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Ray Smith



PR-754
2018 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/5/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

1,500 printed copies | 28 pages | 7,189 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 3,100 kb



PR-753
2018 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/5/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Bill Bruening, Jimmy Henning,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

400 printed copies | 24 pages | 7,934 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 2,400 kb



PR-752
2018 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/30/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 859 kb



PR-751
2018 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

500 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,452 kb



PR-750
2018 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. Table 10 shows a summary of all white clover varieties tested in Kentucky during the last 15 years.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 504 kb



PR-749
2018 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. Table 5 shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the last 18 years.

350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,783 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 350 kb



PR-748
2018 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ti
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. Tables 15, 16, and 17 show summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 17 years.

400 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,419 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb



PR-747
2018 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ti
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags:

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. Tables 10 and 11 show summaries of all timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 546 kb



PR-746
2018 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/27/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ti
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags:

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. Tables 13 and 14 show a summary of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 17 years.

600 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,279 kb



PR-745
2018 Orchardgrass Report
11/20/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ti
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags:

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. Table 11 shows a summary of all orchardgrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and from a large number of other forage publications.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,410 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 898 kb



PR-744
2018 Red and White Clover Report
11/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides current yield and persistence data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. Tables 12 and 13 show a summary of all clover varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,831 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 925 kb



PR-743
2018 Alfalfa Report
11/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. Tables 14 and 15 (Roundup Ready varieties) shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the past 16 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states as well as a large number of other forage publications.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,321 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb



AGR-175
Forage Identification and Use Guide
3/28/2018 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. They provide most of the feed for beef, dairy, horse, sheep, and wildlife. In addition, forage crops play a critical role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. The purpose of this publication is to provide both agronomic and identification information on several forage grasses and legumes.

2,500 printed copies | 28 pages | 3,500 words | 119 downloads | PDF: 9,100 kb



AGR-236
Managing Frost Damaged Alfalfa Stands
3/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Matthew Dixon, Jimmy Henning,
 Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Wide fluctuations in springtime temperature are common in Kentucky. Late freezing temperatures in the spring can cause damage to alfalfa depending on how far along it is in breaking dormancy. This publication provides information on the effect of low spring temperatures on both established and new alfalfa stands that have begun growth, as well as a method of predicting sensitivity to late frosts or freezes.

web only | 3 pages | 2,110 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 2,397 kb



AGR-235
Baleage: Frequently Asked Questions
3/5/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Mike Collins, Dennis Hancock,
 Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, other

Baled silage, or "baleage", is an excellent method for forage harvest, storage and feed efficiency. Baled silage allows forage to be harvested at higher whole plant moisture levels than required for dry hay. Baleage is ideal for spring cuttings of annual and perennial forages when seasonally frequent rainfall events provide little opportunity for properly curing dry hay. Many producers who want to harvest high quality small grain crops have found baleage to be a good fit for their operation.

web only | 4 pages | 2,625 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 145 kb



AGR-229
Warm Season Annual Grasses in Kentucky
3/5/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

In Kentucky, cool-season grasses produce ample forage in the spring and fall, but high temperatures and short-term drought stress often limits growth during the summer months. Warm-season annual grasses can fill this gap with relatively high quality forage when properly managed. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of the various summer annuals for Kentucky.

2,000 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,032 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 1,316 kb



AGR-234
Sudangrass and Sorghum-sudangrass Hybrids
2/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are developed by crossing sorghum with true sudangrass. The result is an annual grass that resembles sudangrass, but has coarser stems, taller growth habit, and higher yields. Like sudangrass, hybrids will regrow after grazing if growth is not limited by environmental factors. The coarse stems are difficult to cure as dry hay, therefore these grasses are best utilized for grazing, chopped silage and baleage.

web only | 2 pages | 999 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 785 kb



AGR-233
Foxtail Millet
2/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Foxtail millet (German millet) is a fine-stemmed summer annual used mainly for emergency hay or pasture for cattle. It is the lowest yielding of the summer annual grasses since it will not regrow after cutting. It can also be used as a smoother crop when transitioning to other perennial forage crops. Foxtail millet is also commonly used for wildlife plantings to produce food and cover for doves, quail, and other birds.

web only | 2 pages | 665 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 960 kb



