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Deborah Hill


FOR-91

Growing Forest Botanicals and Medicinals

3/15/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

If you are interested in producing some of Kentucky's native medicinal plants, the first step is to gather as much information about them as possible. This publication includes useful information including a list of helpful books, contacts, and organizations.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.70 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-79

Shiitake Production: Log Selection and Preparation

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms grow well on many species of hardwood tree. The Shii tree, native to Japan where these mushrooms originate, is in the same family as our oak trees, so all kinds of oaks are useful for shiitake production.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 477 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-83

Shiitake Production: Incubation and Stacking

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Monitor your logs for shade, moisture, and pest and disease problems while they are incubating. If firewood- or teepee-stacked logs are losing too much moisture, you may need to rearrange the stacks. (The bottom logs will always retain more moisture). Lean-to stacked logs should be more even in their moisture content, but they too can be reversed if necessary.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.68 mb
Pages: 3



FOR-84

Shiitake Production: Pest Control

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms do not have many pests. Many problems with insects and competitive fungi can be avoided by timely cutting and inoculating of shiitake logs, and by good hygiene and maintenance practices.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.62 mb
Pages: 3



FOR-86

Shiitake Production: Processing and Storage

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

How you handle your mushrooms depends on whether you plan to market them fresh or dried, retail or wholesale.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 740 kb
Pages: 3



FOR-87

Shiitake Production: Marketing

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

The most common outlets for marketing your shiitake mushrooms are farmers markets, whole food and health food stores, restaurants and restaurant suppliers, supermarkets (especially locally owned rather than the national chains), produce buyers, and produce wholesalers.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 623 kb
Pages: 3



FOR-90

Shiitake Production: Production Options

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

This series of publications emphasizes growing shiitake mushrooms on natural hardwood logs. The denser hardwoods (oaks, hickories, chestnut) seem to produce better over the long run, and other hardwoods (maples, sweetgum) may begin to produce more quickly but will exhaust more quickly also.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 242 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-81

Kentucky Shiitake Production Workbook: Inoculation

3/23/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

To begin the process of shiitake mushroom production, you must "sow the seed" just as you would with any other agronomic crop. For shiitake, the "seed" is called spawn and consists of the mushroom spores mixed with sawdust (for sawdust spawn) or wood (for dowel spawn) and a little grain to add a higher level of carbohydrate for the organism to feed on.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-85

Shiitake Production: Harvesting

3/23/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

If you started with live spawn from a reputable supplier and freshly cut logs from living hardwood trees, your logs should be ready to produce shiitake mushrooms after 6 to 18 months of incubation.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 800 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-78

Introduction to Shiitake: The Forest Mushroom

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms may prove to be a new commodity that will provide some economic return on small diameter wood from private woodlands that otherwise would be used only for firewood.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 447 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-80

Shiitake Production: Spawn Selection

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms are like any other plant crop--they must be started from "seed." For mushrooms, this process begins when the mushroom's spores (normally located in the cap on the underside between the gills) are mixed with nutrients and a cellulose source, usually hardwood sawdust.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 235 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-82

Shiitake Production: Monitoring Moisture Content of Logs

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake spawn cannot survive in logs that have a moisture content of less than 23%. Ideal moisture conditions for shiitake growth are log moisture content of 35% or more. If logs are left in the open air and are not monitored for moisture content, and climatic conditions are dry, the moisture content of the logs can fall to 20% to 25%.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 170 kb
Pages: 5



FOR-77

Shiitake Production on Logs: Step by Step in Pictures

6/17/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 14



FOR-118

Have Maples Will Sugar

5/20/2010 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Woodland owners may find that they have many maple trees in their woodlots. If these trees are larger than 10 inches in diameter, and if there are 25 to 40 maple trees per acre, woodland owners might want to think about making maple syrup as a possibility for increased income from their woodlots.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 549 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-110

Non-Timber Forest Products and Agroforestry

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Agroforestry is the practice of integrating long-term tree crops with annual agronomic crops and/or livestock. This type of integrated agriculture has been successfully practiced for thousands of years in many parts of the world, especially in the tropics. Temperate regions have been a bit slower to adopt agroforestry practices, but in the past decade or so, there has been increasing interest in using agroforestry techniques in temperate countries around the world.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 771 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-111

Agroforestry: Alley Cropping

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Alley cropping is probably the most commonly used technique of agroforestry. It simply involves planting single or double lines of trees and/or shrubs intercropped with a wide "alley" of either row crops or pasture grasses. The width of the alley is determined by the size of the harvesting equipment needed for the crop grown in the alley.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 551 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-112

Agroforestry: Riparian Buffer Strips

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Riparian buffer strips are zones of native trees, shrubs, and grasses designed to protect the temperature and clarity of moving water and to prevent agricultural chemicals and soil from eroding directly into stream water. The Kentucky Water Quality Act of 1994 encouraged farmers to protect their streams from soil erosion and compaction from livestock. Best management practices (BMPs) for people who are harvesting timber require streamside management zones (SMZs).

