University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

Online Publications

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College publications are given 2-part "pub numbers" that are used to identify them. The first part (the prefix) is a set of letters that indicates which series the document belongs to. A series is a grouping of documents that share similar content.

The second part of the pub number is just a sequential number.

Series: Horticulture

Reducing Heat Stress to Container-Grown Plants
11/14/2017 (new)

Production of plants in containers offer many advantages over field production. Shorter production cycles, larger numbers of plants per acre, and the ability to continuously market and ship plants are among those advantages. However, there are some disadvantages including more intense cultural practices, a relatively short window of optimum marketability due to container size restrictions, and rapid daily temperature fluctuations within the container substrate (growing medium). This publication will provide information about plant response to high root-zone temperatures, identify critical temperatures, describe the factors that influence temperature fluctuations, and suggest cultural practices to reduce heat stress in container-grown plants. | HO-119
web only | 6 pages | 3,953 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 1,240 kb

A Beginners Guide to Vegetable Gardening in Kentucky: Plans and Preparations
10/2/2017 (new)

Begin by thinking about vegetables you and your family like to eat. Then think about what you want to grow. Some vegetables will grow better in Kentucky than others because of the average daily temperatures and amount of rainfall. It is also important to learn about the needs of each vegetable variety you are thinking about planting in your garden. Does it grow better in sun or shade? How much water does it need? What type of soil does it grow best in? Is it a cool season crop or a warm season crop? | HO-118
web only | 7 pages | 2,832 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb

Wine Distribution for Small Farm Wineries in Kentucky
8/22/2017 (new)

Small farm wineries in the state of Kentucky face a major issue when they look to expand, through wholesale distribution, into retail outlets. Like many states, Kentucky uses a "three-tier system" of distribution, where wineries must sell their product to a distributor, who then can legally sell the product to retailers. But because small- to medium-sized wineries rarely produce a volume that is attractive to major brand distributors, their products either don't make it to the retail shelves, or are placed suboptimally for their target market. Here, we look at ways to address this issue in order to help promote the wine industry from the wholesale point-of-view. | HO-116
20 printed copies | 3 pages | 2,356 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 173 kb

Ecosystem Services of Landscape Plants: A Guide for Green Industry Professionals
1/23/2017 (new)

This publication is meant to assist green industry professionals in marketing and customer education efforts as they explore marketing their products and services to improve green infrastructure. Consumers are placing increasing value on and acknowledging the critical role that landscape plants play in the urban environment, from reducing urban heat islands to improving the aesthetic experience (i.e. curb appeal) we derive from the landscape of an individual home. | HO-115
web only | 12 pages | 4,507 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 2,547 kb

Planting Container-Grown Trees and Shrubs in Your Landscape
9/14/2016 (new)

Many landscape plants are installed as container-grown (containerized) specimens. These, along with balled and burlapped (B&B) and bareroot, are the three major ways we transplant trees and shrubs from nurseries to our landscapes. The keys to quick establishment and decades of satisfaction are following proven techniques in installation and providing proper care after transplanting. | HO-114
web only | 4 pages | 1,791 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 1,553 kb

Planting Bareroot Trees and Shrubs in Your Landscape
9/14/2016 (new)

Many landscape plants can be installed as bareroot specimens. This method, along with balled and burlapped (B&B) and container grown plants, one of the three major ways we transplant trees and shrubs from nurseries to our landscapes. The keys to quick establishment and decades of satisfaction are following proven techniques in installation and providing proper care after transplanting. | HO-113
web only | 4 pages | 1,846 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 1,441 kb

Economic Impacts of the Kentucky Green Industry
12/16/2015 (major revision)

The green industry, comprised of firms engaged in the production and use of landscape and floral crops and related supplies and equipment and the design, construction, and maintenance of landscapes, has a significant impact on Kentucky's economy. Green-industry enterprise owners, managers, and employees should be aware of their economic impacts, and policy makers and other state leaders need to know the importance of this industry as potential laws, regulations and resource allocations are considered. This publication is intended to provide a brief summary of the 2013 economic impacts of the green industry in Kentucky. | HO-108
web only | 3 pages | 1,841 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 152 kb

Characteristics of Kentucky's Nursery and Greenhouse Industries
12/16/2015 (major revision)

