eat less. Using wooded areas for winter feeding makes practical sense, but producers need to consider several environmental issues when planning for it.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, natural resources, water
Size: 273 kb
Pages: 2



AEN-99

Shade Options for Grazing Cattle

3/29/2011 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Steve Higgins, Sarah Wightman

Shade is a must for pasture-based grazing systems. It curtails heat stress, which is detrimental to cattle and causes a decrease in milk production, feed intake, weight gains, and fertility.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 866 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-182

Marketing Lamb and Goat Meat to Hispanic Retail Outlets

3/15/2011 (new)
Authors: Terry Hutchens, Gregg Rentfrow

Because of minority populations immigrating into Kentucky, the level of lamb and goat consumption could grow exponentially within the next few years. Minority populations are expected to reach 235.7 million out of a total U.S. population of 439 million, or 53 percent of the total U.S. population, by 2030. These statistics indicate a growing market for meat processors and sheep and goat products.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Kentucky State University
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 4



ID-186

Managing Legume Induced Bloat in Cattle

3/10/2011 (new)
Authors: Michelle Arnold, Roy Burris, David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Ruminal tympany, or bloat, can result in lost animal performance and in severe cases, death. It occurs as a result of a buildup of fermentation gases in the rumen. Bloat may be categorized as frothy bloat, which is caused by the formation of a stable foam in the rumen, or free gas bloat, which is due to excessive production of gaseous compounds from fermentation or as a result of an obstruction preventing the escape of gas compounds. Legume bloat is a frothy bloat condition.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-181

Equine Infectious Anemia

3/4/2011 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, lethargy, inappetence (lack of appetite) and anemia (low red blood cell count).

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 169 kb
Pages: 2



ID-74

Planning Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management

2/16/2011 (reprinted)
Authors: Curtis Absher, Ken Evans, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, equipment and structures, production practices
Size: 646 kb
Pages: 12



ASC-141

Using Expected Progeny Differences

2/10/2011 (major revision)
Authors: Darrh Bullock

One of the most important decisions a cattle operator makes is selecting breeding animals to go into the cattle herd. Basing that decision on the genetic merit of the animal, not just the outward appearance, is critical to the herd's long-term performance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 248 kb
Pages: 4



PR-618

2010 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

1/3/2011 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 365 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-180

Anthrax in Horses

10/7/2010 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Horses become infected with anthrax either through ingestion, inhalation or skin penetration by biting flies or injury, especially when animals are exposed to soil or carcasses of infected animals.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 210 kb
Pages: 2



ID-147

Establishing Horse Pastures

9/20/2010 (major revision)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Laura Schwer, Ray Smith, Bill Witt

Kentucky and surrounding states are known for grass pastures and horses. Pastures supply nutrients, provide hoof support for exercise, control erosion, and add to the aesthetic value of horse farms. The ability to establish and manage horse pastures is therefore important to horse owners.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 207 kb
Pages: 4



ID-183

Trail Riding Etiquette for Horse Enthusiasts

9/20/2010 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Jason Phillips

When you're trail riding, you need to be aware of safety, not only for yourself and the horse, but also as a courtesy for other trail users. You should follow all general precautions about safe riding, but also follow practices that apply specifically to trails, whether you're riding alone or in a group, for a short or long distance, or for fun or competition.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, County Extension
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 203 kb
Pages: 2



ID-182

Wobbler Syndrome in Horses

9/13/2010 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Jennifer Janes

Wobbler syndrome, or cervical vertebral malformation (CVM), is a devastating disease that can affect a horse's neurologic and musculoskeletal systems. It is a structural narrowing of the spinal canal due to a variety of vertebral malformations and leads to spinal cord compression. As a result, horses exhibit clinical signs of spasticity, ataxia, and lack of coordination.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 167 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-200

Soil Sampling and Nutrient Management in Horse Pastures

7/27/2010 (new)
Authors: M.W. Piersawl, Greg Schwab

Horse pastures are fertilized to ensure a reliable supply of energy, protein, and other nutrients for a long season of grazing. Management of plant nutrients maintains a balance of improved grasses and legumes and suppresses many pasture weeds. Properly fertilized pastures look good and harm neither animals nor the environment.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, crops and plants, horses, soil and land
Size: 293 kb
Pages: 4