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.23 mb
Pages: 2



FOR-113

Argoforestry: Silvopasture

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

In the practice of silvopasture, you have three simultaneous crops: the tree crop, the forage crop, and the livestock crop. As with other agroforestry practices, if you plan to use biocides (pesticides, fungicides, insecticides) and/or chemical fertilizers, you must be sure that all of the component parts of the proposed system can tolerate the additives. Foresters have a long-standing attitude that cattle and trees do not mix (because of soil compaction and rubbing around and on the trees by the livestock), but in this case, you are intentionally putting them together, ideally for mutual benefit.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 377 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-114

Agroforestry: Windbreaks

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Windbreaks were first used extensively in the United States in the 1930s, after the Dust Bowl days made it clear that certain agricultural practices tended to facilitate the loss of topsoil by wind erosion. They are also a practical agroforestry technique in any location where there are significant prevailing winds. Windbreaks are used to manage snow, improve irrigation efficiency, screen views and reduce noise, protect farm crops and farm buildings, protect free-ranging livestock, provide wildlife habitat, and provide non-timber forest products (e.g., berries, woody florals).

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 491 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-115

Agroforestry: Forest Farming

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Of all the techniques of agroforestry, forest farming is probably the one most useful to landowners in Kentucky. Most have some forestland, and many of those owners don't really "do" anything with that land, keeping it for wildlife habitat, recreation, or a possible timber sale if there is a sudden need for cash. However, with some professional help from a consultant forester or from the Kentucky Division of Forestry, forest landowners can implement something called timber stand improvement (TSI). Forest farming can be a part of that decision, if the landowner considers the options before starting the TSI operation.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 935 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-116

Agroforestry: Christmas Trees

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Kentucky has always had a Christmas tree industry, although at a very small scale. The benefits of producing Christmas trees include guaranteed market every year, a short growing period relative to other tree crops, periodic intensive management (planting, shearing, marketing) but otherwise not much time required in management, and a good return on investment.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 789 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-117

Medicinal Plants

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

People have harvested and processed forest plants for medicinal purposes since the beginning of recorded history. Ginseng is perhaps the one best known in Kentucky because it is easily the most commercially valuable. However, if you read health supplement labels in all the "big box" stores or other similar locations, you will find goldenseal, blue cohosh, black cohosh, bloodroot, wild ginger, slippery elm, witch-hazel, mayapple, and many other forest plant-derived substances. There are established markets for these plants, although not as obvious as corn, soybean, or cattle markets.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 338 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-89

Shiitake Production: Resources for Shiitake Growers

7/10/2007 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Marcella Szymanski

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 169 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-105

Caring for Christmas Trees

12/18/2006 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-53

Kentucky Forestry Fact Sheet

12/14/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Terry Conners, Deborah Hill, Jeff Stringer, Billy Thomas

Departments: Family and Consumer Sciences, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 2



4DF-01PB

Introducing Yourself to Trees

4/15/2006 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Suppose you woke up tomorrow and there were no trees or products from trees. What would be missing? You might be surprised to learn how many interesting and useful things in your life come from one of our most valuable natural resources--the forest.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Resources: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 304 kb
Pages: 12



4DF-03PC

Kentucky 4-H Forestry Project Planting Trees

10/30/2005 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Resources: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 233 kb
Pages: 12



4DF-02PA

Kentucky's Useful Forests

6/1/2005 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Resources: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 1.56 mb
Pages: 24



FOR-88

Shiitake Production: Potential Profits from a Small-Scale Shiitake Enterprise

3/21/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Marcella Szymanski, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 242 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-17

Kentucky Christmas Tree ProductIon Workbook Plantation Layout

1/30/2004 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 217 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-65

Tree Tips

6/15/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 197 kb
Pages: 4



ID-124

Factors to Consider in Bringing Idle Land Back to Production

4/1/1997 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, Deborah Hill, Jim Martin, Lloyd Murdock, Monroe Rasnake, Lee Townsend, Dick Trimble

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 228 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-27A

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Pest Control: Insects

7/1/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 747 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-15

Managing Sustainable Forests in Kentucky

6/11/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 997 kb
Pages: 28



FOR-8

Kentucky Coffeetree

2/16/1993 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 12 kb
Pages:



FOR-23

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Vegetation Control

10/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 248 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-24

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Fertilization

9/27/1991 (reprinted)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: nutrient management, production practices
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-25

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Irrigation

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 4 kb
Pages:



FOR-28

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Harvesting

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 7 kb
Pages:



FOR-30

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Use of 'Cull' Trees

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-19

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Ground Covers

8/1/1991 (minor revision)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-26

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Pruning and Shearing

5/9/1991 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-34

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook References

4/15/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 14 kb
Pages:



FOR-16

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Planning and Site Selection

11/19/1990 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-18

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Site Preparation

11/19/1990 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 6 kb
Pages:



FOR-47

Compass and Pacing

9/1/1990 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 8 kb
Pages:



FOR-36

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Budgeting and Economics

12/10/1988 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Forrest Stegelin

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 60 kb
Pages:



FOR-2

Yellow-Poplar

9/20/1985 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 12 kb
Pages: