University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

Online Publications

Recently completed new and revised publications

Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers
Successful vegetable production generally requires the grower to make daily decisions regarding pest management, irrigation, and cultural practices. The most widely commercially-grown vegetables in Kentucky are included in this publication.
3700 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1500 kb

2015 Alfalfa Report
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.
400 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1500 kb

2015 Red and White Clover Report
Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.
500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 875 kb

2015 Orchardgrass Report
Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.
600 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 850 kb

Chemical Control of Weeds in Kentucky Grain Crops
The use of herbicides suggested in this publication is based on research at the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and elsewhere. We have given what we believe to be the most effective herbicides, with the most suitable rates and times of application. Smaller files are available here.
3650 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3500 kb

UK Ag Equine Programs Calendar
The information in this calendar is provided to aid owners in planning for the care and use of their horses. When necessary, information is discussed in the month prior to application to allow horse owners adequate time to plan for activities such as weed control, soil testing, and vaccinations. Contact your local veterinarian for health-related issues and your county extension agent for further information.
4000 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 10700 kb

2015 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.
2200 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3300 kb

2015 Kentucky Silage Hybrid Performance Test
Hybrids were evaluated for silage performance on cooperating farms. Representatives from seed companies submitted hybrids of their choosing. University of Kentucky personnel or third-party contractors planted the hybrid seeds. Farmers applied the soil fertility and pest management. University of Kentucky personnel harvested, weighed, chopped, and packaged corn for quality analysis. University personnel conducted the statistical analyses and final reporting of hybrid performance.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 271 kb

Etymology of the Scientific Names of Some Endoparasites of Horses
The use of only common names for parasites can be confusing because of lack of uniformity. Fortunately a huge contribution for science was made by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus who is considered the father of taxonomy. English translation of the scientific names here are mainly from "dictionary" sources. A few are from the original descriptions. More than one possible meaning is listed for some of the scientific names.
25 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 114 kb

Understanding and Teaching Sportsmanship to Today's Youth
Sportsmanship is fair play, respect for opponents, and gracious behavior in winning and losing. Sportsmanship takes ethics into a competitive realm. We can remain ethical yet fail to be a good sport; however it is impossible to exhibit good sportsmanship without also being ethical.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 117 kb

Producer's Guide to Pasture-Based Beef Finishing
Will pasture-finished beef eventually become a commodity with lowered product prices? These and other questions must be evaluated by those considering pasture-based beef finishing. As with any new enterprise, however, the learning curve is steep, and success requires a commitment to working through the many production, marketing, and processing details. This reference guide provides a foundation for this process.
1 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1505 kb

Managing Precision Dairy Farming Technologies
Precision dairy farming is the use of technologies to measure physiological, behavioral, and production indicators of individual animals to improve management strategies and farm performance.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1872 kb

2014 Commercial Feeds in Kentucky
Information in this report is intended to inform the feed purchaser, provide a basis for fair and equitable competition, and assist in assuring the safety of animal and human food.
2500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 790 kb

Turfgrasses of Kentucky
Roughly 7,500 grass species are grown around the world, but only 14 species are adapted as turfgrasses that have been used extensively. Kentucky is situated in the transitional climatic zone of the United States, the middle point between the cool north and the warm south, with warm summers and cool winters. Because of its unusual climate, no single grass is suitable for all situations and locations. The majority of the turfgrasses that are appropriate for use in Kentucky are known as C3 grasses, or cool-season grasses. Cool-season grasses differ from warm-season grasses (C4) in many ways, but most notably in their photosynthetic pathways. Warm-season grasses can tolerate and even thrive during the warm summers while cool-season grasses may become heat-stressed. Conversely, winters in Kentucky may be too cool for warm-season grasses and greenup in the spring may be long and arduous. Warm-season grasses enter a dormancy period during the fall and winter and may stay in this state as long as six or seven months.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 8500 kb

KAES Annual Report, 2014
This annual report lists experiment station research projects and publications completed during 2014. The research programs of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station have benefited Kentucky's agriculture over the past century, and the results of present and future research will continue to serve Kentucky's primary industry. In 2014, research activities of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station were conducted at Lexington, Princeton, Quicksand, and Owenton and in counties throughout the state. Efforts are constantly made to ensure that the research studies have application to the problems of all Kentucky farmers and other clientele groups.
75 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3749 kb