4AF-03RE

4-H Horse Project Record for Kentucky 4-H Horse Club Members

7/15/2010 (major revision)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Keeping good records is an important part of your 4-H work. Accurate records will tell others about your work and progress and will help you to become a better horseman/woman.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Horses and Ponies (4AF series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 266 kb
Pages: 15



ASC-125

Rabies in Horses

6/15/2010 (major revision)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Rabies in the horse is a relatively uncommon disease. Although the number of confirmed rabies cases in horses is low, the potential for human exposure makes it important to discuss the causes of rabies and its diagnosis, treatment, and control. It is noteworthy that the American Association of Equine Practitioners and the American Veterinary Medical Association include rabies as one of the diseases for which horses should be vaccinated every year.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 170 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-25

Growth Promoting Implants for Beef Cattle

3/24/2010 (major revision)
Authors: Roy Burris, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Utilization of growth-promoting implants in the beef cattle industry provides an opportunity for improving production efficiency. Within the animal, they promote protein synthesis, resulting in a 10 to 30% increase in growth along with a 5 to 10% improvement in feed efficiency.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 225 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-178

Opportunities for Improved Cow Comfort through Freestall Barn Renovations

3/16/2010 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley

A properly managed and designed freestall barn can support high levels of milk production and animal well-being. Mismanaged or poorly designed freestalls can contribute to mastitis, lameness, hock abrasions, and injuries. Through years of experience observing and studying cow behavior in freestall barns, farmers, researchers, and engineers have refined recommendations for freestall design and management. In addition, as cow size has increased so has the amount of resting space required within a freestall, effectively changing the recommendations for freestall dimensions.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 4.99 mb
Pages: 12



ID-179

Evaluating the Health of Your Horse

2/5/2010 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Roberta Dwyer

Horse owners, managers, and handlers can help to maintain the health of their animals by studying their behavior through observation and inspection, and should be able to accurately determine important measurements such as temperature, pulse, respiration, and mucous membrane color through a clinical examination. Having this information about your horse can be critical if the animal is ill or injured and you need to supply these details to your veterinarian.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 373 kb
Pages: 6



PR-598

2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report: Tolerance to Horses

12/21/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 313 kb
Pages: 6



ID-178

Compost Bedded Pack Barns in Kentucky

9/16/2009 (new)
Authors: Jeffrey Bewley, Joe Taraba

Choosing the environment in which lactating dairy cows will spend the majority of their time is an important decision for dairy producers. This choice has considerable influence on productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. Innovative dairy producers have introduced a variation on the loose-housing system, generally referred to as a compost-bedded pack barn. Its key component is a large, open resting area, usually bedded with sawdust or dry, fine wood shavings.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-112

Agroforestry: Riparian Buffer Strips

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Riparian buffer strips are zones of native trees, shrubs, and grasses designed to protect the temperature and clarity of moving water and to prevent agricultural chemicals and soil from eroding directly into stream water. The Kentucky Water Quality Act of 1994 encouraged farmers to protect their streams from soil erosion and compaction from livestock. Best management practices (BMPs) for people who are harvesting timber require streamside management zones (SMZs).

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.23 mb
Pages: 2



ID-176

Using Soil Cement on Horse and Livestock Farms

8/3/2009 (new)
Authors: Spencer Guinn, Steve Higgins, Donald Stamper

Most farmers in Kentucky can identify with a myriad of problems associated with mud forming around high traffic areas, including areas around horse and cattle waterers, feed bunks, round bale feeders, walk paths and gate entrances. Mud is usually a result of animals congregating in and around these areas, but increased traffic can enhance the problem. In many cases, finding solutions to mud problems on farms is not the issue--the issue is determining how to make solutions economical.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, crops and plants, horses, soil and land
Size: 329 kb
Pages: 4



SR-102

Some Historic Aspects of Small Strongyles and Ascarids in Equids Featuring Drug-Resistance with Notes on Ovids: Emphasis on Research at the Unversity of Kentucky

3/13/2009 (new)
Authors: Gene Lyons, Sharon Tolliver

The present bulletin focuses mainly on drug-resistant species (small strongyles and ascarids) of internal parasites of the horse with emphasis on historic research. Some discussion is presented also of research at UK on the sheep "barber pole" stomach worm (Haemonchus contortus) which has a historic role in drug resistance.

