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UK Ag Equine Programs Calendar, 2019
11/26/2018 (minor revision)

The information in this calendar is provided to aid owners in planning for the care and use of their horses. When necessary, information is discussed in the month prior to application to allow horse owners adequate time to plan for activities such as weed control, soil testing, and vaccinations. Contact your local veterinarian for health-related issues and your county extension agent for further information. | ID-196
2,400 printed copies | 32 pages | 5,598 words | - | PDF: 12,000 kb

2016 Study of Current Conditions of Kentucky County Animal Shelters and Degree of Compliance with Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws
1/5/2017 (new)

Kentucky's county animal shelter conditions have not been studied for over 20 years. Major goals of this study were to assess current conditions in Kentucky's county shelters and determine the degree of compliance with Kentucky shelter laws. Additional information was gathered to determine the major problems and needs identified by shelter personnel and researchers. Data was used to determine if additional state funds or refinements and additions to current laws are warranted to ensure humane care of animals in Kentucky's county shelters. |
web only | 60 pages | 12,201 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 3,687 kb

Equine Metabolic Syndrome: Is My Horse Just Fat, or Is He Sick?
10/4/2016 (new)

Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) is an endocrine disorder that affects equids (horses, ponies, and donkeys) in three defining ways: they are obese and/or have localized fat deposits, they are in an insulin resistance (IR) state, now referred to as insulin dysregulation (ID), and they are predisposed to developing laminitis. | ID-239
web only | 3 pages | 1,558 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,473 kb

Etymology of the Scientific Names of Some Endoparasites of Horses
10/29/2015 (new)

The use of only common names for parasites can be confusing because of lack of uniformity. Fortunately a huge contribution for science was made by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus who is considered the father of taxonomy. English translation of the scientific names here are mainly from "dictionary" sources. A few are from the original descriptions. More than one possible meaning is listed for some of the scientific names. | SR-110
25 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,500 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 114 kb

Strongyles in Horses
7/24/2015 (new)

Parasites live in a host from which they obtain food and protection. They may harm but usually do not benefit the host. The word "parasite" is derived from the Latin and Greek languages meaning, in general, "one who eats at the table of another." It is said that a "good" parasite does not overtly harm or kill its host. It is theoretically possible that a more benign parasite (e.g. Gasterophilus spp.) is much "older in eons of time" and it and its host have adjusted better to each other than a conceivably "newer" parasite (e.g. Strongylus spp.) which may be more harmful to its host. | SR-109
40 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,655 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Staggers (Tremorgenic Syndrome)
7/20/2015 (new)

"Staggers" is an all-inclusive term for a group of nervous system disorders caused by indole-diterpenoid mycotoxins produced by various types of fungi on forages. These mycotoxins are collectively known as "tremorgens", and they may be found in several types of grasses at varying stages of maturity. | VET-35
web only | 2 pages | 758 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 588 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Acute or Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)
7/17/2015 (new)

In the Southeastern United States, acute interstitial pneumonia has been produced by ingestion of the leaves and seeds of perilla mint (Perilla frutescens). Perilla ketone is the toxin absorbed from the rumen into the bloodstream and carried to the lungs where it damages the lung tissue in cattle. | ID-231
web only | 3 pages | 1,551 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 507 kb

Slaframine Toxicosis or "Slobbers" in Cattle and Horses
7/17/2015 (new)

Although black patch occurs only sporadically, the right temperature, moisture, and soil pH may combine and allow Rhizoctonia leguminicola to thrive. Be aware of the possible consequences of this fungus, especially profuse salivation or "Sobbers" in cattle and horses. Good forage management, will reduce the risk of problems when utilizing this forage. | ID-230
web only | 2 pages | 948 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 256 kb

Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance Program
2/6/2015 (reprinted)

Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) is a program developed to ensure that beef and dairy cattle are managed in a manner that will result in safe and wholesome beef and milk products for the consumer. Specifically, BQA is designed to enhance carcass quality by preventing drug residues, injection-site blemishes, and bruises. The Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance Program is based on recommended national guidelines and scientific research. This program enables beef and dairy producers to enhance their product, maximize marketability, and strengthen consumer confidence. | ID-140
4,000 printed copies | 83 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 2,353 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Hypomagnesemic Tetany or "Grass Tetany"
9/18/2014 (new)

Magnesium is a vital component of normal nerve conduction, muscle function, and bone mineral formation. Hypomagnesemic tetany or "grass tetany" is a disorder caused by an abnormally low blood concentration of the essential mineral magnesium (Mg). Synonyms for this disorder include spring tetany, grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning, or lactation tetany. | ID-226
web only | 3 pages | 1,726 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 121 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Brassicas--Be Aware of the Animal Health Risks
8/12/2014 (new)

Although infrequent, brassica crops can cause animal health disorders if grazing is managed improperly. Most brassica-related disorders in cattle tend to occur during the first two weeks of grazing while adjusting to the forage. The primary potential disorders are polioencephalomalcia or PEM, hemolytic anemia (mainly with kale), nitrate poisoning, and pulmonary emphysema. Other possible clinical disorders include bloat and rumen acidosis, and metabolic problems such as hypomagnesemia and hypothyroidism with goiter. Glucosinates present in brassicas are precursors of irritants that can cause colic and diarrhea. Large bulbs may lodge in the esophagus and lead to choking. Certain brassicas (specifically rape) can cause sunburn or "scald" on light-skinned animals, especially when grazed while the plants are immature. Other potential problems include oxalate poisoning and off-flavoring of meat and milk. | ID-223
web only | 3 pages | 1,867 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 913 kb

Fescue Toxicosis
7/3/2014 (new)

"Fescue toxicosis" is the general term used for the clinical diseases that can affect cattle consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue. Tall-fescue pastures containing ergot alkaloids are responsible for the toxic effects observed in livestock, including hyperthermia (elevated body temperature), gangrene of the extremities, decreased weight gain, and poor reproductive performance. Clinical signs vary depending on the cattle, the environmental conditions, and the level and duration of the exposure. Early clinical signs are often reversible after removal from contaminated pastures or hay. | ID-221
web only | 4 pages | 2,470 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 740 kb

Cyanide Poisoning in Ruminants
4/21/2014 (new)

Cyanide poisoning of livestock is commonly associated with johnsongrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and other forage sorghums. Choke-cherry or wild cherry, elderberry, and arrow grass are less frequent causes. Young plants, new shoots, and regrowth of plants after cutting often contain the highest levels of cyanogenic glycosides. The risk from potentially dangerous forages may be reduced by following the management practices in this publication. | ID-220
web only | 2 pages | 973 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 255 kb

Collection and Preparation of Milk Samples for Microbiological Culturing
4/16/2014 (major revision)

In developing individual farm mastitis control and treatment strategies, it is often necessary to characterize the types of bacteria that are present on your farm. To answer this question, a microbiological analysis, or milk culture, must be performed on milk samples collected from cows showing clinical or subclinical signs of mastitis. Results of the milk cultures will help identify which bacteria are causing the mastitis. In turn, this information can be used to alter mastitis control, prevention, and treatment options to fit your herd's conditions. | ID-180
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,439 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 873 kb

A Fresh Cow Health Monitoring System
4/2/2014 (new)

Researchers at the University of Kentucky combined existing disease detection systems to produce a fresh cow examination system that may help producers detect diseases earlier by monitoring subtle changes every day during a cow's fresh period. Compiling daily information about each animal will enable producers to notice changes in health that may otherwise have been overlooked. These records may help producers detect illnesses early, thus reducing the long-term effects (reduced milk production or fertility) and costs (re-treatment, milk loss, or death) of a disease. Learning what diseases are common on a particular farm can focus producers' efforts towards preventive measures specific to their operation. Preventing disease, rather than treating, can save producers time and money and can improve overall cow well-being. | ID-218
web only | 15 pages | 3,501 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 1,900 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Ergotism
3/31/2014 (new)