Why Form a Coalition?
A coalition is two or more organizations that work together to reach a common goal. Usually the goals of a coalition include one of the following: changing or creating public policy, changing or influencing individual behavior or building a healthier community.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 166 kb

All-Weather Surfaces for Cattle Watering Facilities
Strategically locating the watering facility will also provide production benefits such as increased forage utilization and improved access to water, and may possibly reduce the cost per pasture of providing water. This publication will provide guidelines for the location, design, and construction of all-weather surfaces for cattle watering facilities.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 2980 kb

Strongyles in Horses
Parasites live in a host from which they obtain food and protection. They may harm but usually do not benefit the host. The word "parasite" is derived from the Latin and Greek languages meaning, in general, "one who eats at the table of another." It is said that a "good" parasite does not overtly harm or kill its host. It is theoretically possible that a more benign parasite (e.g. Gasterophilus spp.) is much "older in eons of time" and it and its host have adjusted better to each other than a conceivably "newer" parasite (e.g. Strongylus spp.) which may be more harmful to its host.
25 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 2600 kb

Financial Oversight for a Nonprofit Organization: 4-H Facilitator's Guide
Successful organizations follow regulations and guidelines pertaining to sound financial management practices. The members, leaders and volunteers of an organization should understand the need for accurate and timely reporting and have both internal and external rules of management in place.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 283 kb

Educating Members, Volunteers and Leaders in Community Organizations: Empower Your Group by Developing Leadership: 4-H Facilitator's Guide
Educating, empowering and equipping 4-H members, volunteers and leaders adds stability, quality and effectiveness to the organization and its provided programs.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 273 kb

Mobilizing Members, Volunteers and Leaders in Community Organizations: Calling the Group to Action: 4-H Facilitator's Guide
To effectively serve the needs of people in a community, members, volunteers and leaders of 4-H must be mobilized to action. Mobilizing is the key component of a volunteer program and is the step in which education, youth development, service and leadership all begin.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 217 kb

Sustaining Members, Volunteers and Leaders in Community Organizations: Strengthening an Organization by Building Traditions: 4-H Facilitator's Guide
Sustaining members, volunteers and leaders and their continued efforts and service to the program is imperative to the continued health and well-being of 4-H or any community organization. Sustaining adds stability, credibility and continuity to organizations.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 267 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Staggers (Tremorgenic Syndrome)
"Staggers" is an all-inclusive term for a group of nervous system disorders caused by indole-diterpenoid mycotoxins produced by various types of fungi on forages. These mycotoxins are collectively known as "tremorgens", and they may be found in several types of grasses at varying stages of maturity.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 588 kb

Food and Community: Sustainable Eating Module 1
The process of getting food to the right place and ready to eat is the work of many human hands. It uses natural resources such as sun, soil, air, and water. This publication describes trends in the U.S. food system that strengthen the social, economic, and environmental vitality of communities and the health of the people who live there.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1867 kb

Eating from the Earth: Sustainable Eating Module 2
Food systems generally include growing, processing, distributing, retailing, preparing, eating, and the disposal of food waste. A 2010 USDA study of local food systems found that local markets account for a small but growing share of total U.S. agricultural sales. This publication examines local and regional food systems and how they impact the way we buy and consume food.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1428 kb

Sustainable Community Food Systems: Sustainable Eating Module 3
The term "sustainable eating" describes a way that food consumers can make choices that support their social, economic, or environmental values. Eating for good health, making sure everyone has access to nutritious foods, and eating to minimize the impact on our planet are some commonly held values associated with sustainable eating.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3331 kb

Seafood: Are You Reeling in the Benefits?
Seafood is an important part of a balanced diet because it contains high-quality protein and good fats called omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients. However, many of us do not include enough seafood in our diets to get the full range of benefits. This publication explains the benefits of adding more seafood to your diet.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1333 kb

Slaframine Toxicosis or "Slobbers" in Cattle and Horses
Although black patch occurs only sporadically, the right temperature, moisture, and soil pH may combine and allow Rhizoctonia leguminicola to thrive. Be aware of the possible consequences of this fungus, especially profuse salivation or "Sobbers" in cattle and horses. Good forage management, will reduce the risk of problems when utilizing this forage.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 256 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Acute or Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)
In the Southeastern United States, acute interstitial pneumonia has been produced by ingestion of the leaves and seeds of perilla mint (Perilla frutescens). Perilla ketone is the toxin absorbed from the rumen into the bloodstream and carried to the lungs where it damages the lung tissue in cattle.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 507 kb