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 249 kb
Pages: 12



AGR-145

Warm Season Perennial Grasses for Forages in Kentucky

3/10/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Keene, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Native warm-season perennial grasses are well adapted for production in Kentucky's climate and soils. In this publication, native warm-season perennial grasses that have the greatest forage potential for Kentucky are described. Management techniques necessary to establish stands and keep them productive are also discussed.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1.64 mb
Pages: 4



PR-582

2008 Cool Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 6



ID-173

Equine Emergency and Disaster Preparedness

10/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Roberta Dwyer

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 240 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-176

Core Vaccination Program and Infectious Disease Control for Horses

9/19/2008 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 240 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-173

Botulism: A Deadly Disease That Can Affect Your Horse

3/28/2008 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 192 kb
Pages: 4



ID-170

Drinking Water Quality Guidelines for Cattle

3/26/2008 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Amanda A. Gumbert, Steve Higgins

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-172

Heaves in Horses

1/31/2008 (new)
Authors: Fernanda Camargo, Bob Coleman, Kristen Harvey, Laurie Lawrence, Mary Rossano

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 531 kb
Pages: 4



PR-565

2007 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

11/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 213 kb
Pages: 8



ID-168

Composting Horse Muck

10/10/2007 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Victoria Gallagher, Steve Higgins, Donald Stamper, Steve Workman

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 291 kb
Pages: 4



ID-165

Temporary Fencing for Horse Pastures

8/24/2007 (new)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, Bob Coleman, Traci Missun

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, County Extension
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 2



ID-164

High Traffic Area Pads for Horses

7/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Victoria Gallagher, Steve Higgins, Ben Koostra, Steve Workman

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 348 kb
Pages: 4



AEN-92

Dairy Waste Utilization Management Tool

3/30/2007 (new)
Authors: Jose Bicudo, Anshu Singh

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 245 kb
Pages: 8



ID-161

Pervious Concrete as a Flooring Material for Horse Handling Areas

3/13/2007 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Steve Higgins, Steve Workman

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 243 kb
Pages: 2



ID-162

Goat Production Basics in Kentucky

3/6/2007 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Terry Hutchens, Patty Scharko, Brandon Sears

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, County Extension, Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, livestock, small ruminants
Size: 167 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-190

Chicory: an Alternative Livestock Forage

1/26/2007 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Brandon Sears

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 143 kb
Pages: 2



PR-548

2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report, Tolerance to Horses

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 189 kb
Pages: 6



AEN-91

Managing Liquid Dairy Manure

9/30/2006 (new)
Authors: Jose Bicudo

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 216 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-136

Using Byproducts to Feed Dairy Cattle

8/30/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Roger Hemken

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 158 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-161

Feeding and Managing Baby Calves from Birth to 3 Months of Age

8/30/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, John Johns, Patty Scharko

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 172 kb
Pages: 6



ID-158

Managing Steep Terrain for Livestock Forage Production

8/30/2006 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, David Ditsch, J.D. Green, Terry Hutchens, John Johns, Larry Piercy, Greg Schwab

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 417 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-102

Forest Management Strategies to Minimize the Impact of Gypsy Moth

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 770 kb
Pages: 8



4AF-03PA

Kentucky 4-H Horse Achievement Program Level 3

6/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Bob Coleman

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Horses and Ponies (4AF series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 12



4AF-04PA

Kentucky 4-H Horse Achievement Program Level 4

6/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Bob Coleman

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Horses and Ponies (4AF series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 12



4AF-01PO

Kentucky Horse Achievement Program Level 1

4/15/2006 (reprinted)
Authors: Kristen Janicki

In the 4-H Achievement Program you will have some "hands-on" experience of riding and caring for horses. You will also talk with veterinarians and horse trainers, visit places where horses are raised and read about horses.You do not need to own a horse to be a part of the 4-H Achievement Program. Your 4-H leader will help you find access to a horse you can ride as part of this project

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Horses and Ponies (4AF series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 487 kb
Pages: 12



VET-1

Controlling Internal Parasites of the Horse

4/15/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Harold Drudge, Gene Lyons, Sharon Tolliver, William Wise

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 662 kb
Pages: 16



VET-32

Tapeworms in Horses

4/15/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Sandra Collins, Harold Drudge, Gene Lyons, Sharon Tolliver

