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Forestry and Natural Resources


PPFS-OR-W-28

Laurel Wilt Disease and Redbay Ambrosia Beetle

7/8/2020 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Tyler Dreaden, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Jonathan Larson, Kimberly Leonberger

Laurel wilt is a newly discovered fungal disease that presents a major threat to sassafras in Kentucky. The disease was first detected in the U.S. in 2003 and in southwestern Kentucky in 2019. Currently, laurel wilt is known to occur in eleven southeastern states bordered by Kentucky (north), North Carolina (east), Florida (south), and Texas (west). Research is ongoing to determine the impact and distribution of both the laurel wilt fungus and the redbay ambrosia beetle that carries it.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Plant Pathology
Series: Woody Ornamental Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-OR-W series)
Tags: insect pests, plant diseases
Size: 1.58 mb
Pages: 2



ID-260

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Peach in Kentucky

6/8/2020 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky peach plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, garden and landscape, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 20.77 mb
Pages: 28



PPFS-FR-S-30

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Strawberry Production

5/27/2020 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Inegrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 439 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-FR-S-29

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Blueberry Production

5/12/2020 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Inegrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags:
Size: 376 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-28

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Brambles Production

5/8/2020 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Inegrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 347 kb
Pages: 5



PPFS-FR-S-27

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Grape Production

3/4/2020 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Inegrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: mb
Pages: 7



FOR-135

Softwood Growth Rings

1/10/2020 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Many softwoods look similar to the naked eye at first; the colors are often similar, maybe light-colored overlaid with tinges of yellow-brown or perhaps a slight pinkish cast. Even the weights of similarly-sized pieces (the densities) might seem similar. There are, however, differences in the wood structure that we can use to separate the various species. Two of the most important characteristics we look at are 1) the presence or absence of resin canals (as discussed previously) and 2) the appearance of the earlywood--latewood transition in annual growth rings.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 14.61 mb
Pages: 6



FOR-136

Further Distinguishing Softwood Species

1/10/2020 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Recognizing that an unidentified sample is a resinous or non-resinous softwood, with either an abrupt or a gradual transition is a good start towards identifying an unknown specimen. The problem is that this information is rarely enough! Other characteristics need to be combined with that data. Some of the things to look out for include characteristic odors, the diameter of the tracheids, and the presence of storage cells. Sometimes the context or original location of the material can be helpful.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 3.34 mb
Pages: 4



FOR-137

Hardwood Growth Rings

1/10/2020 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

As in softwoods, hardwood species identification is accomplished by looking at species-specific combinations of features. Almost all hardwood species (including all of those from North America) contain vessels which appear as holes (pores) on wood cross-sections; hardwood species without vessels are unlikely to be encountered in North America. Those species are more commonly found in the southern hemisphere and are rarely sold as commercial species.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 14.73 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-138

Wood Structure and Mechanical Performance are Related

1/10/2020 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

There is a strong correlation between wood density and mechanical properties, and this is true for both softwood and hardwood species. Density and strength properties can vary even within species due to different growth conditions.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 3.17 mb
Pages: 4



ID-194

Diagnosing Plant Problems: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 7

8/22/2019 (major revision)
Authors: Jessica Bessin, Rick Durham, Adam Leonberger, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, Andrea Stith, Lee Townsend, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Stacy White, Erica Wood

For those with a green thumb, growing plants may seem easy. However, when plant problems arise, determining the cause of these issues can be difficult. Developing the skills necessary to determine the cause of a plant problem takes experience and time. The steps involved in the diagnostic process first require analysis of information regarding the history of the symptomatic plant and the surrounding area. Plant symptoms and signs provide additional evidence to aid in determination of a possible cause.

Departments: Barren County, Bell County, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Franklin County, Hopkins County, Horticulture, Mercer County, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 28



FOR-133

Using Camera Surveys to Estimate White-tailed Deer Populations

8/7/2019 (new)
Authors: Jonathan Matthews, Matthew Springer

For the past 20 plus years, wildlife biologists have used game camera surveys to estimate population size and health in many wildlife species including white-tailed deer. Population estimates of wildlife populations have historically been conducted through capture-mark-recapture surveys, line-transect surveys, helicopter surveys, and other methods. These methods, while proven accurate, are often costly, time-consuming, and are not readily available to the average landowner. In the 1990s, researchers evaluated the reliability of camera surveys based on proven methods of population estimates. Studies indicated that camera surveys are a reliable method for accurate population estimates of white-tailed deer, and more recent studies have continued to support this method. The simple yet robust method has created a reliable, rather easily implementable tool to the public, allowing them to inventory their deer herds on the properties they own or lease.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 847 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-134

Identifying and Mitigating Plant Damage Caused by the Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

