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Jacquie Jacob


4AJ-03PA

Poultry Barbecue Contests

3/9/2020 (minor revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In the chicken barbecue contest, participants prepare four bone-in, skin-on chicken thighs provided by the contest monitors. The four thighs together will weigh 1.5-2.0 lb. They are judged on their cooking skills. The participants submit three of the thighs for sensory evaluation. No garnishes, dips, or additional items shall be presented on the plates and or submitted to the judges. In the turkey barbecue contest, each contestant will be provided two pounds of ground turkey. The turkey will not be available prior to the contest starting time. They need to prepare and cook turkey burgers. Each burger must be one-quarter pound of meat prior to cooking.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 934 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-242

Composting Poultry Litter in Your Backyard

5/2/2019 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Keeping laying hens in the backyard is popular, but along with a daily supply of eggs, the hens also produce a large supply of manure. Fresh poultry manure has an unpleasant odor and will attract flies. Bedding material, such as pine shavings, is put down on the coop floor to help control odors and flies, but eventually the litter (manure and bedding material) needs to be replaced. While poultry manure can be an excellent fertilizer, it should not be used fresh. "Raw" manure can burn plants and may contain pathogens that could contaminate any plants being grown for consumption. Composting makes the manure safe to use as a fertilizer on any lawn or garden. Composting involves a process by which billions of beneficial soil organisms decompose the organic material. Simply piling up waste is not really composting. With the right proportions for materials, the process has minimal offensive odor and destroys most of the pathogens in the manure. Compost is both science and art.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, poultry
Size: 893 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-241

Urban Poultry

12/4/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The terms urban poultry and backyard poultry both refer to flocks kept on a residential lot. Keeping chickens in urban areas is becoming increasingly popular throughout the country. The main reasons given for keeping chickens are as pets and for egg production--pets with benefits. Small numbers of hens kept in the backyard can provide an urban family with entertainment, eggs, and fertilizer. For those with children, backyard poultry flocks can also teach them responsibility and be used for 4-H poultry projects.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, poultry
Size: 2.24 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-236

Molting Small-Scale Commercial Egg Flocks in Kentucky

2/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Molting is a common event in the annual life cycle of most avian species. Each year chickens lose feathers and grow new ones, and this occurs in both wild and domestic birds. During molt, laying hens go out of egg production and feathers are replaced. Molting, regardless of what stimulates it, is more than just the replacement of the plumage. Hormonal and physiological changes occur as well.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, poultry
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-230

Factors to Consider Before Starting a Small-scale Egg Production Enterprise in Kentucky

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

There are several things to consider before starting an egg production operation. The most important is market availability. Before you start production you need to have a market that your production can supply, in terms of both quantity of product and the price you need to get in order to be profitable. You will need to make sure that local regulations allow for poultry production on the land available to you. Cash flow is also an important consideration. A flock will require a considerable investment before the hens start to lay eggs to produce an income. You also need to have a way to deal with the manure produced, and any dead birds. You also need to have a plan for the hens after they have finished laying (referred to as spent hens).

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: business and records, livestock, poultry
Size: 126 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-232

Raising Replacement Pullets for Small-Scale Egg Production

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Poultry producers who raise their own replacement pullets have better control over the growth, condition, and development of the flock. The quality of the pullet flock will have a direct effect on the subsequent level of egg production. The two most important quality factors for a replacement flock are proper body weight and uniformity. Pullet weight at 6 weeks of age has been shown to influence subsequent egg production. Once the pullets start to lay, it is too late to solve problems from poor nutrition or management during the pullet rearing period.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 2.48 mb
Pages: 9



ASC-233

Feeds and Feeding for Small-Scale Egg Production Enterprises

1/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Animals eat in order to get the energy and nutrients they need to live, grow and reproduce. Animals use energy to perform normal body functions such as breathing, walking, eating, digesting, and maintaining body temperature. Different types of nutrients provide energy as well as the building blocks needed for the development of bone, flesh, feathers, and eggs. These nutrients include: water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Each of these components is important and a deficit of even one can have serious health consequences for poultry.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, nutrition and health, poultry
Size: 2.54 mb
Pages: 12



ASC-234

Use of Biosecurity and Natural Remedies for the Prvention of Poultry Disease in "Natural" and "Organic" Flocks

1/22/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

It is easier to prevent disease than it is to treat an outbreak. A biosecurity plan is essential to an effective health management plan. "Bio" refers to life and "Security" is protection. A biosecurity program for a poultry farm is a series of common-sense activities designed to keep disease (bacterial, viral, parasitic) out of the poultry flock.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 157 kb
Pages: 6



ASC-229

Marketing Regulations Affecting Small-scale Egg Producers in Kentucky

1/12/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

It is important that you comply with all the laws and regulations with regards to the marketing of eggs. Eggs are capable of carrying bacteria such as Salmonella enteritidis. As a result, eggs are considered a hazardous food and their sale is regulated. With regard to small-scale producers, if you sell more than 60 dozen eggs in any one week, you will require an egg handler's license. You will also need an egg handler's license if you sell to someone who sells eggs to someone else. This would include grocery stores, restaurants, or wholesalers. The same will hold true if you sell to a bakery, confectionary or ice-cream manufacturer.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: business and records, livestock, poultry
Size: 267 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-231

Breed Selection for a Small-scale Egg Production Enterprise

1/12/2018 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Once you have decided you are going to go into egg production, you need to determine what breed of chicken will best suit your needs. A variety of different commercial breeds are available for use in small-scale commercial egg production operations. Most lay a brown-shelled egg, which is typically preferred by the people purchasing eggs produced in alterative production systems. Most of these commercial chickens are hybrids selected specifically for these systems.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, poultry
Size: 1.28 mb
Pages: 5



ID-247

Pastured Poultry

9/21/2017 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Ray Smith

There has been an increased interest in pasture-raising poultry for both meat and egg production in the last decade. Raising poultry on pasture was a common occurrence until the latter half of the 20th century. Fresh forage provided an important ration balancing factor during the years before poultry nutritionists fully understood the required essential vitamins and minerals for growth and optimum meat and egg production. With the development of balanced rations, poultry no longer require access to pasture and year-round production of meat and eggs is possible. However, there are still some benefits from the lush forage, invertebrates, and exercise that pasture provides. In addition, we continue to learn more and more about the positive influence that fresh grasses and legumes have on fatty acid profiles and general bird health. As a result, there is an increased interest in pasture-raised poultry for both meat and eggs.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: livestock, nutrition and health, poultry
Size: 2.00 mb
Pages: 7



ASC-206

Common External Parasites of Poultry

9/8/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Periodic examination of your flock is recommended so that infestations can be detected early and a larger flock outbreak contained. It is especially important to detect infestations early in food-producing poultry because there are restrictions on the treatments available.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: nutrition and health
Size: 839 kb
Pages: 4



ID-245

Predator Management for Small-Scale Poultry Enterprises in Kentucky

5/4/2017 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Matthew Springer

As urban expansion spreads, there is a loss of natural habitat for wildlife. Wildlife has come into closer contact with livestock operations, and some of these animals are predators of poultry.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 8



ASC-216

Reading a Feed Tag

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Feed stores carry a variety of feed types. How do you chose which to buy? You need to read the feed tag. A lot of information is on a feed tag that can help you make your selection and this publication breaks it down for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-217

So You Want to Produce Your Own Eggs?

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Backyard chicken flocks are becoming popular throughout the country in urban, suburban and rural communities. Preparation is essential for a successful backyard flock. This publication will give you the information you need decide if producing your own eggs is right for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 3.05 mb
Pages: 6



ASC-218

Proper Handling and Transportation of Eggs for Sale at Kentucky Farmer's Markets

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Regardless of the number of eggs produced, and whether the eggs are for home use or sale, careful egg handling is very important. This publication will give you the information and guidelines in the proper handling and transportation of eggs for sale.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 1.28 mb
Pages: 2



ASC-201

Avian Female Reproductive System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Anyone raising poultry for eggs, whether for eating or for incubation, should have an understanding of the reproductive system. This will help them understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 914 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-202

Avian Skeletal System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

All animals have a skeleton to allow them to stand up and to protect their internal organs and tissues. The avian skeletal system looks similar to those of their mammalian counterparts, but there are some important differences.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-203

Avian Digestive System

11/20/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

An understanding of the avian digestive system is essential to developing an effective and economical feeding program for your poultry flock. Knowledge of avian anatomy, and what the parts normally look like, will also help you to recognize when something is wrong and take the necessary actions to correct the problem.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 2.07 mb
Pages: 4



ASC-204

Avian Muscular System

11/19/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

If you raise poultry for meat, it is always a good idea to have an understanding of the muscular system of poultry so you can better understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 1.89 mb
Pages: 2



ASC-199

Avian Male Reproductive System

11/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

The avian male reproductive system is all inside the bird, unlike the males of mammalian species which have their reproductive systems outside of the body. This is one of the really remarkable things about birds; the sperm remain viable at body temperature.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 843 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-200

Avian Respiratory System

11/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Knowledge of avian anatomy and what the parts normally look like will help you to recognize when something is wrong and to take the necessary actions to correct the problem.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-196

Selecting Geese

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Size, behavior and egg production vary according to breed, and the right breed of goose for your flock will depend on what you intend to use them for. This publication will help you decide on the right breed for you.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 663 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-197

Selecting Turkeys

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Raising wild turkeys is illegal in some states, including Kentucky. The prohibition includes domestic strains of wild birds. The law is meant to protect native populations of wild turkeys. Learn more about selecting the right breed of turkey in this publication.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 664 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-198

Selecting Ducks

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

As with many domesticated species, ducks are selected for different purposes, primarily meat or egg production. They are also valued for their feathers and down. It is important to choose a breed of duck that best suits your particular needs.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 758 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-209