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 430 kb
Pages: 8



ID-157

Managing Livestock Forage for Beef Cattle Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land

1/20/2006 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, John Johns

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 477 kb
Pages: 8



PR-531

2005 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

1/7/2006 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 178 kb
Pages: 6



PR-512

2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

2/20/2005 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 538 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-168

Crossbreeding for the Commercial Beef Producer

11/1/2004 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 442 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-157

Teasing Mares

7/30/2004 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 1.22 mb
Pages: 4



ID-152

Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky

7/15/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Steve Isaacs, John Johns, Chad Lee

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, corn, crops and plants, farm crops, grain crops, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 266 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-118

Horse Judging Manual

7/1/2004 (minor revision)
Authors: Kristen Janicki

When you judge a horse--whether in a show, on an individual basis, or in a contest--you form an opinion or estimation about that horse. However, in order to form a valid opinion, you must have the following basic skills: 1) Be familiar with the horse. 2) Know the criteria used to judge horses. 3) Be able to recognize conformational faults.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 992 kb
Pages: 28



ID-151

2003 Summary of the Five State Beef Initiative in Kentucky

5/30/2004 (new)
Authors: Jim Akers, Kenny Burdine, John Johns, Lee Meyer, Patty Scharko

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 309 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-166

Preparing and Giving Oral Reasons

3/31/2004 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 406 kb
Pages: 38



ASC-167

Judging Performance Classes

3/31/2004 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 142 kb
Pages: 4



PR-496

2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

1/10/2004 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Mike Collins, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 87 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-165

Beef Sire Selection Recommendations

12/22/2003 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Roy Burris, John Johns

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 86 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-155

Trace Mineral Supplementation for Kentucky Beef Cows

11/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Roger Hemken, John Johns, Patty Scharko

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 96 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-134

Kentucky Bluegrass as a Forage Crop

11/1/2003 (minor revision)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 13 kb
Pages:



FOR-98

Attracting Butterflies with Native Plants

6/15/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 437 kb
Pages: 8



SR-2003-1

Proceedings, First Workshop on Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome

4/28/2003 (new)
Authors: David Powell

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 1 kb
Pages: 1



ASC-144

Managing Considerations in Beef Heifer Development

2/1/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Darrh Bullock, Roy Burris, John Johns, Dave Patterson

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-162

Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Efficiency in Beef Cows

2/1/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Roy Burris, John Johns

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 158 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-163

Strategies to Improve Reproductive Efficiency of Heifers

2/1/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Roy Burris, John Johns

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 23 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-164

Protocols for Synchronizing Estrus in Yearling Heifers

2/1/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock, Roy Burris, John Johns

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 66 kb
Pages: 4



PR-479

2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

1/31/2003 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 79 kb
Pages: 4



4DC-01PA

4-H Entomology Project: Unit 1

12/20/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Stephanie Bailey, Blake Newton, Lee Townsend

Departments: 4-H Programs, Entomology
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Entomology and Bees (4DC series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 501 kb
Pages: 20



AGR-90

Inoculation of Forage Legumes

11/22/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, legumes, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 110 kb
Pages: 2



ID-150

Understanding Beef Carcass Data Reports

11/15/2002 (new)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, John Johns, Benjy Mikel

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 90 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-165

The Agronomics of Manure Use for Crop Production

9/20/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: animals, crops and plants, farm crops, production practices, waste management
Size: 187 kb
Pages: 4



PR-462

2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 57 kb
Pages: 4



ID-142

New Recommendations for Perennial Ryegrass Seedings for Kentucky Horse Farms

1/1/2002 (new)
Authors: Lowell Bush, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Christopher Schardl, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, horses
Size: 41 kb
Pages: 2



ID-141A

Feeding Your Dairy Cows a Total Mixed Ration: Getting Started

12/15/2001 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Jose Bicudo, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 55 kb
Pages: 4



ID-141B

Managing the Total Mixed Ration to Prevent Problems in Dairy Cows

12/15/2001 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Jose Bicudo, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 93 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-160

Planning the Yearly Forage and Commodity Needs for a Dairy Herd

8/30/2001 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Jack McAllister

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 126 kb
Pages: 8



4DC-#1LA

4-H Entomology Projects: Leader's Guide

7/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Blake Newton

Departments: 4-H Programs, Entomology
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Entomology and Bees (4DC series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 119 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-42