8/7/2019 (new)
Authors: Matthew Springer

Woodpeckers cause various types of damage to plants, trees, and even human structures. There are several species of woodpeckers present in Kentucky, and damage varies with species. One species of woodpecker that creates a rather unique type of damage is the yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varus), which overwinters in Kentucky and then migrates north in spring.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: wildlife
Size: 1.01 mb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-T-25

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Apple Production

8/1/2019 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

egrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance. Extension offices can also provide updated pest management recommendations. This cultural guide serves as a supplement to published spray guides and scouting guides.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: fruits, nursery and landscape, plant diseases
Size: 986 kb
Pages: 7



PPFS-FR-T-26

Cultural Calendar for Commercial Peach Production

8/1/2019 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Integrated pest management (IPM) includes the combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in efforts to manage diseases and pests while minimizing risks associated with pesticides. Cultural practices are an integral part of an IPM program and should be incorporated into all commercial systems whether large or small, conventional or organic. This publication provides recommended practices at approximate growth stages and/or production periods. However, these timelines are approximate and may require adjustment for particular conditions. Growers who encounter situations that may not align with suggestions here should contact their county Extension office for assistance. Extension offices can also provide updated pest management recommendations. This cultural guide serves as a supplement to published spray guides and scouting guides.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: fruits, nursery and landscape, plant diseases
Size: 1.39 mb
Pages: 7



ID-254

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Grape in Kentucky

6/11/2019 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Patsy Wilson, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky grape plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 36



ID-251

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Brambles in Kentucky

9/13/2018 (new)
Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky blackberry and raspberry plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Mercer County, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 2.50 mb
Pages: 32



FOR-131

A Checklist for Operators of Small Dry Kilns

8/31/2018 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Drying air-dried hardwood lumber to the finished moisture content (MC) requires care and attention, but it's not difficult. This document describes the steps a kiln operator should follow to get the best lumber from his/her air-dried material. It will probably be most useful for operators of small kilns, but the principles are the same regardless of kiln size or type of kiln.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: forestry, natural resources, timber
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 12



FOR-132

A Start-Up Guide for Operators of Small Dry Kilns

8/31/2018 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Step-by-step procedures so you can keep your dry kiln operation well-organized and running properly.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: forestry, natural resources, timber
Size: 2.90 mb
Pages: 12



FOR-121

Vertebrate Pest Management: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 19

1/23/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Matthew Springer

Most people enjoy watching wildlife around the home, whether it is birds at a feeder, butterflies on flowers, or the occasional deer or turkey wandering through the yard. In some instances, wildlife come into contact with humans and are in the wrong place at the wrong time. For the gardening enthusiast, this encounter can create conflict.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 750 kb
Pages: 10



IP-73

Living Along a Kentucky Stream

11/8/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Amanda A. Gumbert, Lee Townsend

Guidelines for maintaining a healthy stream and understanding stream stewardship.

Departments: Ag Programs, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interprogram (IP series)
Tags:
Size: 6.83 mb
Pages: 12



ID-244

Landscape Site Assessment

9/6/2017 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Rick Durham, Bill Fountain

The most common reason trees and shrubs fail to perform as anticipated is that their cultural requirements differ from the site characteristics. People often plant things they know and love from a distant state, purchase because they are on sale, or find attractive but don't understand the environmental requirements. In some cases, a site can be easily modified to make it more suitable for a desired species. Most of the time, it is difficult or impossible to change the site characteristics enough for the plant to thrive. Appropriate watering is essential for establishment of recently transplanted trees and shrubs. This becomes even more important (and challenging) for plants poorly matched to their sites. Selecting plant species that will thrive under particular site conditions is an easier and less expensive option. The first step in doing this is to understand the site where you plan to plant.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 125 kb
Pages: 4



ID-245

Predator Management for Small-Scale Poultry Enterprises in Kentucky

5/4/2017 (new)
Authors: Jacquie Jacob, Tony Pescatore, Matthew Springer

As urban expansion spreads, there is a loss of natural habitat for wildlife. Wildlife has come into closer contact with livestock operations, and some of these animals are predators of poultry.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-128

Hardwood Dry Kiln Operation: A Manual for Operators of Small Dry Kilns

4/6/2017 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Green lumber is used mostly for local uses such as fence boards, barn siding and so forth. Lumber that will be glued or finished has to be dried, however, and that includes just about all the higher-value wood products used indoors such as flooring, furniture, wall paneling, cutting boards and so forth. Dry lumber can be used for more types of products and has greater marketability. Dry lumber is also worth more than green lumber.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11.03 mb
Pages: 114



ID-243

Management of Wildlife and Domestic Animals on Your Farm: Good Agricultural Practices

1/10/2017 (new)
Authors: Matthew Springer, Paul Vijayakumar

Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) are necessary to ensure that fresh fruits and vegetables are harvested, handled, and packaged in a sanitary manner. Field crops are at a higher food safety risk than processed foods because of regular exposure to several sources of contamination, including soil, manure, human handling, domestic and wild animals, and water. While it is impossible to completely eliminate these risks, GAPs ensure that these risks are as small as possible when implemented correctly.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 908 kb
Pages: 3



ID-240

What Is Your Tree Worth?

12/22/2016 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Bill Fountain

Occasionally, through no fault of your own, your valuable trees and landscape plants may be damaged. Landscape appraisers are called on to assess individual plants and entire landscapes as a result of storms, human damage, destruction, and failure. Appraisals are an estimate of the nature, quality, value, or utility of an interest or an aspect of real estate.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 903 kb
Pages: 5



ID-241

After Your Ash Has Died: Making an Informed Decision on What to Replant

12/22/2016 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Bill Fountain, Lee Townsend, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Unfortunately the emerald ash borer is only the latest in a series of invasive pests that have recently decimated our trees. Here, we provide basic information on the death of our ash trees and what types of species are less likely to be impacted by invasive insects and diseases in the future.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 247 kb
Pages: 5



ID-238

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Strawberry in Kentucky

11/17/2016 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The pictures included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky strawberry plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: plant diseases
Size: 10.03 mb
Pages: 28



FOR-129

Black Vulture Damage Control

11/11/2016 (new)
Authors: Matthew Springer

Vultures, as with all other wildlife, will take advantage of resources available to them, and unfortunately this behavior sometimes involves human dwellings or livestock operations. Fortunately, vultures respond well to relatively simple methods that discourage them from congregating or feeding in critical areas.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.93 mb
Pages: 4



ID-237

Soil Percolation: A Key to Survival of Landscape Plants

9/14/2016 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Rick Durham, Bill Fountain

Eighty to 90 percent of disease and insect problems on landscape plants can be traced back to soil problems. Plants must be adapted to the site if they are to meet our expectations of growing, remain healthy, and attractive.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: soil and land
Size: 3.29 mb
Pages: 4



FOR-122

How to Select and Buck Logs for Railroad Ties

3/4/2016 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

As of 2014, railroads were purchasing in the neighborhood of 25 million wooden ties each year, so the railroad tie industry can be a reliable market for loggers and sawmillers. Prices for green ties are viewed as good compared to lower-grade lumber, though actual market prices depend on immediate demand, competing lumber prices, distance from the seller to the treating plant, and tie quality and species. If you're a logger reading this article, you'll learn to make better decisions about how to select trees and logs for crossties and switch ties, and you'll be able to buck them so that they're worth more money overall.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 6.00 mb
Pages: 9



PPFS-GEN-14

Don't Eat Those Wild Mushrooms

2/1/2016 (new)
Authors: Ellen Crocker, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Mushrooms are strange and wonderful things--some are beautiful, some are ugly, some are delicious, and some are deadly. Mushroom hunting is a fun and rewarding hobby that can turn a hike through local woods into a puzzle-solving adventure. Many people are drawn to mushroom hunting and the potential to forage for food. Unfortunately, there is a dark side to mushroom foraging: poisoning. Each year, wild mushrooms lead to numerous illnesses and even a few deaths.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Plant Pathology
Series: General Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-GEN series)
Tags: plant diseases
Size: 1.28 mb
Pages: 5



FOR-123

Introduction to Wood Structure and Characteristics

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Knowing how to identify unknown pieces of wood using a hand lens is the only skill you will need for most situations---and that's the purpose behind most of this manual. A section at the end about how to identify wood using a microscope is available should you want to develop your wood identification expertise.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 4



FOR-124

First Steps in Identifying Wood

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Wood samples need to be identified for all sorts of reasons, and they come in all shapes, sizes and conditions. I've received samples that were sound, samples that were waterlogged, samples that were rotted or otherwise degraded, painted samples, furniture samples, even samples containing wood preservatives. Most of the samples I receive have a North American origin, but I also receive pieces from art museums and antique dealers that can originate from just about anywhere. This sometimes means that identifying the sample by a common name alone doesn't provide enough information.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.98 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-125

Distinguishing Softwoods from Hardwoods

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Softwood and hardwood trees are made up of different types of cells. With just a little magnification, it's easy to see that softwood growth rings look different from hardwood growth rings. Additionally, growth rings don't look the same for all of the trees, and the growth ring appearance is one of the things we will look at to identify wood.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 4



FOR-126

Grain Patterns and Growth Rings

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Frequently you need to be able to observe wood cells from a particular perspective, and you will need to know where to look for different features on your sample. It's also very helpful to develop a kind of "visual vocabulary" that will let you match a term with a corresponding mental image, and the information in this chapter will start you on your way.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 3



FOR-127

The First Separation of Softwood Species

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Just making the separation between softwoods and hardwoods doesn't help much in identifying wood species; that would be sort of like identifying children by their hair color. Let's look at the next level of wood features that you need to be able to recognize.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 4.20 mb
Pages: 6



ID-210

Midwest Blueberry Production Guide

5/12/2014 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Cheryl Kaiser, Chris Smigell, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Dwight Wolfe, Shawn Wright

Blueberries are one of the few fruit crops native to North America. Wild blueberries were utilized by Native Americans for making medicines, dyes, and flavorings, as well as for direct consumption. Once a small-scale crop produced within limited regions, blueberries are now grown throughout the United States and the rest of the world.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 58



FOR-91

Growing Forest Botanicals and Medicinals

3/15/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

If you are interested in producing some of Kentucky's native medicinal plants, the first step is to gather as much information about them as possible. This publication includes useful information including a list of helpful books, contacts, and organizations.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.70 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-79

Shiitake Production: Log Selection and Preparation

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms grow well on many species of hardwood tree. The Shii tree, native to Japan where these mushrooms originate, is in the same family as our oak trees, so all kinds of oaks are useful for shiitake production.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 477 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-83

Shiitake Production: Incubation and Stacking

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Monitor your logs for shade, moisture, and pest and disease problems while they are incubating. If firewood- or teepee-stacked logs are losing too much moisture, you may need to rearrange the stacks. (The bottom logs will always retain more moisture). Lean-to stacked logs should be more even in their moisture content, but they too can be reversed if necessary.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.68 mb
Pages: 3



FOR-84

Shiitake Production: Pest Control

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms do not have many pests. Many problems with insects and competitive fungi can be avoided by timely cutting and inoculating of shiitake logs, and by good hygiene and maintenance practices.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.62 mb
Pages: 3



FOR-86

Shiitake Production: Processing and Storage

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

How you handle your mushrooms depends on whether you plan to market them fresh or dried, retail or wholesale.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 740 kb
Pages: 3



FOR-87

Shiitake Production: Marketing

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

The most common outlets for marketing your shiitake mushrooms are farmers markets, whole food and health food stores, restaurants and restaurant suppliers, supermarkets (especially locally owned rather than the national chains), produce buyers, and produce wholesalers.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 623 kb
Pages: 3



FOR-90

Shiitake Production: Production Options

3/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

This series of publications emphasizes growing shiitake mushrooms on natural hardwood logs. The denser hardwoods (oaks, hickories, chestnut) seem to produce better over the long run, and other hardwoods (maples, sweetgum) may begin to produce more quickly but will exhaust more quickly also.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 242 kb
Pages: 4



AEC-99

The Kentucky Agricultural Economic Outlook for 2013

12/5/2012 (new)
Authors: Alison Davis, Will Snell, Jeff Stringer, Billy Thomas, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Agricultural Economics (AEC series)
Tags:
Size: 490 kb
Pages: 4



The Kentucky Agricultural Economic Outlook for 2012

12/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Bobby Ammerman, Kenny Burdine, Craig Infanger, Lee Meyer, Will Snell, Andrew Stainback, Jeff Stringer, Cory Walters, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series:
Tags:
Size: 153 kb
Pages: 4



ID-191

Climate Change: A Brief Summary for Kentucky Extension Agents

9/20/2011 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Ric Bessin, Jeffrey Bewley, Roy Burris, Tim Coolong, Lee Meyer, Joe Taraba, Paul Vincelli, George Wagner

Nearly all climate science experts agree that global warming is occurring and that it is caused primarily by human activity. Regardless of what you may read on blogs or in the media, there is no meaningful scientific controversy on these points. The future impacts of global warming are difficult to predict, but the changes caused by greenhouse gases are expected to increasingly affect Kentucky agriculture.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 4



ID-187

Woodland Winter Feeding of Cattle: Water Quality Best Management Practices

5/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Steve Higgins, Jeff Stringer, Sarah Wightman

Cattle maintain their body temperature in winter by burning more calories, which requires them to consume more feed. Livestock producers use wooded areas to provide protection for cattle from wind and low temperatures. That protection enables the cattle to conserve energy and eat less. Using wooded areas for winter feeding makes practical sense, but producers need to consider several environmental issues when planning for it.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 273 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-119

Uneven-aged Management in Mixed Species, Southern Hardwoods: Is it Feasible and Sustainable?

