University of Kentucky College of Agriculture
 

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David Ditsch



Forage Identification and Use Guide
11/21/2016 (reprinted)

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. They provide most of the feed for beef, dairy, horse, sheep, and wildlife. In addition, forage crops play a critical role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. The purpose of this publication is to provide both agronomic and identification information on several forage grasses and legumes. | AGR-175
500 printed copies | 28 pages | 3,487 words | 56 downloads | HTML: 9,100 kb


Agricultural Lime Recommendations Based on Lime Quality
1/13/2016 (major revision)

Soil acidity is one of the most important soil factors affecting crop growth and ultimately, yield and profitability. It is determined by measuring the soil pH, which is a measure of the amount of hydrogen ions in the soil solution. As soil acidity increases, the soil pH decreases. Soils tend to be naturally acidic in areas where rainfall is sufficient to cause substantial leaching of basic ions (such as calcium and magnesium), which are replaced by hydrogen ions. Most soils in Kentucky are naturally acidic because of our abundant rainfall. | ID-163
web only | 6 pages | 2,749 words | 73 downloads | PDF: 485 kb


2015 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
12/8/2015 (new)

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. | PR-697
600 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,847 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,240 kb


2015 Orchardgrass Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-696
600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,380 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 850 kb


2015 Red and White Clover Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. | PR-695
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,805 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 875 kb


2015 Alfalfa Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. | PR-694
400 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,151 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb


Land Judging Score Card
3/31/2015 (major revision)

Score sheet for the 4-H publication "Land Judging in Kentucky." | 4BA-09SE
web only | 2 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 149 kb


4-H Land Judging in Kentucky
3/30/2015 (major revision)

Land judging is a way of appraising the physical nature and capability of soils. Certain soil properties, such as slope, depth and color, and others that can be seen, felt or measured, are reliable indicators of soil characteristics. This publication provides instruction on basic soil concepts that can be easily applied to agricultural, industrial, residential, and recreational land uses in Kentucky. It provides characteristics to be judged as well as a good working knowledge of soil. | 4BA-08MH
web only | 19 pages | 5,578 words | 50 downloads | PDF: 7,100 kb


2014 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-679
700 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,846 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,114 kb


2014 Orchardgrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-678
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,258 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 855 kb


Fertilizer Management in Alfalfa
1/8/2014 (new)

Alfalfa is a high quality, valuable forage crop that can be successfully produced on most well-drained soils in Kentucky for hay, silage, and grazing. Fertilizing alfalfa can be uniquely challenging because it is a high-yielding crop that removes a tremendous amount of soil nutrients when compared to other crops grown in Kentucky. A thorough understanding of alfalfa's growth habits, nutrient requirements, and soil nutrient supply mechanisms is necessary to effectively manage fertilizer inputs and maximize profitability while minimizing environmental impact. | AGR-210
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,657 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 4 kb


2013 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-663
800 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,837 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,600 kb


2013 Orchardgrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-662
800 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,252 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb


2012 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/28/2012 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-646
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,834 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


2012 Orchardgrass Report
11/26/2012 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well-adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. | PR-645
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,244 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 890 kb


2012 Red and White Clover Report
11/26/2012 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-644
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,750 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,260 kb


2011 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-630
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,812 words | - | PDF: 355 kb


2011 Red and White Clover Report
12/19/2011 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-628
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,723 words | - | PDF: 313 kb


Managing Legume Induced Bloat in Cattle
3/10/2011 (new)

Ruminal tympany, or bloat, can result in lost animal performance and in severe cases, death. It occurs as a result of a buildup of fermentation gases in the rumen. Bloat may be categorized as frothy bloat, which is caused by the formation of a stable foam in the rumen, or free gas bloat, which is due to excessive production of gaseous compounds from fermentation or as a result of an obstruction preventing the escape of gas compounds. Legume bloat is a frothy bloat condition. | ID-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,366 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 400 kb


2010 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-612
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 300 kb


2010 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-610
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 260 kb


2009 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/15/2009 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky, as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-592
1,250 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 283 kb


2009 Orchardgrass Report
12/10/2009 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. | PR-591
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 244 kb


2009 Red and White Clover Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-590
1,250 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 271 kb


Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky
9/18/2009 (minor revision)

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay. | AGR-48
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


2008 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-577
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 235 kb


2008 Orchardgrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-576
1,700 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 216 kb


2008 Red and White Clover Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-574
1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 230 kb


2007 Red and White Clover Report
12/15/2007 (new)

| PR-562
1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 191 kb


2007 Tall Fescue Report
12/12/2007 (new)

| PR-558
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 177 kb


2007 Orchardgrass Report
12/12/2007 (new)

| PR-557
1,700 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 162 kb


Goat Production Basics in Kentucky
3/6/2007 (new)

| ID-162
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 90 downloads | PDF: 167 kb


Chicory: an Alternative Livestock Forage
1/26/2007 (new)

| AGR-190
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 143 kb


2006 Orchardgrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-542
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 182 kb


2006 Tall Fescue Report
12/6/2006 (new)

| PR-541
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 184 kb


2006 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2006 (new)

| PR-540
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 197 kb


Managing Steep Terrain for Livestock Forage Production
8/30/2006 (new)

| ID-158
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 417 kb


Managing Livestock Forage for Beef Cattle Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land
1/20/2006 (new)

| ID-157
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 477 kb


2005 Orchardgrass Report
1/20/2006 (reprinted)

| PR-523
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 177 kb


2005 Red and White Clover Report
1/5/2006 (new)

| PR-527
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb


2005 Tall Fescue Report
12/1/2005 (new)

| PR-524
1,750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 181 kb


2004 Tall Fescue Report
2/1/2005 (new)

| PR-510
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 279 kb


2004 Red and White Clover Report
1/30/2005 (new)

| PR-508
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 648 kb


2004 Orchardgrass Report
1/30/2005 (new)

| PR-507
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 277 kb


Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky
7/15/2004 (reprinted)

| ID-152
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 266 kb


Round Bale Hay Storage in Kentucky
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-171
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


2003 Summer Forage Annuals Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-495
300 printed copies | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 69 kb


2003 Timothy Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-493
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 77 kb


2003 Orchardgrass Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-492
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 84 kb


2003 Tall Fescue Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-491
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 88 kb


2003 Red Clover Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-490
300 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 252 kb


Baling Forage Crops for Silage
2/10/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-173
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 84 kb


Establishing Forage Crops
7/30/2003 (minor revision)

| AGR-64
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 37 downloads | PDF: 88 kb


2002 Summer Forage Annuals Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-478
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 64 kb


2002 Orchardgrass Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-476
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 81 kb


2002 Timothy Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-475
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 69 kb


2002 Tall Fescue Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-474
2,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 85 kb


2002 Red Clover Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-473
3,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 102 kb


2002 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/3/2003 (new)

| PR-470
1,000 printed copies | 65 pages | - | - | PDF: 2,400 kb


2001 Red Clover Report
8/1/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-454
500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 79 kb


Agronomy Research Report, 2002
6/30/2002 (new)

| PR-464
1,000 printed copies | 39 pages | - | - | PDF: 322 kb


2001 Summer Forage Annuals Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-459
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 47 kb


2001 Orchardgrass Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-458
500 printed copies | 5 pages | - | - | PDF: 71 kb


2001 Timothy Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-456
350 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 52 kb


2001 Tall Fescue Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-455
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 60 kb


2001 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/4/2002 (new)

| PR-452
1,100 printed copies | 60 pages | - | - | PDF: 437 kb


2000 Timothy Report
2/10/2001 (new)

| PR-445
800 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 188 kb


2000 Summer Forage Annuals Report
1/31/2001 (new)

| PR-444
800 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 173 kb


2000 Orchardgrass Report
1/31/2001 (new)

| PR-443
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 209 kb


2000 Tall Fescue Report
1/30/2001 (new)

| PR-442
1,800 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 207 kb


2000 Red Clover Report
1/10/2001 (new)

| PR-441
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 247 kb


Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report 2000
12/3/2000 (new)

| PR-436
1,100 printed copies | 57 pages | - | - | PDF: 768 kb


Agronomy Research Report 2000
7/10/2000 (new)

| PR-432
2,500 printed copies | 55 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 550 kb


1999 Summer Forage Annuals Report
3/10/2000 (new)

| PR-431
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 149 kb


1999 Orchardgrass Report
2/15/2000 (new)

| PR-430
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 189 kb


1999 Tall Fescue Report
1/31/2000 (new)

| PR-429
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 191 kb


1999 Red Clover Report
12/31/1999 (new)

| PR-426
4,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 97 kb


The 1998 Kura Clover Report
10/15/1999 (new)

| PR-419
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 188 kb


1998 Tall Fescue Report
2/1/1999 (new)

| PR-413
web only | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 82 kb


1998 Orchardgrass Report
1/29/1999 (new)

| PR-414
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 85 kb


1998 Red Clover Report
1/15/1999 (new)

| PR-412
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 78 kb


1998 Agronomy Research Report
7/1/1998 (new)

| PR-402
1,500 printed copies | 56 pages | - | - | PDF: 403 kb


1997 Red Clover Report
2/1/1998 (new)

| PR-400
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 67 kb


1997 Tall Fescue Report
12/20/1997 (new)

| PR-404
web only | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 46 kb


1997 Orchardgrass Report
1/1/1997 (new)

| PR-403
web only | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 52 kb


1996 Timothy Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-393
2,000 printed copies | 3 pages | - | - | PDF: 124 kb


1996 Orchardgrass Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-392
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 150 kb


1996 Tall Fescue Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-391
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 178 kb


1996 Red Clover Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-389
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 165 kb


Growing White Clover in Kentucky
11/1/1996 (minor revision)

| AGR-93
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 184 kb


Managing Small Grains for Livestock Forage
3/1/1995 (new)

| AGR-160
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 224 kb