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Animal and Food Sciences Publications



2017 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/13/2017 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-736
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,029 words | - | PDF: 725 kb


2017 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-734
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,182 words | 1 download | PDF: 450 kb


2017 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-733
350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,924 words | 1 download | PDF: 413 kb


Pastured Poultry
9/21/2017 (new)

There has been an increased interest in pasture-raising poultry for both meat and egg production in the last decade. Raising poultry on pasture was a common occurrence until the latter half of the 20th century. Fresh forage provided an important ration balancing factor during the years before poultry nutritionists fully understood the required essential vitamins and minerals for growth and optimum meat and egg production. With the development of balanced rations, poultry no longer require access to pasture and year-round production of meat and eggs is possible. However, there are still some benefits from the lush forage, invertebrates, and exercise that pasture provides. In addition, we continue to learn more and more about the positive influence that fresh grasses and legumes have on fatty acid profiles and general bird health. As a result, there is an increased interest in pasture-raised poultry for both meat and eggs. | ID-247
web only | 7 pages | 4,900 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb


Common External Parasites of Poultry
9/8/2017 (minor revision)

Periodic examination of your flock is recommended so that infestations can be detected early and a larger flock outbreak contained. It is especially important to detect infestations early in food-producing poultry because there are restrictions on the treatments available. | ASC-206
web only | 4 pages | 1,817 words | 57 downloads | PDF: 839 kb


UK Ag Equine Programs Calendar, 2018
9/6/2017 (minor revision)

The information in this calendar is provided to aid owners in planning for the care and use of their horses. When necessary, information is discussed in the month prior to application to allow horse owners adequate time to plan for activities such as weed control, soil testing, and vaccinations. Contact your local veterinarian for health-related issues and your county extension agent for further information. | ID-196
2,900 printed copies | 32 pages | 5,598 words | 91 downloads | PDF: 10,700 kb


Body Condition Scoring Ewes
8/25/2017 (new)

Body condition scoring is a system of classifying breeding ewes on the basis of differences in body fat. While it is subjective, with practice it can be accurate enough to indicate the nutritional status of individual ewes as well as the entire flock. Thus, it allows the shepherd to identify, record, and adjust the feed intake of ewes determined to be thin, in average flesh, or fat. In the long run, this can save money for producers and/or prevent problems attributable to ewe condition. | ASC-228
50 printed copies | 5 pages | 1,567 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 2,200 kb


Measuring the Ph of Different Food Products
7/21/2017 (new)

The scientific scale for measuring how acidic or basic a substance is when it is dissolved in water is called pH. The pH scale runs from 0 - 14. 0 means it is very acidic, 7 means it is neither acidic nor basic, but just right in the middle like plain water (neutral), and 14 means it is very basic. If you are producing a food product that depends on the acidic components or ingredients of the product to extend its shelf life and ensure the safety of the product, monitoring the pH of food products is very important. Food safety is the biggest reason for monitoring pH, but pH also influences the quality of food products. | ID-246
web only | 2 pages | 1,743 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 365 kb


Predator Management for Small-Scale Poultry Enterprises in Kentucky
5/4/2017 (new)

As urban expansion spreads, there is a loss of natural habitat for wildlife. Wildlife has come into closer contact with livestock operations, and some of these animals are predators of poultry. | ID-245
web only | 8 pages | 3,090 words | 34 downloads | PDF: 2,401 kb


Management of Wildlife and Domestic Animals on Your Farm: Good Agricultural Practices
1/10/2017 (new)

Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) are necessary to ensure that fresh fruits and vegetables are harvested, handled, and packaged in a sanitary manner. Field crops are at a higher food safety risk than processed foods because of regular exposure to several sources of contamination, including soil, manure, human handling, domestic and wild animals, and water. While it is impossible to completely eliminate these risks, GAPs ensure that these risks are as small as possible when implemented correctly. | ID-243
150 printed copies | 3 pages | 2,023 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 908 kb


Rotational Grazing
11/21/2016 (reprinted)

A rotational grazing program can generally be defined as use of several pastures, one of which is grazed while the others are rested before being regrazed. Continuous grazing is the use of one pasture for the entire grazing season. | ID-143
2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 102 downloads | PDF: 887 kb


2016 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-718
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,440 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 842 kb


2016 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-717
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 4,070 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,242 kb


2016 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-716
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,148 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 440 kb


2016 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-715
350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,903 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 397 kb


Help! My Horse Roars! What Is Laryngeal Hemiplegia?
10/10/2016 (new)

Various ailments can affect the different parts of the larynx of horses. Diseases of the larynx can produce airway obstruction and sometimes dysphagia. Obstructive diseases, such as laryngeal hemiplegia, often produce an abnormal respiratory noise and, most important, they limit airflow, which leads to early fatigue and poor exercise performance. | ASC-226
web only | 4 pages | 2,122 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 402 kb


Producer's Guide to Pasture-Based Beef Finishing
10/6/2016 (reprinted)

Will pasture-finished beef eventually become a commodity with lowered product prices? These and other questions must be evaluated by those considering pasture-based beef finishing. As with any new enterprise, however, the learning curve is steep, and success requires a commitment to working through the many production, marketing, and processing details. This reference guide provides a foundation for this process. | ID-224
700 printed copies | 48 pages | 24,457 words | 72 downloads | PDF: 1,505 kb


Equine Metabolic Syndrome: Is My Horse Just Fat, or Is He Sick?
10/4/2016 (new)

Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) is an endocrine disorder that affects equids (horses, ponies, and donkeys) in three defining ways: they are obese and/or have localized fat deposits, they are in an insulin resistance (IR) state, now referred to as insulin dysregulation (ID), and they are predisposed to developing laminitis. | ID-239
web only | 3 pages | 1,558 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 1,473 kb


Foodborne Illness: Risks and Prevention
9/27/2016 (new)

In recent memory, there has been a considerable increase in food recalls and foodborne illness outbreaks. To ensure food safety, everyone involved in the food production chain needs to understand the different factors that could contaminate food and lead to foodborne illness. | ASC-227
web only | 4 pages | 1,597 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 142 kb


Providing Water for Beef Cattle in Rotational Grazing Systems
8/2/2016 (new)

Water is the most essential nutrient for cattle production. Water is used in almost every bodily function, including digestion, milk production, and excretion. Given the role and function of water in relation to animal production, health, and welfare, it is critical that abundant, clean water is available in any livestock production operation. Livestock must have immediate access to water within every paddock of a rotational grazing system to realize maximum efficiency and production. | ID-236
web only | 6 pages | 3,800 words | 71 downloads | PDF: 3,000 kb


2015 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-702
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,982 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2015 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-701
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,238 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 530 kb


2015 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-700
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,982 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 525 kb


2015 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/10/2015 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-703
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,430 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 875 kb


Understanding and Teaching Sportsmanship to Today's Youth
10/12/2015 (new)

Sportsmanship is fair play, respect for opponents, and gracious behavior in winning and losing. Sportsmanship takes ethics into a competitive realm. We can remain ethical yet fail to be a good sport; however it is impossible to exhibit good sportsmanship without also being ethical. | 4AF-06PO
web only | 2 pages | 1,011 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 117 kb


Managing Precision Dairy Farming Technologies
9/22/2015 (new)

Precision dairy farming is the use of technologies to measure physiological, behavioral, and production indicators of individual animals to improve management strategies and farm performance. | ASC-225
web only | 3 pages | 1,183 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,872 kb


All-Weather Surfaces for Cattle Watering Facilities
7/28/2015 (new)

Strategically locating the watering facility will also provide production benefits such as increased forage utilization and improved access to water, and may possibly reduce the cost per pasture of providing water. This publication will provide guidelines for the location, design, and construction of all-weather surfaces for cattle watering facilities. | ID-229
web only | 6 pages | 2,612 words | 64 downloads | PDF: 2,980 kb


Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Acute or Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)
7/17/2015 (new)

In the Southeastern United States, acute interstitial pneumonia has been produced by ingestion of the leaves and seeds of perilla mint (Perilla frutescens). Perilla ketone is the toxin absorbed from the rumen into the bloodstream and carried to the lungs where it damages the lung tissue in cattle. | ID-231
web only | 3 pages | 1,551 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 507 kb


Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance Program
2/6/2015 (reprinted)

Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) is a program developed to ensure that beef and dairy cattle are managed in a manner that will result in safe and wholesome beef and milk products for the consumer. Specifically, BQA is designed to enhance carcass quality by preventing drug residues, injection-site blemishes, and bruises. The Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance Program is based on recommended national guidelines and scientific research. This program enables beef and dairy producers to enhance their product, maximize marketability, and strengthen consumer confidence. | ID-140
4,000 printed copies | 83 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 2,353 kb


Keeping and Using Flock Performance Records
12/17/2014 (new)

Performance records serve as the cornerstone of any good livestock management program. Unfortunately, the task of collecting, maintaining and using performance records is the one area of livestock production in general that gets the least attention. This fact sheet provides ten reasons why all sheep producers need to keep performance records on their flocks. Then, some ways of maintaining and using those records are discussed. | ASC-221
50 printed copies | 5 pages | 3,390 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 890 kb


Crossbreeding Considerations in Sheep
12/16/2014 (new)

Crossbreeding is the mating of individuals from different breeds. To a certain extent, it is a simple concept, but embarking upon a crossbreeding program, in sheep or any other livestock species, involves long-term decisions. The primary benefits of a crossbreeding program are heterosis and breed complementarity. | ASC-224
50 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,680 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 677 kb


Inbreeding in Sheep
12/16/2014 (new)

Inbreeding is broadly defined as the mating of individuals that are related. Strictly speaking, however, all animals within a breed are related. So, in a sense, every purebred sheep producer practices some degree of inbreeding. In most cases this relationship is very slight. Therefore, inbreeding is more practically defined as the mating of individuals more closely related than the average of the breed. This practice includes mating brother to sister, sire to daughter and son to dam. | ASC-223
50 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,809 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 896 kb


Sheep Breeding: Heritability, EBVs, EPDs, and the NSIP
12/16/2014 (new)

Genetic improvement in a flock depends on the producer's ability to select breeding sheep that are genetically superior for traits of economic importance. This is complicated by the fact that an animal's own performance is not always a true indicator of its genetic potential as a parent. | ASC-222
50 printed copies | 5 pages | 2,618 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,082 kb


Basic Sheep Genetics
12/16/2014 (new)

Genetics is the science of heredity. It seeks to explain differences and similarities exhibited by related individuals. The application of genetics to livestock improvement is known as animal breeding. The objective of this fact sheet is to provide a refresher course on basic genetics and to show how knowledge of genetics can be used to improve sheep production. | ASC-220
50 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,064 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 465 kb


An Introduction to Sheep
12/16/2014 (new)

The information in this fact sheet was developed to provide a quick reference to the most frequently asked questions about sheep and sheep production. | ASC-219
50 printed copies | 5 pages | 3,221 words | 74 downloads | PDF: 1,072 kb


Proper Handling and Transportation of Eggs for Sale at Kentucky Farmer's Markets
12/4/2014 (new)

Regardless of the number of eggs produced, and whether the eggs are for home use or sale, careful egg handling is very important. This publication will give you the information and guidelines in the proper handling and transportation of eggs for sale. | ASC-218
web only | 2 pages | 799 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 1,275 kb


So You Want to Produce Your Own Eggs?
12/4/2014 (new)

Backyard chicken flocks are becoming popular throughout the country in urban, suburban and rural communities. Preparation is essential for a successful backyard flock. This publication will give you the information you need decide if producing your own eggs is right for you. | ASC-217
web only | 6 pages | 2,161 words | 121 downloads | PDF: 3,047 kb


Reading a Feed Tag
12/4/2014 (new)

Feed stores carry a variety of feed types. How do you chose which to buy? You need to read the feed tag. A lot of information is on a feed tag that can help you make your selection and this publication breaks it down for you. | ASC-216
web only | 4 pages | 2,671 words | 47 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-685
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,976 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 810 kb


2014 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-684
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,472 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2014 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-683
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,347 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 660 kb


2014 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-682
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,278 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 550 kb


Mineral and Protein Blocks and Tubs for Cattle
11/3/2014 (new)

Nutritional supplement blocks and tubs are convenient for beef producers, require no investment in feeding troughs and require a limited area for storing. One of the most attractive features is that they lower the labor needed to supplement livestock. Many producers use these products to provide supplemental nutrients to cattle consuming low-quality forages or as a mechanism to promote a more consistent intake of minerals. These products are also attractive to producers who have off-farm employment as they eliminate the need for daily feeding. Yet, they often come at a greater cost per unit of nutrient than more conventional feedstuffs. Since there are differences in the blocks and tubs being marketed today, familiarity with how to compare products and determine their differences will enable producers to decide which product best fits their needs. | ASC-215
web only | 4 pages | 2,891 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 159 kb


Hosting a Horse Show
10/23/2014 (major revision)

When planning a show, whether a world-class competition or a backyard fun show, the information in this publication will help you make your event a success. | 4AF-06MA
web only | 6 pages | 3,934 words | 49 downloads | PDF: 1,123 kb


Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Hypomagnesemic Tetany or "Grass Tetany"
9/18/2014 (new)

Magnesium is a vital component of normal nerve conduction, muscle function, and bone mineral formation. Hypomagnesemic tetany or "grass tetany" is a disorder caused by an abnormally low blood concentration of the essential mineral magnesium (Mg). Synonyms for this disorder include spring tetany, grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning, or lactation tetany. | ID-226
web only | 3 pages | 1,726 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 121 kb


Is Creep Feeding Lambs a Profitable Undertaking?
9/8/2014 (new)

Creep feeding is a technique of providing feed to nursing lambs to supplement the milk they consume. Creep-fed lambs grow faster than noncreep-feds and are more aggressive in nursing ewes. This aggression stimulates greater ewe milk production which, in turn, increases creep feed intake because these lambs will be bigger at a given age. Typically, the creep diet is a grain-protein supplement mixture and is made available in an area constructed so lambs can enter, but ewes cannot. Some situations when it may be economical to creep feed are described in this document. | ASC-214
300 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,940 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 309 kb


Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Brassicas--Be Aware of the Animal Health Risks
8/12/2014 (new)

Although infrequent, brassica crops can cause animal health disorders if grazing is managed improperly. Most brassica-related disorders in cattle tend to occur during the first two weeks of grazing while adjusting to the forage. The primary potential disorders are polioencephalomalcia or PEM, hemolytic anemia (mainly with kale), nitrate poisoning, and pulmonary emphysema. Other possible clinical disorders include bloat and rumen acidosis, and metabolic problems such as hypomagnesemia and hypothyroidism with goiter. Glucosinates present in brassicas are precursors of irritants that can cause colic and diarrhea. Large bulbs may lodge in the esophagus and lead to choking. Certain brassicas (specifically rape) can cause sunburn or "scald" on light-skinned animals, especially when grazed while the plants are immature. Other potential problems include oxalate poisoning and off-flavoring of meat and milk. | ID-223
web only | 3 pages | 1,867 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 913 kb


Collection and Preparation of Milk Samples for Microbiological Culturing
4/16/2014 (major revision)

In developing individual farm mastitis control and treatment strategies, it is often necessary to characterize the types of bacteria that are present on your farm. To answer this question, a microbiological analysis, or milk culture, must be performed on milk samples collected from cows showing clinical or subclinical signs of mastitis. Results of the milk cultures will help identify which bacteria are causing the mastitis. In turn, this information can be used to alter mastitis control, prevention, and treatment options to fit your herd's conditions. | ID-180
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,439 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 873 kb


How to Make a Country Ham
4/3/2014 (new)

Country hams can be found in grocery stores and specialty shops throughout Southeast and on the internet. Nonetheless, there are some do-it-yourselfers who want to start their own family traditions. Country hams are not difficult to make. The process requires a few easy-to-find ingredients and a secure storage area. Country hams are made in three steps: curing, salt equalization, and aging. These steps are outlined in the manual. | ASC-213
100 printed copies | 9 pages | 4,433 words | 161 downloads | PDF: 6,791 kb


A Fresh Cow Health Monitoring System
4/2/2014 (new)

Researchers at the University of Kentucky combined existing disease detection systems to produce a fresh cow examination system that may help producers detect diseases earlier by monitoring subtle changes every day during a cow's fresh period. Compiling daily information about each animal will enable producers to notice changes in health that may otherwise have been overlooked. These records may help producers detect illnesses early, thus reducing the long-term effects (reduced milk production or fertility) and costs (re-treatment, milk loss, or death) of a disease. Learning what diseases are common on a particular farm can focus producers' efforts towards preventive measures specific to their operation. Preventing disease, rather than treating, can save producers time and money and can improve overall cow well-being. | ID-218
web only | 15 pages | 3,501 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 1,900 kb


Stereotypic Behavior in Horses: Weaving, Stall Walking, and Cribbing
3/14/2014 (new)

Many stabled horses perform a variety of repetitive behaviors such as weaving, stall walking, cribbing, headshaking and pawing. These behaviors have been called many different names including stereotypic behavior, stereotypies, stereotypes, obsessive compulsive disorders, vices and habits. Although it may be difficult to know why exactly each horse performs these vices, there may be specific causal factors for these activities in the horse. These behaviors are not simply learned and not simply inherited, but may be a mixture of both. Studies show that some families of horses have a higher prevalence of certain vices, which suggests heritability and genetic components. However, the tendency to perform the behavior only becomes apparent when other risk factors are also in place. | ASC-212
web only | 2 pages | 1,401 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 480 kb


Forage-Related Disorders in Cattle: Nitrate Poisoning
3/10/2014 (new)

Few plants normally contain high nitrate levels, since under normal growing conditions the nitrates are converted to protein as quickly as they are absorbed from the roots. However, under certain conditions plants can develop dangerously high nitrate levels which can cause nitrate intoxication. Death or abortion may result. Care must be taken to recognize possible toxic forages and manage them appropriately to avoid animal loss. | ID-217
web only | 3 pages | 2,447 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 314 kb


Expected Progeny Differences: Trait Definitions and Utilizing Percentile Tables
2/7/2014 (new)

Expected progeny differences (EPDs) are useful tools in providing the best estimate of the genetic value of a particular animal as a parent. Differences in EPDs between parents of the same breed predict the performance differences of their future offspring if environmental factors are the same. EPD values should not be compared between breeds; for example, you should not compare an Angus bull's weaning weight EPD with a Simmental bull's weaning weight EPD. Most established breeds have EPDs for calving ease, growth, maternal, and carcass traits. When used properly, producers can make genetic improvements to their herd through parental selection. This publication is intended to help producers better understand EPDs and how one might use them in selection of replacement animals. | ASC-211
web only | 3 pages | 1,781 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 370 kb


2012 Beef Research and Extension Report
1/7/2014 (new)

The intent of this report is to provide highlights of our research and extension activities. We have a vested interest in the beef industry in the state and nation, and hope this report provides a window into our programs. We believe that after viewing this report, a greater appreciation will be garnered with respect to our involvement in the multiple fields of study related to beef production. The faculty, staff and student activities are advancing our understanding of basic science principles of livestock production as well as applied research that producers and the industry can benefit from immediately, as well as in the future. Extension educational programs, on-farm demonstrations, and other activities aid in transferring this knowledge to producers, allowing for increased awareness and adoption of management change. | SR-105
web only | 40 pages | 13,658 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 975 kb


Selecting Feeds for Horses
1/6/2014 (new)

Feeds should be selected with the nutrient requirements of the horse in mind, recognizing that requirements vary with the life stage of the horse (growing, pregnant, lactating, working, idle). Feeds for horses should always be clean and free from toxins. Feeds should also promote gastrointestinal health. The large intestine (cecum and colon) of the digestive tract contains a diverse population of beneficial microbes that can easily be upset by poor feed selection. In nature horses will spend more than 50% of their time grazing; therefore, feed that promotes similar feeding behavior may be desirable. Once appropriate feeds have been selected, it is important that they are fed in the correct amounts using good feeding management strategies. | ASC-205
web only | 5 pages | 3,082 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,450 kb


2013 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2013 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-669
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 940 kb


2013 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/25/2013 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-667
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


2013 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/22/2013 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-666
450 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,227 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 680 kb


Avian Digestive System
11/20/2013 (new)

An understanding of the avian digestive system is essential to developing an effective and economical feeding program for your poultry flock. Knowledge of avian anatomy, and what the parts normally look like, will also help you to recognize when something is wrong and take the necessary actions to correct the problem. | ASC-203
web only | 4 pages | 1,879 words | 54 downloads | PDF: 2,065 kb


Avian Skeletal System
11/20/2013 (new)

All animals have a skeleton to allow them to stand up and to protect their internal organs and tissues. The avian skeletal system looks similar to those of their mammalian counterparts, but there are some important differences. | ASC-202
web only | 2 pages | 836 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 310 kb


Avian Female Reproductive System
11/20/2013 (new)

Anyone raising poultry for eggs, whether for eating or for incubation, should have an understanding of the reproductive system. This will help them understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them. | ASC-201
web only | 4 pages | 2,250 words | 60 downloads | PDF: 914 kb


Avian Muscular System
11/19/2013 (new)

If you raise poultry for meat, it is always a good idea to have an understanding of the muscular system of poultry so you can better understand any problems that may occur and how to correct them. | ASC-204
web only | 2 pages | 766 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 1,887 kb


Avian Respiratory System
11/1/2013 (new)

Knowledge of avian anatomy and what the parts normally look like will help you to recognize when something is wrong and to take the necessary actions to correct the problem. | ASC-200
web only | 2 pages | 1,304 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


Avian Male Reproductive System
11/1/2013 (new)

The avian male reproductive system is all inside the bird, unlike the males of mammalian species which have their reproductive systems outside of the body. This is one of the really remarkable things about birds; the sperm remain viable at body temperature. | ASC-199
web only | 2 pages | 678 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 843 kb


Processing Chickens
10/31/2013 (new)

When processing poultry, remember that you are producing a perishable food product that will eventually be consumed by people. The goal is to produce a safe, nutritious product. | ASC-210
web only | 7 pages | 3,190 words | 98 downloads | PDF: 3,105 kb


Raising Guinea Fowl
10/31/2013 (new)

Guinea fowl are rough, vigorous, hardy, and mostly disease-free game birds. They are increasing in popularity for a variety of reasons. | ASC-209
web only | 5 pages | 3,750 words | 61 downloads | PDF: 730 kb


Selecting Ducks
10/31/2013 (new)

As with many domesticated species, ducks are selected for different purposes, primarily meat or egg production. They are also valued for their feathers and down. It is important to choose a breed of duck that best suits your particular needs. | ASC-198
web only | 4 pages | 2,311 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 758 kb


Selecting Turkeys
10/31/2013 (new)

Raising wild turkeys is illegal in some states, including Kentucky. The prohibition includes domestic strains of wild birds. The law is meant to protect native populations of wild turkeys. Learn more about selecting the right breed of turkey in this publication. | ASC-197
web only | 3 pages | 1,675 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 664 kb


Selecting Geese
10/31/2013 (new)

Size, behavior and egg production vary according to breed, and the right breed of goose for your flock will depend on what you intend to use them for. This publication will help you decide on the right breed for you. | ASC-196
web only | 3 pages | 1,822 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 663 kb


Poultry Judging: Grading Eggs
7/17/2013 (new)

In a 4-H poultry judging contest, there are three categories involving the grading of table eggs (eggs for consumption rather than for incubation): external quality, interior quality by candling, and interior quality of broken-out eggs. | 4AJ-05PO
web only | 10 pages | 2,345 words | 75 downloads | PDF: 5,310 kb


Poultry Production Troubleshooting
5/1/2013 (new)

When investigating a problem with a poultry flock, the questions in this publication can help you determine the cause and possible solution. | ASC-194
web only | 4 pages | 1,649 words | 82 downloads | PDF: 272 kb


2011 Kentucky Compost Bedded Pack Barn Project
4/26/2013 (new)

Kentucky dairy producers are adopting compost-bedded pack barns (CBP) as dairy cattle housing at a rapid rate. When properly managed, as an alternative dairy housing system, CBPs may decrease somatic cell count (SCC), increase production, and reduce lameness. Because the system is relatively new, however, many questions remain regarding best management practices and key factors for success. University of Kentucky dairy scientists and agricultural engineers conducted a comprehensive observational study of Kentucky CBPs from October 2010 to March 2011. The goal of this research was to determine key management concepts that determine success or failure in the compost-bedded pack system. | ID-213
web only | 13 pages | 6,600 words | 81 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb


Using DHIA Records for Somatic Cell Count Management
4/26/2013 (new)

DHIA (Dairy Herd Improvement Association) records are an essential part of dairy herd management for many progressive dairy operations. However, for producers new to DHIA, interpreting the meaning of all this information can be a bit overwhelming. Even producers who have been DHIA members for many years may not fully understand all the value that DHIA records can provide for SCC management. What follows is a description and interpretation of SCC-related information available to dairy producers on DHIA test reports. | ID-212
web only | 5 pages | 1,560 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 915 kb


Feedlot Design and Environmental Management for Backgrounding and Stocker Operations
3/21/2013 (new)

Kentucky's cattle industry represents the largest beef cattle herd east of the Mississippi, ranking eighth in the nation for number of beef cows. This industry is extremely important to Kentucky's economy. This publication discusses site evaluation strategies, production area management techniques, and a variety of facility types for intensive cattle production that preserve natural resources and improve production. | ID-202
125 printed copies | 12 pages | 6,071 words | 114 downloads | PDF: 3,800 kb


Pre-Investment Considerations for Precision Dairy Farming Technologies
3/18/2013 (new)

Precision dairy farming involves the use of technologies to measure physiological, behavioral, and production indicators on individual animals. The primary goals of precision dairy farming are to 1) maximize individual animal performance, 2) detect diseases early, and 3) minimize the use of medication through preventive health measures. | ASC-208
web only | 3 pages | 1,858 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 270 kb


Stall Bases: Are Your Cows Comfortable?
3/18/2013 (new)

Cow comfort generally refers to minimizing animal stress in order to maximize milk production and animal well-being. Lying behavior plays a critical role in the production, profitability, and well-being of dairy cattle. The potential economic impact of increased production, reduced lameness, improved milk quality, reduced culling rates, and increased longevity are immense. | ASC-207
web only | 3 pages | 1,703 words | 67 downloads | PDF: 640 kb


Drought-Stressed Corn Silage Valuation, 2012
2/6/2013 (new)

Extended dry conditions have impacted the corn crop severely in many areas of the state this year. As the condition of the corn crop deteriorates, many have been forced to look at salvage options such as cutting corn for silage and possibly hay for some fields. Due to the extreme weather conditions this year, this publication will focus on valuing drought-stressed corn silage. | ID-205
web only | 6 pages | 4,213 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 445 kb


Development of the Chick
1/14/2013 (new)

Poultry eggs are part of a unique reproductive system. The egg serves to protect and provide nutrients to the developing embryo. Since the embryo receives no additional nutrients from the hen, the egg must contain all the nutrients essential for life. Nutrients are found in the yolk, the albumen, and the shell of the egg. The egg is a convenient, self-contained package for studying embryology. | ASC-195
web only | 3 pages | 1,151 words | 92 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


2012 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. | PR-652
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 900 kb


2012 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-651
600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,467 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 475 kb


Poultry Producer Liability
12/10/2012 (new)

As more and more producers begin to have small- or medium-sized poultry operations the issue of liability and responsibility has become a concern. It is important producers are aware of what is expected of them by consumers and society as a whole. | ASC-193
web only | 2 pages | 1,554 words | 46 downloads | PDF: 270 kb


How Much Will My Chickens Eat?
12/10/2012 (new)

Before purchasing chicks (or chickens) it is important to consider the cost of keeping them. Much of this cost is in the feed they consume. So the key question is, "How much will my chickens eat?" Chickens need a complete feed that contains protein (with the right balance of amino acids), energy, vitamins, and minerals. Today we know more about the nutritional requirements of chickens than any other animal. The amount of feed they need will depend on several factors. | ASC-191
web only | 3 pages | 2,070 words | 94 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


Selecting the Right Chicken Breed
12/10/2012 (new)

Many factors should be considered before selecting a chicken breed for your flock, whether you are planning to start a new flock or to add to an existing one. You might be looking for a meat breed, an egg breed, or perhaps a breed that performs reasonably well at both (referred to as a dual-purpose breed). Perhaps you just want a pet or chickens to show at exhibitions. | ASC-190
web only | 3 pages | 2,290 words | 120 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


Making a Hoop Pen for Pasture Poultry
12/10/2012 (new)

Interest in pasture poultry production has been on the rise. This kind of poultry production typically involves housing the birds in a bottomless pen that is placed on pasture and moved at regular intervals. The flock has access to the pasture (plants and any associated insects) while providing them some protection from predators. | ASC-189
web only | 8 pages | 2,254 words | 155 downloads | PDF: 4,600 kb


2012 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-650
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 650 kb


2012 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. | PR-649
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,227 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 670 kb


Management of the Dry Cow to Prevent Mastitis
11/30/2012 (new)

As we move into a new era of lower acceptable somatic cell count levels, the prevention and control of mastitis takes on increased importance. For many years, the contagious mastitis pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Mycoplasma bovis were the focus of control measures primarily implemented in the milking parlor to stop the spread of these organisms from cow to cow. These contagious organisms often cause high individual somatic cell counts and ultimately high bulk tank somatic cell counts. As these high somatic cell count cows have been culled due to milk marketing regulations and more dairymen have adopted NMC recommended milking procedures, the contagious pathogens are decreasing. | ID-209
100 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,647 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 430 kb


Recommended Milking Procedures for Maximum Milk Quality
11/30/2012 (new)

When it comes to minimizing mastitis and lowering somatic cell counts, the area where you have the most control is your milking procedures. Understanding and following proper milking procedures is a critical step to maintaining maximum milk quality. | ID-208
web only | 4 pages | 1,807 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 2,700 kb


Why Have My Hens Stopped Laying?
11/27/2012 (new)

Egg production in a chicken flock follows a typical curve. While the curve is similar for most breeds of chickens, the specific numbers can vary significantly, especially with regards to age at first egg, peak production rate, and egg weight. | ASC-192
web only | 5 pages | 3,399 words | 81 downloads | PDF: 400 kb


Compost Bedded Pack Barn Design: Features and Management Consideration
11/12/2012 (new)

The compost bedded pack barn is a housing system for lactating dairy cows. It consists of a large, open resting area, usually bedded with sawdust or dry, fine wood shavings and manure composted into place and mechanically stirred on a regular basis. | ID-206
web only | 32 pages | 5,724 words | 91 downloads | PDF: 15,444 kb


Considerations for Starting an On-Farm Dairy Processing Enterprise
10/17/2012 (new)

With proper facilities and education, entreprenuers can successfully produce value-added dairy products on-farm. | ID-207
web only | 5 pages | 3,084 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 327 kb


Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis ("Pinkeye") in Cattle
9/24/2012 (major revision)

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is a costly disease for the beef producer. Tremendous losses stem from poor weight gain and loss of appetite in affected animals suffering from visual impairment and ocular pain. | ID-135
100 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,053 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 325 kb


Feeding the Broodmare: Four Easy Steps
8/22/2012 (new)

The nutritional needs of broodmares change as they go through the stages of reproduction. This publication begins with nutritional strategies to enhance the likelihood a mare will become pregnant, then it discusses feeding management of the mare during pregnancy and lactation, and it ends with some nutritional considerations for the post-weaning period. | ASC-185
web only | 4 pages | 2,998 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 1,750 kb


Chicken and Turkey Barbecue Project
7/12/2012 (major revision)

Cooking barbecue is a national pastime--as American as apple pie. What is more welcome than the aroma of food cooking on an outdoor grill? Barbecue cooking is for almost everyone, so get ready to develop skills you will use the rest of your life. | 4AJ-02PO
web only | 11 pages | 3,099 words | 106 downloads | PDF: 3,537 kb


Poultry Barbecue Contests
7/12/2012 (new)

Participants are evaluated on both their cooking skills and the product submitted for sensory evaluation. | 4AJ-03PO
web only | 8 pages | 1,583 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 546 kb


Poultry Judging Contests
7/12/2012 (new)

Judging contests are a tool used in the development of the life skills of 4-H members. Participation in judging and other competitive events helps 4-H'ers learn to make and defend decisions and to speak in public. Poultry judging also provides an excellent opportunity for 4-H'ers to learn about live chickens and the basis of grade and quality of poultry products. | 4AJ-04PO
web only | 6 pages | 2,006 words | 54 downloads | PDF: 785 kb


Poultry Judging: Grading Ready-to-Cook Poultry
7/12/2012 (new)

In the Kentucky state event, the participants are required to grade eight broiler, eight roaster-fowl, and eight turkey carcasses. In the national event, the participants grade 10 carcasses from each of the three weight groups, plus a second group of 10 broiler carcasses. | 4AJ-06PO
web only | 7 pages | 2,162 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 3,107 kb


Poultry Judging: Evaluating Hens
7/12/2012 (new)

In a 4-H poultry judging contest, participants are required to rank a group of four hens from most to least productive. The criteria used in judging the hens are based on pigmentation, handling qualities, abdominal capacity and molt. | 4AJ-07PO
web only | 4 pages | 1,523 words | 66 downloads | PDF: 1,862 kb


Poultry Judging: Giving Oral Reasons
7/12/2012 (new)

Oral reasons are an important part of a poultry judging contest. Participants have the opportunity to defend their placings of an egg production class. In addition, oral reasons are an important tool in the development of organization and communication skills, which in turn will build self-confidence. | 4AJ-08PO
web only | 17 pages | 1,834 words | 39 downloads | PDF: 1,106 kb


Egg Preparation Demonstration
7/12/2012 (new)

Participants in the Kentucky Egg-Preparation Demonstration are required to prepare a dish containing eggs while demonstrating proper food safety and cooking skills. | 4AJ-09PO
web only | 7 pages | 1,423 words | 57 downloads | PDF: 1,631 kb


Help! My Horse is Too Fat!
4/19/2012 (new)

As we understand more about the impact that obesity has on animal health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition. | ASC-187
web only | 4 pages | 2,833 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 413 kb


Staphylococcus aureus Mastitis
3/5/2012 (reprinted)

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial cause of contagious mastitis on dairy farms worldwide. More importantly, it is often at the root of chronically high somatic cell counts, recurrent clinical mastitis, and damaged mammary gland tissue. It is considered to be a contagious udder pathogen that spreads within and between cows during milking. Because it is often subclinical (milk looks normal but with a potentially high somatic cell count), infected animals pose a risk of infection to herd mates during each milking. | ID-190
200 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,035 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 271 kb


2011 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses | PR-636
600 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,667 words | 1 download | PDF: 410 kb


2011 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. | PR-635
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,297 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 387 kb


2011 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. | PR-634
750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,116 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 322 kb


2011 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. | PR-633
750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,058 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 402 kb


Distillers Grain Coproducts for Beef Cattle
12/5/2011 (new)

Feeding distillers grains derived from the production of spirits or ethanol for fuel is an acceptable practice for beef cattle production. The use of these products as both an energy and a protein supplement has been beneficial as the cereal grain prices have increased making these coproducts more cost competitive. | ASC-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,485 words | 81 downloads | PDF: 231 kb


Equine Viral Arteritis
11/14/2011 (new)

Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a contagious disease of horses and other equine species caused by equine arteritis virus (EAV) that is found in horse populations in many countries. It was first isolated and identified in 1953 from the lung of an aborted fetus with characteristic pathologic changes in the smaller arteries, which is how the disease got its name. | ID-197
web only | 3 pages | 1,640 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 270 kb


Profitability of Nitrogen Applications for Stockpiling Tall Fescue Pastures: 2011 Guide
10/5/2011 (new)

The concept of stockpiling is pretty straightforward, but the challenge each year is to determine the likelihood that this practice will be profitable given the economic and agronomic conditions present at mid-summer. This practice can yield significant benefits, but it also carries significant costs. These benefits and costs must be quantified and compared to assess the overall profitability of the practice. | ID-193
web only | 4 pages | 3,344 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 290 kb


Climate Change: A Brief Summary for Kentucky Extension Agents
9/20/2011 (new)

Nearly all climate science experts agree that global warming is occurring and that it is caused primarily by human activity. Regardless of what you may read on blogs or in the media, there is no meaningful scientific controversy on these points. The future impacts of global warming are difficult to predict, but the changes caused by greenhouse gases are expected to increasingly affect Kentucky agriculture. | ID-191
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,975 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


Methods of Identification for Horses
9/13/2011 (major revision)

In today's competitive world of equine sports, proper identification has become a top priority. Thorough and effective identification ensures that the horse being bought, sold, raced, or bred is indeed the horse it is claimed to be. Many methods are used to identify a horse, including markings, cowlicks, chestnuts, tattooing, freeze branding, blood typing, DNA typing, and microchip identification. | ASC-146
web only | 3 pages | 1,789 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 340 kb


Strategic Winter Feeding of Cattle using a Rotational Grazing Structure
8/4/2011 (new)

Winter feeding of cattle is a necessary part of nearly all cow-calf operations. In winter months, livestock producers often confine animals to smaller "sacrifice" pastures to reduce the area damaged from winter feeding. A poorly chosen site for winter feeding can have significant negative impacts on soil and water quality. Such areas include locations in floodplains, such as those along creek bottoms or around barns near streams. These locations are convenient, flat areas for setting hay ring feeders; however, their negative effects on water quality outweigh the convenience. | ID-188
web only | 4 pages | 2,255 words | 114 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


Preventing Barn Fire: Tips for Horse Owners
6/2/2011 (new)

Every year, close to 200 horses are reported to have died in barn fires in the United States. Although less frequent than house fires, barn fires are more common than we would like. Many barn fires could be prevented by good barn design/construction, strict personnel policies, and clear directives about how the barn and equipment should be maintained. | ASC-184
web only | 3 pages | 1,943 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb


Colic in Horses
5/18/2011 (major revision)

Among the species of domestic livestock, the horse is the species that most commonly suffers from colic, which is a general term for abdominal pain. Colic is one of the leading causes of death in horses and should be of concern for horse owners. | ASC-128
web only | 2 pages | 1,636 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


Horses and Rain
5/9/2011 (new)

Spring is a very rainy season in Kentucky. With a lot of rain comes a lot of mud, and in some places, floods. If you own horses, you need to be aware of some problems that arise when you have too much rain in a short period of time. | ASC-183
web only | 2 pages | 951 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


Marketing Lamb and Goat Meat to Hispanic Retail Outlets
3/15/2011 (new)

Because of minority populations immigrating into Kentucky, the level of lamb and goat consumption could grow exponentially within the next few years. Minority populations are expected to reach 235.7 million out of a total U.S. population of 439 million, or 53 percent of the total U.S. population, by 2030. These statistics indicate a growing market for meat processors and sheep and goat products. | ASC-182
web only | 4 pages | 2,442 words | 58 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


2010 Research and Extension Beef Report
3/11/2011 (new)

The 2010 Research and Extension Beef Report highlights advances in understanding of basic scientific principles of livestock production as well as applied research from which producers and the industry can benefit. Extension educational programs, on-farm demonstrations, and other activities help transfer this knowledge to producers so they can adopt of management changes as appropriate. | SR-104
web only | 89 pages | 56,665 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 2,100 kb


Managing Legume Induced Bloat in Cattle
3/10/2011 (new)

Ruminal tympany, or bloat, can result in lost animal performance and in severe cases, death. It occurs as a result of a buildup of fermentation gases in the rumen. Bloat may be categorized as frothy bloat, which is caused by the formation of a stable foam in the rumen, or free gas bloat, which is due to excessive production of gaseous compounds from fermentation or as a result of an obstruction preventing the escape of gas compounds. Legume bloat is a frothy bloat condition. | ID-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,366 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 400 kb


Equine Infectious Anemia
3/4/2011 (new)

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, lethargy, inappetence (lack of appetite) and anemia (low red blood cell count). | ASC-181
web only | 2 pages | 1,500 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 169 kb


Planning Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management
2/16/2011 (reprinted)

| ID-74
300 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 79 downloads | PDF: 646 kb


Using Expected Progeny Differences
2/10/2011 (major revision)

One of the most important decisions a cattle operator makes is selecting breeding animals to go into the cattle herd. Basing that decision on the genetic merit of the animal, not just the outward appearance, is critical to the herd's long-term performance. | ASC-141
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,008 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 248 kb


2010 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. | PR-618
600 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,519 words | 1 download | PDF: 365 kb


2010 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. | PR-617
800 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,167 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


2010 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield and animal acceptance. | PR-616
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 260 kb


2010 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. | PR-615
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 260 kb


Anthrax in Horses
10/7/2010 (new)

Horses become infected with anthrax either through ingestion, inhalation or skin penetration by biting flies or injury, especially when animals are exposed to soil or carcasses of infected animals. | ASC-180
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 210 kb


Trail Riding Etiquette for Horse Enthusiasts
9/20/2010 (new)

When you're trail riding, you need to be aware of safety, not only for yourself and the horse, but also as a courtesy for other trail users. You should follow all general precautions about safe riding, but also follow practices that apply specifically to trails, whether you're riding alone or in a group, for a short or long distance, or for fun or competition. | ID-183
web only | 2 pages | - | 22 downloads | PDF: 203 kb


Establishing Horse Pastures
9/20/2010 (major revision)

Kentucky and surrounding states are known for grass pastures and horses. Pastures supply nutrients, provide hoof support for exercise, control erosion, and add to the aesthetic value of horse farms. The ability to establish and manage horse pastures is therefore important to horse owners. | ID-147
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 45 downloads | PDF: 207 kb


Wobbler Syndrome in Horses
9/13/2010 (new)

Wobbler syndrome, or cervical vertebral malformation (CVM), is a devastating disease that can affect a horse's neurologic and musculoskeletal systems. It is a structural narrowing of the spinal canal due to a variety of vertebral malformations and leads to spinal cord compression. As a result, horses exhibit clinical signs of spasticity, ataxia, and lack of coordination. | ID-182
web only | 2 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 167 kb


How Much Meat to Expect from a Carcass: A Consumer's Guide to Purchasing Freezer Meats
8/2/2010 (new)

Consumers who buy freezer meat should understand the difference between the paid weight and the amount of meat they will put in the freezer. To avoid misunderstandings, meat processors should be able to explain to customers the approximate amount of meat to expect from a beef, pork, or lamb carcass, the best ways to have meat wrapped for the freezer, and the amount of freezer space necessary to store large amounts of meat. | ASC-179
web only | 2 pages | - | 120 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


4-H Horse Project Record for Kentucky 4-H Horse Club Members
7/15/2010 (major revision)

Keeping good records is an important part of your 4-H work. Accurate records will tell others about your work and progress and will help you to become a better horseman/woman. | 4AF-03RE
web only | 15 pages | - | 94 downloads | PDF: 266 kb


Rabies in Horses
6/15/2010 (major revision)

Rabies in the horse is a relatively uncommon disease. Although the number of confirmed rabies cases in horses is low, the potential for human exposure makes it important to discuss the causes of rabies and its diagnosis, treatment, and control. It is noteworthy that the American Association of Equine Practitioners and the American Veterinary Medical Association include rabies as one of the diseases for which horses should be vaccinated every year. | ASC-125
web only | 2 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 170 kb


Beef Sire Selection Manual
5/28/2010 (major revision)

In principle, genetic improvement is a straight-forward exercise that results from using above-average selection candidates as the parents of the next generation. In practice, the devil is in the details. Both bull breeders and bull buyers need to consider their breeding objectives, defining the list of traits that need to be modified to advance the towards their goal. | ASC-169
5,000 printed copies | 89 pages | - | 66 downloads | PDF: 2,140 kb


Growth Promoting Implants for Beef Cattle
3/24/2010 (major revision)

Utilization of growth-promoting implants in the beef cattle industry provides an opportunity for improving production efficiency. Within the animal, they promote protein synthesis, resulting in a 10 to 30% increase in growth along with a 5 to 10% improvement in feed efficiency. | ASC-25
web only | 4 pages | - | 37 downloads | PDF: 225 kb


Opportunities for Improved Cow Comfort through Freestall Barn Renovations
3/16/2010 (new)

A properly managed and designed freestall barn can support high levels of milk production and animal well-being. Mismanaged or poorly designed freestalls can contribute to mastitis, lameness, hock abrasions, and injuries. Through years of experience observing and studying cow behavior in freestall barns, farmers, researchers, and engineers have refined recommendations for freestall design and management. In addition, as cow size has increased so has the amount of resting space required within a freestall, effectively changing the recommendations for freestall dimensions. | ASC-178
250 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 4,985 kb


Evaluating the Health of Your Horse
2/5/2010 (new)

Horse owners, managers, and handlers can help to maintain the health of their animals by studying their behavior through observation and inspection, and should be able to accurately determine important measurements such as temperature, pulse, respiration, and mucous membrane color through a clinical examination. Having this information about your horse can be critical if the animal is ill or injured and you need to supply these details to your veterinarian. | ID-179
web only | 6 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 373 kb