4/7/2011 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

For uneven-age stands to develop, both young and old trees need to be developing in the same stand, where younger trees are naturally smaller in diameter than older trees. Thus, guidelines and graphs used by foresters to help establish uneven-age stands use diameter as a surrogate for age and assume that age and diameter are related.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 796 kb
Pages: 16



FOR-120

Site Preparation for Natural Regeneration of Hardwoods

4/7/2011 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

One aspect of forest sustainability is regenerating the stand to desired species once the stand is harvested. Usually the species present in the overstory are more desirable than those in the understory and midstory. If management is not performed to adjust the regenerating species composition prior to the harvest, these understory and midstory species likely will be the composition of the future stand.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 557 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-81

Kentucky Shiitake Production Workbook: Inoculation

3/23/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

To begin the process of shiitake mushroom production, you must "sow the seed" just as you would with any other agronomic crop. For shiitake, the "seed" is called spawn and consists of the mushroom spores mixed with sawdust (for sawdust spawn) or wood (for dowel spawn) and a little grain to add a higher level of carbohydrate for the organism to feed on.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-85

Shiitake Production: Harvesting

3/23/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

If you started with live spawn from a reputable supplier and freshly cut logs from living hardwood trees, your logs should be ready to produce shiitake mushrooms after 6 to 18 months of incubation.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 800 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-78

Introduction to Shiitake: The Forest Mushroom

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms may prove to be a new commodity that will provide some economic return on small diameter wood from private woodlands that otherwise would be used only for firewood.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 447 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-80

Shiitake Production: Spawn Selection

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake mushrooms are like any other plant crop--they must be started from "seed." For mushrooms, this process begins when the mushroom's spores (normally located in the cap on the underside between the gills) are mixed with nutrients and a cellulose source, usually hardwood sawdust.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 235 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-82

Shiitake Production: Monitoring Moisture Content of Logs

2/3/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Shiitake spawn cannot survive in logs that have a moisture content of less than 23%. Ideal moisture conditions for shiitake growth are log moisture content of 35% or more. If logs are left in the open air and are not monitored for moisture content, and climatic conditions are dry, the moisture content of the logs can fall to 20% to 25%.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 170 kb
Pages: 5



ID-185

Planting a Riparian Buffer

9/28/2010 (new)
Authors: Carmen Agouridis, Chris Barton, Amanda A. Gumbert, Sarah Wightman

Actively creating a riparian buffer typically consists of six steps: site assessment, planting plan development, site preparation, species selection, planting, and protection and maintenance.

Departments: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 3.27 mb
Pages: 8



FOR-77

Shiitake Production on Logs: Step by Step in Pictures

6/17/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 14



FOR-118

Have Maples Will Sugar

5/20/2010 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Woodland owners may find that they have many maple trees in their woodlots. If these trees are larger than 10 inches in diameter, and if there are 25 to 40 maple trees per acre, woodland owners might want to think about making maple syrup as a possibility for increased income from their woodlots.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 549 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-96

Forest Water Quality Plan: Preparing an Agriculture Water Quality Plan for Your Woodlands

5/18/2010 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

All parties involved in woodland operations are responsible for water quality protection. One of the most effective methods of protecting water quality during forestry operations is to use BMPs. BMPs are guidelines and techniques that, when used properly, can help reduce impact to our waters. They do this by decreasing erosion and the creation of muddy water, keeping chemicals and fluids out of streams, and limiting changes in the woods next to streams.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 334 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-107

Site Preparation and Competition Control Guidelines for Hardwood Tree Plantings

8/13/2009 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

This publication presents recommendations for key factors associated with hardwood planting success. The publication also provides competition control and site preparation alternatives for a number of common planting sites and conditions. For each site and condition, several alternatives provide a range of options, allowing users to select the alternative that best fits their objectives and timetables.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.35 mb
Pages: 36



FOR-110

Non-Timber Forest Products and Agroforestry

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Agroforestry is the practice of integrating long-term tree crops with annual agronomic crops and/or livestock. This type of integrated agriculture has been successfully practiced for thousands of years in many parts of the world, especially in the tropics. Temperate regions have been a bit slower to adopt agroforestry practices, but in the past decade or so, there has been increasing interest in using agroforestry techniques in temperate countries around the world.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 771 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-111

Agroforestry: Alley Cropping

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Alley cropping is probably the most commonly used technique of agroforestry. It simply involves planting single or double lines of trees and/or shrubs intercropped with a wide "alley" of either row crops or pasture grasses. The width of the alley is determined by the size of the harvesting equipment needed for the crop grown in the alley.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 551 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-112

Agroforestry: Riparian Buffer Strips

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Riparian buffer strips are zones of native trees, shrubs, and grasses designed to protect the temperature and clarity of moving water and to prevent agricultural chemicals and soil from eroding directly into stream water. The Kentucky Water Quality Act of 1994 encouraged farmers to protect their streams from soil erosion and compaction from livestock. Best management practices (BMPs) for people who are harvesting timber require streamside management zones (SMZs).