AGR-232
Crabgrass
2/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Crabgrass possesses significant potential for supplying high quality summer forage although it is considered a weed by many. A primary advantage of crabgrass is that it is well adapted to Kentucky and occurs naturally in most summer pastures, especially those that have been overgrazed. It is also highly palatable and a prolific re-seeder. Planting an improved variety of crabgrass is recommended because the production of naturally-occurring ecotypes varies greatly. Crabgrass is best utilized by grazing.

web only | 2 pages | 803 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 428 kb



AGR-231
Pearl Millet
2/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The primary benefits of pearl millet are that it does not contain prussic acid and is not susceptible to the sugarcane aphid. Dwarf varieties are available, which are leafier and better suited for grazing.

web only | 2 pages | 681 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,183 kb



AGR-230
Forage Sorghum
2/19/2018 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Forage sorghum is the tallest of the summer annuals, reaching 6 to 15 feet in height and is best harvested as silage. Taller varieties produce high forage yield but can lodge, making them difficult to harvest mechanically. Some varieties have been developed that are shorter with increased resistance to lodging. Forage sorghums, like corn, are harvested once per season by direct chopping. While forage sorghum yields are similar to corn, they are lower in energy. The primary advantage of utilizing sorghum for silage production is its greater drought tolerance.

web only | 2 pages | 926 words | 14 downloads | PDF: 567 kb



PR-738
2017 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/20/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teu
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: farm crops, research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

1,500 printed copies | 24 pages | 7,180 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 2,850 kb



PR-737
2017 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/20/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

400 printed copies | 20 pages | 7,500 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 2,125 kb



PR-735
2017 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/18/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phil
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | 4,149 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb



PR-736
2017 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/13/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,029 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 725 kb



PR-734
2017 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,182 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 450 kb



PR-733
2017 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,924 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 413 kb



PR-732
2017 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/6/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. Tables 14, 15, and 16 show summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 17 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety test-ing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

400 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,898 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,350 kb



PR-731
2017 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. Tables 10 and 11 show summaries of all timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,230 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 542 kb



PR-730
2017 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. Tables 15 and 16 show a summary of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 17 years. The UK Forage Extension Web site at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,844 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,396 kb



PR-729
2017 Orchardgrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. Table 11 shows a summary of all orchardgrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and from a large number of other forage publications.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,260 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 833 kb



PR-727
2017 Alfalfa Report
11/29/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teu
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. Tables 14 and 15 (Roundup Ready varieties) shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the past 16 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states as well as a large number of other forage publications.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,822 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,530 kb



PR-728
2017 Red and White Clover Report
11/27/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teu
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides current yield and persistence data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. Tables 13 and 14 show a summary of all clover varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

600 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,739 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 757 kb



ID-247
Pastured Poultry
9/21/2017 (new)

 UK Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: livestock, nutrition and health, poultry

There has been an increased interest in pasture-raising poultry for both meat and egg production in the last decade. Raising poultry on pasture was a common occurrence until the latter half of the 20th century. Fresh forage provided an important ration balancing factor during the years before poultry nutritionists fully understood the required essential vitamins and minerals for growth and optimum meat and egg production. With the development of balanced rations, poultry no longer require access to pasture and year-round production of meat and eggs is possible. However, there are still some benefits from the lush forage, invertebrates, and exercise that pasture provides. In addition, we continue to learn more and more about the positive influence that fresh grasses and legumes have on fatty acid profiles and general bird health. As a result, there is an increased interest in pasture-raised poultry for both meat and eggs.

web only | 7 pages | 4,900 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb



PPA-30
Sampling for the Tall Fescue Endophyte in Pasture or Hay Stands
4/10/2017 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ray Smith, Tina Tillery, Paul
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology,
 Series: Plant Pathology (PPA series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Most of the tall fescue growing in Kentucky is colonized by the tall fescue endophyte, a fungus which causes disorders in livestock that feed on the infected grass. The animal disease syndrome is called fescue toxicosis, which some researchers estimate may cost Kentucky producers over $200 million yearly. This problem can be greatly reduced by identifying the infected fields and replacing them with endophyte-free or novel endophyte tall fescue varieties or by managing them in a way to minimize the impact of the endophyte on herd productivity. One of the simplest ways to reduce toxicity symptoms in cattle is add red and white clover to existing tall fescue stands.

web only | 2 pages | 1,222 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 253 kb



PR-710
2016 Red and White Clover Report
12/13/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,998 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 1,018 kb



PR-709
2016 Alfalfa Report
12/13/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,694 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 1,745 kb



PR-720
2016 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/12/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

1,500 printed copies | 20 pages | 6,797 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 2,605 kb



PR-719
2016 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/6/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

400 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,829 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,620 kb



PR-714
2016 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/5/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years.