Raising Guinea Fowl

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Guinea fowl are rough, vigorous, hardy, and mostly disease-free game birds. They are increasing in popularity for a variety of reasons.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 730 kb
Pages: 5



ASC-210

Processing Chickens

10/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Steve Skelton

When processing poultry, remember that you are producing a perishable food product that will eventually be consumed by people. The goal is to produce a safe, nutritious product.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 3.11 mb
Pages: 7



4AJ-05PO

Poultry Judging: Grading Eggs

7/17/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In a 4-H poultry judging contest, there are three categories involving the grading of table eggs (eggs for consumption rather than for incubation): external quality, interior quality by candling, and interior quality of broken-out eggs.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 5.31 mb
Pages: 10



ASC-194

Poultry Production Troubleshooting

5/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

When investigating a problem with a poultry flock, the questions in this publication can help you determine the cause and possible solution.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 272 kb
Pages: 4



ASC-195

Development of the Chick

1/14/2013 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Poultry eggs are part of a unique reproductive system. The egg serves to protect and provide nutrients to the developing embryo. Since the embryo receives no additional nutrients from the hen, the egg must contain all the nutrients essential for life. Nutrients are found in the yolk, the albumen, and the shell of the egg. The egg is a convenient, self-contained package for studying embryology.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-189

Making a Hoop Pen for Pasture Poultry

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Interest in pasture poultry production has been on the rise. This kind of poultry production typically involves housing the birds in a bottomless pen that is placed on pasture and moved at regular intervals. The flock has access to the pasture (plants and any associated insects) while providing them some protection from predators.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 4.60 mb
Pages: 8



ASC-190

Selecting the Right Chicken Breed

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Many factors should be considered before selecting a chicken breed for your flock, whether you are planning to start a new flock or to add to an existing one. You might be looking for a meat breed, an egg breed, or perhaps a breed that performs reasonably well at both (referred to as a dual-purpose breed). Perhaps you just want a pet or chickens to show at exhibitions.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-191

How Much Will My Chickens Eat?

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Before purchasing chicks (or chickens) it is important to consider the cost of keeping them. Much of this cost is in the feed they consume. So the key question is, "How much will my chickens eat?" Chickens need a complete feed that contains protein (with the right balance of amino acids), energy, vitamins, and minerals. Today we know more about the nutritional requirements of chickens than any other animal. The amount of feed they need will depend on several factors.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: livestock, nutrition and health, poultry
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 3



ASC-193

Poultry Producer Liability

12/10/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

As more and more producers begin to have small- or medium-sized poultry operations the issue of liability and responsibility has become a concern. It is important producers are aware of what is expected of them by consumers and society as a whole.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 270 kb
Pages: 2



ASC-192

Why Have My Hens Stopped Laying?

11/27/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Egg production in a chicken flock follows a typical curve. While the curve is similar for most breeds of chickens, the specific numbers can vary significantly, especially with regards to age at first egg, peak production rate, and egg weight.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags:
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 5



4AJ-02PO

Chicken and Turkey Barbecue Project

7/12/2012 (major revision)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Cooking barbecue is a national pastime--as American as apple pie. What is more welcome than the aroma of food cooking on an outdoor grill? Barbecue cooking is for almost everyone, so get ready to develop skills you will use the rest of your life.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 3.54 mb
Pages: 11



4AJ-04PO

Poultry Judging Contests

7/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Judging contests are a tool used in the development of the life skills of 4-H members. Participation in judging and other competitive events helps 4-H'ers learn to make and defend decisions and to speak in public. Poultry judging also provides an excellent opportunity for 4-H'ers to learn about live chickens and the basis of grade and quality of poultry products.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 785 kb
Pages: 6



4AJ-06PO

Poultry Judging: Grading Ready-to-Cook Poultry

7/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In the Kentucky state event, the participants are required to grade eight broiler, eight roaster-fowl, and eight turkey carcasses. In the national event, the participants grade 10 carcasses from each of the three weight groups, plus a second group of 10 broiler carcasses.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 3.11 mb
Pages: 7



4AJ-07PO

Poultry Judging: Evaluating Hens

7/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

In a 4-H poultry judging contest, participants are required to rank a group of four hens from most to least productive. The criteria used in judging the hens are based on pigmentation, handling qualities, abdominal capacity and molt.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 1.86 mb
Pages: 4



4AJ-08PO

Poultry Judging: Giving Oral Reasons

7/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Oral reasons are an important part of a poultry judging contest. Participants have the opportunity to defend their placings of an egg production class. In addition, oral reasons are an important tool in the development of organization and communication skills, which in turn will build self-confidence.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 1.11 mb
Pages: 17



4AJ-09PO

Egg Preparation Demonstration

7/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore

Participants in the Kentucky Egg-Preparation Demonstration are required to prepare a dish containing eggs while demonstrating proper food safety and cooking skills.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: 4-H Animals and Poultry: Poultry and Poultry Products (4AJ series)
Tags:
Size: 1.63 mb
Pages: 7