Guia de Monitoreo de MIP para Plagas Comunes de los Cultivos Cucurbitaceos en Kentucky
Esta guia cubre los problemas abioticos y bioticos mas comunes que ocurren en cucurbitaceas (Familia Curcubitaceae) en Kentucky. Este grupo de plantas, al que tambien se refiere como enredaderas trepadoras, incluye al pepino, melon (cantalope), sandia, melones especiales, calabazas (o zapallos), calabacines, y cogordas (conocidas tambien como calabazas de peregrino, ayotes, jicaras, o porongos [gourds en ingles]).
2500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1743 kb

2015 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.
1900 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 2350 kb

Evaluation: Everyone Has a Role
Although there are a number of definitions for "evaluation," in basic terms, it is simply the process of determining whether a program is producing desired results. To meet the requirements of reporting and accountability, businesses, organizations and agencies must understand how to best measure the success of a program.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 186 kb

Seed Inspection Report, 2010 - 2014
The Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station's annual Seed Inspection Report provides results of the examination, analysis and tests of seeds distributed and sampled in our state. It is intended to be useful to individuals interested in evaluating the quality of seeds distributed in Kentucky. The report represents the commitment of the staff at Regulatory Services to provide consumer protection and service related to Kentucky's seed industry.
500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1500 kb

Practicing Good Stewardship When Applying Herbicides for Pasture Weed Control
Various methods and strategies can be used to combat weed problems in pasture fields. These include mechanical and cultural practices such as mowing or clipping fields, maintaining a good soil fertility program, grazing methods, and other management practices that promote the growth of desirable forage grasses which in turn compete against weeds. Herbicides can be the best alternative to effectively control several troublesome broadleaf weeds. However, it is important to understand the proper use of herbicides and practice good stewardship.
500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 190 kb

Aquatic Macroinvertebrates: Biological Indicators of Stream Health
Streams are an important part of the landscape. Streams transport water, sediment and energy; provide habitat for aquatic life and support terrestrial life; provide a place for recreation; and in many cases serve as a water supply. The health of streams---or their ability to perform these important functions---is dependent on the conditions of the watersheds which they drain. Changes in land use within a watershed can affect a stream's health.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 4800 kb

Home Canning Soups and Stews
To ensure safe, high quality home-canned products, always follow research-based recipes when canning. Safe, tested recipes for home-canned soups and stews are based on laboratory measurements of pH and heat penetration into the jars during processing, which are specific to the recipe being tested.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 455 kb

Safe Home Canning: Altitude Adjustments
For safe home canning, it's important to know your altitude (or elevation), since altitude affects processing times and pressures. If you live at an altitude greater than 1,000 feet, you may need to adjust processing times or pressures to ensure the safety of your home-canned foods.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 336 kb

Home Canning Meat, Poultry and Seafood
Home canning your own meat, poultry, wild game or fish can help you save money, gain control over what's in your food, and save time in meal preparation. To ensure safe, high quality home-canned products, always follow research-based recommendations when canning.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 412 kb

Land Judging Score Card
Score sheet for the 4-H publication "Land Judging in Kentucky."
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 149 kb

4-H Land Judging in Kentucky
Land judging is a way of appraising the physical nature and capability of soils. Certain soil properties, such as slope, depth and color, and others that can be seen, felt or measured, are reliable indicators of soil characteristics. This publication provides instruction on basic soil concepts that can be easily applied to agricultural, industrial, residential, and recreational land uses in Kentucky. It provides characteristics to be judged as well as a good working knowledge of soil.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 7100 kb

Herbicide Recommendations for Weed Control in Kentucky Bluegrass and Tall Fescue Lawns for Professional Applicators
The best method to control weeds is to grow a dense and healthy lawn. This objective should be primary for turf professionals. Lawn weed control is facilitated by identification of the turfgrass and weed species present. Not all herbicides will control all weeds, and not all herbicides are safe on all lawn grasses. This publication contains herbicide recommendations for licensed professionals. For information on weed control for non-professionals, see AGR 208: Weed Control for Kentucky Home Lawns.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 240 kb

Developing and Implementing an Action Plan for Community Organizations: Giving New Direction to Established Organizations: 4-H Facilitator's Guide
The goal of this program is developing and implementing an action plan that will inspire and set in motion the actions needed to accomplish the 4-H organization's vision.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 331 kb

Fundamental Principles of Plant Pathology for Agricultural Producers
All crop plants produced in Kentucky have the potential to become diseased under certain conditions. Diseases of crops can affect yield and/or quality of the harvested commodity, which can impact profitability and increase the risks of farming. A plant is diseased when it is affected by some agent that interferes with its normal development. Some disorders are caused by noninfectious factors, such as temperature extremes or nutrient deficiencies. However, this publication focuses on diseases caused by infectious microorganisms.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3800 kb

Home Canning Basics
People choose to can foods at home for many reasons: to preserve the harvest from their gardens or local farmers markets for year-round enjoyment; to gain more control over what is in their food by limiting or avoiding salt, sugar or preservatives; to save money; to get better-tasting canned foods; to follow family traditions; or just for the sense of satisfaction that home canning provides.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 436 kb

Home Canning Jams, Jellies and Other Soft Spreads
Home canning jams, jellies, and other soft spreads is fun and satisfying. Soft spreads all contain four main ingredients (fruit, sugar, pectin, and acid), and they differ only in their consistency. The formation of a gel depends on the right amount of each of the main ingredients. If you understand the science of gelling, all your soft spreads will be a success.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 524 kb

Home Canning Tomatoes and Tomato Products
Home canning tomatoes and tomato products can help you save money and gain control over what's in your food while preserving the bounty of summer for your family's year-round enjoyment. The recipes included in this publication are research-based for safe home canning.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 577 kb

Home Canning Salsa
Salsas are usually mixtures of high acid foods, such as tomatoes and/or fruit, with low acid foods, such as onions and peppers. With the addition of lemon juice, citric acid, or vinegar in the right proportion, salsa becomes a high acid food and can be safely processed in a boiling water canner. However, only research-based recipes should be used. The recipes included in this publication are research-based for safe home canning
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 508 kb

Home Canning Pickles and Fermented Foods
The home canning of pickles, relishes, and fermented foods allows you to enjoy the bounty of your summer garden or local farmers market year-round. It may also save you money and give you some control over what's in your food. To ensure safe, high-quality home-canned products, always follow research-based recommendations when canning.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 527 kb

Home Canning Vegetables
Home canning vegetables from your garden or local farmers market can help you save money and gain control over what's in your food while preserving the bounty of summer for your family's year-round enjoyment. To ensure safe, high quality home-canned products, always follow research-based recommendations when canning.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 444 kb

Home Canning Fruit
Home canning fruit from your garden, orchard, or local farmers market can help save you money and gain control over what's in your food, while preserving the taste of summer for your family's year-round enjoyment. To ensure safe, high quality home-canned products, always follow research-based recommendations when canning.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 542 kb

Planning a Zero-Waste Event
The goal of a zero-waste event (e.g., meeting, business event, birthday party, field day, wedding, etc.) is to minimize the amount of waste produced. The key to hosting a zero-waste event is good advanced planning. This publication will guide you as you plan and carry out your event.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3353 kb

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Legume Vegetables in Kentucky
Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" (but rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. Proper identification is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during bean and pea production in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter a problem that is not included here. Please contact your county Extension service for assistance.
1500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 6400 kb

Grasshoppers Distribution: Lessons Learned and Lasting Legacy
Grasshoppers Distribution was a food hub in Louisville, Kentucky, that opened for business in 2007. The enterprise was launched by four producers who saw a need for agricultural diversification in a post-tobacco era and burgeoning opportunity in regional and sustainable food markets. This paper examines the story behind the evolution of the business and points to lessons that may be learned by others involved with similar efforts.
100 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1881 kb

Managing Holiday Expenses: How to Reduce Spending to Decrease Stress
This publication helps you plan for holiday expenses throughout the year and adopt new, lower-cost traditions to reduce the added stress and crunch on your wallet.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 527 kb

Determining Soil Texture by Feel
Soil texture refers to the proportion of sand, silt, and clay in a soil. Texture influences almost every aspect of soil use, both in agricultural and engineering applications, and even how natural ecosystems function. Many scientists consider soil texture the most important soil property as it can influence soil/water relationships, gas exchange, and plant nutrition. Accurately determining soil texture in a lab requires time and money; therefore, it is often necessary to estimate soil texture in the field by feel, which can be very accurate if done correctly.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 250 kb

