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Ric Bessin



ID-36
Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, 2020-21
11/26/2019 (major revision)

 UK Authors:
 Departments:
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, vegetables

Successful vegetable production generally requires the grower to make daily decisions regarding pest management, irrigation, and cultural practices. The most widely commercially-grown vegetables in Kentucky are included in this publication.

3,000 printed copies | 128 pages | 108,449 words | - | PDF: 22,000 kb



PPFS-FR-T-26
Cultural Calendar for Commercial Peach Production
8/1/2019 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: fruits, nursery and landscape, plant disease

Integrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance. Extension offices can also provide updated pest management recommendations. This cultural guide serves as a supplement to published spray guides and scouting guides.

web only | 7 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,385 kb



PPFS-FR-T-25
Cultural Calendar for Commercial Apple Production
8/1/2019 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: fruits, nursery and landscape, plant disease

egrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance. Extension offices can also provide updated pest management recommendations. This cultural guide serves as a supplement to published spray guides and scouting guides.

web only | 7 pages | - | - | PDF: 986 kb



PPFS-FR-S-25
Backyard Berry Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar
7/1/2019 (reviewed)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic produ

Backyard berry (blueberry, raspberry, blackberry, and strawberry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

web only | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,037 kb



PPFS-FR-S-24
Backyard Grape Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar
7/1/2019 (reviewed)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic produ

Backyard grape production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

web only | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,213 kb



PPFS-FR-S-23
Simplified Backyard Grape Spray Guide
7/1/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

A simplified backyard grape spray guide (table).

web only | 1 pages | - | - | PDF: 351 kb



PPFS-FR-T-22
Backyard Peach and Stone Fruit Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar
7/1/2019 (reviewed)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic produ

Backyard stone fruit (peach, nectarine, plum, and cherry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

web only | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 890 kb



PPFS-FR-T-21
Backyard Apple and Pear Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar
7/1/2019 (reviewed)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic produ

Backyard apple production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

web only | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,013 kb



PPFS-FR-T-20
Simplified Backyard Peach and Stone Fruit Spray Guide
7/1/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

Peach, nectarine, apricot, plum, and cherry are all stone fruits. Production of these tree fruits requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays. Disease resistant cultivars are the preferred method for reducing spray inputs.

web only | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 672 kb



PPFS-FR-T-18
Simplified Backyard Apple Spray Guides
7/1/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang,
 Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture,
 Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

Apple production requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays.

web only | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 626 kb



PPFS-VG-11-QF
Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits Quick Facts
7/1/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Steve Osborne, K
 Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Plant Patholog
 Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Highlights from the publication Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits, PPFS-VG-11.

web only | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 786 kb



ID-254
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Grape in Kentucky
6/11/2019 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser,
 Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, <

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky grape plantings.

2,500 printed copies | 36 pages | 9,801 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 2,400 kb



ID-128
Home Vegetable Gardening in Kentucky, 2019
4/16/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Rick Durham, Brad Lee
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: garden and landscape, vegetables

A well-planned and properly kept garden should produce 600 to 700 pounds of produce per 1,000 square feet and may include many different crops. Consult "Vegetable Cultivars for Kentucky Gardens" (ID-133) for the latest recommendations on home vegetable varieties.

8,500 printed copies | 48 pages | 32,300 words | 547 downloads | PDF: 4,000 kb



ID-232
Midwest Tree and Small Fruit Spray Guide, 2019-20
2/1/2019 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, Joh
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

This guide provides pest management recommendations for commercial tree fruit, small fruit, and grape producers in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. These recommendations have been formulated to provide up-to-date information on pesticides and their application. This publication replaces two previous annual publications: The Midwest Tree Fruit Spray Guide (ID-168) and The Midwest Small Fruit and Grape Spray Guide (ID-169).

1 printed copies | 168 pages | - | - | PDF: 3,500 kb



ID-232
Midwest Tree and Small Fruit Spray Guide, 2019-20
2/1/2019 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, Joh
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

This guide provides pest management recommendations for commercial tree fruit, small fruit, and grape producers in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. These recommendations have been formulated to provide up-to-date information on pesticides and their application. This publication replaces two previous annual publications: The Midwest Tree Fruit Spray Guide (ID-168) and The Midwest Small Fruit and Grape Spray Guide (ID-169).

