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Brad Lee



ID-128
Home Vegetable Gardening in Kentucky, 2019
4/16/2019 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ric Bessin, Rick Durham, Brad Lee
 Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: garden and landscape, vegetables

A well-planned and properly kept garden should produce 600 to 700 pounds of produce per 1,000 square feet and may include many different crops. Consult "Vegetable Cultivars for Kentucky Gardens" (ID-133) for the latest recommendations on home vegetable varieties.

8,500 printed copies | 48 pages | 32,300 words | 501 downloads | PDF: 4,000 kb



ID-248
Gardening in Small Spaces
1/24/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Rick Durham, Brad Lee, Ashley O
 Departments: Ag Programs, Horticulture, Plant and So
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: garden and landscape, vegetables

Although most would agree that gardening is a worthwhile endeavor, traditional gardening with long neat rows spaced 3 or 4 feet apart to allow cultivation by a tractor or tiller may not be feasible for everyone. Individuals that live in urban areas, especially those living in townhomes, condominiums, and apartments may not have the outdoor space needed for this conventional style of gardening. In addition, those with limited mobility may not be able to establish and maintain this type of garden. For many, raised bed gardening and container gardening may be a more practical and manageable choice for those gardening in small spaces and those with limited mobility.

web only | 8 pages | 6,239 words | 103 downloads | PDF: 1,141 kb



PPFS-OR-W-4
"Wet Feet" of Ornamentals
11/1/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee, Tracey Parriman,
 Departments: County Extension, Plant and Soil Sciences,
 Series: Woody Ornamental Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-OR-W series)
 Tags: plant diseases

"Wet feet" is the common term for a condition that affects plant species intolerant of wet growing conditions. This problem occurs when soils become saturated with water, which, in turn, displaces available oxygen. Roots require oxygen to function; when oxygen is deficient, roots suffocate. Once root damage occurs, plants decline and may eventually die. While "wet feet" is an abiotic disorder and is not caused by infectious organisms, declining root health and wet soil conditions can inhibit the ability of some plants to thrive. This also provides ideal conditions for many root and collar rot water mold pathogens, such as Phytophthora and Pythium.

web only | 4 pages | 1,199 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,362 kb



AGR-115
Irrigation Tips to Conserve Water and Grow a Healthy Lawn
11/11/2014 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee, Gregg Munshaw
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags:

The goal of water conservation in the landscape does not need to be as drastic as eliminating all irrigation, but we should choose plant material wisely and decide if and when irrigation is necessary. This publication is designed to promote a healthy lawn through watering while promoting water conservation through best management practices. One of the easiest things you can do to reduce the need for irrigation in your yard is to plant species that naturally need less water. When choosing plants, remember that just because a particular plant is drought tolerant does not mean that it is suitable for Kentucky's climate.

web only | 4 pages | 2,765 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 892 kb



HENV-205
Residential Rain Garden: Design, Construction, Maintenance
5/1/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Rick Durham, Brad Lee, Brad Lee,
 Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Forestry and Natural Resources,
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

This publication covers the design, construction, and maintenance of residential ran gardens. Rain gardens are one of several stormwater management practices that homeowners can use to reduce their property's negative impact on water quality and flooding.

web only | 15 pages | 6,021 words | 158 downloads | PDF: 6,000 kb



HENV-509
How Water Use Impacts Septic System Performance
7/25/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

The purpose of this publication is to discuss home water use patterns and suggest water conservation measures that could improve septic system performance and reduce the risks of hydraulic overload or other kinds of system failure.

web only | 4 pages | 1,613 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb



HENV-508
Landscaping Septic Systems with Native Plants
2/15/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Rick Durham, Brad Lee
 Departments: Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Septic system components sometimes have unsightly aboveground pipes, risers, ventilation systems, or large mounds. Homeowners can improve the appearance of these functional features through site design and, in particular, plant material selection.

web only | 6 pages | 2,782 words | 89 downloads | PDF: 1,384 kb



HENV-507
Flood Conditions and Your Septic System
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

The most common septic systems used in the United States employ soil treatment area to treat and disperse wastewater into the environment. The soil treatment area consists of a network of perforated pipes within gravel-filled trenches. Under normal environmental conditions, well designed and managed septic systems work very well at dispersing wastewater and removing pathogens from the wastewater before they reach groundwater or surface waters.

web only | 3 pages | 1,078 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 1,002 kb



HENV-505
Impacts of Additives on Septic System Performance
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Mark Coyne, Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Septic system additive vendors often market their products as necessities that improve septic system performance or repair failing systems. Rather than address specific products, this publication examines general categories of these additives. This publication also describes the treatment functions of septic systems and the available scientific data regarding the effectiveness of septic system additives.