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.23 mb
Pages: 2



FOR-113

Argoforestry: Silvopasture

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

In the practice of silvopasture, you have three simultaneous crops: the tree crop, the forage crop, and the livestock crop. As with other agroforestry practices, if you plan to use biocides (pesticides, fungicides, insecticides) and/or chemical fertilizers, you must be sure that all of the component parts of the proposed system can tolerate the additives. Foresters have a long-standing attitude that cattle and trees do not mix (because of soil compaction and rubbing around and on the trees by the livestock), but in this case, you are intentionally putting them together, ideally for mutual benefit.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 377 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-114

Agroforestry: Windbreaks

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Windbreaks were first used extensively in the United States in the 1930s, after the Dust Bowl days made it clear that certain agricultural practices tended to facilitate the loss of topsoil by wind erosion. They are also a practical agroforestry technique in any location where there are significant prevailing winds. Windbreaks are used to manage snow, improve irrigation efficiency, screen views and reduce noise, protect farm crops and farm buildings, protect free-ranging livestock, provide wildlife habitat, and provide non-timber forest products (e.g., berries, woody florals).

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 491 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-115

Agroforestry: Forest Farming

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Of all the techniques of agroforestry, forest farming is probably the one most useful to landowners in Kentucky. Most have some forestland, and many of those owners don't really "do" anything with that land, keeping it for wildlife habitat, recreation, or a possible timber sale if there is a sudden need for cash. However, with some professional help from a consultant forester or from the Kentucky Division of Forestry, forest landowners can implement something called timber stand improvement (TSI). Forest farming can be a part of that decision, if the landowner considers the options before starting the TSI operation.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 935 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-116

Agroforestry: Christmas Trees

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Kentucky has always had a Christmas tree industry, although at a very small scale. The benefits of producing Christmas trees include guaranteed market every year, a short growing period relative to other tree crops, periodic intensive management (planting, shearing, marketing) but otherwise not much time required in management, and a good return on investment.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 789 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-117

Medicinal Plants

8/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

People have harvested and processed forest plants for medicinal purposes since the beginning of recorded history. Ginseng is perhaps the one best known in Kentucky because it is easily the most commercially valuable. However, if you read health supplement labels in all the "big box" stores or other similar locations, you will find goldenseal, blue cohosh, black cohosh, bloodroot, wild ginger, slippery elm, witch-hazel, mayapple, and many other forest plant-derived substances. There are established markets for these plants, although not as obvious as corn, soybean, or cattle markets.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 338 kb
Pages: 2



4DC-05PA

Insect Identification Guide for Senior 4-H Forestry Competition Training

4/20/2009 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

This booklet was written to help Senior 4-H'ers preparing for the National 4-H Forestry competition held each year in Jackson's Mill, West Virginia. Flash cards and links to various external websites about individual insects' appearance and habitats are posted on the website for the national competition (http://www.aces.edu/n4hfi/page4.html), but no single document is available that summarizes the information that students need when they're beginning their studies. This booklet has been written to fill that gap.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Entomology and Bees (4DC series)
Tags:
Size: 3 kb
Pages:



FOR-109

Timber Theft and Trespass

2/23/2009 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 10



FOR-106

Technical Guide to Crop Tree Release In Hardwood Forests

1/6/2009 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Crop tree release (CTR) is a widely applicable silvicultural technique used to enhance the performance of individual trees. It offers flexibility in that it can be applied on small or large properties, and with certain modifications, it can be applied as a precommercial or commercial operation. By favoring the development of selected crop trees within a hardwood stand, the landowner can meet a variety of area-wide management objectives such as wildlife habitat, recreation, timber value, aesthetic beauty and species diversity. CTR can be applied at various stages of development, including sapling, pole and sawtimber stands, depending on the specific opportunities to improve stand conditions. In some cases, it may be advisable to apply CTR more than once during the rotation. As forest managers gain experience with CTR, many come to realize that it is a versatile silvicultural technique that can be effective in many situations.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.21 mb
Pages: 24



FOR-108

Producing and Inspecting Railroad Crossties

3/14/2008 (new)
Authors: Terry Conners

Several types of structural wooden members are used in railroad track and related structures, but this article focuses on crossties--which are used to hold track in place at a de?ned gauge, or distance between rails--and their production and grading. This article describes what a good piece of wood looks like and how to recognize crossties with problems before they are placed in track. Understanding what tie inspectors look for will help tie producers make better ties and achieve a lower rate of tie rejection.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.26 mb
Pages: 20



PR-554

2007 Nursery and Landscape Research Report

11/26/2007 (new)
Authors: Bob Anderson, Sharon Bale, Chris Barton, Win Dunwell, Rick Durham, Bill Fountain, Richard Gates, Bob Geneve, John Hartman, Ken Haynes, Dewayne Ingram, Bob McNeil, Dan Potter, Lisa Vaillancourt, Richard Warner, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 48



FOR-89

Shiitake Production: Resources for Shiitake Growers

7/10/2007 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Marcella Szymanski

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 169 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-105

Caring for Christmas Trees

12/18/2006 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-53

Kentucky Forestry Fact Sheet

12/14/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Terry Conners, Deborah Hill, Jeff Stringer, Billy Thomas

Departments: Family and Consumer Sciences, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-100

Oak Shelterwood: A Technique to Improve Oak Regeneration

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 695 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-101

Hardwood Plantations as an Investment

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 856 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-102

Forest Management Strategies to Minimize the Impact of Gypsy Moth

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 770 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-103

Two-Aged System and Deferment Harvests

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 12



FOR-104

Treatments for Improving Degraded Hardwood Stands

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 994 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-99

Managing Oak Decline

7/1/2006 (new)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 558 kb
Pages: 6



4DF-01PB

Introducing Yourself to Trees

4/15/2006 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Suppose you woke up tomorrow and there were no trees or products from trees. What would be missing? You might be surprised to learn how many interesting and useful things in your life come from one of our most valuable natural resources--the forest.