1 printed copies | 168 pages | - | 39 downloads | PDF: 3,500 kb



PR-757
2018 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/13/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collec-tion of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry.

900 printed copies | 44 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 6,838 kb



ID-160
Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guide, 2019-2020
12/4/2018 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Andy Bailey, Ric Bessin, Lowell
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, tobacco

Under ideal conditions, growing a good crop of tobacco is relatively easy, but when conditions are challenging it takes good management skills and attention to detail to make tobacco a profitable crop. This publication is designed to provide the good manager with the latest information for the production of high yielding, good quality tobacco.

6,000 printed copies | 84 pages | 68,090 words | 211 downloads | PDF: 4,150 kb



ID-235
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of High Tunnel and Greenhouse Vegetable Crops in Kentucky
10/17/2018 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Jo
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, hi

Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The pictures included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur on vegetable crops grown in high tunnel and greenhouse structures in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter problems not included here. Please contact a local Cooperative Extension Service office for assistance.

2,500 printed copies | 28 pages | 5,200 words | 81 downloads | PDF: 1,938 kb



ID-251
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Brambles in Kentucky
9/13/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, C
 Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, <

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky blackberry and raspberry plantings.

2,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 6,827 words | 39 downloads | PDF: 2,500 kb



ID-249
A Comprehensive Guide to Soybean Management in Kentucky
6/7/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Carl Bradley, J.D. G
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans

This publication provides information on soybean growth and development, principles of variety selection, and management practices to maximize soybean profitability in Kentucky.

2,500 printed copies | 84 pages | 44,074 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 38,987 kb



SR-111
Economic Analysis of the University of Kentucky Community Supported Agriculture Organic Vegetable Production System
7/12/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Carl Dillon, Ti
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Special Report (SR series)
 Tags: farm crops, organic production, research,

Farms marketing through a vegetable CSA are complex businesses facing many operational and economic challenges. To be economically viable, CSA farms must achieve the appropriate match of crops, equipment, and labor with farm size and number of CSA members. A diverse array of vegetable crops are typically grown with unique requirements for crop production, pest management, harvest, and post-harvest handling. An extensive suite of skills, tools, and equipment are required to produce these crops efficiently, and mechanization becomes critical as the number of acres in production increases.

200 printed copies | 28 pages | 8,907 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 6,500 kb



ID-181
Manejo Integrado de Plagas
6/15/2017 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

La sociedad moderna demanda alimentos variados y de buena calidad, esto implica un reto para los agricultores de frutas, hortalizas y granos, ya que deben producir lo suficiente para obtener ganancias y al mismo tiempo, evitar la contaminacion del producto requerido por la poblacion. El Manejo Integrado de Plagas, es una herramienta importante en el manejo de los cultivos, ya que propone alternativas de control que no se limitan unicamente al uso de pesticidas, sino tambien, a tomar ventaja de los recursos existentes en el campo, tales como, organismos beneficos, plantas florales, biologia de la plaga, rotacion de cultivos, labores culturales apropiadas y otros mas que permiten manejar con perspectiva ambiental los problemas encontrados.

1,500 printed copies | 20 pages | 9,096 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 651 kb



PR-721
2016 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/13/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin,
 Departments: County Extension, Entomology, F
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collection of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry.

1,000 printed copies | 40 pages | 20,554 words | 58 downloads | PDF: 2,804 kb



ID-238
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Strawberry in Kentucky
11/17/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser,
 Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: plant diseases

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The pictures included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky strawberry plantings.

1,600 printed copies | 28 pages | 6,288 words | 42 downloads | PDF: 10,025 kb



ID-91s
Guia de Monitoreo de MIP para Plagas Comunes de los Cultivos Cucurbitaceos en Kentucky
7/15/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Chery
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: plant diseases

Esta guia cubre los problemas abioticos y bioticos mas comunes que ocurren en cucurbitaceas (Familia Curcubitaceae) en Kentucky. Este grupo de plantas, al que tambien se refiere como enredaderas trepadoras, incluye al pepino, melon (cantalope), sandia, melones especiales, calabazas (o zapallos), calabacines, y cogordas (conocidas tambien como calabazas de peregrino, ayotes, jicaras, o porongos [gourds en ingles]).

2,500 printed copies | 24 pages | 8,426 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 1,743 kb



ID-227
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Legume Vegetables in Kentucky
1/30/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Shubin Saha,
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" (but rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. Proper identification is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during bean and pea production in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter a problem that is not included here. Please contact your county Extension service for assistance.

1,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 6,479 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 33,000 kb



ID-172s
Guia de Monitoreo de MIP para Plagas Comunes de los Cultivos de Solanaceas on Kentucky
7/9/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, vegetables

La identificacion correcta de los patogenos y de insectos plagas, asi como los trastornos nutricionales y fisiologicos e incluso derivas de herbicidas es esencial para determinar el curso apropiado de accion. Las imagenes incluidas en esta guia representan algunas plagas o problemas comunes que los agricultores pueden encontrar cuando se producen cultivos de solanaceas (tomates, pimientos, berenjena y papas) en Kentucky.

1,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 7,500 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 5,600 kb



ID-184
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Sweet Corn in Kentucky
6/3/2014 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Terry J
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

In terms of acreage, sweet corn is the largest commercial vegetable crop grown in Kentucky. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs have played an important role in its production and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" but not necessarily eliminated in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop.

4,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,437 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,054 kb



ID-219
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Apple in Kentucky
5/7/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Joh
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases

The National Integrated Pest Management Network defines IPM as "a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks." One of the key components of IPM is to continually scout and monitor crops to identify problems before they result in significant economic losses. Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during apple production in Kentucky.

3,000 printed copies | 20 pages | 5,056 words | 46 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb



ID-21
Disease and Insect Control Program for Home Grown Fruit in Kentucky
4/29/2014 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Rick Durham, John St
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts

Many homeowners in Kentucky grow a variety of fruits in their garden and are rewarded for their effort. One distinct advantage homeowners have over commercial orchardists is the diverse ecosystem of the home landscape (vegetable gardens, flower and fruit plantings intermixed with turf and landscape plants). Diversity often reduces the spread of insect and disease organisms and tends to keep their populations at lower, more manageable levels.

1,000 printed copies | 20 pages | 10,516 words | 134 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb



PPFS-VG-11
Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits
4/1/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kenny Seebold
 Departments: Entomology, Plant Pathology
 Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Bacterial wilt is a common, often destructive, disease of cucurbits. This disease can cause nearly complete losses of a planting before the first harvest. Bacterial wilt primarily affects cucumber and muskmelon (cantaloupe). While squash and pumpkin are also susceptible, the damage to these hosts is usually less severe.

web only | 3 pages | 1,044 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 575 kb



PR-673
2013 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
1/8/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Shu
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

Variety trials included in this year's publication include: cabbage, asparagus, bell peppers, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, apples, peaches, and grapes. Additional research trials include organic management of cucumber beetles, financial comparison of organic potato integrated pest management systems, and effect of organic fertilizer materials for production of kale.

web only | 44 pages | 23,586 words | 78 downloads | PDF: 2,491 kb



ID-216
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Cole Crops in Kentucky
7/22/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Cole crops are important as a group, particularly when all acreage of cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts are combined. Spring planted crops may have very different problems associated with them compared to fall crops. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs fill an important role in production of these crops and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed," but not necessarily eliminated, in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop.

3,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,491 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 5,300 kb



ID-195
Sweetpotato Production for Kentucky
2/21/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Sarah
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, vegetables

Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is a member of the morningglory or Convolvulaceae family. Sweetpotatoes have their origins in tropical America, with early remains having been found in Panama, Peru and Mexico. A perennial plant in their native regions, they are typically killed by frost when grown in a temperate climate. Sweetpotatoes are true roots and not tubers as is the case with the Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum). Because they are true roots they will continue to grow and enlarge as long as the plant continues to grow.