web only | 4 pages | 1,438 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 697 kb



HENV-504
Importance of Wastewater Biological Oxygen Demand in Septic Systems
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Mark Coyne, Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

A high BOD value means potential septic system problems for homeowners; a low BOD means fewer problems for homeowners. This publication describes the environmental impacts of BOD, shows how BOD is distributed in septic systems, and describes remediation strategies for excess BOD.

web only | 4 pages | 1,432 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,224 kb



HENV-503
Septic Tanks: The Primary Treatment Device of Septic Systems
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Septic tanks play an essential role in effectively treating wastewater in areas without municipal sewage treatment. Homeowners often assume that the septic tank in their backyard is their septic system. Actually, the tank is merely the first of a series of components that make up a well-designed septic system.

web only | 4 pages | 1,320 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,720 kb



HENV-502
Septic System Failure and Environmental Impacts
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

More than one-third of new homes and over half of the mobile homes in the U.S. depend on septic systems. Here in Kentucky, approximately 40 percent of the homes have septic systems. This is common in the southeast, where there are more septic systems per capita than any other region of the country.

web only | 3 pages | 1,196 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 630 kb



HENV-501
Septic System Maintenance: Care and Feeding of Your System
9/19/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

This publication provides homeowners with a basic introduction to septic systems by explaining how septic systems function and suggesting ways to better maintain systems and increase their longevity.

web only | 4 pages | 1,337 words | 34 downloads | PDF: 1,596 kb



HENV-506
Turfgrass Color: Indicator of Septic System Performance
9/13/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee, Gregg Munshaw
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Many homeowners notice color differences in the turfgrass over their septic system soil treatment area. Most often, homeowners observe green or brown stripes in their turfgrass relative to the surrounding lawn. This discoloration is worth keeping an eye on because turfgrass color is often an early sign that serious problems are about to occur.

web only | 3 pages | 697 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,135 kb



ID-201
Your Yard and Water Quality: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 11
3/26/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Rick Durham, Brad Lee
 Departments: Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

We generally view gardening as a wholesome activity that enhances our environment. But pesticides, fertilizers, and erosion from gardens and landscapes can contaminate lakes, streams, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. Since the quality of our water resources affects our quality of life, we must learn how gardening practices can contribute to water contamination and how to reduce the threat to water quality.

web only | 8 pages | 2,589 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 410 kb



AGR-204
Soils and Fertility: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 4
10/12/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Brad Lee, Edwin Ritchey
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: nutrient management, soil and land

Soil is a mixture of weathered rock fragments and organic matter at the earth's surface. It is biologically active--a home to countless microorganisms, invertebrates, and plant roots. Soil provides nutrients, water, and physical support for plants as well as air for plant roots. Soil organisms are nature's primary recyclers, turning dead cells and tissue into nutrients, energy, carbon dioxide, and water to fuel new life.

web only | 24 pages | 11,257 words | 60 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb



ID-192
Composting: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 5
10/12/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Rick Durham, Brad Lee
 Departments: Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

Gardeners have long made and used compost to improve garden soil. Composting plant and vegetable matter is an important way to reduce the waste burned or dumped in landfills. Yard wastes and vegetable scraps can make up as much as 20 percent of household garbage. Composting effectively recycles that waste into valuable organic matter that can be used as soil amendments.

web only | 8 pages | 4,200 words | 69 downloads | PDF: 470 kb



HENV-104
Household Waste Management 4: Hazardous Waste
9/8/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Tyler Henningsen, Brad Lee,
 Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Everyday products found around your house contain hazardous chemicals--everything from nail polish remover to household electronics to oil for your car.

web only | 4 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 514 kb



HENV-103
Household Waste Management 3: Recycle
9/8/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Tyler Henningsen, Brad Lee,
 Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Americans create about 5 pounds of waste per day, half of which is recycled in some manner, leaving roughly 2.5 pounds of waste per day going to landfills.

web only | 4 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 936 kb



HENV-102
Household Waste Management 2: Reuse
9/8/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Tyler Henningsen, Brad Lee,
 Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Reuse is essentially any action that extends the life of a product and keeps it out of the waste system. The process of reusing an item can start even before you purchase it.

web only | 4 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 484 kb



HENV-101
Household Waste Management 1: Reduce
9/8/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Tyler Henningsen, Brad Lee,
 Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Home and Environment (HENV series)
 Tags:

Reducing, at the top of the waste management hierarchy, has the greatest impact on the environment and starts with you reducing the number of products you purchase and use.

web only | 4 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 801 kb