400 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,670 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,814 kb



PR-713
2016 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/5/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,550 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 594 kb



PR-712
2016 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/30/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years.

600 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,890 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,134 kb



PR-711
2016 Orchardgrass Report
11/30/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,383 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 754 kb



ID-143
Rotational Grazing
11/21/2016 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Roy Burris, Bob Coleman, Jimmy
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: nutrition and health

A rotational grazing program can generally be defined as use of several pastures, one of which is grazed while the others are rested before being regrazed. Continuous grazing is the use of one pasture for the entire grazing season.

2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 111 downloads | PDF: 887 kb



PR-718
2016 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,440 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 842 kb



PR-717
2016 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phil
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | 4,070 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,242 kb



PR-716
2016 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,148 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 440 kb



PR-715
2016 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,903 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 397 kb



ID-224
Producer's Guide to Pasture-Based Beef Finishing
10/6/2016 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Greg Halich, Jeff Lehmkuhler,
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

Will pasture-finished beef eventually become a commodity with lowered product prices? These and other questions must be evaluated by those considering pasture-based beef finishing. As with any new enterprise, however, the learning curve is steep, and success requires a commitment to working through the many production, marketing, and processing details. This reference guide provides a foundation for this process.

700 printed copies | 48 pages | 24,457 words | 79 downloads | PDF: 1,505 kb



AGR-222
Estimating Carrying Capacity of Cool Season Pastures in Kentucky Using Web Soil Survey
8/10/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Krista Lea, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: soil and land

While many factors influence how many animals a farm can carry, soil type has a major influence and should be considered when purchasing, leasing, planning, or managing livestock on pastures.

250 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,629 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 4,214 kb



AGR-221
Wildlife Benefits of Switchgrass Production in Kentucky
7/26/2016 (new)

 UK Authors: Tom Keene, Krista Lea, Laura Schw
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags:

Switchgrass is a versatile grass that can be utilized for forage or biomass production. Establishing and maintaining switchgrass is also beneficial to many types of wildlife by providing suitable habitat and cover.

web only | 4 pages | 1,568 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 385 kb



PR-705
2015 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/15/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

1,500 printed copies | 20 pages | 6,110 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 2,500 kb



PR-704
2015 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/15/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

300 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,260 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb



PR-702
2015 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phil
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,982 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb



PR-701
2015 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,238 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 530 kb



PR-700
2015 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,982 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 525 kb



PR-703
2015 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/10/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,430 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 875 kb



PR-698
2015 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/10/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

400 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,593 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 700 kb



PR-699
2015 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/8/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years.

400 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,501 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,880 kb



PR-697
2015 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
12/8/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years.

600 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,847 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,240 kb



PR-696
2015 Orchardgrass Report
11/23/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,380 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 850 kb



PR-695
2015 Red and White Clover Report
11/23/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

500 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,805 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 875 kb



PR-694
2015 Alfalfa Report
11/23/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

400 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,151 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb



ID-230
Slaframine Toxicosis or "Slobbers" in Cattle and Horses
7/17/2015 (new)

 UK Authors: Michelle Arnold, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: horses, nutrition and health

Although black patch occurs only sporadically, the right temperature, moisture, and soil pH may combine and allow Rhizoctonia leguminicola to thrive. Be aware of the possible consequences of this fungus, especially profuse salivation or "Sobbers" in cattle and horses. Good forage management, will reduce the risk of problems when utilizing this forage.

web only | 2 pages | 948 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 256 kb



PR-687
2014 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/10/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.