2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report: Tolerance to Horses
12/21/2009 (new)

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-598
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 313 kb


2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/21/2009 (new)

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-597
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 294 kb


2009 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens) are both high-quality forage legumes that are used primarily in mixed stands with tall fescue or orchardgrass for improving yield and quality of pastures. | PR-596
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 214 kb


2009 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. | PR-595
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 216 kb


Compost Bedded Pack Barns in Kentucky
9/16/2009 (new)

Choosing the environment in which lactating dairy cows will spend the majority of their time is an important decision for dairy producers. This choice has considerable influence on productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. Innovative dairy producers have introduced a variation on the loose-housing system, generally referred to as a compost-bedded pack barn. Its key component is a large, open resting area, usually bedded with sawdust or dry, fine wood shavings. | ID-178
300 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 32 downloads | PDF: 350 kb


A Consumer Guide to Country of Origin Labeling
8/3/2009 (new)

Since March 2009, all retail red meats, seafood and shellfish, and fruits and vegetables must contain a "Country of Origin Label," or COOL--designed to further inform consumers on the origins of their food. | ASC-177
web only | 2 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 115 kb


2008 Cool Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-582
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


2008 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-581
1,100 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 246 kb


2008 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-580
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


2008 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-579
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 197 kb


Equine Emergency and Disaster Preparedness
10/3/2008 (new)

| ID-173
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 36 downloads | PDF: 240 kb


Core Vaccination Program and Infectious Disease Control for Horses
9/19/2008 (new)

| ASC-176
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 33 downloads | PDF: 240 kb


FAQs About the Retail Meat Case, Part 2: Basic Meats 101
4/23/2008 (new)

| ASC-175
250 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 145 kb


FAQs About the Retail Meat Case, Part 1: Hamburger
4/1/2008 (new)

| ASC-174
250 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 144 kb


Botulism: A Deadly Disease That Can Affect Your Horse
3/28/2008 (new)

| ASC-173
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 192 kb


Heaves in Horses
1/31/2008 (new)

| ASC-172
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 27 downloads | PDF: 531 kb


2007 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/15/2007 (new)

| PR-565
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 213 kb


The Use of Methyl Bromide to Control Insects in Country Hams in the Southeastern U.S.
10/31/2007 (new)

| ASC-171
250 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


Composting Horse Muck
10/10/2007 (new)

| ID-168
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 64 downloads | PDF: 291 kb


Temporary Fencing for Horse Pastures
8/24/2007 (new)

| ID-165
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 37 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


High Traffic Area Pads for Horses
7/15/2007 (new)

| ID-164
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 54 downloads | PDF: 348 kb


Pervious Concrete as a Flooring Material for Horse Handling Areas
3/13/2007 (new)

| ID-161
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 34 downloads | PDF: 243 kb


Goat Production Basics in Kentucky
3/6/2007 (new)

| ID-162
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 90 downloads | PDF: 167 kb


2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/26/2007 (reprinted)

| PR-547
1,200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 242 kb


2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report, Tolerance to Horses
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-548
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 189 kb


2006 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-546
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 136 kb


2006 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-545
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 136 kb


A Consumer's and Producer's Guide to Organic and Natural Meats
9/15/2006 (new)

| ASC-170
200 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 147 kb


Feeding and Managing Baby Calves from Birth to 3 Months of Age
8/30/2006 (minor revision)

| ASC-161
web only | 6 pages | - | 101 downloads | PDF: 172 kb


Using Byproducts to Feed Dairy Cattle
8/30/2006 (minor revision)

| ASC-136
web only | 8 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 158 kb


Managing Steep Terrain for Livestock Forage Production
8/30/2006 (new)

| ID-158
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 417 kb


Kentucky 4-H Horse Achievement Program Level 3
6/1/2006 (minor revision)

| 4AF-03PA
400 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 67 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


Kentucky 4-H Horse Achievement Program Level 4
6/1/2006 (minor revision)

| 4AF-04PA
400 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 56 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


Controlling Internal Parasites of the Horse
4/15/2006 (minor revision)

| VET-1
5,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 50 downloads | PDF: 662 kb


Managing Livestock Forage for Beef Cattle Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land
1/20/2006 (new)

| ID-157
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 477 kb


2005 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

| PR-531
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 178 kb


2005 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

| PR-530
1,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 243 kb


2005 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
1/5/2006 (new)

| PR-529
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 130 kb


Stockpiling for Fall and Winter Pasture
1/1/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-162
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 110 downloads | PDF: 187 kb


2005 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/30/2005 (new)

| PR-526
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 154 kb


The Kentucky Beef Book
9/15/2005 (minor revision)

| ID-108
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 26 downloads | HTML: 3 kb


2004 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-515
1,200 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 555 kb


2004 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-514
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 284 kb


2004 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-513
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 275 kb


2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-512
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 538 kb


Crossbreeding for the Commercial Beef Producer
11/1/2004 (new)

| ASC-168
500 printed copies | 5 pages | - | 65 downloads | PDF: 442 kb


Teasing Mares
7/30/2004 (new)

| ASC-157
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 42 downloads | PDF: 1,217 kb


Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky
7/15/2004 (reprinted)

| ID-152
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 266 kb


2003 Research and Extension Beef Report
6/1/2004 (new)

| SR-2004-2
500 printed copies | 43 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 481 kb


2003 Summary of the Five State Beef Initiative in Kentucky
5/30/2004 (new)

| ID-151
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 309 kb


2003 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-499
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 77 kb


Judging Performance Classes
3/31/2004 (new)

| ASC-167
web only | 4 pages | - | 34 downloads | PDF: 142 kb


Preparing and Giving Oral Reasons
3/31/2004 (new)

| ASC-166
web only | 38 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 406 kb


Interpreting Forage Quality Reports
3/15/2004 (reprinted)

| ID-101
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 30 downloads | PDF: 170 kb


2003 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-498
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 78 kb


2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-497
1,200 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 115 kb


2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-496
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 87 kb


Beef Sire Selection Recommendations
12/22/2003 (new)

| ASC-165
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 86 kb


Cattle Handling Facilities
12/19/2003 (reprinted)

Cattle handling facilities are used to confine cattle safely and efficiently for close observation and to perform routine health and management procedures. Adequate facilities are an essential part of an efficient cattle operation for any producer who wants to improve marketing, cattle health, and production. A well-planned handling facility can help you save money by making easier practices such as preventive health management, pregnancy testing, implanting, controlling parasites, vaccinating, castrating, and dehorning. | AEN-82
2,000 printed copies | 36 pages | - | 261 downloads | PDF: 1,386 kb


Trace Mineral Supplementation for Kentucky Beef Cows
11/15/2003 (new)

| ASC-155
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 65 downloads | PDF: 96 kb


2002 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
3/31/2003 (new)

| PR-481
600 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 72 kb


2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
3/15/2003 (new)

| PR-480
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 102 kb


Protocols for Synchronizing Estrus in Yearling Heifers
2/1/2003 (reprinted)

| ASC-164
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 31 downloads | PDF: 66 kb


Strategies to Improve Reproductive Efficiency of Heifers
2/1/2003 (reprinted)

| ASC-163
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 45 downloads | PDF: 23 kb


Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Efficiency in Beef Cows
2/1/2003 (reprinted)

| ASC-162
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 55 downloads | PDF: 158 kb


Managing Considerations in Beef Heifer Development
2/1/2003 (reprinted)

| ASC-144
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 49 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-479
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 79 kb


2002 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-472
2,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 72 kb


Understanding Beef Carcass Data Reports
11/15/2002 (new)

| ID-150
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 90 kb


Grazing Alfalfa
11/1/2002 (reprinted)

| ID-97
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 34 downloads | PDF: 152 kb