1,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 6,240 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb



PR-626
2011 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/20/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, Jul
 Departments: Entomology, Family and Consumer Sciences,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

The 2011 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 19 field research plots and several demonstration trials. Many of these reports include data on varietal performance as well as different production methods in an effort to provide growers with better tools, which they can use to improve fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky.

web only | 53 pages | 26,604 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 1,391 kb



ID-191
Climate Change: A Brief Summary for Kentucky Extension Agents
9/20/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Tom Barnes, Ric Bessin, Jeffre
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

Nearly all climate science experts agree that global warming is occurring and that it is caused primarily by human activity. Regardless of what you may read on blogs or in the media, there is no meaningful scientific controversy on these points. The future impacts of global warming are difficult to predict, but the changes caused by greenhouse gases are expected to increasingly affect Kentucky agriculture.

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,975 words | 60 downloads | PDF: 250 kb



PPFS-VG-12
Yellow Vine Decline of Cucurbits
8/1/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Kenny Seebold
 Departments: Entomology, Plant Pathology
 Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Symptoms of yellow vine decline begin to appear approximately 2 weeks before fruit maturity. The disease may appear initially as stunting of plants and/or intense yellowing of foliage, followed by a slow decline in plant health. In some cases, a sudden collapse of vines may occur with no other symptoms. Vascular tissue (phloem) from crowns of affected plants is often discolored, appearing light brown rather than a healthy translucent green.

web only | 3 pages | 824 words | 1 download | PDF: 454 kb



ENT-67
An IPM Identification Guide for Natural Enemies of Vegetable Pests
5/16/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Obrycki
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Entomology (ENT series)
 Tags: farm crops, vegetables

Natural enemies play a crucial role in the management of insect and other arthropod pests of vegetable crops grown throughout Kentucky. The control they exert on pest populations is realized on every farm every day. Often the value of natural enemies may be overlooked or taken for granted, but as a group they slow the buildup of pest populations and keep some pests from reaching economic levels.

4,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 6,732 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 1,700 kb



ID-172
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Pests of Solanaceous Crops in Kentucky
4/29/2011 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables

Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter when producing solanaceous crops (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and potatoes) in Kentucky.

3,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 7,500 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb



PR-608
2010 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/20/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, S
 Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, County Extension,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

Fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky continues to grow. The 2010 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 34 field research and demonstration trials that were conducted in 20 counties in Kentucky.

1,000 printed copies | 70 pages | - | 37 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb



ID-77
Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky
4/22/2010 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Terry
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts

Kentucky is generally well suited for growing nut trees. Northern pecans, black walnuts, heartnuts, hickory nuts, hardy Persian walnuts (Carpathian strain), American hazelnuts, and Chinese chestnuts all grow well in the state. Although most nut trees are grown by hobbyists and backyard gardeners, several varieties appear to have potential for commercial production, particularly some of the USDA pecan selections and some Chinese chestnut varieties.

web only | 24 pages | - | 56 downloads | PDF: 680 kb



ID-159
Corn and Soybean Production Calendar
12/16/2009 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, J.D. Green, Jim Herbek
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops,

The Corn and Soybean Production Calendar was developed to help producers prioritize and schedule work events in a timely fashion on the farm. Weather events and equipment breakdowns rarely follow an organized schedule. However, if other practices within the farming operation are prioritized, perhaps a producer can better address the emergencies that will occur.

2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 650 kb



ID-91
An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Cucurbit Crops in Kentucky
7/27/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Terry J
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: plant diseases

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, costs, and health hazards. Pests are managed to reduce their negative impact on the crop, although pests are rarely eliminated.

5,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 6,729 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 1,863 kb



HO-81
Ornamental Corn Production
7/10/2008 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Terry J
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Horticulture (HO series)
 Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,234 kb



HO-57
Growing Peaches in Kentucky
3/30/2007 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Joe M
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
 Series: Horticulture (HO series)
 Tags:

1,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | 79 downloads | PDF: 978 kb



ID-119
Ornamental Gourd Production in Kentucky
1/3/2007 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Terry Jones, Joe Mas
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 281 kb



PR-538
2006 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tom Cottrell, Rick
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | 82 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 1,337 kb



PR-521
2005 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/30/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Tom Cottrell, Rick
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | 98 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 1,555 kb



ID-156
Bt Basics for Vegetable Integrated Pest Management
8/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Brent Rowell
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, vegetables

2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 655 kb



ID-156A
Growers' Guide to Bt
8/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Brent Rowell
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 22 downloads | PDF: 478 kb



PR-504
2004 Fruit and Vegetable Report
12/15/2004 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Shane Bogle, Gerald
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horti
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | 74 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,899 kb



PR-488
2003 Fruit and Vegetable Report
12/15/2003 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, Rick
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 1 kb



PR-470
2002 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/3/2003 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, Davi
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,000 printed copies | 65 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 2,400 kb



PR-452
2001 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/4/2002 (new)

 UK Authors: Bob Anderson, Ric Bessin, Gera
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | 60 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 437 kb



ID-139
A Comprehensive Guide to Corn Management in Kentucky
9/30/2001 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Morris Bitzer, J.D.
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops,

The corn grown in Kentucky is used mainly for livestock feed and as a cash crop. As a cash crop sold from the farm, corn ranks third behind tobacco and soybeans but is the number one row crop in terms of acreage. Because the cost of producing an acre of corn is high and the value per bushel has declined in recent years, producers must manage and market their corn crop more carefully for adequate profits. The goal of this publication is to serve as a guide for corn production strategies that focus on efficient use of resources and provide the principles and practices for obtaining maximum, profitable corn yields.

7,500 printed copies | 64 pages | 37,214 words | 55 downloads | PDF: 639 kb



ID-137
Total Quality Assurance Apple Production: Best Management Practices
5/1/2001 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Joe O
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Entomology, H
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts

500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 33 downloads | PDF: 271 kb



ENT-64
Asian Lady Beetle Infestation of Structures
3/20/2001 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Mike Potter, Lee To
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Entomology (ENT series)
 Tags:

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 247 kb



PR-436
Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report 2000
12/3/2000 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, Davi
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

1,100 printed copies | 57 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 768 kb



ENT-41
Beginning Beekeeping for Kentuckians
11/17/2000 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Entomology (ENT series)
 Tags:

3,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | 40 downloads | PDF: 718 kb



ID-126
Growing Grapes in Kentucky
4/30/2000 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, John
 Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts

Kentucky has a long record of good grape production. As a home fruit crop or commercial crop, grapes have many benefits. Grapevines are relatively inexpensive and easy to propagate. They reach full bearing potential in four years and bear annually. The many varieties of grapes can be consumed fresh or used to make grape juice, jams, jellies, and wine. Grapes are also easy to manage. Vines are trained on trellises or arbors and easily can be sprayed using small equipment for control of insects and diseases.

3,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 73 downloads | PDF: 238 kb



PR-423
Fruit and Vegetable Crop Research Report 1999
12/31/1999 (new)

 UK Authors: Bob Anderson, Doug Archbold,
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

750 printed copies | 43 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 712 kb



PR-410
Fruit and Vegetable Program: 1998 Research Report
12/1/1998 (new)

 UK Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Ge
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research,

The emphases in our research program reflect industry-defined needs, expertise available at UK, and the nature of research projects around the world generating information applicable to Kentucky. Although the purpose of this publication is to report research results, the report also highlights our Extension program and Undergraduate and Graduate degree programs that address the needs of the horticultural industries.

web only | 46 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 335 kb



ID-93
Midwest Tree Fruit Pest Management Handbook
11/1/1998 (new)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, John
 Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts

5,000 printed copies | - | - | 14 downloads | HTML: 3 kb



ENT-60
Greenhouse Insect Management
6/15/1995 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Bob Anderson, Ric Bessin, Lee
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Entomology (ENT series)
 Tags:

1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 123 kb



ENT-59
Cutworm Management in Corn
3/1/1994 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin
 Departments: Entomology
 Series: Entomology (ENT series)
 Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops,

1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 175 kb



IP-9
Food Safety Pesticide Residues in Grains, Vegetables, Fruits and Nuts
9/1/1992 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Jim Ma
 Departments: Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences,
 Series: Interprogram (IP series)
 Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, vegetables

300 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 16 kb