1,800 printed copies | 20 pages | 2,034 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 2,400 kb



PR-686
2014 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/10/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2011-2014 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,176 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,150 kb



PR-685
2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,976 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 810 kb



PR-684
2014 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,472 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb



PR-683
2014 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,347 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 660 kb



PR-682
2014 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

400 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,278 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 550 kb



PPFS-AG-F-9
Managing Diseases of Alfalfa
12/1/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
 Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa can be a vigorous and productive forage crop for Kentucky farmers. Like all farm crops, however, alfalfa is subject to infectious diseases that can limit forage production. Managing these diseases is an important part of economical alfalfa production.

web only | 4 pages | 1,658 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 756 kb



PR-676
2014 Alfalfa Report
11/25/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,769 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 1,780 kb



PR-681
2014 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/24/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties.

400 printed copies | 13 pages | 1,866 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,897 kb



PR-680
2014 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,232 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 676 kb



PR-679
2014 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

700 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,846 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,114 kb



PR-678
2014 Orchardgrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,258 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 855 kb



PR-677
2014 Red and White Clover Report
11/24/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,717 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb



AGR-215
Evaluating Land Resource Potentials in Kentucky
8/15/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Edwin Ritchey, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags:

The most successful land use decisions are those where the intended use matches the capabilities of the land. Determining the capability of the land begins with a visual assessment of the landscape such as topography (percent slope) and surface drainage patterns followed by a closer examination of the soil physical and chemical characteristics. The purpose of this publication is to provide a basic understanding of the relationship between these landscape and soil properties to facilitate wise land use decisions.

web only | 3 pages | 3,493 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 630 kb



ID-221
Fescue Toxicosis
7/3/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: nutrition and health

"Fescue toxicosis" is the general term used for the clinical diseases that can affect cattle consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue. Tall-fescue pastures containing ergot alkaloids are responsible for the toxic effects observed in livestock, including hyperthermia (elevated body temperature), gangrene of the extremities, decreased weight gain, and poor reproductive performance. Clinical signs vary depending on the cattle, the environmental conditions, and the level and duration of the exposure. Early clinical signs are often reversible after removal from contaminated pastures or hay.

web only | 4 pages | 2,470 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 740 kb



ID-220
Cyanide Poisoning in Ruminants
4/21/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: nutrition and health

Cyanide poisoning of livestock is commonly associated with johnsongrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and other forage sorghums. Choke-cherry or wild cherry, elderberry, and arrow grass are less frequent causes. Young plants, new shoots, and regrowth of plants after cutting often contain the highest levels of cyanogenic glycosides. The risk from potentially dangerous forages may be reduced by following the management practices in this publication.

web only | 2 pages | 973 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 255 kb



ID-217
Forage-Related Disorders in Cattle: Nitrate Poisoning
3/10/2014 (new)

 UK Authors: Michelle Arnold, Cynthia Gaskill,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: nutrition and health

Few plants normally contain high nitrate levels, since under normal growing conditions the nitrates are converted to protein as quickly as they are absorbed from the roots. However, under certain conditions plants can develop dangerously high nitrate levels which can cause nitrate intoxication. Death or abortion may result. Care must be taken to recognize possible toxic forages and manage them appropriately to avoid animal loss.

web only | 3 pages | 2,447 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 314 kb



PR-671
2013 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/4/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.

1,800 printed copies | 20 pages | 2,007 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 2,360 kb



PR-669
2013 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 940 kb



PR-668
2013 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

600 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,468 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,150 kb



PR-670
2013 Summer Annual Grass Report
11/25/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2009-2013 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,169 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb



PR-667
2013 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/25/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 700 kb



PR-666
2013 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/22/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

450 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,227 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 680 kb



PR-665
2013 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/19/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties.

450 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,832 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,750 kb



PR-664
2013 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/19/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,228 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 700 kb



PR-663
2013 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

800 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,837 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,600 kb



PR-662
2013 Orchardgrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

800 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,252 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb



PR-661
2013 Red and White Clover Report
11/18/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

800 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,727 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 960 kb



PR-660
2013 Alfalfa Report
11/15/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,781 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 1,950 kb



PPFS-AG-F-7
Rating Scale for Brown Stripe of Orchardgrass
7/1/2013 (new)

 UK Authors: Leah Saylor, Ray Smith, Paul Vi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
 Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

As of right now, there is little published on how to assess foliar disease severity in forage grasses in order to determine the percentage which may be diseased. This publication provides a tool for visually determining the percentage of diseased foliar tissue in orchardgrass. It is based on the observation of individual leaves; however, it is hoped that eventually a rating system will be devised that provides disease percentages for entire plots.

web only | 3 pages | 511 words | - | PDF: 566 kb



PR-654
2012 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/14/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.