The purpose of this publication is to characterize Kentucky's nursery and greenhouse industry in relation to the national and regional industry by gleaning information from the national surveys conducted by the Green Industry Research Consortium for 2013, 2008, and 2003. The survey data will be augmented by information obtained from the experiences of the authors and from conversations with nursery owners. | HO-89
web only | 10 pages | 3,937 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 399 kb

Understanding Soilless Media Test Results and Their Implications on Nursery and Greenhouse Crop Management
7/17/2014 (new)

Although choosing or formulating media with optimum physical properties (such as pore air space and water holding capacity) for a given production environment and crop plant is important, this publication focuses on the chemical properties of soilless media determined with a laboratory test as conducted through the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service at the Division of Regulatory Services Soil Testing Laboratories. | HO-112
web only | 4 pages | 2,443 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 252 kb

Sustainable Production Systems: Principles and Approaches for Optimizing Efficiency in Nursery and Landscape Businesses
3/14/2014 (new)

Publications in the Sustainable Production Systems series discuss ways of pursuing sustainability in nursery production systems. Sustainable businesses are those that yield acceptable returns on investments, conserve natural resources, make positive contributions to the community, and create a workplace culture where employees feel safe, productive, and valued. | HO-110
web only | 17 pages | 9,670 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 5,953 kb

Understanding Irrigation Water Test Results and Their Implications on Nursery and Greenhouse Crop Management
2/6/2014 (new)

The purpose of this fact sheet is to discuss irrigation water quality factors and to present general guidelines for optimal ranges for measured factors in a University of Kentucky water analysis for nursery and greenhouse crop production. | HO-111
web only | 6 pages | 3,971 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 264 kb

Sustainable Production Systems: Efficient Wholesale Nursery Layout
1/31/2013 (new)

This publication provides the framework for planning and implementing efficient wholesale nursery layout. Concepts and ideas presented here are applicable to new construction or the modification of an existing nursery. A basic approach toward creating efficient systems will be discussed as well as common nursery activities that may require consideration during the planning stages. Functional areas will be defined, and a framework for understanding the relationships between these functional areas will be presented. | HO-109
web only | 10 pages | 7,699 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 4,000 kb

Selecting and Planting Wody Ornamental Plants: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 21
8/6/2012 (new)

Woody ornamental plants are key components of a well-designed landscape. Landscape plantings divide and define areas, add aesthetic and psychological benefits, and increase a property's environmental and economic values. | HO-107
web only | 18 pages | 9,171 words | 98 downloads | PDF: 880 kb

Mulch Myths
8/6/2012 (new)

Mulch is one of the essentials of good landscaping. It can be used to protect trees, suppress weeds, fertilize plants and retain soil moisture. Like many traditional practices, the use of mulch has some myths attached to it. You can improve the look of your landscape as well as the health of your plants and trees by learning the facts--and discarding the myths--about mulch. | HO-106
web only | 2 pages | 414 words | 137 downloads | PDF: 2,700 kb

Organic Gardening: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 18
5/7/2012 (new)

Organic gardening offers the gardener many benefits--a safe, low-chemical gardening environment, produce free from synthetic pesticide residues, and gardens that can increase in fertility and natural pest control over time. However, reaping the benefits of organic management requires planning, observation, and thinking about the garden as an interconnected system of soils, plants, pests, and beneficial organisms. | HO-100
web only | 12 pages | 5,684 words | 96 downloads | PDF: 615 kb

Landscape Design: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 17
3/12/2012 (new)

This chapter is not meant to define the art of landscape design but rather to help you take a realistic approach to landscape planning. Your end design should meet your needs and incorporate principles of sustainability into an evolving landscape. | HO-105
web only | 20 pages | 5,654 words | 120 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb

Growing Tree Fruits: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 16
3/12/2012 (new)

Growing tree fruits and/or nuts can provide a great deal of satisfaction, but it takes a commitment to care for your trees year-round. | HO-104
web only | 14 pages | 4,766 words | 127 downloads | PDF: 900 kb

Indoor Plants: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 14
3/12/2012 (new)