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 304 kb
Pages: 12



4DF-03PC

Kentucky 4-H Forestry Project Planting Trees

10/30/2005 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 233 kb
Pages: 12



AEN-88

The Global Positioning System

9/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Ben Koostra, Doug McLaren, Tim Stombaugh

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags:
Size: 305 kb
Pages: 6



4DF-02PA

Kentucky's Useful Forests

6/1/2005 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: 4-H Programs, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: 4-H Natural Science: Forestry (4DF series)
Tags:
Size: 1.56 mb
Pages: 24



FOR-88

Shiitake Production: Potential Profits from a Small-Scale Shiitake Enterprise

3/21/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Marcella Szymanski, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 242 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-17

Kentucky Christmas Tree ProductIon Workbook Plantation Layout

1/30/2004 (minor revision)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 217 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-72

Woodland Owners Training Manual for Developing a Forestry Agriculture Water Quality Plan

9/15/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 321 kb
Pages: 20



FOR-65

Tree Tips

6/15/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 197 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-98

Attracting Butterflies with Native Plants

6/15/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 437 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-71

Wild About Wildflowers

12/7/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

The purpose of this publication is to provide information about native Kentucky wildflowers and their conservation in the wild. If you choose to develop a garden to attract wildlife or a garden based on native plant materials, the information and ideas contained in this publication will allow you to make a more informed choice about plant material.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: biodiversity, natural resources
Size: 456 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-67

Kentucky Forest Practice Guidelines for Water Quality Management

3/15/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 3 kb
Pages:



FOR-42

Managing Mole Problems in Kentucky

6/30/2001 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 208 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-97

Attracting Hummingbirds to the Garden

9/30/2000 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 424 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-95

What Is Forestry?

9/1/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Marcella Szymanski

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 1.22 mb
Pages: 20



FOR-70

Determining Best Management Practices for Timber Harvesting Operations in Kentucky: A Training Manual for Loggers

8/25/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 140 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-68

Trees, Shrubs and Vines That Attract Wildlife

4/1/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 2.11 mb
Pages: 28



FOR-93

Definition of Conservation Practices in Kentucky

2/1/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 360 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-94

Financial Assistance Guide for Conservation Practices in Kentucky

2/1/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 25 kb
Pages:



FOR-44

Managing Woodchuck Problems in Kentucky

5/30/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 261 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-41

Managing Chipmunk Problems in Kentucky

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 376 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-46

Snakes: Information for Kentucky Homeowners

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Of the 33 snake species found in Kentucky, only four are poisonous. These are the Northern copperhead, Western cottonmouth (water moccasin), timber rattlesnake, and pygmy rattlesnake. While venomous snakes should be respected and approached with caution, most snakes a homeowner encounters in an urban environment are harmless and beneficial because they eat mice and other rodents. This publication seeks to dispel much of the misinformation about snakes and to help homeowners effectively reduce opportunities for accidental encounters with these legless reptiles.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 206 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-49

Managing Skunk Problems in Kentucky

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 255 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-52

Eastern Bluebirds Nesting Structure Design and Placement

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Colonial settlers called the eastern bluebird the harbinger of spring or "blue robin" because of its chestnut orange breast and iridescent blue back and tail. One of Kentucky's common resident passerine birds, this strikingly elegant bird is admired most for its beauty, gentle disposition, family devotion, and delightful call. It is also easily attracted to homeand farm surroundings when nesting structures are correctly constructed and well placed.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 153 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-74

Guide to Urban Habitat Conservation Planning

4/15/1999 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 174 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-76

Landscape Ecology and Ecosystems Management

4/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 283 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-75

An Ecosystems Approach to Natural Resources Management

2/28/1999 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 330 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-73

Creating Urban Stormwater Control Ponds for Water Quality and Wildlife Habitat

12/15/1998 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 111 kb
Pages: 6



FOR-58

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard: Employee's Right to Know

11/30/1997 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 122 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-9

A Landowner's Guide Measuring Farm Timber

9/15/1997 (reprinted)
Authors: Don Graves

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 91 kb
Pages:



ID-124

Factors to Consider in Bringing Idle Land Back to Production

4/1/1997 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, Deborah Hill, Jim Martin, Lloyd Murdock, Monroe Rasnake, Lee Townsend, Dick Trimble