1,500 printed copies | 24 pages | 2,004 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 2,400 kb



PR-652
2012 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 900 kb



PR-651
2012 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,467 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 475 kb



PR-653
2012 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/5/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2012 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,219 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb



PR-650
2012 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 650 kb



PR-649
2012 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time.

500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,227 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 670 kb



PR-647
2012 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/3/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage---after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,228 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 460 kb



PR-648
2012 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/28/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

400 printed copies | 14 pages | 1,853 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,600 kb



PR-646
2012 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/28/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,834 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb



PR-645
2012 Orchardgrass Report
11/26/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well-adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,244 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 890 kb



PR-644
2012 Red and White Clover Report
11/26/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, yield, and animal acceptance.

800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,750 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,260 kb



PR-643
2012 Alfalfa Report
11/26/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,775 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb



ID-199
Prechilling Switchgrass Seed on Farm to Break Dormancy
4/23/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Holly Boyd, Cindy Finneseth, T
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Regulatory Services
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie. It has been investigated as a renewable energy crop due to its high productivity across a wide geographic range including various environmental conditions and soil types. Switchgrass has also been used for erosion control, summer grazing in pasture and hay systems for cattle, native prairie restoration, wildlife habitat, fiber production, and as an ornamental grass.

500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,590 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 300 kb



ID-189
Vegetative Filter Strips for Livestock Facilities
2/23/2012 (new)

 UK Authors: Steve Higgins, Ray Smith, Sa
 Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags:

An enhanced vegetative strip is a best management practice that can be installed to protect surface waters from pollution produced by animal production facilities. Most people think of a vegetative strip as a grassed area or waterway, but when intentionally installed and properly managed, an EVS can be much more effective than a simple grassed filter strip. If properly managed, enhanced vegetative strips can be used to trap, treat, and absorb pollutants, which can be removed from the designated area by harvesting or grazing.

web only | 4 pages | 2,364 words | 50 downloads | PDF: 380 kb



PR-638
2011 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.

2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,897 words | - | PDF: 472 kb



PR-637
2011 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2011 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

700 printed copies | 9 pages | 1,213 words | 1 download | PDF: 376 kb



PR-636
2011 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses

600 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,667 words | 1 download | PDF: 410 kb



PR-635
2011 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phil
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species.

800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,297 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 387 kb



PR-634
2011 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,116 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 322 kb



PR-633
2011 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,058 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 402 kb



PR-632
2011 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,846 words | - | PDF: 370 kb



PR-631
2011 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

750 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,219 words | - | PDF: 316 kb



PR-630
2011 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/23/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,812 words | - | PDF: 355 kb



PR-629
2011 Orchardgrass Report
12/19/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,222 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 310 kb



PR-628
2011 Red and White Clover Report
12/19/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,723 words | 1 download | PDF: 313 kb



PR-627
2011 Alfalfa Report
12/19/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,763 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 322 kb



ID-193
Profitability of Nitrogen Applications for Stockpiling Tall Fescue Pastures: 2011 Guide
10/5/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Kenny Burdine, Greg Halich, Jo
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The concept of stockpiling is pretty straightforward, but the challenge each year is to determine the likelihood that this practice will be profitable given the economic and agronomic conditions present at mid-summer. This practice can yield significant benefits, but it also carries significant costs. These benefits and costs must be quantified and compared to assess the overall profitability of the practice.

web only | 4 pages | 3,344 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 290 kb



AGR-201
Switchgrass for Biomass Production in Kentucky
3/14/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Laura Schwer, Kenton Sena, Ray S
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie that has been investigated as a bioenergy crop due to its adaptation to a wide range of environmental conditions and soil types as well as its high stable yields. Switchgrass is recommended for soil conservation and wildlife habitat in both monoculture and in mixed stands of native warm-season grasses and forbs as well as for summer grazing in pasture systems and as a hay crop for cattle.

1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,946 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 250 kb



PR-620
2010 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
1/5/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years.