Beef Research Report-2002
9/30/2002 (new)

| PR-463
1,000 printed copies | 54 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 519 kb


2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-462
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 57 kb


Feeding Your Dairy Cows a Total Mixed Ration: Getting Started
12/15/2001 (new)

| ID-141A
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 55 kb


Managing the Total Mixed Ration to Prevent Problems in Dairy Cows
12/15/2001 (new)

| ID-141B
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 93 kb


Planning the Yearly Forage and Commodity Needs for a Dairy Herd
8/30/2001 (new)

| ASC-160
500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 126 kb


Considerations When Purchasing Hay for a Dairy Milking Herd
8/30/2001 (new)

| ID-138
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 88 kb


Kentucky 4-H Horse Achievement Program Level 2
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| 4AF-02PO
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 79 downloads | PDF: 334 kb


Horse Safety Guidelines for Kentucky 4-H Members
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| 4AF-05MA
1,500 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 73 downloads | PDF: 297 kb


Choosing Hay for Horses
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-146
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 397 kb


Alfalfa Cubes for Horses
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-145
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 310 kb


Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-144
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 362 kb


Total Quality Assurance Apple Production: Best Management Practices
5/1/2001 (new)

| ID-137
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 32 downloads | PDF: 271 kb


Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report 2000
12/3/2000 (new)

| PR-436
1,100 printed copies | 57 pages | - | - | PDF: 768 kb


Sampling Animal Manure
10/30/2000 (new)

| ID-148
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 27 downloads | PDF: 312 kb


Selection and Management Practices to Increase Consistency in Beef Cattle
9/30/2000 (new)

| ASC-159
5,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 60 downloads | PDF: 78 kb


Agronomy Research Report 2000
7/10/2000 (new)

| PR-432
2,500 printed copies | 55 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 550 kb


Pelvic Measurements and Calving Difficulty
6/1/2000 (minor revision)

| ASC-142
2,000 printed copies | 3 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 243 kb


Processing Sweet Sorghum for Syrup
5/31/2000 (minor revision)

| AGR-123
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,524 kb


Assessing Sow Body Condition
10/31/1999 (new)

| ASC-158
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 30 downloads | PDF: 257 kb


2000 Kentucky Beef Cattle Research Report
10/1/1999 (new)

| PR-417
700 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 4 kb


Feeding and Managing the Far-Off Dry Cow
9/1/1999 (new)

| ASC-156
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 294 kb


Dairy Foods Unit 4: Cultured Dairy Products
6/15/1999 (reprinted)

| 4JI-04PA
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 155 kb


Using Nutrition to Improve Immunity Against Disease: Copper, Zinc, Selenium, and Vitamin E
5/1/1999 (new)

| ASC-154
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 40 downloads | PDF: 114 kb


Boar Selection: Using Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs)
7/30/1998 (new)

| ASC-153
1,000 printed copies | - | - | - | HTML: 14 kb


1998 Agronomy Research Report
7/1/1998 (new)

| PR-402
1,500 printed copies | 56 pages | - | - | PDF: 403 kb


KAES Annual Report, 1997
6/15/1998 (new)

| AR-110
1,000 printed copies | 60 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 320 kb


Manipulation of the Estrous Cycle in Swine
12/1/1997 (new)

| ASC-152
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 337 kb


Mastitis and Its Control
7/11/1997 (minor revision)

| ASC-140
1,000 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 29 downloads | PDF: 79 kb


KAES Annual Report, 1996
6/1/1997 (new)

| AR-109
700 printed copies | 60 pages | - | - | PDF: 327 kb


Pasture for Dairy Cattle: Challenges and Opportunities
4/1/1997 (new)

| ASC-151
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 184 kb


Using the Dart Ration Computer Program to Answer Nutrition Questions About Dairy Cattle
9/15/1996 (minor revision)

| ASC-131
30 printed copies | 18 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 210 kb


KAES Annual Report, 1995
6/1/1996 (new)

| AR-108
1,500 printed copies | 94 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 560 kb


Keeping Production Records for the Beef Herd
3/30/1996 (reprinted)

| ASC-150
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 61 downloads | PDF: 145 kb


Management of Swine Mating
9/1/1995 (new)

| ASC-148
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 98 kb


Feeding Growing-Finishing Pigs to Maximize Lean Growth Rate
8/31/1995 (reprinted)

| ASC-147
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 44 downloads | PDF: 96 kb


Feeding and Managing the Weanling Pig
8/1/1995 (new)

| ASC-149
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 67 kb


KAES Annual Report, 1994
6/1/1995 (new)

| AR-107
1,600 printed copies | 93 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 681 kb


Equine Feeding Management
4/1/1995 (new)

| ASC-143
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 45 downloads | PDF: 146 kb


Poultry Litter Management
1/1/1995 (new)

| ID-117
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 9 downloads | HTML: 11 kb


Using Mga to Shorten the Beef Breeding Season
8/26/1994 (reprinted)

| ASC-132
5,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 21 downloads | PDF: 129 kb


Production-Oriented Lamb Marketing
6/1/1994 (reprinted)

Grading and marketing lambs is the culmination of a year-long program. Decisions concerning marketing and the management of lambs still on the farm markedly affect the success of a sheep producing program. By its prices for different types of lambs, the market sends signals about what should be produced. Managers must look at price trends over time and compare them with production costs. Your income is the true measure of success in any production program. The steps to a good marketing program include analyzing both the market and the product you plan to market. | ID-102
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 4 downloads | HTML: 31 kb


Sheep Identification Systems
4/1/1993 (reprinted)

| ASC-130
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 8 kb


Sheep Foot Care and Diseases
4/1/1993 (reprinted)

| ASC-129
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 24 kb


Developing a Sheep Enterprise
4/1/1993 (reprinted)

| ASC-126
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 4 downloads | HTML: 16 kb


Role of Nutrition on Reproductive Performance
10/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-138
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 29 downloads | PDF: 191 kb


Accomplishing a Sound Dairy Nutritional Program
10/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-137
500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 223 kb


More Milk = More Feed
10/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-135
500 printed copies | 5 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 195 kb


Balancing Rations for Dairy Cows
8/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-139
500 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 23 kb


Should You Be Feeding Fat to Your Dairy Cows?
8/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-134
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 189 kb


Balancing Rations
5/31/1991 (minor revision)

| ASC-12
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 32 kb


Producing and Marketing High Quality Wool
5/1/1990 (new)

| ASC-127
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 24 kb


Forages for Horses
5/1/1989 (new)

| ASC-120
10,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 45 downloads | PDF: 201 kb


Economical Alternative Feeds for Sheep
4/1/1989 (new)

| ASC-119
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 24 kb


Using Drought-Stressed Corn Harvesting, Storage, Feeding, Pricing and Marketing
8/1/1988 (new)

| ID-86
7,500 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 32 kb


Basic Horse Nutrition
7/1/1988 (new)

| ASC-114
10,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 46 downloads | PDF: 243 kb


Creep Grazing for Beef Calves
4/1/1987 (new)

| ID-76
20,000 printed copies | - | - | 6 downloads | HTML: 11 kb


Beef Cattle Corrals and Handling Facilities
4/1/1986 (reprinted)

| ID-13
20,000 printed copies | - | - | 9 downloads | HTML: 17 kb


Factors Affecting Feed Conversion in Growing-Finishing Swine
9/1/1985 (new)

| ASC-104
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 23 kb


Improving Preweaning Survival of Pigs
6/1/1985 (new)

| ASC-106
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 9 kb


Swine Confinement Breeding Facilities
9/1/1983 (new)

| ID-58
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 5 downloads | HTML: 11 kb