Ergotism and fescue toxicosis are clinically similar syndromes caused by consuming plants containing ergot alkaloids. The toxic effects and mechanisms of action are similar in both syndromes although the alkaloids are produced by different species of fungi. It grows on rye, wheat, barley, triticale, oats, and various grasses. Rye and triticale are more susceptible than other grains because they require a longer period of pollination. Grasses potentially infected include tall fescue, bluegrass, brome, canarygrass, quackgrass, timothy, wild barley, and annual and perennial ryegrass. Shallow cultivation, no-till farming, and lack of crop rotation increase the likelihood of infection of crops. Environmental conditions of a cool, wet spring followed by hot early summer temperatures are ideal for the fungus to grow. | VET-34
web only | 2 pages | 964 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 400 kb

Forage-Related Disorders in Cattle: Nitrate Poisoning
3/10/2014 (new)

Few plants normally contain high nitrate levels, since under normal growing conditions the nitrates are converted to protein as quickly as they are absorbed from the roots. However, under certain conditions plants can develop dangerously high nitrate levels which can cause nitrate intoxication. Death or abortion may result. Care must be taken to recognize possible toxic forages and manage them appropriately to avoid animal loss. | ID-217
web only | 3 pages | 2,447 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 314 kb

Colostrum Management for Dairy Calves
1/22/2014 (new)

During gestation, the placenta of the cow effectively separates the blood of the fetus from that of the dam and prevents any transfer of protective immunity while in the uterus. Therefore, the calf is born completely dependent on the absorption of maternal antibodies from colostrum after birth. Colostrum is the milk produced from the mammary gland in the first 24 hours after birth. A calf's gastrointestinal tract is designed to temporarily allow the absorption of large molecules including antibodies from the small intestine, but only during the first 24 hours after birth. Although colostrum contains several different types of immunoglobulins, IgG accounts for roughly 85 percent of the total volume. IgG absorption is most efficient in the first four hours of life and declines rapidly after 12 hours of age. At 24 hours, the gut is completely closed and there is no further immunoglobulin absorption. These absorbed antibodies must be consumed in order to protect the calf from disease organisms until its own immune system becomes functional. | VET-33
web only | 3 pages | 1,983 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 280 kb

Review of Life Cycles of Some Parasitic Nematodes in Mammals
10/28/2013 (new)

Most internal parasites of vertebrates require stages outside the host for development and transmission. Some life cycles are simple and straightforward. Others may have one or more intermediate or paritenic hosts. Knowledge of life cycles of parasites first of all is of great scientific interest. Secondly, life cycles are of great importance in controlling parasites. The object of this presentation is to review life cycles of some mammalian parasitic nematode species in research in association with the University of Kentucky. | SR-106
100 printed copies | 8 pages | 4,600 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb

Using DHIA Records for Somatic Cell Count Management
4/26/2013 (new)

DHIA (Dairy Herd Improvement Association) records are an essential part of dairy herd management for many progressive dairy operations. However, for producers new to DHIA, interpreting the meaning of all this information can be a bit overwhelming. Even producers who have been DHIA members for many years may not fully understand all the value that DHIA records can provide for SCC management. What follows is a description and interpretation of SCC-related information available to dairy producers on DHIA test reports. | ID-212
web only | 5 pages | 1,560 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 915 kb

Management of the Dry Cow to Prevent Mastitis
11/30/2012 (new)

As we move into a new era of lower acceptable somatic cell count levels, the prevention and control of mastitis takes on increased importance. For many years, the contagious mastitis pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Mycoplasma bovis were the focus of control measures primarily implemented in the milking parlor to stop the spread of these organisms from cow to cow. These contagious organisms often cause high individual somatic cell counts and ultimately high bulk tank somatic cell counts. As these high somatic cell count cows have been culled due to milk marketing regulations and more dairymen have adopted NMC recommended milking procedures, the contagious pathogens are decreasing. | ID-209
100 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,647 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 430 kb

Recommended Milking Procedures for Maximum Milk Quality
11/30/2012 (new)

When it comes to minimizing mastitis and lowering somatic cell counts, the area where you have the most control is your milking procedures. Understanding and following proper milking procedures is a critical step to maintaining maximum milk quality. | ID-208
web only | 4 pages | 1,807 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 2,700 kb

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis ("Pinkeye") in Cattle
9/24/2012 (major revision)

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is a costly disease for the beef producer. Tremendous losses stem from poor weight gain and loss of appetite in affected animals suffering from visual impairment and ocular pain. | ID-135
100 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,053 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 325 kb

A Practical Method of Identification of the North American Cyathostomes (Small Strongyles) in Equids in Kentucky
5/3/2012 (major revision)

Now that veterinarians and researchers are beginning to accept the pathological consequences that can be caused by cyathostomes (small strongyles), more and more researchers want to learn to identify them. Fortunately, for those just learning, the reality is that they will probably see fewer than one-third of the 33 species. Additionally, these species are the most prevalent and in the greatest numbers; consequently, they are the most dangerous to equids. Once a person is familiar with these, a rare species will "stick out like a sore thumb." The fact that a species is so different will be noted and its characteristics easily remembered. | SR-2000-1
100 printed copies | 44 pages | 10,187 words | 16 downloads | HTML: 3 kb

Staphylococcus aureus Mastitis
3/5/2012 (reprinted)

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial cause of contagious mastitis on dairy farms worldwide. More importantly, it is often at the root of chronically high somatic cell counts, recurrent clinical mastitis, and damaged mammary gland tissue. It is considered to be a contagious udder pathogen that spreads within and between cows during milking. Because it is often subclinical (milk looks normal but with a potentially high somatic cell count), infected animals pose a risk of infection to herd mates during each milking. | ID-190
200 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,035 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 271 kb

Equine Viral Arteritis
11/14/2011 (new)

Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a contagious disease of horses and other equine species caused by equine arteritis virus (EAV) that is found in horse populations in many countries. It was first isolated and identified in 1953 from the lung of an aborted fetus with characteristic pathologic changes in the smaller arteries, which is how the disease got its name. | ID-197
web only | 3 pages | 1,640 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 270 kb

Managing Legume Induced Bloat in Cattle
3/10/2011 (new)

Ruminal tympany, or bloat, can result in lost animal performance and in severe cases, death. It occurs as a result of a buildup of fermentation gases in the rumen. Bloat may be categorized as frothy bloat, which is caused by the formation of a stable foam in the rumen, or free gas bloat, which is due to excessive production of gaseous compounds from fermentation or as a result of an obstruction preventing the escape of gas compounds. Legume bloat is a frothy bloat condition. | ID-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,366 words | 40 downloads | PDF: 400 kb

Using Dry Lots to Conserve Pastures and Reduce Pollution Potential
2/16/2011 (reprinted)

| ID-171
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 860 kb

Wobbler Syndrome in Horses
9/13/2010 (new)

Wobbler syndrome, or cervical vertebral malformation (CVM), is a devastating disease that can affect a horse's neurologic and musculoskeletal systems. It is a structural narrowing of the spinal canal due to a variety of vertebral malformations and leads to spinal cord compression. As a result, horses exhibit clinical signs of spasticity, ataxia, and lack of coordination. | ID-182
web only | 2 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 167 kb

Evaluating the Health of Your Horse
2/5/2010 (new)

Horse owners, managers, and handlers can help to maintain the health of their animals by studying their behavior through observation and inspection, and should be able to accurately determine important measurements such as temperature, pulse, respiration, and mucous membrane color through a clinical examination. Having this information about your horse can be critical if the animal is ill or injured and you need to supply these details to your veterinarian. | ID-179
web only | 6 pages | - | 39 downloads | PDF: 373 kb

Some Historic Aspects of Small Strongyles and Ascarids in Equids Featuring Drug-Resistance with Notes on Ovids: Emphasis on Research at the Unversity of Kentucky
3/13/2009 (new)

The present bulletin focuses mainly on drug-resistant species (small strongyles and ascarids) of internal parasites of the horse with emphasis on historic research. Some discussion is presented also of research at UK on the sheep "barber pole" stomach worm (Haemonchus contortus) which has a historic role in drug resistance. | SR-102
500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 249 kb

Equine Emergency and Disaster Preparedness
10/3/2008 (new)

| ID-173
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 36 downloads | PDF: 240 kb

Goat Production Basics in Kentucky
3/6/2007 (new)

| ID-162
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 92 downloads | PDF: 167 kb

Feeding and Managing Baby Calves from Birth to 3 Months of Age
8/30/2006 (minor revision)

| ASC-161
web only | 6 pages | - | 102 downloads | PDF: 172 kb

Tapeworms in Horses
4/15/2006 (minor revision)

| VET-32
5,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 21 downloads | PDF: 430 kb

Controlling Internal Parasites of the Horse
4/15/2006 (minor revision)

| VET-1
5,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 50 downloads | PDF: 662 kb

The Kentucky Beef Book
9/15/2005 (minor revision)

| ID-108
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 28 downloads | HTML: 3 kb

2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-512
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 538 kb

2003 Research and Extension Beef Report
6/1/2004 (new)

| SR-2004-2
500 printed copies | 43 pages | - | 21 downloads | PDF: 481 kb

2003 Summary of the Five State Beef Initiative in Kentucky
5/30/2004 (new)

| ID-151
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 309 kb

2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-496
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 87 kb

Trace Mineral Supplementation for Kentucky Beef Cows
11/15/2003 (new)

| ASC-155
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 65 downloads | PDF: 96 kb

Proceedings, First Workshop on Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome
4/28/2003 (new)

| SR-2003-1
1,500 printed copies | 1 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 1 kb

2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-479
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 79 kb

2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-462
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 57 kb

2000 Kentucky Beef Cattle Research Report
10/1/1999 (new)

| PR-417
700 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 4 kb

A Health Calendar for Spring-Calving Herds
11/1/1993 (new)

| VET-31
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | MS Word: 89 kb

Club Lamb Fungus Disease
5/1/1993 (new)

| VET-30
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | MS Word: 37 kb

Preventing and Treating Disease in Exhibition Market Animals
8/1/1990 (new)

| VET-28
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | MS Word: 30 kb

Chemical and Drug Residues in Livestock
10/1/1989 (new)

| VET-27
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | MS Word: 34 kb

Residue Avoidance Program: Injection Techniques in Swine
11/1/1985 (new)

| ID-70
2,000 printed copies | - | - | - | HTML: 16 kb

Residue Avoidance Program: Therapeutic Selection in Swine
10/1/1985 (new)

| ID-69
2,000 printed copies | - | - | - | HTML: 11 kb

Brucellosis of Cattle
3/1/1985 (reprinted)

| VET-26
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 4 downloads | MS Word: 37 kb

Residue Avoidance Program: Feed Additives and Residue Prevention in Swine
2/1/1985 (new)

| ID-66
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 20 kb

Residue Avoidance Program: Feed Handling System
2/1/1985 (new)

| ID-65
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 14 kb

Housing for Pleasure Horses
9/1/1983 (reprinted)

| ID-57
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 6 downloads | HTML: 23 kb

E.I.A. Equine Infectious Anemia
1/1/1973 (new)

| VET-10
300 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 107 kb