2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,688 words | - | PDF: 425 kb



PR-619
2010 Summer Annual Grass Report
1/3/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2010 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

700 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,490 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 300 kb



PR-618
2010 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses.

600 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,519 words | 1 download | PDF: 365 kb



PR-617
2010 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species.

800 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,167 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb



PR-616
2010 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield and animal acceptance.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 260 kb



PR-615
2010 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 260 kb



PR-614
2010 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 290 kb



PR-613
2010 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/6/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrasses are increasing in use across Kentucky as more winter-hardy varieties are released and promoted. Annual ryegrass is productive for three to four months and is used primarily for late fall and early-to-late spring pasture.

500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 300 kb



PR-612
2010 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/6/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 300 kb



PR-611
2010 Orchardgrass Report
12/6/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 260 kb



PR-610
2010 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 260 kb



PR-609
2010 Alfalfa Report
12/6/2010 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 300 kb



ID-147
Establishing Horse Pastures
9/20/2010 (major revision)

 UK Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: horses, nutrition and health

Kentucky and surrounding states are known for grass pastures and horses. Pastures supply nutrients, provide hoof support for exercise, control erosion, and add to the aesthetic value of horse farms. The ability to establish and manage horse pastures is therefore important to horse owners.

1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 207 kb



AGR-191
Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management
5/18/2010 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Adam Probst, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops

Good management of livestock feeding enterprises requires an understanding of feed inventories and their use. This publication is intended to help producers meet animal forage needs in a rotational grazing system by mastering the use of a grazing stick to estimate pasture yield and pasture allocation.

500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 350 kb



PR-600
2009 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/22/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 10 to 12 years. Detailed variety reports and forage management publications are available from your local county agent or by visiting the University of Kentucky forage website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage and clicking on the Forage Variety Trial link.

2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 359 kb



PR-598
2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report: Tolerance to Horses
12/21/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 313 kb



PR-597
2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/21/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 294 kb



PR-601
2009 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/15/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2009 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

700 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 230 kb



PR-599
2009 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/15/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Kentucky's pasture and hay acres are largely seeded in cool-season species. This practice results in a natural decline in midsummer production and often limits livestock production. High-yielding, native warm-season perennial grasses are viable options for Kentucky livestock enterprises and the emerging biomass market and provide an additional benefit of wildlife habitat.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 227 kb



PR-592
2009 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/15/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky, as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

1,250 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 283 kb



PR-594
2009 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/10/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 269 kb



PR-591
2009 Orchardgrass Report
12/10/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life.

1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 244 kb



PR-596
2009 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens) are both high-quality forage legumes that are used primarily in mixed stands with tall fescue or orchardgrass for improving yield and quality of pastures.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 214 kb



PR-595
2009 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets.

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 216 kb



PR-593
2009 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/24/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 230 kb



PR-590
2009 Red and White Clover Report
11/24/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

1,250 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 271 kb



PR-589
2009 Alfalfa Report
11/24/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

1,500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 309 kb



AGR-48
Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky
9/18/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay.

1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 300 kb



PR-585
2008 Summer Annual Grass Report
4/22/2009 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2008 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 129 kb



AGR-26
Renovating Hay and Pasture Fields
4/8/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags:

3,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 66 downloads | PDF: 1,165 kb



AGR-145
Warm Season Perennial Grasses for Forages in Kentucky
3/10/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Tom Keene, Garry Lacefield, Ray
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

Native warm-season perennial grasses are well adapted for production in Kentucky's climate and soils. In this publication, native warm-season perennial grasses that have the greatest forage potential for Kentucky are described. Management techniques necessary to establish stands and keep them productive are also discussed.

1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 1,636 kb



PPFS-AG-F-3
Common Alfalfa Seedling Diseases and Disorders
3/1/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
 Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Alfalfa seedlings are subject to a number of biotic and abiotic problems which can affect establishment. Several of the more common seedling diseases and disorders are described below. This information is being provided as a diagnostic aid; publications which provide specific management and production information can be found in the resource list.

web only | 2 pages | 639 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 115 kb



PPFS-AG-F-4
"Emergency" Inoculation for Poorly Inoculated Legumes
2/1/2009 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
 Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

Frequently, stunted and yellowed legumes are thought by growers to be diseased. Close examination often reveals that such "diseased" plants are actually just poorly nodulated.