Managing Mole Problems in Kentucky

6/30/2001 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 208 kb
Pages: 4



4DC-02PB

4-H Entomology Project: Unit 2

6/15/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Blake Newton

Departments: 4-H Programs, Entomology
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Entomology and Bees (4DC series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 710 kb
Pages: 20



4AF-05MA

Horse Safety Guidelines for Kentucky 4-H Members

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Ashley Griffin

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Horses and Ponies (4AF series)
Tags: 4-H, animals, family
Size: 297 kb
Pages: 16



ID-144

Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 362 kb
Pages: 2



ID-145

Alfalfa Cubes for Horses

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, cover and forage crops, crops and plants, farm crops, horses, legumes, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 2



ID-146

Choosing Hay for Horses

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 397 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-159

Selection and Management Practices to Increase Consistency in Beef Cattle

9/30/2000 (new)
Authors: Darrh Bullock

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 78 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-97

Attracting Hummingbirds to the Garden

9/30/2000 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 424 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-142

Pelvic Measurements and Calving Difficulty

6/1/2000 (minor revision)
Authors: Les Anderson, Darrh Bullock

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 243 kb
Pages: 3



FOR-68

Trees, Shrubs and Vines That Attract Wildlife

4/1/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.11 mb
Pages: 28



ASC-158

Assessing Sow Body Condition

10/31/1999 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, swine
Size: 257 kb
Pages: 2



IP-57

Potential for Livestock and Poultry Manure to Provide the Nutrients Removed by Crops and Forages in Kentucky

9/8/1999 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Jenny Cocanougher, Richard Coffey, Bill Crist, Ron Fleming, Kim Henken, Doug Overhults, Tony Pescatore, Monroe Rasnake, Bill Thom

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interprogram (IP series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 641 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-156

Feeding and Managing the Far-Off Dry Cow

9/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 294 kb
Pages: 4



IP-56

Assessment of the Potential for Livestock and Poultry Manure to Provide the Nutrients Removed by Crops and Forages in Kentucky

9/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Les Anderson, Jenny Cocanougher, Richard Coffey, Bill Crist, Ron Fleming, Kim Henken, Doug Overhults, Tony Pescatore, Monroe Rasnake, Bill Thom

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interprogram (IP series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 794 kb
Pages: 18



FOR-44

Managing Woodchuck Problems in Kentucky

5/30/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 261 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-154

Using Nutrition to Improve Immunity Against Disease: Copper, Zinc, Selenium, and Vitamin E

5/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Bob Harmon

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 114 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-41

Managing Chipmunk Problems in Kentucky

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 376 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-49

Managing Skunk Problems in Kentucky

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 255 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-52

Eastern Bluebirds Nesting Structure Design and Placement

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Colonial settlers called the eastern bluebird the harbinger of spring or "blue robin" because of its chestnut orange breast and iridescent blue back and tail. One of Kentucky's common resident passerine birds, this strikingly elegant bird is admired most for its beauty, gentle disposition, family devotion, and delightful call. It is also easily attracted to homeand farm surroundings when nesting structures are correctly constructed and well placed.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry and Natural Resources (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 153 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-152

Manipulation of the Estrous Cycle in Swine

12/1/1997 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, swine
Size: 337 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-140

Mastitis and Its Control

7/11/1997 (minor revision)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Bill Crist, Bob Harmon, George Heersche, Jack McAllister, Joe O'Leary, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 79 kb
Pages: 14



ASC-151

Pasture for Dairy Cattle: Challenges and Opportunities

4/1/1997 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Roger Hemken, Jimmy Henning, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 184 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-131

Using the Dart Ration Computer Program to Answer Nutrition Questions About Dairy Cattle

9/15/1996 (minor revision)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 210 kb
Pages: 18



ASC-150

Keeping Production Records for the Beef Herd

3/30/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Darrh Bullock, Kevin Laurent

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 145 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-148

Management of Swine Mating

9/1/1995 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, swine
Size: 98 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-147

Feeding Growing-Finishing Pigs to Maximize Lean Growth Rate

8/31/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, swine
Size: 96 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-149