Organic Corn Production in Kentucky
The number of organic dairy cows in Kentucky has been steadily increasing for years, yet there's not enough organic corn produced in the state to feed the growing herds. In short, a new market has developed in the state, but few local farmers are taking advantage of it. While Kentucky farmers are no strangers to corn, growing corn organically utilizes different management, cultural and marketing practices and requires new skills. And, importantly, organic production must follow an approved farm plan that allows farmers to sell their corn as certified organic. This publication is designed to be both an introduction to a new enterprise as well as a practical manual for those interested in pursuing organic corn production on their own farms.
2000 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 2600 kb

2014 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
The 2014 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 18 field research plots and demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in three counties in Kentucky, including: Mason, Shelby, and Spencer.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 950 kb

2015-2016 Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guide
Under ideal conditions, growing a good crop of tobacco is relatively easy, but when conditions are challenging it takes good management skills and attention to detail to make tobacco a profitable crop. This publication is designed to provide the good manager with the latest information for the production of high yielding, good quality tobacco.
11000 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 7650 kb

Keeping and Using Flock Performance Records
Performance records serve as the cornerstone of any good livestock management program. Unfortunately, the task of collecting, maintaining and using performance records is the one area of livestock production in general that gets the least attention. This fact sheet provides ten reasons why all sheep producers need to keep performance records on their flocks. Then, some ways of maintaining and using those records are discussed.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 890 kb

An Introduction to Sheep
The information in this fact sheet was developed to provide a quick reference to the most frequently asked questions about sheep and sheep production.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1072 kb

Basic Sheep Genetics
Genetics is the science of heredity. It seeks to explain differences and similarities exhibited by related individuals. The application of genetics to livestock improvement is known as animal breeding. The objective of this fact sheet is to provide a refresher course on basic genetics and to show how knowledge of genetics can be used to improve sheep production.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 465 kb

Sheep Breeding: Heritability, EBVs, EPDs, and the NSIP
Genetic improvement in a flock depends on the producer's ability to select breeding sheep that are genetically superior for traits of economic importance. This is complicated by the fact that an animal's own performance is not always a true indicator of its genetic potential as a parent.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1082 kb

Inbreeding in Sheep
Inbreeding is broadly defined as the mating of individuals that are related. Strictly speaking, however, all animals within a breed are related. So, in a sense, every purebred sheep producer practices some degree of inbreeding. In most cases this relationship is very slight. Therefore, inbreeding is more practically defined as the mating of individuals more closely related than the average of the breed. This practice includes mating brother to sister, sire to daughter and son to dam.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 896 kb

Crossbreeding Considerations in Sheep
Crossbreeding is the mating of individuals from different breeds. To a certain extent, it is a simple concept, but embarking upon a crossbreeding program, in sheep or any other livestock species, involves long-term decisions. The primary benefits of a crossbreeding program are heterosis and breed complementarity.
50 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 677 kb

2014 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. Thirty soybean tests were planted in 2014 in Kentucky at the six test locations shown below. Planting dates and other information are shown in Table 1. Data for the maturity groups IV Early, IV Late and V at the Caldwell County location are not provided to avoid penalizing any variety (plots were damaged by a storm soon after planting).
2125 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 4300 kb

2014 Summer Annual Grass Report
Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2011-2014 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.
400 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1150 kb

2014 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.
1800 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 2400 kb

Reading a Feed Tag
Feed stores carry a variety of feed types. How do you chose which to buy? You need to read the feed tag. A lot of information is on a feed tag that can help you make your selection and this publication breaks it down for you.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 181 kb

So You Want to Produce Your Own Eggs?
Backyard chicken flocks are becoming popular throughout the country in urban, suburban and rural communities. Preparation is essential for a successful backyard flock. This publication will give you the information you need decide if producing your own eggs is right for you.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 3047 kb

Proper Handling and Transportation of Eggs for Sale at Kentucky Farmer's Markets
Regardless of the number of eggs produced, and whether the eggs are for home use or sale, careful egg handling is very important. This publication will give you the information and guidelines in the proper handling and transportation of eggs for sale.
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PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1275 kb

2014 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.
500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 1200 kb

2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.
500 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 810 kb

2014 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.
400 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 550 kb

2014 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.
400 printed copies
PDF/Adobe Acrobat: 660 kb

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