web only | 3 pages | 912 words | 1 download | PDF: 187 kb



PR-584
2008 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

3,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 285 kb



PR-583
2008 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 197 kb



PR-582
2008 Cool Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb



PR-581
2008 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,100 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 246 kb



PR-580
2008 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 200 kb



PR-579
2008 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 197 kb



PR-578
2008 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 226 kb



PR-577
2008 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 235 kb



PR-576
2008 Orchardgrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,700 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 216 kb



PR-575
2008 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,100 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 200 kb



PR-574
2008 Red and White Clover Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 230 kb



PR-573
2008 Alfalfa Report
12/3/2008 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 250 kb



PR-563
2007 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 165 kb



PR-562
2007 Red and White Clover Report
12/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 191 kb



PR-561
2007 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 143 kb



PR-560
2007 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,000 printed copies | 7 pages | - | - | PDF: 148 kb



PR-559
2007 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/12/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 133 kb



PR-558
2007 Tall Fescue Report
12/12/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 177 kb



PR-557
2007 Orchardgrass Report
12/12/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,700 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 162 kb



PR-556
2007 Alfalfa Report
11/16/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 205 kb



PR-567
2007 Native Warm-Season Perrenial Grasses Report
11/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 138 kb



PR-566
2007 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
11/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

2,500 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 265 kb



PR-565
2007 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 213 kb



PR-564
2007 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/15/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,100 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 211 kb



AGR-18
Grain and Forage Crop Guide
7/27/2007 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Jim Herbek, Garry Lacefield, Ch
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: farm crops, grain crops, nutrition and healt

2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 51 downloads | PDF: 181 kb



PR-550
2006 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials
2/9/2007 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: research, variety trials

2,500 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 253 kb



PR-547
2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/26/2007 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 242 kb



PR-549
2006 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 136 kb



PR-548
2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report, Tolerance to Horses
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 189 kb



PR-546
2006 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 136 kb



PR-545
2006 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 136 kb



PR-544
2006 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,250 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 158 kb



PR-543
2006 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 147 kb



PR-542
2006 Orchardgrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 182 kb



PR-541
2006 Tall Fescue Report
12/6/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 184 kb



PR-540
2006 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 197 kb



PR-539
2006 Alfalfa Report
12/6/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 212 kb



AGR-79
Producing Corn for Silage
3/20/2006 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Jim Herbek, Garry Lacefield, Ch
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops

2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 332 kb



PR-523
2005 Orchardgrass Report
1/20/2006 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 177 kb



PR-522
2005 Alfalfa Report
1/20/2006 (reprinted)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,800 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 450 kb



PR-532
2005 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report
1/7/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb



PR-531
2005 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 178 kb



PR-530
2005 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 243 kb



PR-529
2005 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
1/5/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 130 kb



PR-528
2005 Annual and Perrenial Ryegrass Report
1/5/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,250 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 187 kb



PR-527
2005 Red and White Clover Report
1/5/2006 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb



AGR-162
Stockpiling for Fall and Winter Pasture
1/1/2006 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Roy Burris, Jimmy Henning, John
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 111 downloads | PDF: 187 kb



PR-526
2005 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/30/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 154 kb



PR-525
2005 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 176 kb



PR-524
2005 Tall Fescue Report
12/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 181 kb



ID-108
The Kentucky Beef Book
9/15/2005 (minor revision)

 UK Authors: Jim Akers, Les Anderson, Jose Bi
 Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences,
 Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
 Tags: livestock

10,000 printed copies | - | - | 30 downloads | HTML: 3 kb



PR-516
2004 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
7/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 106 kb



PR-515
2004 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 555 kb



PR-514
2004 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 284 kb



PR-513
2004 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 275 kb



PR-512
2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
2/20/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences,
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 538 kb



PR-511
2004 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
2/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 329 kb



PR-510
2004 Tall Fescue Report
2/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 279 kb



PR-509
2004 Timothy Report
2/1/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smi
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 183 kb



PR-508
2004 Red and White Clover Report
1/30/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 648 kb



PR-507
2004 Orchardgrass Report
1/30/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield,
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses

1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 277 kb



PR-506
2004 Alfalfa Report
1/30/2005 (new)

 UK Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, R
 Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
 Series: Progress Report (PR series)
 Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes

2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 521 kb