Feeding and Managing the Weanling Pig

8/1/1995 (new)
Authors: Richard Coffey, Kevin Laurent, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices, swine
Size: 67 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-143

Equine Feeding Management

4/1/1995 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 146 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-132

Using Mga to Shorten the Beef Breeding Season

8/26/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Dave Patterson

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock
Size: 129 kb
Pages: 8



VET-31

A Health Calendar for Spring-Calving Herds

11/1/1993 (new)
Authors: Duane Miksch

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 89 kb
Pages:



VET-30

Club Lamb Fungus Disease

5/1/1993 (new)
Authors: Duane Miksch

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 37 kb
Pages:



ASC-129

Sheep Foot Care and Diseases

4/1/1993 (reprinted)
Authors: Monte Chappell

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 24 kb
Pages:



ASC-135

More Milk = More Feed

10/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Bill Crist, Roger Hemken

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 195 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-137

Accomplishing a Sound Dairy Nutritional Program

10/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Roger Hemken, Jack McAllister

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock
Size: 223 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-138

Role of Nutrition on Reproductive Performance

10/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, George Heersche

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 191 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-134

Should You Be Feeding Fat to Your Dairy Cows?

8/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips, Roger Hemken, Jack Jackson

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, dairy cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 189 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-139

Balancing Rations for Dairy Cows

8/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Donna Amaral-Phillips

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 23 kb
Pages:



ASC-12

Balancing Rations

5/31/1991 (minor revision)
Authors: Roy Burris, Nelson Gay, John Johns, Dave Patterson

Because feed costs are the major cost of producing beef, making the most efficient use of feeds is of prime importance in determining profits. Rations must be properly balanced for cattle to use feeds most efficiently. Ration balancing is another management tool the efficient producer can use to maximize profits.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, livestock, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 32 kb
Pages:



VET-28

Preventing and Treating Disease in Exhibition Market Animals

8/1/1990 (new)
Authors: Duane Miksch

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 30 kb
Pages:



VET-27

Chemical and Drug Residues in Livestock

10/1/1989 (new)
Authors: Duane Miksch

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 34 kb
Pages:



ASC-120

Forages for Horses

5/1/1989 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Craig Wood

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 201 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-119

Economical Alternative Feeds for Sheep

4/1/1989 (new)
Authors: Monte Chappell, Don Ely

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 24 kb
Pages:



ASC-114

Basic Horse Nutrition

7/1/1988 (new)
Authors: Stephen Jackson, Craig Wood

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 243 kb
Pages: 4



ID-76

Creep Grazing for Beef Calves

4/1/1987 (new)
Authors: Curtis Absher, Larry Turner

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



ID-13

Beef Cattle Corrals and Handling Facilities

4/1/1986 (reprinted)
Authors: Curtis Absher, Roy Burris, Sam McNeill, Larry Turner

Proven management practices such as castrating, dehorning, pregnancy examination, controlling parasites, implanting, vaccinating, etc. are essential if profits are to be realized in beef herds. Although most practices are relatively simple, they cannot be done easily without some type of restraining equipment which will prevent injury to both man and animal. The absence of cattle handling facilities probably contributes more than anything else to failure to perform these money-making procedures.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, beef cattle, equipment and structures, livestock, production practices
Size: 17 kb
Pages:



ASC-104

Factors Affecting Feed Conversion in Growing-Finishing Swine

9/1/1985 (new)
Authors: Gary Cromwell, Dennis Liptrap, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 23 kb
Pages:



ASC-106

Improving Preweaning Survival of Pigs

6/1/1985 (new)
Authors: Gary Cromwell, Dennis Liptrap, Gary Parker

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 9 kb
Pages:



VET-26

Brucellosis of Cattle

3/1/1985 (reprinted)
Authors: D.E. LaBore

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 37 kb
Pages:



ID-57

Housing for Pleasure Horses

9/1/1983 (reprinted)
Authors: George Duncan, Bob Fehr, John Walker, William Wise

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Veterinary Science
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: animals, horses
Size: 23 kb
Pages:



VET-10

E.I.A. Equine Infectious Anemia

1/1/1973 (new)
Authors: Charles Issel

Departments: Veterinary Science
Series: Veterinary Science (VET series)
Tags: animals, horses, nutrition and health, production practices
Size: 107 kb
Pages: 2