A houseplant is simply an outdoor plant that is grown indoors. Not all plants are suitable for indoor culture. Some require environmental conditions that are impossible to duplicate indoors. Others adapt to indoor culture if their minimum growth requirements are provided. The key to successful indoor plant culture is to select plants that are adaptable to the conditions in your home. | HO-103
web only | 14 pages | 5,850 words | 62 downloads | PDF: 950 kb

Annual and Perennial Flowers: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 13
3/12/2012 (new)

Can you imagine a world without flowers? Their textures, colors, scents, and forms inspire gardeners, artists, and writers. The desire to grow flowers often motivates novices to take up gardening and moves experienced gardeners to become flower specialists. Annuals, biennials, and herbaceous perennials offer variety and interest to all styles of gardens. | HO-102
web only | 14 pages | 5,317 words | 101 downloads | PDF: 1,100 kb

Care of Woody Plants: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 12
3/12/2012 (new)

To prune or not to prune? This is a question that gardeners often faces gardeners. Most feel they ought to prune but are not sure why or how. Pruning is an accepted practice in orchards and frequently is done in rose gardens, but it is used haphazardly elsewhere. Ornamentals are most often pruned only when a shrub or tree begins to encroach on its neighbors, a walkway, or a building. | HO-101
web only | 20 pages | 7,419 words | 60 downloads | PDF: 1,900 kb

Recognizing Trees of Significance
1/26/2012 (new)

Trees are important to people. They represent safety, beauty, and refuge. One way we show our regard for one of the most important elements of the human environment is to protect them. Protection begins with public recognition of value. It is not possible or desirable to protect all trees, but those associated with a greater perceived value must be recognized for their unique characteristics. These are the "Trees of Significance," trees that for a variety of reasons are special. | HO-95
web only | 3 pages | 2,162 words | 69 downloads | PDF: 240 kb

Trees with Minimal Insect and Disease Problems for Kentucky Landscapes
1/26/2012 (new)

Healthy, attractive landscapes without damaging insects and diseases are the primary goal for gardeners and landscape managers. Using Best Management Practices (BMP) and making appropriate plant selections will help to insure that landscapes start out healthy and remain healthy. Healthy landscapes do not require an over-reliance on environmentally damaging pesticides. | HO-94
web only | 6 pages | 2,473 words | 70 downloads | PDF: 260 kb

Trees and Compacted Soils
1/26/2012 (new)

Soils become compacted as a result of traffic. Compaction is common in urban areas and results from construction equipment and foot traffic. Soil is more likely to become compacted when the soil is wet than when it is excessively dry. Soil compaction is permanent, at least when viewed in reference to a human life span. Protecting the soil from becoming compacted is much easier than dealing with the negative impact of compaction on plant growth and health. | HO-93
web only | 2 pages | 1,558 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 180 kb

Botanical Diversity in the Landscape
1/26/2012 (new)

Diversity and sustainability are terms bantered about without much consideration of their relationship and value to human welfare. How much botanical diversity in landscapes is enough? What type of diversity is important? There are no simple formulas or templates for your landscape, but the opportunity to experiment and be creative makes gardening fun. Failures can always be composted. | HO-92
web only | 2 pages | 972 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 179 kb

Planting Balled and Burlapped Trees and Shrubs in Your Landscape
1/26/2012 (new)

Many landscape plants are installed as balled and burlapped (B&B) specimens. This method, along with container grown and bare root, is one of three major ways we transplant trees and shrubs from nurseries to our landscapes. The keys to quick reestablishment and decades of satisfaction are following proven techniques in installation and providing proper care after transplanting. | HO-91
web only | 2 pages | 2,094 words | 46 downloads | PDF: 187 kb

Plant Material Shipments: Federal and State Plant Protection Regulations Relevant to Your Nursery Business
12/6/2011 (new)

It is critical that individuals transporting plant materials as well as state and federal agencies that regulate shipments remain diligent in preventing movement of harmful pests. This publication covers some of the regulations that may apply to nursery businesses' shipping activities. | HO-99
web only | 4 pages | 2,077 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 568 kb

Plant Propagation: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 3
10/12/2011 (new)

Sexual propagation involves the union of the pollen (male) with the egg (female) to produce a seed. The seed is made up of three parts: the outer seed coat, which protects the seed; the endosperm, which is a food reserve; and the embryo, which is the young plant itself. When a seed is mature and put in a favorable environment, it will germinate, or begin active growth. In this section, seed germination and transplanting of seeds are discussed. | HO-98
web only | 16 pages | 8,025 words | 74 downloads | PDF: 1,150 kb

Plant Identification: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 2
10/12/2011 (new)

The rules of plant identification and nomenclature (naming) may seem complex and more trouble than they are worth, but knowing the basic rules and applying them to everyday gardening leads to a better understanding of plants and how they are classified. | HO-97
web only | 4 pages | 1,764 words | 92 downloads | PDF: 320 kb

Basic Botany: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 1
8/15/2011 (new)

Many plants are familiar to us, and we can identify and appreciate them based on their external structure. However, their internal structure and function often are overlooked. Understanding how plants grow and develop helps us capitalize on their usefulness and make them part of our everyday lives. | HO-96
web only | 30 pages | 12,440 words | 73 downloads | PDF: 3,725 kb

Life Cycle Assessment: Implications for the Green Industry
6/2/2011 (new)

The purpose of this circular is to give green industry leaders and business managers a better understanding of the terms and processes used to judge the impact of various production system components and practices. | HO-90
web only | 4 pages | 3,684 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 194 kb

Rootstocks for Kentucky Fruit Trees
3/28/2011 (major revision)

Most fruit trees that can be grown in Kentucky do not come true from seed. For example, a tree grown from a Golden Delicious apple seed will produce an apple tree, but the fruit will have different characteristics than Golden Delicious in color, taste, and shape. This is why fruit trees are reproduced by asexual propagation, such as budding and grafting. | HO-82
web only | 6 pages | 3,890 words | 51 downloads | PDF: 215 kb

Peach Cultivar Performance
6/14/2010 (major revision)

The commercial success of a peach orchard depends largely on selecting cultivars that will perform reliably and meet market needs. Although many fruit and tree characteristics are presented in this report, the final cultivar selection should be determined by the grower. A grower may be influenced by soil type, local climate, or marketing methods and prefer a cultivar that is not a general favorite. Growers should have test plots of two to four trees of new cultivars to help them judge the performance in their orchard. | HO-6
web only | 6 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 275 kb

Controlled Water Table Irrigation of Container Crops
10/31/2008 (new)

| HO-84
web only | 18 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 3,000 kb

Ornamental Corn Production
7/10/2008 (minor revision)

| HO-81
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,234 kb

Commercial Asparagus Production
2/13/2008 (minor revision)

| HO-66
web only | 8 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 875 kb

Vineyard Site Selection in Kentucky Based on Climate and Soil Properties
10/5/2007 (new)

Commercial wine grapes have recently emerged as an alternative crop in Kentucky after laws evolved encouraging private entrepreneurs to invest in vineyards and small farm wineries many decades after prohibition shut down the industry. Grapes grown in Kentucky are exposed to biotic and abiotic stresses that reduce crop yields and quality or kill grapevines. Damaging winter temperatures, spring frosts, and higher than optimal growing temperatures occur regularly. Despite these challenges, grape growing is a successful enterprise in many areas of the state. | HO-87
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 30 downloads | PDF: 290 kb

Viticultural Regions and Suggested Cultivars in Kentucky
9/14/2007 (new)

Grapes grown in Kentucky are subject to environmental stresses that reduce crop yield and quality, and injure and kill grapevines. Damaging critical winter temperatures, late spring frosts, short growing seasons, and extreme summer temperatures all occur with regularity in regions of Kentucky. However, despite the challenging climate, certain species and cultivars of grapes are grown commercially in Kentucky. The aim of this bulletin is to describe the macroclimatic features affecting grape production that should be evaluated in the site selection process and to shorten the trial and error process of finding the best cultivar and climate match. | HO-88
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 39 downloads | PDF: 1,100 kb

Crop Estimation in Vineyards
8/15/2007 (new)

Viticulture is becoming a successful alternative cropping system in Kentucky due to the increased demand for locally grown grapes and their profitability. However, the sustainability of the industry is hindered by insufficient experience on estimating crop size of hybrid and vinifera cultivars in a region that is subject to frequent damaging winter and spring temperatures. | HO-86
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 307 kb

Growing Peaches in Kentucky
3/30/2007 (minor revision)

| HO-57
1,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | 73 downloads | PDF: 978 kb

Strawberry Production in Kentucky
2/25/2007 (minor revision)

| HO-16
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 64 downloads | PDF: 340 kb

Dry Pesticide Rates for Hand-Held Sprayers
2/21/2007 (new)

| HO-83
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 19 downloads | PDF: 166 kb

Honeyvine Milkweed Control in Tree Fruits, Small Fruits, and Grapes
1/19/2007 (new)

Honeyvine milkweed is a perennial weed commonly found in Kentucky fields, groves, and orchards. In general, honeyvine milkweed is a difficult weed to control due to its extensive taproot system and rapid growth rate. It is especially difficult to control in permanent crop situations such as plantings of apples, blueberries, and grapes. This is due to the fact that soil tillage is not practiced in orchards, blueberry fields, or vineyards, which would otherwise destroy the root system of honeyvine milkweed and prevent it from getting established. | HO-85
100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 320 kb

Culinary Herbs
10/15/2006 (reprinted)

| HO-74
5,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 85 downloads | PDF: 312 kb

Preserving Flowers and Foliage
3/8/2006 (minor revision)

| HO-70
web only | 6 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 298 kb

Home Composting: A Guide to Managing Organic Wastes
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-75
web only | 4 pages | - | 62 downloads | PDF: 263 kb

Propagating Plants in and Around the Home
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-67
web only | 8 pages | - | 57 downloads | PDF: 302 kb

Landscape Design with Plants: Creating Outdoor Rooms
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-62
web only | 16 pages | - | 55 downloads | PDF: 1,415 kb

Starting Plants from Seed at Home
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-56
web only | - | - | 29 downloads | HTML: 20 kb

Reproducing Fruit Trees by Graftage Budding and Grafting
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-39
web only | 8 pages | - | 33 downloads | PDF: 789 kb

Growing Blackberries and Raspberries in Kentucky
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-15
web only | 12 pages | - | 92 downloads | PDF: 325 kb

Growing Highbush Blueberries in Kentucky
3/15/2005 (reprinted)

| HO-60
200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 68 downloads | PDF: 403 kb

Perennials for Shady Locations
9/15/2004 (reprinted)

| HO-77
5,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 98 downloads | PDF: 81 kb

Perennials for Sunny Locations
9/15/2004 (reprinted)

| HO-76
5,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 78 downloads | PDF: 98 kb

Annual Flowers
9/15/2004 (reprinted)

| HO-65
5,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 53 downloads | PDF: 67 kb

Medicinal Herb Seed and Root Sources for Planting in Kentucky
9/15/2001 (minor revision)

| HO-73
5,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 41 downloads | PDF: 128 kb

Ornamental Grasses for Kentucky Landscapes
8/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-79
3,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 53 downloads | PDF: 893 kb

Pruning Landscape Shrubs
7/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-59
4,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 56 downloads | PDF: 755 kb

Guidelines for Choosing Hedges for Kentucky Yards
5/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-55
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 14 downloads | HTML: 33 kb

Pruning Landscape Trees
4/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-45
5,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 32 downloads | PDF: 1,992 kb

Tulips and Their Care
4/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-35
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 7 downloads | HTML: 9 kb

Geraniums for Kentucky Gardens
4/1/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-26
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 10 downloads | HTML: 12 kb

Spring, Summer and Fall Bulbs
1/10/1999 (reprinted)

| HO-80
5,000 printed copies | 9 pages | - | 58 downloads | PDF: 79 kb

Trees Shrubs Ground Covers and Vines Suitable for Kentucky Landscapes
4/1/1998 (reprinted)

| HO-61
4,000 printed copies | 20 pages | - | 66 downloads | PDF: 425 kb

Ground Covers for Ky Landscapes
2/20/1996 (reprinted)

| HO-78
3,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 44 downloads | PDF: 182 kb

Low Maintenance Annual Flowers for Kentucky Gardens
6/1/1990 (minor revision)

| HO-47
20,000 printed copies | - | - | 24 downloads | HTML: 22 kb

Large Plants for Homes and Offices
4/1/1984 (reprinted)

| HO-52
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 11 downloads | HTML: 24 kb

Flowering Plants for Homes and Offices
2/1/1983 (new)

| HO-51
15,000 printed copies | - | - | 12 downloads | HTML: 24 kb