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 228 kb
Pages: 12



FOR-39

Paulownia: A Guide to Establishment and Cultivation

2/15/1997 (reprinted)
Authors: Don Graves

Paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa), or kiri, was introduced into the US during the 1800s. It quickly became naturalized over much of the eastern states. Except for its ornamental qualities, it was generally ignored or considered a weed tree. However, since Japanese buyers have begun to buy US grown logs, Paulownia is now considered a premier timber species. Prices paid for Paulownia logs often exceed those paid for black walnut, recognized as "The King" of the hardwoods. This publication contains specific information for the paulownia grower on site selection, seed collection and storage, planting stock development and early plantation care. A recent publication from the University of Kentucky, Department of Forestry, "Paulownia Plantation Management: A Guide to Density Control and Financial Alternatives" gives specific information on spacing and growth characteristics necessary for the production of high quality logs.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 28 kb
Pages:



FOR-27

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Pest Control: Animals

7/31/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 24 kb
Pages:



FOR-27A

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Pest Control: Insects

7/1/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 747 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-15

Managing Sustainable Forests in Kentucky

6/11/1996 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 997 kb
Pages: 28



FOR-38

Controlling Woodpecker Damage

7/1/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-13

Managing Wildlife Damage Problems in Kentucky: Assistance, Procedures, Policies and Regulations

6/9/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 19 kb
Pages:



ID-115

Managing Commensal Rodent Problems in Kentucky

6/1/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Mike Potter

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 352 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-51

Managing Muskrat Problems in Kentucky

3/1/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 14 kb
Pages:



FOR-43

Managing Rabbit and Vole Problems in Kentucky Orchards

2/28/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 21 kb
Pages:



FOR-48

Bats: Information for Kentucky Homeowners

2/28/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 22 kb
Pages:



FOR-45

Managing Tree Squirrel Problems in Kentucky

2/1/1995 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-59

An Introduction to Wood Anatomy Characteristics Common to Softwoods and Hardwoods

11/30/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Those who work with wood should have a basic understanding of wood anatomy so they will be familiar with how different anatomical features influence wood properties and, in turn, how these properties react to different treatments and uses of the wood. This publication introduces the reader to wood characteristics that are common to both hardwoods and softwoods.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 175 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-61

Scientific Classification of Trees

11/30/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 143 kb
Pages: 4



FOR-60

Open Face Tree Felling Method

11/15/1994 (new)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 172 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-54

Wood Destroying Organisms and Wood Preservatives

10/1/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 534 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-56

Paulownia Log Grades: Specifications and Uses

5/15/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Jeff Stringer

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 143 kb
Pages: 2



FOR-57

Managing White Tailed Deer

1/15/1994 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 25 kb
Pages:



FOR-55

Drying Wood

5/1/1993 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Reeb

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 213 kb
Pages: 8



FOR-8

Kentucky Coffeetree

2/16/1993 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 12 kb
Pages:



FOR-23

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Vegetation Control

10/1/1992 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 248 kb
Pages: 7



FOR-50

Managing Beaver Problems in Kentucky

10/1/1991 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 16 kb
Pages:



FOR-24

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Fertilization

9/27/1991 (reprinted)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags: nutrient management, production practices
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-25

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Irrigation

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 4 kb
Pages:



FOR-28

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Harvesting

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 7 kb
Pages:



FOR-30

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Use of 'Cull' Trees

9/27/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-19

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Ground Covers

8/1/1991 (minor revision)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 5 kb
Pages:



FOR-26

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Pruning and Shearing

5/9/1991 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-34

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook References

4/15/1991 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 14 kb
Pages:



FOR-33

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Production Calendar

12/15/1990 (reprinted)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 6 kb
Pages:



FOR-32

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Developing a Demonstration Plot

12/1/1990 (reprinted)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 10 kb
Pages:



FOR-16

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Planning and Site Selection

11/19/1990 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 11 kb
Pages:



FOR-18

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Site Preparation

11/19/1990 (new)
Authors: Bonnie Appleton, Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 6 kb
Pages:



ID-103

Kentucky's Endangered and Threatened Species

11/1/1990 (new)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Monte Johnson

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags:
Size: 16 kb
Pages:



FOR-47

Compass and Pacing

9/1/1990 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 8 kb
Pages:



FOR-36

Kentucky Christmas Tree Production Workbook Budgeting and Economics

12/10/1988 (reprinted)
Authors: Deborah Hill, Forrest Stegelin

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 60 kb
Pages:



FOR-2

Yellow-Poplar

9/20/1985 (new)
Authors: Deborah Hill

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 12 kb
Pages:



FOR-14

Debris Burning and Forest Fires

2/1/1984 (new)
Authors: Doug McLaren

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources
Series: Forestry (FOR series)
Tags:
Size: 4 kb
Pages: