University of Kentucky College of Agriculture
 

Online Publications

Filter by Tag

Not a complete list as of 8-30-17.

Tag: farm crops



Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, 2018-19
12/11/2017 (major revision)

Successful vegetable production generally requires the grower to make daily decisions regarding pest management, irrigation, and cultural practices. The most widely commercially-grown vegetables in Kentucky are included in this publication. | ID-36
3,000 printed copies | 140 pages | 109,401 words | 130 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb


2017 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-734
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,182 words | 1 download | PDF: 450 kb


2017 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/11/2017 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-733
350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,924 words | 1 download | PDF: 413 kb


2017 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/7/2017 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties commercially available in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars in the 2017 tests were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, state and federal institutions. Forty soybean tests were planted in 2017 in Kentucky, at the eight test locations. | PR-740
2,500 printed copies | 31 pages | 10,300 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 3,480 kb


2017 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/6/2017 (new)

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. Tables 14, 15, and 16 show summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 17 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety test-ing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications. | PR-732
400 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,898 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,350 kb


2017 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/5/2017 (new)

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collec-tion of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry. The 2017 Fruit and Vegetable Crops re-search report includes results for 16 projects. | PR-739
900 printed copies | 46 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 7,210 kb


2017 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. Tables 10 and 11 show summaries of all timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications. | PR-731
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,230 words | 1 download | PDF: 542 kb


2017 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. Tables 15 and 16 show a summary of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 17 years. The UK Forage Extension Web site at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications. | PR-730
600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,844 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,396 kb


2017 Orchardgrass Report
12/1/2017 (new)

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. Table 11 shows a summary of all orchardgrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK For-age Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and from a large number of other forage publications. | PR-729
600 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,260 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 833 kb


2017 Alfalfa Report
11/29/2017 (new)

This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. Tables 14 and 15 (Roundup Ready varieties) shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the past 16 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states as well as a large number of other forage publications. | PR-727
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,822 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,530 kb


2017 Red and White Clover Report
11/27/2017 (new)

This report provides current yield and persistence data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. Tables 13 and 14 show a summary of all clover varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications. | PR-728
600 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,739 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 757 kb


Chemical Control of Weeds in Kentucky Grain Crops, 2018
11/6/2017 (major revision)

The use of herbicides suggested in this publication is based on research at the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and elsewhere. We have given what we believe to be the most effective herbicides, with the most suitable rates and times of application. Smaller files are available here. | AGR-6
3,300 printed copies | 140 pages | - | 73 downloads | PDF: 2,254 kb


2017 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/2/2017 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location. | PR-725
2,400 printed copies | 24 pages | 5,248 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 2,924 kb


Cane Diseases of Brambles
11/1/2017 (major revision)

Anthracnose can cause severe damage to blackberries, purple and black raspberries, and to a much lesser extent, red raspberries in Kentucky. When left unchecked, anthracnose can significantly reduce overall yields, as well as limit the longevity of bramble plantings. Disease also causes loss of winter hardiness. | PPFS-FR-S-17
web only | 5 pages | 800 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 299 kb


2017 Kentucky Blackberry Cost and Return Estimates
10/11/2017 (minor revision)

Potential producers should realize that while thornless semi-erect varieties produce superior economic returns, thorny and thornless erect varieties may hold some marketing advantages that can command superior prices and result in better returns than those estimated using these standard assumptions. | ID-149
web only | 20 pages | 11,224 words | 46 downloads | PDF: 265 kb


Holcus Leaf Spot
10/11/2017 (new)

Holcus leaf spot, a bacterial disease, can be seen sporadically in Kentucky cornfields, and it is challenging to diagnose. This publication describes the disease symptoms, conditions that favor disease, and how to distinguish holcus spot from herbicide injury that can mimic this disease. | PPFS-AG-C-6
web only | 3 pages | 483 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 889 kb


Diplodia Ear Rot
10/11/2017 (new)

Diplodia ear rot can reduce yield and grain quality by damaging kernels, lowering grain test weight, and reducing grain fill. Incidence of affected ears in the field can vary from 1% or 2% to as high as 80%. Although mycotoxins have been associated with Diplodia ear rot in South America and South Africa, there have been no reports of livestock feeding issues due to mycotoxins linked to Diplodia ear rot in the United States. | PPFS-AG-C-5
web only | 3 pages | 514 words | - | PDF: 990 kb


Romaine Lettuce
10/10/2017 (minor revision)

Romaine (Lactuca sativa), also known as cos, is a lettuce that produces elongated heads. Romaine is considered more nutritious and has more volume than iceberg. Because it is slower to bolt than other head lettuces, romaine can be grown commercially in Kentucky. | CCD-CP-116
web only | 4 pages | 1,753 words | - | PDF: 692 kb


Root Crops
10/4/2017 (minor revision)

Root crops include a number of vegetables grown for their enlarged, edible storage roots. The root crops discussed here are all hardy, cool-season crops with a long storage life. While they belong to several unrelated plant families, these crops have similar cultural requirements. This profile will overview several root crops grown in Kentucky. | CCD-CP-117
web only | 4 pages | 1,728 words | - | PDF: 1,700 kb


Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Corn Diseases
9/28/2017 (new)

The Corn Disease Working Group (CDWG) developed ratings for how well fungicides control major corn diseases in the United States. The CDWG determined efficacy ratings for each fungicide listed in the table by field testing the materials over multiple years and locations. Ratings are based on the product's level of disease control and does not necessarily reflect yield increases obtained from product application. A product's efficacy depends upon proper application timing, rate, and application method as determined by the product label and overall disease level in the field at the time of application. | PPA-49
web only | 2 pages | 690 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,120 kb


Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Wheat Diseases
9/28/2017 (new)

The North Central Regional Committee on Management of Small Grain Diseases (NCERA-184) has developed the following information about fungicide efficacy for the control of certain foliar diseases of wheat for use by the grain production industry in the United States. The efficacy ratings for each fungicide listed in this table were determined by field testing the materials over multiple years and locations by the members of the committee. | PPA-48
web only | 2 pages | 649 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


Specialty Melons
9/20/2017 (minor revision)

Specialty melons (Cucumis melo) have cultural requirements similar to the more familiar muskmelon (cantaloupe). These melons offer consumers outstanding eating quality and a range of flesh colors, textures, and flavors. With one exception, cultivars of the specialty types listed below have performed well in University of Kentucky research trials. Consult the Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers (ID-36) for the latest variety recommendations. | CCD-CP-120
web only | 3 pages | 1,431 words | - | PDF: 950 kb


High Tunnel Tomatoes
9/5/2017 (minor revision)

High tunnels, also known as hoop houses, are simple polyethylene-covered unheated structures that typically do not use fans for ventilation. Tunnels can be covered with one or two sheets of plastic; those covered with two have an air layer in between, thus offering better insulation and, consequently, more cold protection (and wind protection). High tunnels are used to extend the growing season earlier into spring and later into fall. Determinate and indeterminate tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) can be successfully grown in this production system, yielding a potentially profitable "out of season." | CCD-CP-62
web only | 4 pages | 2,063 words | - | PDF: 1,500 kb


Malabar Spinach
8/25/2017 (new)

Malabar spinach is a leafy vine native to tropical Asia and is a commonly cultivated vegetable in Asia and Africa. Malabar spinach--also called Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach, climbing spinach and vine spinach--is a member of the Basellacea family. (Spinach commonly grown for market in North America is a member of the family Chenopodiaceae.) According to the University of Florida, Malabar spinach is also known as basella, gui, acelga trepadora, bretana, libato and Malabar nightshade. | CCD-CP-130
printed copies | 3 pages | 1,133 words | - | PDF: 1,500 kb


Cabbage
8/25/2017 (minor revision)

Cabbage is a cool-season crop with a high cold tolerance; however, heads may bolt (flower prematurely) in warm temperatures. | CCD-CP-90
web only | 2 pages | 949 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 725 kb


Wine Distribution for Small Farm Wineries in Kentucky
8/22/2017 (new)

Small farm wineries in the state of Kentucky face a major issue when they look to expand, through wholesale distribution, into retail outlets. Like many states, Kentucky uses a "three-tier system" of distribution, where wineries must sell their product to a distributor, who then can legally sell the product to retailers. But because small- to medium-sized wineries rarely produce a volume that is attractive to major brand distributors, their products either don't make it to the retail shelves, or are placed suboptimally for their target market. Here, we look at ways to address this issue in order to help promote the wine industry from the wholesale point-of-view. | HO-116
20 printed copies | 3 pages | 2,356 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 173 kb


English and Edible Pod Peas
8/16/2017 (minor revision)

Peas (Pisum sativum) are a cool-season vegetable that must be planted in early spring to ensure good yields in Kentucky. Fall planting of peas is also possible on a small scale, but they are very sensitive to warm temperatures and may not produce well. Types include the English pea (shelled for the fresh green seeds within non-edible pods), sugar snap types (round, fleshy edible pods), and Asian pod types (thin, flat edible pods) also referred to as snow peas. | CCD-CP-95
web only | 2 pages | 993 words | - | PDF: 647 kb


Cucumber
8/15/2017 (minor revision)

The cucumber (Cucumus sativus) is a warm-season vining crop in the Cucurbit family. Cucumbers suitable for immediate consumption are referred to as "slicers," while those for processing are "picklers." Although there once was a large pickling cucumber industry in Kentucky, nearly all cucumbers grown commercially in the state are now for fresh market consumption. | CCD-CP-93
web only | 3 pages | 1,120 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 729 kb


Three-Year Average Prices and Quantities at Kentucky Produce Auctions: 2014-2016
8/15/2017 (new)

This report compares average volumes and prices for 18 crops from two major Kentucky produce auctions for the 2014, 2015, and 2016 seasons. | CCD-FS-6
web only | 22 pages | 1,705 words | - | PDF: 1,300 kb


Commercial Strawberry Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet and Sample Spray Guide
8/1/2017 (new)

A fungicide spray guide and worksheet for commercial strawberry growers. | PPFS-FR-S-26
web only | 2 pages | 419 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 230 kb


Heirloom Vegetables
7/17/2017 (minor revision)

Heirloom vegetables are vintage varieties that have been preserved by passing seed down from generation to generation. These varieties are generally 50 to 100 years old, although many are much older. All heirlooms are open-pollinated and usually breed true-to-type. Heirlooms were often selected for flavor potential and eating quality before vegetable breeding emphasized hybrid varieties bred for uniformity in size, shape and ripening, as well as for durability in shipping | CCD-CP-100
web only | 4 pages | 1,769 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 652 kb


Economic Analysis of the University of Kentucky Community Supported Agriculture Organic Vegetable Production System
7/12/2017 (new)

Farms marketing through a vegetable CSA are complex businesses facing many operational and economic challenges. To be economically viable, CSA farms must achieve the appropriate match of crops, equipment, and labor with farm size and number of CSA members. A diverse array of vegetable crops are typically grown with unique requirements for crop production, pest management, harvest, and post-harvest handling. An extensive suite of skills, tools, and equipment are required to produce these crops efficiently, and mechanization becomes critical as the number of acres in production increases. | SR-111
200 printed copies | 28 pages | 8,907 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 6,500 kb


High Tunnel Leafy Greens and Herbs
7/11/2017 (minor revision)

High tunnels and other season extension techniques allow producers to extend the time period over which cash flows are generated from produce crops. High tunnel production is expanding to supply the increasing demand for locally grown produce, as well as policy and grant programs favoring high tunnel production. High tunnel production of leafy greens and herbs can also enable producers to market products at higher prices, before the start of a traditional local season. High tunnel leafy greens and herbs are typically added by producers already selling through direct markets: farmers markets, CSAs (community supported agriculture programs), and direct to local restaurants and groceries. | CCD-CP-60
web only | 5 pages | 2,531 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 893 kb


2017 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
6/28/2017 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, barley, triticale and cereal rye that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-724
1,500 printed copies | 24 pages | 3,360 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 2,360 kb


Vegetable Transplant Production
6/22/2017 (new)

Vegetable transplants may be grown in the greenhouse as a stand-alone crop or grown alongside other plants. Information in this factsheet can aid growers in determining whether to produce their own vegetable transplants or obtain transplants from another source. It will also help growers evaluate transplant production as a primary enterprise. | CCD-FS-5
web only | 4 pages | 1,351 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


Community Supported Agriculture
5/25/2017 (major revision)

Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)is relatively new to the United States, beginning in Massachusetts in 1986 and growing to 60 CSA farms in the U.S. in 1990. The CSA structure grew significantly in popularity among both producers and consumers during the 2000s; by 2009, as many as 6,000 farms were operating a CSA. The 2015 USDA Local Food Marketing Practices Survey reported 7,398 farms nationally selling by CSA for a sales value of $226 million. There were nearly 60 CSAs listed for Kentucky, in 2016, in the Kentucky Department of Agriculture CSA directory. The CSA marketing channel continues to increase in popularity, moving to new demographics besides the original core affluent urban consumer. | CCD-MP-1
web only | 8 pages | 4,511 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 3,300 kb


Leafy Greens
5/3/2017 (minor revision)

"Leafy greens" or "greens" are broad terms used for a number of vegetable crops with edible leaves. Plants in this group belong to several unrelated taxonomic plant families that includes Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Asteraceae. Greens are cool-season crops that are planted in early spring or late summer/fall in Kentucky. High tunnels and similar structures can be used to extend the season into winter; however, extreme summer temperatures make year-round production in Kentucky a challenge. | CCD-CP-103
web only | 4 pages | 1,774 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


Black Walnuts
4/19/2017 (new)

This profile focuses on Eastern black walnut for nut production. Persian walnuts are not recommended for commercial production in Kentucky, where Persian walnut is limited by cold temperatures, winter injury and late spring frost damage; walnut blight; and squirrels, which eat the nuts when they are immature. Detailed production information for both Eastern black walnut and Persian walnut is available in the University of Kentucky Extension publication ID-77, Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky. The University of Missouri offers a very detailed publication, listed in the Selected Resources section at the end of this publication, on establishing and cultivating Eastern black walnut for nut production. | CCD-CP-128
web only | 4 pages | 2,000 words | 14 downloads | PDF: 672 kb


Juneberries
4/19/2017 (minor revision)

Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.), also known as serviceberry, is a small multiple-stemmed tree or shrub that bears edible fruit. This genus includes saskatoons (Amelanchier alnifolia), which are grown commercially for fruit production in Canada and the North Central U.S. Unfortunately, saskatoons are not considered winter hardy in Kentucky and have serious leaf spot problems in this region. Most other species of Amelanchier are cultivated for use in landscape plantings; however, several of these ornamental cultivars show potential for fruit production. Among these are the Allegheny serviceberry (A. laevis) and hybrids (Amelanchier x grandiflora), which are hardy and have good leaf spot resistance in Kentucky | CCD-CP-11
web only | 3 pages | 1,529 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


Onions
4/12/2017 (major revision)

Onions (Allium cepa) are a cool-season biennial crop typically grown as an annual. Dry bulb onions are harvested after the leaves have died back and the bulbs have fully matured. Green bunching onions are harvested while the leaves are still green and before the bulbs have developed. The terms 'scallion' and 'spring onion' are sometimes incorrectly used interchangeably for green onions. Scallions are onions that completely lack bulb formation, while spring onions have bulbs somewhat more developed than green onions. | CCD-CP-107
web only | 3 pages | 1,123 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 881 kb


Baby Vegetables
4/12/2017 (minor revision)

Baby (petite, miniature, mini) vegetables are smaller versions of full-sized produce. Many baby vegetables are simply standard cultivars that are harvested at an immature stage (e.g. baby corn), while others are cultivars that have been genetically developed to produce miniature vegetables (e.g. cherry tomatoes). Smaller vegetables produced from secondary buds after the initial full-sized crop has been harvested can also be sold as baby vegetables (e.g. broccoli). | CCD-CP-86
web only | 3 pages | 1,368 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 975 kb


Baby Corn
4/12/2017 (minor revision)

Baby corn (Zea mays) is a popular Asian vegetable that can be consumed cooked or raw due to its sweet and succulent taste. Many people presume the tiny ears come from dwarf corn plants. In fact, baby corn is the immature ear of fully grown standard cultivars; ears are harvested two or three days after silk emergence, but prior to fertilization. | CCD-CP-85
web only | 3 pages | 1,148 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 688 kb


Sampling for the Tall Fescue Endophyte in Pasture or Hay Stands
4/10/2017 (minor revision)

Most of the tall fescue growing in Kentucky is colonized by the tall fescue endophyte, a fungus which causes disorders in livestock that feed on the infected grass. The animal disease syndrome is called fescue toxicosis, which some researchers estimate may cost Kentucky producers over $200 million yearly. This problem can be greatly reduced by identifying the infected fields and replacing them with endophyte-free or novel endophyte tall fescue varieties or by managing them in a way to minimize the impact of the endophyte on herd productivity. One of the simplest ways to reduce toxicity symptoms in cattle is add red and white clover to existing tall fescue stands. | PPA-30
web only | 2 pages | 1,222 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 253 kb


Soybean Production in Kentucky
3/22/2017 (major revision)

Soybean seed quality is very important for crop establishment. In general, seed quality is an indicator of a seed's ability to produce a seedling in field conditions and includes both seed germination and seed vigor. Most producers are familiar with seed germination since they have seen it on a seed tag. Fewer are familiar with seed vigor. | AGR-130
web only | 6 pages | 4,076 words | 62 downloads | PDF: 1,395 kb


Tomatillo
3/1/2017 (minor revision)

Tomatillo (Physalis ixocarp) is a small edible fruit in the Solanaceae family. A tan to straw-colored calyx covers the fruit like a husk, giving rise to the common name of "husk tomato." Native to Mexico and Guatemala, these tomato-like fruits are a key ingredient in a number of Latin American recipes, including salsa and chili sauces. Tomatillo may have potential as a specialty crop in some areas of Kentucky. | CCD-CP-124
web only | 3 pages | 1,337 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 680 kb


Identifying Canola Growth Stages
2/6/2017 (new)

To effectively manage canola in Kentucky, the ability to identify key developmental growth stages is important. The most common canola growth stage system describes developmental stages. Several canola growth stages are important for Kentucky producers to recognize for optimal crop management and to maximize grain yield and profitability. | AGR-227
web only | 8 pages | 788 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 7,332 kb


Stewart's Wilt of Corn
1/1/2017 (new)

Historically, Stewart's wilt of corn has resulted in losses for corn producers. Although this disease still occurs occasionally, it has become less prevalent in recent years in Kentucky and surrounding states. Stewart's wilt has been known by other names, such as bacterial leaf blight, Stewart's leaf blight, and maize bacteriosis. | PPFS-AG-C-4
web only | 3 pages | 1,079 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 1,445 kb


Home Vegetable Gardening in Kentucky, 2016
12/21/2016 (reprinted)

A well-planned and properly kept garden should produce 600 to 700 pounds of produce per 1,000 square feet and may include many different crops. Consult "Vegetable Cultivars for Kentucky Gardens" (ID-133) for the latest recommendations on home vegetable varieties. | ID-128
1 printed copies | 48 pages | 32,061 words | 443 downloads | PDF: 4,000 kb


Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guide, 2017-2018
12/13/2016 (minor revision)

Under ideal conditions, growing a good crop of tobacco is relatively easy, but when conditions are challenging it takes good management skills and attention to detail to make tobacco a profitable crop. This publication is designed to provide the good manager with the latest information for the production of high yielding, good quality tobacco. | ID-160
9,000 printed copies | 76 pages | 65,319 words | 169 downloads | PDF: 3,714 kb


2016 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/13/2016 (new)

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collection of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry. | PR-721
1,000 printed copies | 40 pages | 20,554 words | 51 downloads | PDF: 2,804 kb


2016 Red and White Clover Report
12/13/2016 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. | PR-710
600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,998 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 1,018 kb


2016 Alfalfa Report
12/13/2016 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. | PR-709
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,694 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 1,745 kb


2016 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/9/2016 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties sold in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars in the 2016 tests were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. | PR-722
2,500 printed copies | 36 pages | 10,317 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 4,611 kb


2016 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/6/2016 (new)

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth. | PR-719
400 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,829 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,620 kb


Truffles and Other Edible Mycorrhizal Mushrooms
12/5/2016 (minor revision)

The most highly prized gourmet mushrooms in the world are edible mycorrhizal fungi. Included in this group are truffles, chanterelles, matsutake, porcini (boletes), and morels. All of these mushrooms have complex life cycles that make them difficult to produce artificially. Despite the risk and challenges, however, many have attempted to cultivate these valuable culinary delicacies. To date, only truffles are currently in widespread commercial production; they will be the main focus of this profile. The artificial production of other fungi in this group will be discussed briefly. | CCD-CP-83
web only | 7 pages | 3,441 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 786 kb


Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms
12/5/2016 (minor revision)

Commercial growers who have successfully produced shiitake (Lentinula edodes) and/or oyster (Pleurotus spp.) mushrooms may want to consider expanding their operation to include other specialty mushrooms. While considered riskier from the perspectives of production and marketing than shiitake and oyster mushrooms, a number of other exotic and native mushroom species could be successfully cultivated in Kentucky. Four of these potential species are discussed here. | CCD-CP-79
web only | 6 pages | 2,873 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 778 kb


2016 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/5/2016 (new)

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. | PR-714
400 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,670 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,814 kb


2016 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/5/2016 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. | PR-713
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,550 words | 14 downloads | PDF: 594 kb


2016 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/30/2016 (new)

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. | PR-712
600 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,890 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 1,134 kb


2016 Orchardgrass Report
11/30/2016 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-711
600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,383 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 754 kb


Organic Tomatoes
11/23/2016 (minor revision)

Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) are one of the most popular fresh market vegetables grown commercially in Kentucky. With the rising consumer demand for organic products, organic tomatoes should be an excellent prospect for local fresh market sales. | CCD-CP-111
web only | 6 pages | 2,698 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 566 kb


Organic Sweet Corn
11/23/2016 (minor revision)

Organic sweet corn is produced using pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic pesticides or petroleum-based fertilizers. Because organic crop production standards are regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP), growers producing and selling sweet corn labeled "organic" must be certified by a USDA-approved state or private agency. While there are benefits to using the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) for the certification process, Kentucky residents can be certified by any approved agency operating in the Commonwealth. | CCD-CP-110
web only | 4 pages | 1,786 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 604 kb


2016 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-718
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,440 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 842 kb


2016 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/18/2016 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-717
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 4,070 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,242 kb


2016 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-716
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,148 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 440 kb


2016 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/17/2016 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-715
350 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,903 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 397 kb


Sweet Cherries
11/14/2016 (minor revision)

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium) are mainly consumed fresh; however, they may also be frozen, canned, or processed for wine. Frequent losses due to such factors as fluctuating winter temperatures, spring frosts, rain-induced fruit cracking, and bird losses make commercial sweet cherry production a challenge in Kentucky. | CCD-CP-20
web only | 3 pages | 1,231 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 881 kb


Organic Blackberries and Raspberries
11/3/2016 (new)

Blackberries and raspberries (both Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as "brambles" or "caneberries." Erect (thorny and thornless), thorny primocane fruiting, and semi-erect (thornless) blackberries, as well as fall bearing raspberries, present an opportunity for organic production in Kentucky. Pests, especially spotted wing drosophila (SWD), present the greatest challenge for organic bramble production. | CCD-CP-12
web only | 5 pages | 2,523 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 799 kb


2016 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
10/24/2016 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location. | PR-708
2,300 printed copies | 24 pages | 5,158 words | 34 downloads | PDF: 2,898 kb


Post-Harvest Management: The Economics of Grain Transportation
10/13/2016 (new)

While transporting grain to the market may be the last input cost in the production of grain, it is a critical decision a producer has to make, especially when margins are thin. Determining which market to sell your grain (if you have options) can be a complex decision, as the market that provides the highest price is not always the most profitable price. | AEC-100
web only | 5 pages | 2,727 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 458 kb


Identifying Wheat Growth Stages
9/30/2016 (new)

Identifying growth stages of any crop is important to enable timely crop management decisions that maximize yields and profitability. There are several wheat growth stages that are important for Kentucky producers to recognize for optimal crop management and to maximize grain yield and profitability. | AGR-224
web only | 8 pages | 907 words | 22 downloads | PDF: 5,271 kb


Identifying Soybean Growth Stages
9/30/2016 (new)

Accurate identification of soybean growth stages is important to maximize grain yield and profitability, because most management decisions are based upon the growth stage of soybean plants within the fields. Key features of soybean growth stages are highlighted within this guide. | AGR-223
web only | 8 pages | 1,382 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 4,815 kb


Garlic and Elephant Garlic
9/27/2016 (minor revision)

Garlic (Allium sativum) is commonly used as a flavoring for food, as a condiment, and for medicinal purposes. The milder-flavored elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) is actually a leek that produces large cloves. | CCD-CP-99
web only | 3 pages | 1,010 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 593 kb


Ethnic Vegetables: Hispanic
9/13/2016 (minor revision)

There is a growing demand for ethnic fruits, vegetables, and herbs, particularly in larger cities. One obvious reason for this is the increased ethnic diversity of these areas. Many ethnic groups, including Hispanics, have a high per capita consumption of fresh produce. Also contributing to the increased demand for ethnic produce is a greater emphasis on healthy foods and the public's seemingly insatiable desire for variety in their diets. The increased growth of Kentucky's Hispanic population, along with these other factors, present an opportunity for local growers to develop a product mix aimed at these markets. | CCD-CP-97
web only | 5 pages | 1,741 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 617 kb


Edamame
9/1/2016 (minor revision)

Edamame is the Japanese name for edible soybeans consumed at the green stage. Also referred to as vegetable soybeans, edamame is the same species as the traditional grain soybean (Glycine max) commonly grown in Kentucky. However, compared to grain soybean, edamame seeds are larger with a sweet, nutty flavor, and better digestibility. | CCD-CP-94
web only | 4 pages | 1,741 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 598 kb


Maple Syrup
8/17/2016 (new)

Maple syrup is made by processing (boiling) tree sap. Sap may be processed from all maple tree species; the highest sugar content usually occurs in sugar maple and black maple sap. Maple sugaring may occur wherever late winter temperatures permit sap collection, ideally when nighttimes are below freezing and daytime highs do not exceed 45F. Kentucky is among the southernmost states for commercial maple syrup production. | CCD-CP-81
web only | 5 pages | 1,405 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb


Organic Lettuce and Leafy Greens
8/5/2016 (minor revision)

Leafy greens and lettuce, which are among the most popular fresh market vegetables grown commercially in Kentucky, have excellent potential for organic production. Organic crops are produced using integrated pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic compounds. Growers producing and selling lettuce and greens with an organic label must be certified by a USDA-approved state agency (e.g. the Kentucky Department of Agriculture) or private agency, plus follow production standards regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP). | CCD-CP-109
web only | 6 pages | 2,797 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 575 kb


Chinese Chestnuts
7/18/2016 (minor revision)

American chestnuts (Castanea dentata), once prominent in the eastern U.S. landscape, all but disappeared in the mid-1900s when chestnut blight eradicated nearly all of these popular trees. Blight resistant varieties of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) are a viable alternative for commercial chestnut production. | CCD-CP-66
web only | 3 pages | 1,563 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 594 kb


Wine Grapes, Kentucky, 2016: Vinifera
7/15/2016 (minor revision)

Budget worksheet. | CCD-BG-9
web only | 6 pages | 1,318 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 336 kb


Wine Grapes, Kentucky, 2016: French-American Hybrid and American Varieties
7/15/2016 (minor revision)

Budget worksheet. | CCD-BG-8
web only | 6 pages | 1,365 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 340 kb


Table Grapes, Kentucky, 2016
7/15/2016 (minor revision)

Budget worksheet. | CCD-BG-7
web only | 5 pages | 1,094 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 119 kb


2016 Kentucky Grape Costs and Returns: Budget Summaries and Assumptions
7/15/2016 (minor revision)

Production budgets for American, hybrid, European (vinifera), and table grape varieties were updated to estimate grape profitability in Kentucky for 2016. This analysis indicates that wine grapes can be economically feasible in Kentucky when best production practices are followed that maximize yields and when market prices approach $1,200/ton for vinifera wine grapes and $1,000 per ton for French-American and American hybrid wine grape varieties. Sound management that maximizes wine grape yields and minimizes input costs, with marketing that captures top grape prices, is absolutely necessary for economically viable wholesale grape production in Kentucky. | CCD-BG-6
web only | 3 pages | 1,177 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 193 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of High Tunnel and Greenhouse Vegetable Crops in Kentucky
7/8/2016 (new)

Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The pictures included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur on vegetable crops grown in high tunnel and greenhouse structures in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter problems not included here. Please contact a local Cooperative Extension Service office for assistance. | ID-235
2,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 5,187 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 5,436 kb


Plums
7/5/2016 (minor revision)

Plums, like peaches, are stone fruits and in the Rose family. These two crops have similar cultural requirements, as well as similar disease and pest concerns. Plums are also sensitive to late spring frosts, which can result in crop losses in Kentucky. Depending on the type and cultivar, plums can be consumed fresh, canned, frozen, processed in jams and jellies, and dried. | CCD-CP-17
web only | 3 pages | 1,377 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 750 kb


Commercial Apple Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet and Sample Spray Guide
7/1/2016 (minor revision)

A sample spray guide and spray schedule worksheet. | PPFS-FR-T-19
web only | 2 pages | 365 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 337 kb


2016 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/1/2016 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, barley, triticale and cereal rye that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-707
1,700 printed copies | 24 pages | 3,348 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 2,239 kb


Beekeeping and Honey Production
6/30/2016 (minor revision)

Apiculture, the study and maintenance of honey bees, often begins as a hobby, with beekeepers later expanding their interest into small businesses. A beekeeping enterprise can provide marketable honey and serve as a source of pollinators for nearby cultivated crops. | CCD-CP-78
web only | 5 pages | 2,255 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 934 kb


Hops
6/21/2016 (minor revision)

Hop (Humulus lupulus) is an herbaceous plant with a perennial crown and annual climbing stems (bines). Bines are similar to vines; however, bines wind around a support structure and lack the suckers or tendrils typical of vines. Hop crowns can survive for 25 years or more; however, the fast growing bines die back to the ground each winter. Bines can reach a height of 15 to 30 feet in a single growing season. Hops are valued for their female cones, which contain the resins and essential oils used to provide the distinctive flavor and aroma to beer. | CCD-CP-80
web only | 6 pages | 2,842 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 967 kb


Raspberries
6/9/2016 (minor revision)

Raspberries (Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as "brambles" or "caneberries." They have perennial crowns and roots that produce biennial canes. The canes bear fruit the second year and then die naturally after harvest. Some raspberries (known as "everbearing" or "fall-bearing") also produce fruit at the tips of the first-year canes. | CCD-CP-18
web only | 3 pages | 1,296 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 713 kb


Organic Asparagus
6/1/2016 (minor revision)

Asparagus is grown primarily in Kentucky for fresh market, especially near large population centers. Potential markets for organic asparagus include roadside stands, farmers markets, cooperatives, community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, produce auctions, and local wholesalers. Restaurants, health food stores, and locally owned grocers may also be interested in Kentucky-grown organic products. Kentucky's market window for asparagus, which varies depending on region, can start as early as April and run through the month of June. | CCD-CP-108
web only | 4 pages | 2,131 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 513 kb


Backyard Berry Disease and Disease Management Using Cultural Practices (with Low Spray, No Spray and Organic Options)
6/1/2016 (new)

Backyard berry (blueberry, raspberry, blackberry, and strawberry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule. | PPFS-FR-S-25
web only | 4 pages | 1,260 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 1,037 kb


Backyard Grape Disease and Pest Management Using Cultural Practices (with Low Spray, No Spray and Organic Options)
6/1/2016 (new)

Backyard grape production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule. | PPFS-FR-S-24
web only | 4 pages | 1,263 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,213 kb


Backyard Stone Fruit Disease and Pest Management Using Cultural Practices (with Low Spray, No Spray and Organic Options)
6/1/2016 (new)

Backyard stone fruit (peach, nectarine, plum, and cherry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule. | PPFS-FR-T-22
web only | 4 pages | 1,234 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 890 kb


Backyard Apple Disease and Pest Management Using Cultural Practices (with Low Spray, No Spray and Organic Options)
6/1/2016 (new)

Backyard apple production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule. | PPFS-FR-T-21
web only | 4 pages | 1,311 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,013 kb


Sample Asparagus Production Budget for Kentucky
5/2/2016 (minor revision)

Asparagus is a popular, early-season crop that can aid a diversified vegetable producer's cash flow during the first part of Kentucky's harvest season. Once established, properly managed asparagus plantings can produce for many years. According to these sample budgets, an acre of asparagus marketed at $1.75 per pound will return the costs of establishment in the second year of full production (third year after planting). Following that year, properly managed asparagus can return in the $1200 to $1500 range to land, labor, and management. | CCD-BG-1
web only | 6 pages | 1,128 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 389 kb


Asparagus
5/1/2016 (minor revision)

This crop is grown primarily in Kentucky for fresh market, especially near large population centers. Asparagus has great potential for farmers markets, for direct sales to local supermarkets, and for sales to local and regional wholesalers. Direct sales to local restaurants may also be possible. Kentucky's market window for asparagus is from early May through mid-June. | CCD-CP-84
web only | 4 pages | 1,387 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 542 kb


Simplified Backyard Grape Spray Guide
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

A simplified backyard grape spray guide (table). | PPFS-FR-S-23
web only | 1 pages | 323 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 351 kb


Sample Fungicide Spray Schedule for Commercial Bramble
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

A sample fungicide spray schedule for commercial bramble (table). | PPFS-FR-S-22
web only | 1 pages | 152 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 236 kb


Sample Fungicide Spray Schedule for Commercial Blueberry
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

A sample fungicide spray schedule for commercial blueberry growers (table). | PPFS-FR-S-21
web only | 1 pages | 197 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 280 kb


Commercial Grape Fungicide Schedule Worksheet and Sample Spray Guides
4/1/2016 (new)

A fungicide schedule worksheet and two sample spray guides for commercial grape growers. | PPFS-FR-S-20
web only | 3 pages | 599 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 427 kb


Simplified Backyard Peach and Stone Fruit Spray Guide
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

Peach, nectarine, apricot, plum, and cherry are all stone fruits. Production of these tree fruits requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays. Disease resistant cultivars are the preferred method for reducing spray inputs. | PPFS-FR-T-20
web only | 2 pages | 472 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 672 kb


Simplified Backyard Apple Spray Guides
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

Apple production requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays. | PPFS-FR-T-18
web only | 4 pages | 1,284 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 626 kb


Fungicides for Tree Fruits
4/1/2016 (new)

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-92, or by contacting county Extension agents. | PPFS-FR-T-11
web only | 3 pages | 894 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 124 kb


Simplified Fungicide Guide for Backyard Fruit
4/1/2016 (reviewed)

This fungicide spray guide is intended as a supplement to the more detailed spray schedule available in Disease and Insect Control Programs for Homegrown Fruit in Kentucky, Including Organic Alternatives, ID-21. | PPFS-GEN-8
web only | 2 pages | 554 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 431 kb


Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Grape Diseases
3/1/2016 (new)

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents. | PPFS-FR-S-18
web only | 5 pages | 1,450 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 407 kb


Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Strawberry Diseases
3/1/2016 (new)

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents. | PPFS-FR-S-15
web only | 3 pages | 885 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 398 kb


Commercial Peach/Stone Fruit Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet
3/1/2016 (new)

A spray schedule worksheet for commercial peach/stone fruit growers. | PPFS-FR-T-23
web only | 1 pages | 181 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 458 kb


Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Apple Diseases
3/1/2016 (new)

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents. | PPFS-FR-T-15
web only | 3 pages | 576 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 385 kb


Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Stone Fruit Diseases
3/1/2016 (new)

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents. | PPFS-FR-T-14
web only | 3 pages | 1,047 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 401 kb


Cherry Leaf Spot
3/1/2016 (new)

Cherry leaf spot occurs on both sweet and sour cherry; however, it is considerably more serious on sour cherries. Premature defoliation from cherry leaf spot reduces flower bud set for the next year, weakens trees, and increases sensitivity to winter injury. | PPFS-FR-T-6
web only | 1 pages | 311 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 500 kb


Fungicide Guide for Burley and Dark Tobacco, 2016
2/24/2016 (minor revision)

The number of fungicides that are registered for use on tobacco in Kentucky is relatively small in comparison to the large array of products available to producers of other crops. Although growers have a limited number of fungicides from which to choose, those that are available are effective against most of the major diseases of roots, stems, and foliage. | PPFS-AG-T-8
web only | 6 pages | 1,980 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 295 kb


A Comprehensive Guide to Wheat Management in Kentucky
2/23/2016 (reprinted)

The soft red winter wheat grown in Kentucky is the fourth most valuable cash crop in the state. Winter wheat has been an integral part of crop rotation for Kentucky farmers. Wheat is normally harvested in June in Kentucky and provides an important source of cash flow during the summer months. | ID-125
1,500 printed copies | 72 pages | 36,662 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 6,500 kb


Grain Sorghum (Milo) Production in Kentucky
2/8/2016 (new)

Grain sorghum can be used for a variety of purposes including animal feed, unleavened breads, cakes, wallboard, starch, dextrose, brooms, ethanol, high quality wax, and alcoholic beverages. Grain sorghum produced in Kentucky is most commonly used for animal feed and was first grown here in the 1920s. Although acreage in Kentucky has fluctuated considerably over the years, yields have generally exceeded the national average since the 1970s, indicating that grain sorghum is an option for producers interested in diversifying grain crop operations. | ID-234
web only | 8 pages | 5,390 words | 31 downloads | PDF: 1,800 kb


Broadleaf Weeds of Kentucky Pastures
2/4/2016 (reprinted)

A guide to the identification and control of broadleaf weeds in Kentucky pastures. | AGR-207
7,500 printed copies | 2 pages | 250 words | 147 downloads | PDF: 4,200 kb


Frogeye Leaf Spot, Black Rot, and Canker of Apple
2/1/2016 (new)

Black rot and frogeye are common names of an apple disease that occurs in three phases: (1) leaf infections result in frogeye leaf spot, while (2) fruit rot and (3) branch infections are referred to as black rot. All three phases can cause significant damage in Kentucky home and commercial orchards. | PPFS-FR-T-3
web only | 3 pages | 785 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 1,003 kb


Sustainable Disease Management of Cole Crops in the Home Garden
1/1/2016 (new)

Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kohlrabi, and brussel sprouts, all cole crops, are excellent plants to integrate into gardens. During wet seasons, bacterial diseases, fungal leaf spots, and downy mildew are common problems, while powdery mildew is more common during dry seasons. Bacterial diseases are also benefited by hot weather with occasional strong storms, which injure plants and spread pathogens in the garden. | PPFS-VG-23
web only | 2 pages | 822 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 788 kb


Sustainable Disease Management of Legume Vegetable Crops in the Home Garden
1/1/2016 (new)

Beans and peas, both legume crops, are excellent plants to integrate into gardens for multiple reasons. These plants are affected by few of the diseases that affect other popular garden plants. Beans and peas increase nitrogen fertility where they are planted, enriching the soil for the plants that are to follow them in a rotation. These plants can be extremely productive, and are a great source of dietary fiber and, in some cases, vegetable protein. | PPFS-VG-22
web only | 2 pages | 841 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 460 kb


Sustainable Disease Management of Solanaceous Crops in the Home Garden
1/1/2016 (new)

Solanaceous crops, including tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes, may be the most popular garden plants, but many diseases commonly affect them. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot occur each year under even the best disease management, and bacterial spot may be spread easily under rainy conditions. A combination of approaches, such as using resistant varieties, record-keeping, cultural, and chemical management, is the best practice for minimizing vegetable garden diseases. | PPFS-VG-21
web only | 2 pages | 981 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 874 kb


Tomato Disease Management in Greenhouses
12/22/2015 (new)

Tomato is, by far, the most common vegetable crop grown in greenhouses in Indiana and Kentucky. This publication examines common tomato diseases of the greenhouse and provides management recommendations. | ID-233
web only | 6 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 465 kb


2015 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/21/2015 (new)

The 2015 Fruit and Vegetable Crops research report includes results for more than 19 field research plots and demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in seven counties in Kentucky: Jefferson, Spencer, Trimble, Shelby, Caldwell, Franklin, and Fayette. | PR-706
1,000 printed copies | 44 pages | 27,911 words | 57 downloads | PDF: 1,542 kb


2015 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)
12/15/2015 (new)

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth. | PR-704
300 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,260 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb


2015 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-702
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,982 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2015 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-701
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,238 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 530 kb


2015 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2015 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-700
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,982 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 525 kb


2015 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/10/2015 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-703
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,430 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 875 kb


2015 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/10/2015 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. | PR-698
400 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,593 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


2015 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/8/2015 (new)

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. | PR-699
400 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,501 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,880 kb


2015 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
12/8/2015 (new)

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. | PR-697
600 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,847 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,240 kb


Black Knot
12/1/2015 (new)

Black knot is a common, often serious, disease of plums and cherries in Kentucky. Ornamental Prunus species, as well as wild plums and cherries, may also be affected. Trees in both commercial and residential plantings are susceptible. | PPFS-FR-T-4
web only | 2 pages | 617 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 784 kb


Peach Leaf Curl and Plum Pockets
12/1/2015 (new)

Peach leaf curl occurs annually in commercial and residential orchards throughout Kentucky. The disease causes severe defoliation, weakens trees, and reduces fruit quality, fruit set, and yield. Peaches, apricots, and nectarines are susceptible to peach leaf curl. Plum pockets is a similar, but less common, disease that occurs on wild and cultivated plums. | PPFS-FR-T-1
web only | 3 pages | 667 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 887 kb


Sustainable Disease Management of Leafy Green Crops in the Home Garden
12/1/2015 (new)

Leafy greens are great garden plants as a result of their short seasons, ease of growing, and ability to be succession planted. In wet summers, bacterial diseases, fungal leaf spots, and downy mildew are common problems, while powdery mildew is more common during dry summers. Bacterial diseases are also benefited by hot weather with occasional strong storms, which injure plants and spread pathogens in the garden. Lettuce drop, caused by the Sclerotinia fungus, can become a multi-year problem and may spread to different families of plants. | PPFS-VG-20
web only | 2 pages | 781 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 896 kb


Sustainable Disease Management of Cucurbit Crops in the Home Garden
12/1/2015 (new)

Cucurbit vining crops include cucumbers, watermelons, cantaloupe, pumpkins, zucchini, and summer and winter squashes, and can be highly productive plants in small gardens. During wet summers, downy mildew and fungal leaf spot diseases tend to occur, while in drier summers, powdery mildew is the most common disease. Gardens with cucumber beetle pressure are much more likely to have plants affected by bacterial wilt, since striped and spotted cucumber beetles can carry the bacterial wilt pathogen. | PPFS-VG-19
web only | 2 pages | 854 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 995 kb


2015 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/1/2015 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. | PR-693
2,125 printed copies | 44 pages | 10,715 words | 48 downloads | PDF: 1,928 kb


2015 Orchardgrass Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-696
600 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,380 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 850 kb


2015 Red and White Clover Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. | PR-695
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,805 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 875 kb


2015 Alfalfa Report
11/23/2015 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. | PR-694
400 printed copies | 10 pages | 3,151 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb


Gummosis and Perennial Canker of Stone Fruits
11/1/2015 (minor revision)

Gummosis is a general, nonspecific condition of stone fruits (peach, nectarine, plum and cherry) in which gum is exuded and deposited on the bark of trees. Gum is produced in response to any type of wound, regardless of whether it is due to insects, mechanical injury or disease. | PPFS-FR-T-8
web only | 2 pages | 559 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 207 kb


2015 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
10/30/2015 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location. | PR-692
2,200 printed copies | 28 pages | 1,411 words | 39 downloads | PDF: 3,300 kb


Apple Rust Diseases
8/1/2015 (new)

Cedar-apple rust is the most common and economically important rust disease occurring on apple in Kentucky. Two other rusts, cedar-hawthorn rust and cedar-quince rust, are of lesser importance on apple, but can significantly impact ornamental plants. All three diseases occur on crabapple, hawthorn, mountain ash, pear, and serviceberry. | PPFS-FR-T-5
web only | 5 pages | 1,395 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 813 kb


2015 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/6/2015 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-690
1,900 printed copies | 24 pages | 3,739 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 2,350 kb


Maintaining the Efficacy of Foliar Fungicides for Tobacco Disease Management
7/1/2015 (new)

Management of resistance to fungicides is based on alternating the use of particular modes of action, or FRAC groups, which essentially presents multiple different challenges to the fungal population. Overall, fungi that are naturally resistant to a mode of action are very rare in the environment. Challenging a population with multiple different modes of action will reduce the chance of developing widespread resistance, which will prolong the efficacy of these chemicals. | PPFS-AG-T-5
web only | 4 pages | 1,356 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 473 kb


Celery and Celeriac
6/8/2015 (new)

Celery (Apium graveolens) is an herb and vegetable member of the parsley family. It is a cool-season crop that is a biennial, but is often grown as an annual for fresh market consumption. It does best when temperatures are relatively cool, particularly at night. Celery is a versatile ingredient for cooking and during 2012 U.S. consumers used an average 6 pounds of fresh celery per person per year. Celery leaves are used much like an herb, similar to parsley, in flavoring soups, stews, salads and other dishes. Celeriac (Apium rapaceum) is also known as celery root, and is grown for its smooth celery flavor and long storage capacity. | CCD-CP-92
web only | 3 pages | 1,139 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 635 kb


Blueberry Root Rot
5/1/2015 (new)

Blueberry is considered one of the most disease-free fruit crops in Kentucky. Many of the diseases that affect blueberry result in minor damage. However, the most common disease of blueberry, Phytophthora root rot, can cause severe dieback and often results in plant death. The causal agent of blueberry root rot is Phytophthora cinnamomi, a soilborne water mold that occurs world-wide and can infect a wide range of hosts, including woody ornamentals. Under optimal conditions, the pathogen proliferates, and disease symptoms occur. | PPFS-FR-S-19
web only | 3 pages | 993 words | 1 download | PDF: 702 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Legume Vegetables in Kentucky
1/30/2015 (new)

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" (but rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. Proper identification is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during bean and pea production in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter a problem that is not included here. Please contact your county Extension service for assistance. | ID-227
1,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 6,479 words | 42 downloads | PDF: 33,000 kb


Organic Corn Production in Kentucky
1/15/2015 (new)

The number of organic dairy cows in Kentucky has been steadily increasing for years, yet there's not enough organic corn produced in the state to feed the growing herds. In short, a new market has developed in the state, but few local farmers are taking advantage of it. While Kentucky farmers are no strangers to corn, growing corn organically utilizes different management, cultural and marketing practices and requires new skills. And, importantly, organic production must follow an approved farm plan that allows farmers to sell their corn as certified organic. This publication is designed to be both an introduction to a new enterprise as well as a practical manual for those interested in pursuing organic corn production on their own farms. | ID-225
2,000 printed copies | 30 pages | 19,856 words | 47 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb


2014 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
1/7/2015 (new)

The 2014 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 18 field research plots and demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in three counties in Kentucky, including: Mason, Shelby, and Spencer. | PR-688
web only | 42 pages | 29,201 words | 68 downloads | PDF: 950 kb


Watermelon
12/17/2014 (minor revision)

Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a warm-season crop in the Cucurbit family, Watermelons are grown in various areas across the state, including: Casey County, Lincoln County, Hart County, Allen County, and Daviess County. Watermelon is the second largest fresh market vegetable produced in the state, with 1,116 acres, and accounts for 16% of the total fresh market vegetable acreage (USDA, 2013). | CCD-CP-125
web only | 4 pages | 1,320 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 1,100 kb


2014 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/11/2014 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. Thirty soybean tests were planted in 2014 in Kentucky at the six test locations shown below. Planting dates and other information are shown in Table 1. Data for the maturity groups IV Early, IV Late and V at the Caldwell County location are not provided to avoid penalizing any variety (plots were damaged by a storm soon after planting). | PR-689
2,125 printed copies | 28 pages | 10,157 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 4,300 kb


Winter Squash
12/10/2014 (minor revision)

Winter squash is a taxonomically diverse group of vegetables in the Cucurbita genus. Cultivars may belong to one of several species: Cucurbita pepo (acorn and spaghetti squashes), C. maxima (hubbard, buttercup, and kabocha), C. moschata (butternut), and C. mixta (cushaw). Because these squash are harvested when mature and rinds have hardened, most types can be stored for use during the winter. | CCD-CP-126
web only | 2 pages | 794 words | 1 download | PDF: 668 kb


2014 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/10/2014 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2011-2014 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-686
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,176 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 1,150 kb


2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-685
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,976 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 810 kb


2014 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2014 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-684
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,472 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2014 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-683
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,347 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 660 kb


2014 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/2/2014 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-682
400 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,278 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 550 kb


Managing Diseases of Alfalfa
12/1/2014 (new)

Alfalfa can be a vigorous and productive forage crop for Kentucky farmers. Like all farm crops, however, alfalfa is subject to infectious diseases that can limit forage production. Managing these diseases is an important part of economical alfalfa production. | PPFS-AG-F-9
web only | 4 pages | 1,658 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 756 kb


2014 Alfalfa Report
11/25/2014 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. | PR-676
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,769 words | 25 downloads | PDF: 1,780 kb


2014 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. | PR-681
400 printed copies | 13 pages | 1,866 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,897 kb


2014 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. | PR-680
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,232 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 676 kb


2014 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-679
700 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,846 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,114 kb


2014 Orchardgrass Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-678
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,258 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 855 kb


2014 Red and White Clover Report
11/24/2014 (new)

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. | PR-677
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,717 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb


Kentucky Strawberry Profitability Estimated Costs and Returns
11/10/2014 (minor revision)

The profitability of two different strawberry production scenarios in Kentucky was analyzed to reflect 2014 production costs. The attached tables report potential profits for both Pick Your Own (PYO) and Wholesale/Retail production. | CCD-BG-5
web only | 2 pages | 695 words | 1 download | PDF: 332 kb


2014 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/3/2014 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location. | PR-675
2,300 printed copies | 28 pages | 5,214 words | 34 downloads | PDF: 3,387 kb


Ethnic Vegetables: Asian
11/1/2014 (new)

Asian vegetables are generally those vegetable crops originating from East Asia (China, Japan, and Korea) and Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, etc). They may also include crops of South Asia (India and Pakistan). While often referred to as "oriental" vegetables, the term "Asian" is preferred. A number of these Asian crops could be grown and marketed in Kentucky. | CCD-CP-96
web only | 5 pages | 1,884 words | 1 download | PDF: 1,200 kb


Soybean Cyst Nematode Management Recommendations for Kentucky, 2015
11/1/2014 (reviewed)

SCN-resistant soybean varieties are an essential tool in the management of SCN. Although some of the early resistant varieties lagged behind susceptible varieties in yield, newer resistant varieties adapted for use in Kentucky do not suffer the same yield penalty. In fact, in the absence of SCN, it is common for modern SCN-resistant varieties to out-yield the best susceptible varieties in university research trials. | PPFS-AG-S-24
web only | 4 pages | 875 words | 1 download | PDF: 546 kb


Cauliflower
10/15/2014 (minor revision)

Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) is a cool-season crop in the crucifer family. While it is closely related to broccoli and cabbage, cauliflower is more exacting in its environmental requirements than other cole crops. Cauliflower is very sensitive to unusually hot weather and drought. | CCD-CP-91
web only | 2 pages | 637 words | 1 download | PDF: 439 kb


Summer Squash
10/6/2014 (minor revision)

Summer squashes (Curcurbita pepo) are warm-season cucurbits that are harvested when the fruits are immature. The most common summer squash types include yellow (crookneck and straightneck) and zucchini. Also included in the summer squash group are scallop squashes and cocozelle. Summer squashes grow on plants with a bush growth habit, rather than vining. | CCD-CP-121
web only | 3 pages | 1,080 words | 1 download | PDF: 542 kb


Bell Peppers
10/1/2014 (minor revision)

Peppers are grown in Kentucky primarily for fresh market sales. Fresh market options include roadside stands, local wholesalers and retailers, wholesale markets, farmers markets, community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, produce auctions, and cooperatives. There has been little in-state market potential for processed peppers due to the loss of local vegetable processing companies. California (51 percent) and Florida (26 percent) dominate bell pepper production, according to the USDA Economic Research Service. The other major producing states are Georgia, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina and Ohio. | CCD-CP-87
web only | 3 pages | 1,153 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 680 kb


Kentucky Plant Disease Management Guide for Forage Legumes
10/1/2014 (new)

Disease management in forage legumes relies heavily on using disease-resistant varieties and employing sound agronomic practices. It is important to integrate both of these strategies into a comprehensive disease management program. Failure to consider one or the other will compromise the success of your efforts. The appropriate use of pesticides sometimes plays a significant role in managing certain diseases, but it is secondary to sound cultural practices and proper variety selection. | PPFS-AG-F-8
web only | 7 pages | 2,707 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 907 kb


Blackleg and Bacterial Soft Rot of Potato
10/1/2014 (new)

Blackleg and soft rot are bacterial diseases that cause heavy losses in Kentucky potato patches in some years. These diseases may result in missing hills when seed pieces are destroyed or the sprouts decay before they emerge from the ground. Serious rotting of tubers in potato hills and in storage can also occur. | PPFS-VG-18
web only | 2 pages | 754 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 707 kb


Roadside Stands
9/26/2014 (minor revision)

Roadside stand is generic term for a type of marketing site in which a farm producer sells directly to consumers. A roadside stand is a seasonal, temporary or semi-temporary structure that may be located on or off the farm. A roadside stand may be distinguished from a roadside market in that the latter is usually a permanent structure that is often open year-round. | CCD-MP-5
web only | 4 pages | 1,547 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 774 kb


Kohlrabi
9/22/2014 (new)

Currently there is little production of kohlrabi in Kentucky, and it appears to have the most potential for fresh market sales. Winter storage varieties are proving to be good for late fall harvest. Direct marketers should work to create niche markets, like restaurant, community supported agriculture or farmers market sales, for freshly harvested kohlrabi. Providing recipes and use suggestions to customers unfamiliar with kohlrabi may help promote sales. | CCD-CP-102
web only | 3 pages | 996 words | - | PDF: 534 kb


Brussels Sprouts
9/1/2014 (new)

Currently there is little production of brussels sprouts in Kentucky. Much of the commercial production for brussels sprouts produced in the United States is concentrated in California. The Census of Agriculture reported that two Kentucky farms harvested brussels sprouts in the 2012 growing season. | CCD-CP-89
web only | 3 pages | 1,329 words | 1 download | PDF: 626 kb


Broccoli
9/1/2014 (minor revision)

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) is a cool-season crop that performs poorly in hot weather. As a member of the crucifer family, broccoli is closely related to other cole crops, such as cabbage, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. | CCD-CP-88
web only | 3 pages | 1,044 words | - | PDF: 609 kb


Bacterial Spot of Pepper and Tomato
9/1/2014 (new)

Bacterial spot can result in severe damage to tomato, sweet pepper, and pimento crops. The bacterium attacks leaves, fruits, and stems causing blemishes on these plant parts. Outbreaks of leaf spotting have resulted in leaf drop and poor fruit set in the field. Defoliation due to leaf spotting can increase the incidence of sun scald on fruit. Fruit infections result in badly spotted fruit, which are of little market value. In addition, fruit injury from this disease allows entry of secondary fruit rotting organisms, causing further damage. | PPFS-VG-17
web only | 3 pages | 786 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 636 kb


Highbush Blueberries, Kentucky, 2014 (Wholesale/Retail Marketing)
8/29/2014 (minor revision)

Budget worksheet. | CCD-BG-4
web only | 7 pages | 1,573 words | 1 download | PDF: 352 kb


Highbush Blueberries, Kentucky, 2014 (PYO Harvest)
8/29/2014 (minor revision)

Budget worksheet. | CCD-BG-3
web only | 2 pages | 1,573 words | - | PDF: 352 kb


Blueberry Cost and Return Estimates
8/29/2014 (minor revision)

Blueberries are a crop with excellent long-term profitability potential for Kentucky producers willing to invest the time, capital, and management necessary for establishing productive blueberry acreage. Blueberries have the advantage of having lower establishment costs than other berry crops that require trellis systems for production. Once established, properly managed blueberry bushes can produce for many years. | CCD-BG-2
web only | 4 pages | 1,164 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 561 kb


Asian and European Pears
8/26/2014 (minor revision)

Very few European pears (Pyrus communis) are grown commercially in Kentucky, primarily due to problems with fire blight and late spring frosts. Asian pears (P. pyrifolia, synonym P. serotina), on the other hand, are more consistently productive in Kentucky in spite of these problems. Also called apple pears, Asian pears are crisp and juicy like an apple, but with the sweetness associated with pears. | CCD-CP-3
web only | 3 pages | 1,183 words | - | PDF: 465 kb


Organic Blueberries
8/20/2014 (minor revision)

The highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a perennial shrub that will do well in most areas of Kentucky as long as the soil pH is properly adjusted. Organic production requires the use of pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic compounds. Growers producing and selling their berries with an organic label must be certified by a USDA-approved state or private agency and follow production standards regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP). | CCD-CP-13
web only | 6 pages | 2,842 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 633 kb


Peaches
8/19/2014 (minor revision)

The peach (Prunus persica), which originated in China, is a member of the Rose family. In the past, commercial peach production in Kentucky has been profitable only in western counties, in southern counties, and in areas along the Ohio River. However, over the past 15 years as winters have become warmer, peach growers are also doing well in areas west of the mountains, as long as good sites that avoid late spring frosts are selected. | CCD-CP-15
web only | 3 pages | 1,309 words | 1 download | PDF: 491 kb


Field-grown Tomatoes
8/13/2014 (minor revision)

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is a warm season crop that originated in South America. Tomatoes are one of the most popular and profitable crop alternatives in Kentucky. Growers able to provide the earliest locally grown tomatoes can often demand a premium price. | CCD-CP-98
web only | 3 pages | 1,105 words | 1 download | PDF: 445 kb


Bean Diseases
8/1/2014 (new)

Anthracnose can reduce bean quality, as well as yield. Losses can be severe during cool, rainy weather. It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, which appears on all aboveground parts of the plant but rarely on roots. Lesions generally are dark brown and may contain pink spore masses during moist weather. Elongate, angular spots appear on lower leaf veins. As the fungus spreads into surrounding tissue, lesions eventually appear on the upper side of veins. Affected seeds become discolored. Plants grown from infected seed may develop lesions on the cotyledons. | PPFS-VG-16
web only | 6 pages | 2,129 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,154 kb


Strawberries
7/31/2014 (minor revision)

The quality of Kentucky-grown strawberries can be far superior to berries that are shipped-in. There is a strong market for local berries, particularly near population centers. A large proportion of the strawberries grown in Kentucky are currently sold on a U-Pick basis. Other marketing options include roadside stands and local grocers. Farmers markets, produce auctions, community supported agriculture (CSA) shares, and restaurants are also outlets for strawberries. Some producers are using crop surpluses to produce jams and jellies for local sale. | CCD-CP-19
web only | 3 pages | 1,318 words | - | PDF: 499 kb


Muskmelon (Cantaloupe)
7/21/2014 (minor revision)

Kentucky fresh market muskmelons are sold at farmers markets throughout the Commonwealth. Other retail outlets include community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, roadside stands, and farm markets. Local groceries and restaurants are also potential melon markets. Larger-scale wholesale markets are also accessible for muskmelons, and some Kentucky growers have made wholesale alliances with national melon shippers. Kentucky's produce auctions, especially the Fairview Produce Auction in Western Kentucky, have handled more and more melons each year since 2002. | CCD-CP-105
web only | 3 pages | 1,054 words | - | PDF: 612 kb


2014 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/11/2014 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-674
2,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 1,280 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 2,700 kb


Guia de Monitoreo de MIP para Plagas Comunes de los Cultivos de Solanaceas on Kentucky
7/9/2014 (new)

La identificacion correcta de los patogenos y de insectos plagas, asi como los trastornos nutricionales y fisiologicos e incluso derivas de herbicidas es esencial para determinar el curso apropiado de accion. Las imagenes incluidas en esta guia representan algunas plagas o problemas comunes que los agricultores pueden encontrar cuando se producen cultivos de solanaceas (tomates, pimientos, berenjena y papas) en Kentucky. | ID-172s
1,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 7,500 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 5,600 kb


Sweet Corn
7/7/2014 (minor revision)

Sweet corn (Zea mays subsp. mays) is one of the most popular fresh market vegetables produced in Kentucky. While field corn has thousands of years of history, sweet corn has only been available since the 1700s. Present day cultivars vary by kernel color (yellow, white, and bicolor) and sugar content. | CCD-CP-122
web only | 3 pages | 966 words | - | PDF: 517 kb


Shiitake and Oyster Mushrooms
7/3/2014 (minor revision)

Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) and oyster (Pleurotus spp.) mushrooms are specialty mushrooms that are well-suited for small-scale production in Kentucky. Unlike Agaricus types (common button mushroom, portabellas, and criminis), which require large, highly mechanized facilities with environmental controls, shiitake and oyster mushrooms can be log-cultivated outdoors. While growers with access to a woodlot will have a clear advantage in terms of production site and log supply, these mushrooms can also be cultivated in other heavily shaded locations. | CCD-CP-82
web only | 4 pages | 1,689 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 561 kb


Pick-Your-Own (U-Pick) Marketing
6/30/2014 (minor revision)

Pick-Your-Own (PYO), also referred to as U-Pick, occurs when farmers "invite the public onto the farm to harvest their own food."1 Producers searching for new crops, combined with a growing Kentucky population, renewed interest in PYO during the past 20 years. | CCD-MP-3
web only | 4 pages | 1,399 words | 1 download | PDF: 1,300 kb


Marketing Organic Produce
6/27/2014 (minor revision)

Growth in organic food consumption has been a major trend in the U.S. food industry during the last two decades. Sales of organic food rose from $3.6 billion in 1997 to $21.1 billion in 2007. Sales of organic food products were estimated at $28.4 billion in 2012 and approaching $35 billion in 2014. | CCD-MP-9
web only | 5 pages | 1,687 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


Grapes
6/23/2014 (minor revision)

Grapes (Vitis spp.) are suitable for either large-scale or small-scale commercial production. Typically three types of grapes are grown in Kentucky: Native American, hybrid, and European grapes. The climate in Kentucky is the limiting factor to grape production. Although American and hybrid cultivars are better suited for production in Kentucky, European (vinifera) cultivars are more desirable and potentially have the highest economic gain for grape growers and wine makers. However, vinifera cultivars are more susceptible to winter injury and diseases resulting in a lower yield, reduced fruit quality, and often vine death. Growing grapes in Kentucky can be highly successful and rewarding if the cultivars are matched to a specific site and proper production techniques are implemented. | CCD-CP-7
web only | 4 pages | 1,653 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 694 kb


Blackberries
6/19/2014 (minor revision)

Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as 'brambles' or 'caneberries.' They have perennial crowns and roots that produce biennial canes. Most blackberry types produce canes that bear fruit the second year and then die naturally after harvest. Primocane fruiting blackberries produce canes that grow and fruit the first season (primocane) in late summer and fall and also produce fruit on these same canes (floricanes) the second season in July and early August before dying. Blackberries are grouped according to their growth habit: erect, semi-erect, and trailing. The trailing types are not recommended for commercial production in Kentucky due to their lack of winter hardiness. Erect (thorny and thornless) and semi-erect (thornless) blackberries, however, grow and yield well in most parts of the state. Primocane fruiting thorny and thornless blackberries also do well in Kentucky, however hot summers substantially reduce the primocane crop because temperatures above 85 F cause flowers to abort. With favorable growing conditions, a planting may produce for 12 or more years. | CCD-CP-4
web only | 4 pages | 1,415 words | 1 download | PDF: 724 kb


Marketing Asian Produce in Kentucky
6/19/2014 (minor revision)

Burgeoning Asian populations and consumer interest in Asian cuisine helped stimulate increased interest in purchasing fresh Asian vegetables to prepare at home, a trend expected to continue. Caucasian consumers tend to prefer value-added and processed vegetables, but there are market niches for fresh Asian vegetables. Kentucky producers have received inquiries to source edamame (vegetable soybean) and daikon (Chinese radish) at wholesale quantities. | CCD-MP-8
web only | 6 pages | 1,403 words | - | PDF: 758 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Sweet Corn in Kentucky
6/3/2014 (reprinted)

In terms of acreage, sweet corn is the largest commercial vegetable crop grown in Kentucky. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs have played an important role in its production and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" but not necessarily eliminated in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop. | ID-184
4,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 5,437 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 1,054 kb


Midwest Blueberry Production Guide
5/12/2014 (reprinted)

Blueberries are one of the few fruit crops native to North America. Wild blueberries were utilized by Native Americans for making medicines, dyes, and flavorings, as well as for direct consumption. Once a small-scale crop produced within limited regions, blueberries are now grown throughout the United States and the rest of the world. | ID-210
1,500 printed copies | 58 pages | 28,039 words | 87 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Apple in Kentucky
5/7/2014 (new)

The National Integrated Pest Management Network defines IPM as "a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks." One of the key components of IPM is to continually scout and monitor crops to identify problems before they result in significant economic losses. Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during apple production in Kentucky. | ID-219
3,000 printed copies | 20 pages | 5,056 words | 42 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb


Cool-season Forage Grasses: Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, Bluegrass, and Timothy
5/5/2014 (minor revision)

Tall fescue, orchardgrass, bluegrass, and timothy are the dominant forage grasses in Kentucky. They have potential for the cash hay market and for intensive grazing. Significant price premiums may be possible for high-quality hay. Timothy hay, either alone or in mixtures with alfalfa, is much desired by horse owners. Historically, timothy has been an important seed crop in Kentucky; however, at present only a small acreage of timothy is grown for seed. | CCD-CP-27
web only | 3 pages | 773 words | - | PDF: 410 kb


Grain Sorghum
5/1/2014 (minor revision)

Grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), commonly called "milo," is used primarily as a feed grain for livestock. Sorghum stubble makes excellent roughage following harvest and can be used for pasture. Grain sorghum can also be made into silage, although sorghum/sudangrass hybrids are more commonly used for this purpose. | CCD-CP-31
web only | 3 pages | 901 words | - | PDF: 496 kb


Marketing Via the Internet
5/1/2014 (minor revision)

The Internet can be utilized in a variety of marketing strategies. Producers may sell their products online through e-commerce, use a website to take orders for their goods, or simply advertise their operation through a "billboard" type website. Social media and blogs provide yet another way the Internet can be used for promoting a farm enterprise. The increase in access to Web-based services through handheld devices makes many customers more immediately accessible to products and services. | CCD-MP-2
web only | 4 pages | 1,937 words | 1 download | PDF: 442 kb


Tomato Wilt Problems
5/1/2014 (new)

Fusarium and Verticillium wilts are two fungal diseases that cause similar wilts in tomato. Fusarium wilt tends to be more common during warm weather, while Verticillium wilt is found more often when temperatures are cool. Both diseases share similar symptoms and can be hard to tell apart visually; laboratory tests are often needed for an accurate diagnosis. | PPFS-VG-15
web only | 4 pages | 1,510 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 2,070 kb


Disease and Insect Control Program for Home Grown Fruit in Kentucky
4/29/2014 (reprinted)

Many homeowners in Kentucky grow a variety of fruits in their garden and are rewarded for their effort. One distinct advantage homeowners have over commercial orchardists is the diverse ecosystem of the home landscape (vegetable gardens, flower and fruit plantings intermixed with turf and landscape plants). Diversity often reduces the spread of insect and disease organisms and tends to keep their populations at lower, more manageable levels. | ID-21
1,000 printed copies | 20 pages | 10,516 words | 128 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb


Soybean Nutrient Management in Kentucky
4/24/2014 (new)

Soybean grows best on fertile soils. For decades, the University of Kentucky has conducted field studies to establish the relationship between soil nutrient supplies and soybean yield. Adequate soil fertility must be present so that yields are not limited. | AGR-213
web only | 5 pages | 2,814 words | 60 downloads | PDF: 1,015 kb


Hot Peppers and Specialty Sweet Peppers
4/15/2014 (minor revision)

Hot peppers, also known as chili (or chile) peppers, owe their "heat" or pungency to a chemical substance called capsaicin. This chemical is concentrated in the cross walls of the fruit and around the developing seeds. Chili peppers can be mild to fiery hot, depending on the amount of capsaicin present. Peppers that do not contain capsaicin, such as bell peppers, are considered "sweet". In addition to the hot types, other specialty peppers include sweet varieties of unusual shape, size and/or color. | CCD-CP-101
web only | 5 pages | 2,061 words | 1 download | PDF: 520 kb


Pumpkin
4/10/2014 (minor revision)

Most pumpkins are used for ornamental purposes, with the greatest market demand during the Halloween season. Marketing options include: roadside stands, local retailers, wholesale markets, grower marketing associations, consumer supported agriculture (CSA), and U-Pick. Kentucky faces major competition in wholesale pumpkin production from surrounding states, especially Tennessee. Smaller-sized and unique pumpkin varieties, especially those with good eating characteristics, may appeal to many direct market customers. | CCD-CP-114
web only | 3 pages | 1,144 words | - | PDF: 503 kb


High Tunnel Brambles
4/7/2014 (minor revision)

High tunnels are relatively simple polyethylene-covered greenhouses placed over irrigated ground beds. Also known as hoop houses, high tunnels have been used to extend the marketing window of a wide variety of annual crops in Kentucky, such as vegetables and cut flowers. Perennial crops, such as brambles, can also be produced in high tunnels. | CCD-CP-8
web only | 6 pages | 2,906 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 619 kb


High Tunnel Strawberries
4/4/2014 (minor revision)

High tunnels are relatively simple polyethylene-covered unheated structures placed over irrigated ground beds. Also known as hoop houses, high tunnels can be used to extend the production season of a wide variety of crops in Kentucky, including strawberries. A plasticulture system with drip irrigation is recommended when using high tunnels for strawberry production. | CCD-CP-61
web only | 4 pages | 2,061 words | 1 download | PDF: 528 kb


Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits
4/1/2014 (new)

Bacterial wilt is a common, often destructive, disease of cucurbits. This disease can cause nearly complete losses of a planting before the first harvest. Bacterial wilt primarily affects cucumber and muskmelon (cantaloupe). While squash and pumpkin are also susceptible, the damage to these hosts is usually less severe. | PPFS-VG-11
web only | 3 pages | 1,044 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 575 kb


Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits Quick Facts
4/1/2014 (new)

Highlights from the publication Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits, PPFS-VG-11. | PPFS-VG-11-QF
web only | 2 pages | 300 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 786 kb


Highbush Blueberries
3/28/2014 (minor revision)

The highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a perennial shrub that will do well in most areas of Kentucky as long as the soil is properly adjusted. With proper care, blueberry plants may remain productive for 40 years or more | CCD-CP-9
web only | 4 pages | 1,386 words | 1 download | PDF: 1,000 kb


Selling Farm Products at Farmers Markets
3/25/2014 (minor revision)

Farmers markets are used by Kentucky growers of all farm sizes and scales. "Market gardeners" often tend less than an acre of land for selling strictly at the local farmers market. On the other hand, some of Kentucky's largest orchards use local farmers markets as a retail outlet during the fall to command a premium price for their crop. | CCD-MP-6
web only | 6 pages | 2,340 words | 1 download | PDF: 811 kb


Soybean Variety Selection
3/20/2014 (major revision)

Soybean variety selection is one of the most important and most difficult management decisions a producer must make each year. It takes careful identification of the problems and needs of the production system. When done properly it increases the chance the variety will reach its full yield potential while eliminating costs for unnecessary traits, resulting in highly profitable returns. | AGR-129
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | 3,941 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 570 kb


Sweet Potato
3/20/2014 (minor revision)

The most profitable marketing opportunities for sweet potatoes in Kentucky are through local fresh markets, such as farmers markets, direct delivery and CSA, and on-farm stands. "U-Dig" sweet potato sales, similar to U-Pick, are also possible in some areas. Currently (2014) there are about 200 acres of commercial sweet potato production in the state. Sweet potato processing has grown nationally in recent years and is dominated by large processors; there are no significant processing markets available in Kentucky. | CCD-CP-123
web only | 3 pages | 1,158 words | 1 download | PDF: 443 kb


Plasticulture Strawberries
3/20/2014 (minor revision)

There is always a market for fresh, local strawberries (Fragaria spp.), and growers able to provide the earliest crop often have the marketing edge. For growers willing to make the investment in time and resources, the annual plasticulture system may allow the grower to have berries about one month sooner than growers using the traditional matted row system. Plasticulture production can either be used as a stand-alone enterprise or as part of a diversified operation. | CCD-CP-16
web only | 3 pages | 1,374 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 491 kb


Apples
3/15/2014 (minor revision)

Over the past 40 years Kentucky growers have produced apples (Malus domestica) using free-standing trees in low to medium density plantings. Today's high density orchards have closely planted trees on dwarfing rootstocks requiring permanent support structures. Earlier production, quicker returns on the investment, and improved fruit quality are just a few of the many benefits of the new high-density systems. | CCD-CP-2
web only | 3 pages | 1,389 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 519 kb


Sustainable Production Systems: Principles and Approaches for Optimizing Efficiency in Nursery and Landscape Businesses
3/14/2014 (new)

Publications in the Sustainable Production Systems series discuss ways of pursuing sustainability in nursery production systems. Sustainable businesses are those that yield acceptable returns on investments, conserve natural resources, make positive contributions to the community, and create a workplace culture where employees feel safe, productive, and valued. | HO-110
web only | 17 pages | 9,670 words | 33 downloads | PDF: 5,953 kb


Kura Clover
3/1/2014 (minor revision)

Kura clover was investigated by the University of Kentucky Department of Plant and Soil Sciences for several years. Unfortunately, due to establishment difficulties, UK researchers have concluded that kura clover succeeds best further north. | CCD-CP-35
web only | 2 pages | 751 words | - | PDF: 389 kb


Fertilizer Management in Alfalfa
1/8/2014 (new)

Alfalfa is a high quality, valuable forage crop that can be successfully produced on most well-drained soils in Kentucky for hay, silage, and grazing. Fertilizing alfalfa can be uniquely challenging because it is a high-yielding crop that removes a tremendous amount of soil nutrients when compared to other crops grown in Kentucky. A thorough understanding of alfalfa's growth habits, nutrient requirements, and soil nutrient supply mechanisms is necessary to effectively manage fertilizer inputs and maximize profitability while minimizing environmental impact. | AGR-210
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,657 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 4 kb


2013 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
1/8/2014 (new)

Variety trials included in this year's publication include: cabbage, asparagus, bell peppers, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, apples, peaches, and grapes. Additional research trials include organic management of cucumber beetles, financial comparison of organic potato integrated pest management systems, and effect of organic fertilizer materials for production of kale. | PR-673
web only | 44 pages | 23,586 words | 76 downloads | PDF: 2,491 kb


Sampling Soybean Fields for Soybean Cyst Nematode Analysis
1/1/2014 (minor revision)

The soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines, SCN) causes many millions of dollars worth of damage to Kentucky soybean fields each year. This occurs even though damage is mostly preventable and controls are inexpensive. This situation exists because a large number of soybean producers are unaware that cyst nematode is damaging their crops. In most cases soybean cyst nematode will cause significant yield reductions without producing any detectable symptoms in soybeans. When symptoms do occur, they are frequently thought to be associated with some other factor, such as soil compaction or low soil fertility. | PPFS-AG-S-9
web only | 3 pages | 1,169 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 679 kb


2013 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2013 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-669
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 940 kb


2013 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/4/2013 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-668
600 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,468 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 1,150 kb


2013 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/2/2013 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. | PR-672
2,125 printed copies | 28 pages | 2,801 words | 28 downloads | PDF: 3,500 kb


2013 Summer Annual Grass Report
11/25/2013 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2009-2013 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-670
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,169 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb


2013 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/25/2013 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. | PR-667
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 24 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


2013 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/22/2013 (new)

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. | PR-666
450 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,227 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 680 kb


2013 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/19/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. | PR-665
450 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,832 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,750 kb


2013 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/19/2013 (new)

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. | PR-664
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,228 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 700 kb


2013 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-663
800 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,837 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,600 kb


2013 Orchardgrass Report
11/18/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. | PR-662
800 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,252 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb


2013 Red and White Clover Report
11/18/2013 (new)

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. | PR-661
800 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,727 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 960 kb


2013 Alfalfa Report
11/15/2013 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. | PR-660
600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,781 words | 14 downloads | PDF: 1,950 kb


2013 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/11/2013 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location. | PR-659
2,500 printed copies | 24 pages | 1,430 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb


Sensor Technology for Variable Rate Nitrogen Applications on Wheat in Kentucky: Recommendations and Verification
10/28/2013 (new)

Nitrogen (N) applications on wheat using sensor-based technology can improve both N use efficiency and yields. | SR-107
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,728 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 812 kb


Fruit, Orchard, and Vineyard Sanitation
8/1/2013 (new)

Diseases can become a significant problem in commercial and home fruit plantings, resulting in premature leaf drop, fruit decay, dieback, decline, and even plant death. When diseases do occur, it is often presumed that fungicides are the most important and effective disease management tools available. However, a good sanitation program can help reduce the need for chemical controls and can improve the effectiveness of other practices for managing disease. This often-overlooked disease management tool reduces pathogen numbers and eliminates infective propagules that cause disease. | PPFS-GEN-5
web only | 3 pages | 919 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 723 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Cole Crops in Kentucky
7/22/2013 (new)

Cole crops are important as a group, particularly when all acreage of cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts are combined. Spring planted crops may have very different problems associated with them compared to fall crops. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs fill an important role in production of these crops and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed," but not necessarily eliminated, in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop. | ID-216
3,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 4,491 words | 39 downloads | PDF: 5,300 kb


White and Yellow Food-Grade Corn
7/15/2013 (minor revision)

Kentucky continues to be one of the leading states in the production of white and yellow corn for food. The demand for food grade corn remains strong, with an increasing demand for white corn for snack food uses. Food grains can be grown for the open market or under contract to dry mill processors. The contract should be in place prior to planting. There is no on-farm market. | CCD-CP-48
web only | 2 pages | 809 words | 1 download | PDF: 344 kb


2013 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/12/2013 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-658
2,100 printed copies | 24 pages | 1,904 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 2,400 kb


Rating Scale for Brown Stripe of Orchardgrass
7/1/2013 (new)

As of right now, there is little published on how to assess foliar disease severity in forage grasses in order to determine the percentage which may be diseased. This publication provides a tool for visually determining the percentage of diseased foliar tissue in orchardgrass. It is based on the observation of individual leaves; however, it is hoped that eventually a rating system will be devised that provides disease percentages for entire plots. | PPFS-AG-F-7
web only | 3 pages | 511 words | - | PDF: 566 kb


Okra
6/21/2013 (minor revision)

Okra is a very minor part of Kentucky's commercial vegetable production. Most commercial okra in Kentucky is grown for farmers markets or community supported agriculture (CSA) sales. Kentucky growers have shipped limited amounts of okra for commercial wholesale in the past. While wholesale okra prices can be very good, the quantity demanded at these prices is low and growers should have a wholesale market defined before planting large acreages. | CCD-CP-106
web only | 2 pages | 768 words | - | PDF: 513 kb


Corn for Grain and Silage
6/15/2013 (minor revision)

Corn for grain and silage can be produced for on-farm use and/or off-farm sale. There are a variety of local and regional markets for corn in Kentucky, such as local grain elevators. U.S. producers face international competition in the livestock category; corn prices have fluctuated greatly in recent years. Expanded corn markets, as well as the emergence of more uses for corn, could help stabilize future prices. In addition to animal feed, field corn uses include industrial (sweeteners) and energy (ethanol) products | CCD-CP-28
web only | 3 pages | 1,003 words | - | PDF: 360 kb


Popcorn and Blue Corn
6/4/2013 (minor revision)

Popcorn and blue corn (Zea mays) are harvested for their grain and sold for human consumption. Popcorn is a special type of flint corn, while blue corn is a general term for corn varieties that produce ears with blue or mixtures of blue and white kernels. | CCD-CP-38
web only | 2 pages | 894 words | 1 download | PDF: 532 kb


Red and White Clover
5/28/2013 (minor revision)

Red and white (ladino) clovers are high quality forage legumes with excellent feed value and animal palatability. Red clover (Trifolium pretense), a tall-growing and short-lived perennial, is used for hay, pasture, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitats. While white clover (Trifolium repens), a low-growing perennial, is best suited for grazing, it can also be used for soil improvement and reclaiming disturbed land. | CCD-CP-39
web only | 2 pages | 731 words | - | PDF: 512 kb


Vegetable and Melon Budgets
5/22/2013 (minor revision)

The "button" below contain links to each of the 18 vegetable/melon budgets. Click on the desired crop and the link will take you to the sheet for that particular budget. | CCD-BG-10
web only | 0 pages | 0 words | 4 downloads | PDF: 93 kb


Vegetable Cultivars for Kentucky Gardens, 2013
5/6/2013 (major revision)

Gardening makes sense! Growing your own vegetables makes you feel self-sufficient and provides fresh, healthful food. Your surplus crop can be frozen, canned, or stored in cool, dry locations. To assure gardening success, start by selecting suitable vegetable cultivars. Planting resistant or tolerant varieties is one of the most effective ways for the home gardener to avoid destructive vegetable diseases. | ID-133
web only | 8 pages | 814 words | 125 downloads | PDF: 425 kb


Soybean Foliar Spots and Blights
5/1/2013 (minor revision)

Soybean foliage is susceptible to a number of fungal and bacterial pathogens. These pathogens cause leaf spots and blights and are generally common in Kentucky; however, few fields in any given year are seriously damaged by foliar diseases. Crop rotation and weather that is unfavorable to disease typically keeps foliar diseases at low levels. Occasionally an extended period of wet and humid weather in July to early August will result in significant amounts of foliar disease and yields may be seriously affected. However, this scenario is relatively uncommon in Kentucky. | PPFS-AG-S-19
web only | 6 pages | 2,197 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 856 kb


Broomcorn
4/18/2013 (minor revision)

Broomcorn (Sorghum vulgare) is not actually corn, but is instead related to the sorghums used for grain and syrup (Sorghum bicolor). Broomcorn has a coarse, fibrous seed head that has been used to make various types of brooms and brushes for several hundred years. While there are still artisans creating these natural brooms today, this crop is now more commonly used to make decorative items, such as wreaths, swags, floral arrangements, baskets, and autumn displays. It takes about 60 sprays (heads) to make a broom, but wreaths and dried arrangements require only a few plants. Broomcorn is available in natural colors, as well as purple and various fall colors. | CCD-CP-23
web only | 2 pages | 992 words | - | PDF: 623 kb


Alfalfa
4/2/2013 (minor revision)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has the highest yield potential and highest feeding values of all adapted perennial forage legumes. It is a versatile crop that may be used for pasture, hay, silage, green-chop, pellets, cubes, soil improvement, and soil conservation. | CCD-CP-21
web only | 3 pages | 998 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 426 kb


Soybean Management Verification Program, 2012
3/29/2013 (new)

The 2012 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) enrolled 19 fields across Western Kentucky, providing ten direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producers practices for soybean production. All fields were scouted weekly and recommendations were made on the university portion of the field based on established thresholds and observations from agronomic research. The objective of these comparisons is to validate university research and identify areas for more research. | PR-657
500 printed copies | 48 pages | 17,155 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 2,300 kb


Specialty Soybeans
3/19/2013 (minor revision)

The first commercial use of soybean (Glycine max) was for its oil; however, this crop is now considered a valuable source of protein as well. Specialty or novel soybeans are used to produce various soyfoods of Asian origin, such as tofu, miso, soy sauce, natto, soymilk, and tempeh. Assorted health food snacks, energy foods, and cereals are also produced from specialty soybeans. Other uses include bean sprouts and soy nuts. | CCD-CP-41
web only | 4 pages | 1,605 words | 1 download | PDF: 922 kb


Specialty Field Corns
3/18/2013 (minor revision)

This profile discusses some of the types of special purpose field corn (Zea mays) that are harvested for grain and sold for animal feed, industrial use, or human consumption. These specialty corns have been genetically altered to improve their starch, protein, or oil content, depending on their intended use. | CCD-CP-40
web only | 3 pages | 995 words | - | PDF: 512 kb


Jujube and Aronia
2/11/2013 (new)

Black aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) and jujube (Ziziphus jujube) are minor fruits that could have commercial potential in some areas of Kentucky. Growers looking for unique crops to add to their product mix may want to consider these novel fruits on a small-scale. | CCD-CP-10
web only | 4 pages | 1,796 words | 1 download | PDF: 610 kb


Drought-Stressed Corn Silage Valuation, 2012
2/6/2013 (new)

Extended dry conditions have impacted the corn crop severely in many areas of the state this year. As the condition of the corn crop deteriorates, many have been forced to look at salvage options such as cutting corn for silage and possibly hay for some fields. Due to the extreme weather conditions this year, this publication will focus on valuing drought-stressed corn silage. | ID-205
web only | 6 pages | 4,213 words | 35 downloads | PDF: 445 kb


Sustainable Production Systems: Efficient Wholesale Nursery Layout
1/31/2013 (new)

This publication provides the framework for planning and implementing efficient wholesale nursery layout. Concepts and ideas presented here are applicable to new construction or the modification of an existing nursery. A basic approach toward creating efficient systems will be discussed as well as common nursery activities that may require consideration during the planning stages. Functional areas will be defined, and a framework for understanding the relationships between these functional areas will be presented. | HO-109
web only | 10 pages | 7,699 words | 53 downloads | PDF: 4,000 kb


2012 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. | PR-652
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,966 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 900 kb


2012 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/14/2012 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-651
600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,467 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 475 kb


2012 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/6/2012 (new)

Fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky continues to grow. The 2012 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 18 field research plots and several demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in more than 15 counties in Kentucky. Research was conducted by faculty and staff from several departments within the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture including: Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, and Agricultural Economics. This report also includes collaborative research projects conducted with faculty and staff at Kentucky State University. | PR-656
web only | 47 pages | 21,679 words | 54 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2012 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/5/2012 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2012 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-653
400 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,219 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb


2012 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-650
500 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,346 words | 13 downloads | PDF: 650 kb


2012 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/5/2012 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. | PR-649
500 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,227 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 670 kb


2012 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/4/2012 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. | PR-655
2,200 printed copies | 28 pages | 2,590 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 3,388 kb


2012 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/3/2012 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage---after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. | PR-647
400 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,228 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 460 kb


2012 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
11/28/2012 (new)

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. | PR-648
400 printed copies | 14 pages | 1,853 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 1,600 kb


2012 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report
11/28/2012 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-646
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,834 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


2012 Orchardgrass Report
11/26/2012 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well-adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. | PR-645
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,244 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 890 kb


2012 Red and White Clover Report
11/26/2012 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-644
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,750 words | 9 downloads | PDF: 1,260 kb


2012 Alfalfa Report
11/26/2012 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. | PR-643
600 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,775 words | 15 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb


2012 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/12/2012 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices. | PR-642
2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | 1,748 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 978 kb


Microgreens
10/24/2012 (new)

Microgreens are young, tender, edible crops that are harvested as seedlings. These tiny plants are grown to the first true leaf stage. They should not be confused with sprouts, which are germinated seeds lacking true leaves. Microgreens are sold as a raw product for use in salads, on sandwiches, and as a garnish. | CCD-CP-104
web only | 3 pages | 1,223 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 563 kb


Wheat
10/24/2012 (new)

Wheat, a cereal grain in the grass family, is the fourth most valuable cash crop grown in Kentucky. Current intensive management technology has made it possible for growers to produce a high quality, high-yielding crop. Wheat production is mechanized; with the exception of scouting, little to no handwork is involved with this crop. Despite significant acreage already dedicated to wheat production, additional opportunities continue to be available to make profitable returns. Most wheat grown in the Commonwealth is soft red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) which is used in cakes, pastries, cookies, crackers, and cereals. | CCD-CP-47
web only | 3 pages | 1,225 words | - | PDF: 434 kb


Sprouts
10/23/2012 (new)

Sprouts are the germinated seeds of various herbaceous plants, including vegetables, herbs, and field crops. The entire germinated plant (root, shoot, cotyledons, and remnant seed coat) is sold for use mainly in salads and sandwiches. Sprouting is considered a form of food processing, rather than agricultural crop production; as such, it is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). | CCD-CP-65
web only | 4 pages | 1,887 words | - | PDF: 439 kb


Black Rot of Grape
10/1/2012 (new)

Black rot is the most prevalent and one of the most important grape diseases in Kentucky. While this disease can affect all young developing plant tissues above ground, fruit infections are the most destructive. Without an adequate disease management program, both home and commercial vineyards suffer significant yield losses. | PPFS-FR-S-16
web only | 4 pages | 1,272 words | - | PDF: 555 kb


Downy Mildew of Soybean
9/1/2012 (minor revision)

Small, irregular spots on upper leaf surfaces are initially pale yellow in appearance, later becoming gray-brown with a yellowish margin. On the underside of the leaves, the spots have a gray, fuzzy appearance due to the presence of the pathogen. These fungal-like tufts are reproductive structures of the organism and their appearance is diagnostic for this disease. Symptoms frequently occur at low levels throughout the crop canopy. Early leaf spots are non-descript and are commonly confused with leaf spots and pustules caused by soybean rust. | PPFS-AG-S-3
web only | 2 pages | 512 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 538 kb


Southernpean (Cowpea)
8/28/2012 (minor revision)

Southernpeas (Vigna unguiculata), also referred to as common cowpeas, crowder peas, black-eyed peas, and field peas, are a warm season annual. The highly nutritious seed is grown for fresh, processed, and dried uses. Interestingly, southernpeas are not a pea at all, but a type of bean related to the yardlong bean and marble pea. This profile will only discuss its production as a vegetable crop, but southernpea is also an excellent cover crop for weed suppression and nitrogen fixation. It can also be used as livestock feed. | CCD-CP-119
web only | 3 pages | 1,318 words | - | PDF: 432 kb


Apple Scab
8/1/2012 (new)

Apple scab is the most consistently serious disease of apple and flowering crabapple in Kentucky. This disease also occurs on hawthorn and mountain ash; a similar disease affects pear and pyracantha (firethorn). The most noticeable losses on apple result from reduced fruit quality and from premature drop of infected fruit. Scab also causes a general weakening of the host when leaves are shed prematurely. Summer defoliation of flowering crabapple due to scab invariably results in fewer flowers the next spring. | PPFS-FR-T-13
web only | 3 pages | 1,045 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 486 kb


Fire Blight
8/1/2012 (minor revision)

Fire blight is a highly destructive disease of apple and pear that can occur in commercial orchards and home plantings. Many landscape trees and shrubs in the rose family are also susceptible to this disease. Fire blight can cause severe damage in a very short period of time. Because precise conditions are needed for infection, disease appearance is erratic from year to year. | PPFS-FR-T-12
web only | 4 pages | 1,556 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 650 kb


Introductory Safety Training for Tobacco Workers
7/25/2012 (new)

This safety bulletin is intended to offer introductory safety training to tobacco workers in conjunction with a farm walk-around. It was written as if you and your workers are standing in or around the object currently being discussed, e.g., a tractor, with you or a designated assistant pointing out the various safety issues listed in the bulletin. It is not meant to be used as a stand-alone bulletin, especially just in a room, unless you have already gone through the walk-around and are reviewing points or having a discussion. It must be used out by the barn, equipment, or other subject being discussed. | ID-204
2,500 printed copies | 16 pages | 2,237 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 476 kb


Pawpaw
7/16/2012 (minor revision)

Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is a unique tree fruit native to the eastern United States. Its highly aromatic fruit has a sweet, almost tropical-like flavor. The large fruit is oblong and typically produced singly or in clusters of two to nine. Pawpaw fruit pulp can be eaten fresh or prepared in a variety of desserts. | CCD-CP-14
web only | 3 pages | 1,094 words | 1 download | PDF: 444 kb


Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot of Soybean
7/1/2012 (minor revision)

Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRSR), caused by Phythophthora sojae, is infrequently encountered in Kentucky. However, where it does occur, the disease can be quite destructive. Soon after planting, P. sojae can cause damping-off of germinating seeds and/or young seedlings. Severe stand loss often necessitates replanting. Alternately, this pathogen can infect and kill established plants of susceptible soybean varieties any time during the season. Varieties that have some resistance to P. sojae may be stunted, but rarely die. PRSR is primarily a problem in poorly drained fields (due to high clay content, "hard pan," and/or soil compaction) or areas of fields that are prone to flooding. | PPFS-AG-S-4
web only | 3 pages | 446 words | 1 download | PDF: 355 kb


2012 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
6/27/2012 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties continually are being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-640
2,100 printed copies | 24 pages | 1,843 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 973 kb


Brown Spot of Soybean
6/1/2012 (minor revision)

Brown spot, caused by the fungus Septoria glycines, is present in all soybean fields in Kentucky. In most years the disease causes little to no yield impact; however, up to 15% yield losses can occur in select environments. For example, brown sport tends to be worse where soybeans follow no-till soybeans, where early-maturing varieties are planted, and/or when fields are planted in late April. River bottom fields or fields subject to fog or morning shade are frequently impacted. | PPFS-AG-S-1
web only | 2 pages | 666 words | 1 download | PDF: 420 kb


Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV) in Kentucky
6/1/2012 (minor revision)

Wheat streak mosaic (WSM) is a potentially devastating virus disease of wheat. In the United States, WSM is most prevalent in hard red wheat grown in the central Great Plains region. Soft red winter wheat produced in the mid-south and Midwest is infrequently impacted by WSM. Epidemics are rare in Kentucky with the only recorded ones occurring in 1989 and 2000. | PPFS-AG-SG-8
web only | 4 pages | 1,453 words | 1 download | PDF: 282 kb


Roadside Farm Markets
4/24/2012 (new)

A roadside farm market is sometimes distinguished from a roadside stand by location and hours. The term "roadside farm market" can refer to those markets located in permanent facilities at the farm or food manufacturing location; they are typically open year-round. Roadside stands, by contrast, is a more general term referring to those markets which may be located off the farm and are seasonal in operation | CCD-MP-4
web only | 5 pages | 1,746 words | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Prechilling Switchgrass Seed on Farm to Break Dormancy
4/23/2012 (new)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie. It has been investigated as a renewable energy crop due to its high productivity across a wide geographic range including various environmental conditions and soil types. Switchgrass has also been used for erosion control, summer grazing in pasture and hay systems for cattle, native prairie restoration, wildlife habitat, fiber production, and as an ornamental grass. | ID-199
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,590 words | 7 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


Growing Tree Fruits: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 16
3/12/2012 (new)

Growing tree fruits and/or nuts can provide a great deal of satisfaction, but it takes a commitment to care for your trees year-round. | HO-104
web only | 14 pages | 4,766 words | 127 downloads | PDF: 900 kb


Gooseberries and Currants
2/27/2012 (minor revision)

Gooseberries and currants (Ribes spp.) are woody, multi-stemmed shrubs best known for their tart fruit. While some enjoy eating them fresh, these fruit are especially prized for use in making jellies, jams, pies, and sauces. | CCD-CP-6
web only | 3 pages | 1,282 words | 1 download | PDF: 1,000 kb


Soybean Management Verification Program, 2011
2/24/2012 (new)

The goal of SoyMVP is to verify applied research at the University of Kentucky and to identify whether University of Kentucky recommendations are adequate. | PR-639
500 printed copies | 16 pages | 11,095 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 1,500 kb


Sweetpotato Production for Kentucky
2/21/2012 (new)

Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is a member of the morningglory or Convolvulaceae family. Sweetpotatoes have their origins in tropical America, with early remains having been found in Panama, Peru and Mexico. A perennial plant in their native regions, they are typically killed by frost when grown in a temperate climate. Sweetpotatoes are true roots and not tubers as is the case with the Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum). Because they are true roots they will continue to grow and enlarge as long as the plant continues to grow. | ID-195
500 printed copies | 16 pages | 6,240 words | 48 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


Elderberry
2/20/2012 (minor revision)

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra subsp. canadnesis) is a large shrub or small tree native to Kentucky. The small fruit has prominent seeds and are produced in large clusters. While elderberries are not normally eaten fresh due to their tartness, wild and cultivated elderberries can be processed, either alone or with other fruit. | CCD-CP-5
web only | 4 pages | 1,096 words | 1 download | PDF: 490 kb


Strawberry Anthracnose
2/1/2012 (minor revision)

Anthracnose can be a serious problem in Southern and Midwestern strawberry plantings. The disease may appear as a fruit or crown rot, both of which severely reduce plant stands and yields. Fruit rot, the most common form of anthracnose, appears as fruit begins to ripen in late spring. Crown rots, on the other hand, can develop in young plants soon after planting or when weather warms in spring. | PPFS-FR-S-5
web only | 3 pages | 815 words | 1 download | PDF: 293 kb


Damping-off of Vegetables and Herbaceous Ornamentals
2/1/2012 (new)

Damping-off can occur on any herbaceous crop grown from seed, including vegetables, ornamentals, and field crops. Seeds, seedlings, and young plants may be affected, resulting in poor stands in home gardens, greenhouses, and commercial fields. Losses to damping-off can be severe, especially when cool, wet weather prevails at seeding or seed emergence. | PPFS-GEN-3
web only | 2 pages | 622 words | 1 download | PDF: 288 kb


Sample Submission Protocol for Diagnosis of Thousand Cankers Disease in Walnut
2/1/2012 (new)

Thousand cankers disease (TCD) is a fatal disease of black walnut (Juglans nigra), and most recently, butternut (Juglans cinerea). The disease complex involves a fungus that is carried to trees by the walnut twig beetle, causing numerous cankers on branches and killing trees 5 to 6 years after infection. The disease complex is widespread in the western U.S., and has recently been identified in Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. | PPFS-OR-W-15
web only | 2 pages | 557 words | 1 download | PDF: 361 kb


Peanuts
1/25/2012 (new)

Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), also referred to as groundpeas or groundnuts, are an annual herbaceous legume with an indeterminate growth habit. As these alternate names imply, this unique plant produces its fruit (peanut) below ground. Once the small yellow flowers are self-pollinated, the fertilized ovary elongates into a "peg" which grows downward and penetrates into the soil. Peanuts develop underground at the ends of the pegs. The peanut seed is referred to a kernel and the outer shell is called a pod or hull. | CCD-CP-112
web only | 4 pages | 1,726 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 620 kb


Benefits and Costs Associated with the Wheat Storage Hedge
1/24/2012 (new)

Each year producers must decide whether to store or sell their crop at harvest. Market prices are important in guiding producers on whether to store priced grain for future delivery (referred to as a storage hedge), store unpriced grain, or sell. Generally, producers know more about deciding to sell or store unpriced grain than using the storage hedge. This publication explains how a storage hedge works, when to use it, and risks and costs involved. (See glossary for definition of terms.) | ID-198
100 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,549 words | 11 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


2011 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2011 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-637
700 printed copies | 9 pages | 1,213 words | 1 download | PDF: 376 kb


2011 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses | PR-636
600 printed copies | 6 pages | 1,667 words | 1 download | PDF: 410 kb


2011 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. | PR-635
800 printed copies | 10 pages | 1,297 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 387 kb


2011 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. | PR-634
750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,116 words | 6 downloads | PDF: 322 kb


2011 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. | PR-633
750 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,058 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 402 kb


2011 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. | PR-632
500 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,846 words | - | PDF: 370 kb


2011 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. | PR-631
750 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,219 words | - | PDF: 316 kb


2011 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/23/2011 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-630
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,812 words | - | PDF: 355 kb


2011 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/20/2011 (new)

The 2011 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 19 field research plots and several demonstration trials. Many of these reports include data on varietal performance as well as different production methods in an effort to provide growers with better tools, which they can use to improve fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky. | PR-626
web only | 53 pages | 26,604 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,391 kb


2011 Orchardgrass Report
12/19/2011 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. | PR-629
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,222 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 310 kb


2011 Red and White Clover Report
12/19/2011 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-628
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | 1,723 words | - | PDF: 313 kb


2011 Alfalfa Report
12/19/2011 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. | PR-627
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | 1,763 words | 1 download | PDF: 322 kb


Distillers Grain Coproducts for Beef Cattle
12/5/2011 (new)

Feeding distillers grains derived from the production of spirits or ethanol for fuel is an acceptable practice for beef cattle production. The use of these products as both an energy and a protein supplement has been beneficial as the cereal grain prices have increased making these coproducts more cost competitive. | ASC-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,485 words | 81 downloads | PDF: 231 kb


2011 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/7/2011 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. | PR-625
5,000 printed copies | 28 pages | 8,818 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 444 kb


2011 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/4/2011 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices. | PR-624
3,200 printed copies | 24 pages | 9,976 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 450 kb


Assessing Foliar Diseases of Corn, Soybeans, and Wheat: Principles and Practices
11/1/2011 (new)

This publication provides basic information on how to conduct disease assessments in on-farm trials. The focus is on foliar diseases, since root diseases are much more difficult to assess properly. The publication begins with fundamentals of proper design of field trials. | PPFS-MISC-6
web only | 5 pages | 1,693 words | 1 download | PDF: 719 kb


Profitability of Nitrogen Applications for Stockpiling Tall Fescue Pastures: 2011 Guide
10/5/2011 (new)

The concept of stockpiling is pretty straightforward, but the challenge each year is to determine the likelihood that this practice will be profitable given the economic and agronomic conditions present at mid-summer. This practice can yield significant benefits, but it also carries significant costs. These benefits and costs must be quantified and compared to assess the overall profitability of the practice. | ID-193
web only | 4 pages | 3,344 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 290 kb


Soybean Cyst Nematode: A Potential Problem for Nursuries
10/4/2011 (major revision)

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most serious disease pest of soybean in the United States (and Kentucky) and results in an estimated $1 billion in losses annually. SCN is a microscopic roundworm (Heterodera glycines) that feeds on root of soybean and reduces its capacity to absorb water and nutrients. Yield losses of 30% or more are common where SCN-susceptible soybean varieties are grown and SCN levels are high. SCN was first discovered in Kentucky in 1957 in Fulton County but is now found in every Kentucky county in which soybean is grown commercially. | ID-110
web only | 4 pages | 1,256 words | 8 downloads | PDF: 368 kb


Foliar Fungicide Use in Corn and Soybeans
10/1/2011 (new)

Interest in the use of foliar fungicides for corn and soybean has expanded dramatically in the U.S. over the past few years, resulting in a major change in how these crops are being produced on many farms. Until recently, foliar fungicides for soybeans and corn were reserved for seed production fields to protect seed quality in very specific circumstances or for specialty crops. Applications for the purpose of protecting crop yield were rarely economical. However, the current trend in Kentucky, as well as many other corn/soybean producing states, is towards an increased use of foliar fungicides on these crops as a means of maximizing yields. | PPFS-GEN-12
web only | 9 pages | 3,829 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 1,093 kb


American Persimmon
9/27/2011 (minor revision)

The American or common persimmon, Diospyros virginiana, is a slow growing, moderately-sized tree native to Kentucky. Fruit are about 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Unripe fruit, which is high in tannins, has a bitter astringent flavor. The golden orange to red fruit are very sweet when fully ripened and astringency is reduced. Cultivated varieties may have improved quality and lose their astringency earlier in the fall. | CCD-CP-1
web only | 3 pages | 1,090 words | - | PDF: 404 kb


Corn Growth Stages and Growing Degree Days: A Quick Reference Guide
9/13/2011 (new)

Corn growth stages are based on the leaf collar method, where fully emerged leaves (leaf collar visible) are used to stage vegetative development. Growing degree days (GDDs) are used to relate temperature to corn growth and development. | AGR-202
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | 802 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 278 kb


Black "Sooty" Head Mold of Wheat
9/1/2011 (minor revision)

Each year, just prior to and during wheat harvest, the Plant Disease Diagnostic Laboratories at Princeton and Lexington receive many samples with questions about severe head molding. This condition is known as black head mold or sooty head mold. | PPFS-AG-SG-7
web only | 2 pages | 405 words | 1 download | PDF: 264 kb


Fungicide Use in Wheat
9/1/2011 (minor revision)

Disease management is a key component of high-yielding wheat production. In most years, it simply is not possible to produce high wheat yields without paying attention to disease control. Most diseases are best managed through the use of multiple tactics, both proactive (e.g., crop rotation, delayed and/or staggered planting plates, use of resistant varieties of varying maturities, proper fertility, and application of seed treatment and/or foliar fungicides) and reactive (e.g., application of foliar fungicides and timely harvest). Fungicides are just one tool in the disease management arsenal; however, growers often place too much emphasis on this one tool. | PPFS-AG-SG-5
web only | 8 pages | 3,557 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 459 kb


Yellow Vine Decline of Cucurbits
8/1/2011 (new)

Symptoms of yellow vine decline begin to appear approximately 2 weeks before fruit maturity. The disease may appear initially as stunting of plants and/or intense yellowing of foliage, followed by a slow decline in plant health. In some cases, a sudden collapse of vines may occur with no other symptoms. Vascular tissue (phloem) from crowns of affected plants is often discolored, appearing light brown rather than a healthy translucent green. | PPFS-VG-12
web only | 3 pages | 824 words | 1 download | PDF: 454 kb


2011 Regional Wine Grape Marketing and Price Outlook
7/20/2011 (new)

Wine grape producers in the Southeast benefited from a rapid increase in the number of wineries in the region during the 1990s and early 2000s. The steady winery growth indicates continued expansion and demand for winegrapes. This survey was conducted in early 2011 to better understand how business practices are developing among wineries in Kentucky and six contiguous states---Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, Virginia, and Missouri. | CCD-SV-1
web only | 6 pages | 1,984 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 205 kb


Snap Beans
7/19/2011 (minor revision)

Farm fresh snap bean sales at farmers markets account for much of Kentucky's commercial acreage. Significant sales are also made to produce wholesalers and at produce auctions. Other fresh market options include U-pick, community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, and roadside stands. Sales to locally owned retail markets are also an option. | CCD-CP-118
web only | 3 pages | 1,186 words | - | PDF: 438 kb


Grain Amaranth
7/19/2011 (new)

Amaranth is a versatile warm-season, broadleaf plant that can be grown as a grain, ornamental, leafy vegetable, or forage crop. In the U.S. it is grown almost exclusively for its grain, which is produced on large, brightly colored seed heads. Most grain amaranth grown in the States is Amaranthus hypochondriacus; however, A. cruentus is grown to a lesser extent. The seeds are high in lysine, fiber, and protein; low in saturated fats; and gluten-free. Amaranth can be ground into flour, popped like popcorn, or flaked like oatmeal. Because many of amaranth's uses are similar to that of cereal grasses, amaranth is often referred to as a pseudo-cereal. | CCD-CP-30
web only | 3 pages | 1,239 words | 1 download | PDF: 442 kb


2011 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/7/2011 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-623
3,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 3,251 words | 1 download | PDF: 350 kb


Blackleg of Tobacco
6/1/2011 (new)

Blackleg becomes a concern whenever Kentucky experiences extended periods of warm, wet, overcast weather in the spring. This disease, also referred to as bacterial soft rot, is one of the most serious problems likely to be encountered on tobacco seedlings. Blackleg has the potential for destroying large numbers of plants in a relatively short period of time. As with other diseases in the float system, proper management goes a long way in preventing problems with blackleg. | PPFS-AG-T-4
web only | 2 pages | 707 words | 1 download | PDF: 428 kb


An IPM Identification Guide for Natural Enemies of Vegetable Pests
5/16/2011 (new)

Natural enemies play a crucial role in the management of insect and other arthropod pests of vegetable crops grown throughout Kentucky. The control they exert on pest populations is realized on every farm every day. Often the value of natural enemies may be overlooked or taken for granted, but as a group they slow the buildup of pest populations and keep some pests from reaching economic levels. | ENT-67
4,000 printed copies | 24 pages | 6,732 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 1,700 kb


Greenhouse Tomatoes
5/4/2011 (minor revision)

Greenhouse tomato production has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. However, of all the greenhouse crops, tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) are the most complicated to grow because they require the most management, the most labor, and the most light. A grower must be committed to meeting the daily demands of production in order to be successful. Prospective growers need to get as much information as they can about all aspects of greenhouse production before beginning this enterprise. | CCD-CP-57
web only | 3 pages | 1,284 words | - | PDF: 575 kb


Collar Rot in the Tobacco Float System
5/1/2011 (new)

Collar rot can be found in tobacco float beds each year in Kentucky; it causes a great deal of concern when it makes its appearance. Severe losses to this disease are rare, but they can occur if care is not taken to minimize the risk of disease development and prevent further spread after it does appear. | PPFS-AG-T-3
web only | 3 pages | 997 words | 1 download | PDF: 472 kb


Pythium Root Rot in Tobacco Float Systems
5/1/2011 (new)

Pythium root rot is the most common disease found in tobacco float beds in Kentucky; it can cause severe losses or delays in transplanting. Damage caused by this disease can be minimized through a combination of sound management practices and timely application of fungicide. | PPFS-AG-T-1
web only | 3 pages | 673 words | 1 download | PDF: 883 kb


An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Pests of Solanaceous Crops in Kentucky
4/29/2011 (minor revision)

Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter when producing solanaceous crops (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and potatoes) in Kentucky. | ID-172
3,500 printed copies | 32 pages | 7,500 words | 36 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb


Soybean Management Verification Program, 2010
4/6/2011 (new)

The 2010 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) consisted of 16 fields across western Kentucky which were split to give seven direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producer practices for soybean production. | PR-622
500 printed copies | 20 pages | 6,761 words | 1 download | PDF: 1,300 kb


Seed Treatment Fungicides for Soybeans: Issues to Consider
4/1/2011 (minor revision)

Kentucky soybean producers frequently ask the question "Is it advisable to treat soybean seed with fungicides?" There is no pat answer to this question because of the many variables involved. Historically, soybean has not been treated to the same extent that corn and wheat have in the U.S. There are many good reasons for this, and some of them are discussed below. However, the trend is toward greater use of fungicide seed treatment on soybean, both in Kentucky and nationally. | PPFS-AG-S-12
web only | 3 pages | 974 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 400 kb


The Importance of Scouting Wheat for Plant Diseases
4/1/2011 (new)

For a variety of reasons, few Kentucky wheat producers place much emphasis on scouting their wheat diseases. Time and labor constraints (for do-it-yourselfers), the cost of hiring a crop consultant, and indifference to the need for scouting rank among the top reasons why this is the case. However, scouting is essential for those interested in managing diseases using an integrated approach. | PPFS-AG-SG-12
web only | 2 pages | 519 words | - | PDF: 195 kb


Preplant Decisions Greatly Impact Disease Potential in Wheat
4/1/2011 (minor revision)

Kentucky wheat producers have a majority of their disease management program in place once the seed is in the ground. By that time, decisions have been made regarding the length of time since the last wheat crop, tillage method and seedbed preparation, variety selection, seed quality, seed treatment, planting date, seeding rate, seeding method, and fall fertility. Individually and collectively, these decisions play an important role in determining which diseases might develop, their severity, and their potential impact on crop yield, test weight, and grain quality. Because pre-plant and planting decisions are so important in the management of wheat diseases, you need to understand how they influence disease development. | PPFS-AG-SG-6
web only | 4 pages | 1,569 words | 1 download | PDF: 413 kb


Recognizing Late Blight on Tomato Seedlings
4/1/2011 (new)

Tomato seedlings that have late blight when transplanted can serve as sources of inoculum (spores) that can spread to nearby gardens and commercial plantings, so every measure should be taken to prevent these plants from making it to the field. The added threat is that sources of disease are introduced early in the tomato production season, magnifying the potential for heavy losses in seasons that favor late blight. | PPFS-VG-14
web only | 4 pages | 1,334 words | 1 download | PDF: 436 kb


Late Blight of Tomato
4/1/2011 (new)

Late blight is an extremely important and damaging disease of tomatoes and potatoes, and can be found nearly anywhere these crops are produced. Total crop failures are common with this disease. In the United States, significant losses occur each year--mainly in northeastern and north-central states. However, serious outbreaks have been reported in the southeastern U.S. as well. | PPFS-VG-13
web only | 4 pages | 1,416 words | 1 download | PDF: 565 kb


Gummy Stem Blight and Black Rot of Cucurbits
4/1/2011 (new)

Gummy stem blight is an important disease of cucurbits in many parts of Kentucky. Under conditions favorable to disease development, commercial growers and home gardeners may experience heavy losses. This disease can occur at any point in plant growth, from seedling stage to fruit in storage. Gummy stem blight is the name given to the disease when leaves and stems are infected. Muskmelon (cantaloupe), cucumber, and watermelon are most commonly affected by this phase of the disease. Black rot refers to the same disease on fruit; it is seen less often than the foliar phase. | PPFS-VG-8
web only | 3 pages | 820 words | 1 download | PDF: 584 kb


Rootstocks for Kentucky Fruit Trees
3/28/2011 (major revision)

Most fruit trees that can be grown in Kentucky do not come true from seed. For example, a tree grown from a Golden Delicious apple seed will produce an apple tree, but the fruit will have different characteristics than Golden Delicious in color, taste, and shape. This is why fruit trees are reproduced by asexual propagation, such as budding and grafting. | HO-82
web only | 6 pages | 3,890 words | 51 downloads | PDF: 215 kb


Switchgrass for Biomass Production in Kentucky
3/14/2011 (new)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie that has been investigated as a bioenergy crop due to its adaptation to a wide range of environmental conditions and soil types as well as its high stable yields. Switchgrass is recommended for soil conservation and wildlife habitat in both monoculture and in mixed stands of native warm-season grasses and forbs as well as for summer grazing in pasture systems and as a hay crop for cattle. | AGR-201
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | 3,946 words | 5 downloads | PDF: 250 kb


Soybean Management Verification Program, 2009
3/14/2011 (new)

The 2009 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) consisted of 16 fields across Western Kentucky, which were split to give eight direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producer practices for soybean production. | PR-605
500 printed copies | 24 pages | 6,541 words | 1 download | PDF: 780 kb


Phytophthora Blight of Cucurbits and Peppers
3/1/2011 (new)

Under ideal conditions, Phytophthora blight is an aggressive, fast moving disease that can cause extensive losses. This disease has become increasingly problematic on cucurbits and solanaceous crops in the United States. During the past decade, Phytophthora blight has been causing significant losses in several major vegetable production areas of the U.S. In Kentucky, serious outbreaks have been reported on summer squash, winter squash, cucumbers, watermelons, and peppers. | PPFS-VG-4
web only | 5 pages | 1,271 words | 1 download | PDF: 544 kb


Potatoes
2/28/2011 (minor revision)

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a cool season plant originally from the Andes Mountains of South America. The tubers are underground stems (also known as stolons), not roots. Potatoes are grown in Kentucky as an early crop for fresh market consumption and for sales to potato chip companies for chipping. | CCD-CP-113
web only | 3 pages | 1,434 words | - | PDF: 586 kb


Organic Corn for Feed or Food
2/14/2011 (new)

Organic white and yellow food grade corn is produced for use in organic cereals, tortillas, corn chips, snack foods, cornmeal, and other corn-based processed products. Organic corn is also used as animal feed in organic beef, dairy, poultry, and hog production | CCD-CP-37
web only | 6 pages | 2,534 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 467 kb


Wheat Spindle Streak Mosaic Virus (WSSMV)
2/1/2011 (minor revision)

Wheat spindle streak mosaic (WSSM), also known as wheat yellow mosaic, is a common virus disease that affects only wheat. In most years, WSSM has little to no impact on crops grown in Kentucky. However, significant yield damage can occur in highly susceptible varieties when conditions favor infection and subsequent disease development. | PPFS-AG-SG-4
web only | 3 pages | 765 words | 1 download | PDF: 308 kb


2010 Summer Annual Grass Report
1/3/2011 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2010 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-619
700 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,490 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


2010 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. | PR-618
600 printed copies | 6 pages | 2,519 words | 1 download | PDF: 365 kb


2010 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/3/2011 (new)

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. | PR-617
800 printed copies | 12 pages | 3,167 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


Rhubarb
12/20/2010 (minor revision)

Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum) is a winter-hardy herbaceous perennial grown for its edible leaf stalks. The tart-flavored stalks are most commonly used in pies, often in combination with strawberries for added sweetness. The leaves themselves are not eaten, either cooked or raw, as they contain toxic levels of oxalic acid. | CCD-CP-115
web only | 2 pages | 820 words | 1 download | PDF: 747 kb


2010 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/20/2010 (new)

Fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky continues to grow. The 2010 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 34 field research and demonstration trials that were conducted in 20 counties in Kentucky. | PR-608
1,000 printed copies | 70 pages | - | 30 downloads | PDF: 1,200 kb


2010 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield and animal acceptance. | PR-616
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 260 kb


2010 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2010 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. | PR-615
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 260 kb


2010 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2010 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. | PR-614
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 290 kb


2010 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Annual ryegrasses are increasing in use across Kentucky as more winter-hardy varieties are released and promoted. Annual ryegrass is productive for three to four months and is used primarily for late fall and early-to-late spring pasture. | PR-613
500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 300 kb


2010 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. | PR-612
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 300 kb


2010 Orchardgrass Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. | PR-611
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 260 kb


2010 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-610
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 260 kb


2010 Alfalfa Report
12/6/2010 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. | PR-609
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 300 kb


2010 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/3/2010 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. | PR-607
5,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 452 kb


Foliar Diseases of Cucurbits
11/1/2010 (new)

Vegetables in the cucurbit family include cucumber, gourds, muskmelon (cantaloupe), summer squash, winter squash, and pumpkin. The following diseases primarily affect the foliage of these crops and can result in losses in commercial fields and home gardens. | PPFS-VG-10
web only | 4 pages | 1,383 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 327 kb


Fruit Rots of Cucurbits
11/1/2010 (new)

Vegetables in the cucurbit family include cucumber, muskmelon (cantaloupe), summer squash, winter squash, and pumpkin. The following diseases primarily affect the fruit of these crops and can result in losses in commercial fields and home gardens. | PPFS-VG-7
web only | 5 pages | 1,411 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 315 kb


2010 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
10/28/2010 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices. | PR-606
3,200 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 424 kb


An Introduction to Futures Hedging for Grain Producers
8/12/2010 (new)

This guide is written for farm producers who want to know the basics of how futures markets operate and how to use them for protection against the risk of falling prices. | AEC-96
200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 1,363 kb


Pallet Rack Structures for Curing Burley Tobacco
7/29/2010 (new)

Curing facilities for housing tobacco can be expensive. However, using pallet racks for suspending stick tobacco, a recently developed technique for curing burley tobacco, can offer tobacco growers an alternative that substantially reduces long-term investment. | AEN-97
500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 513 kb


2010 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/16/2010 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements. | PR-604
3,500 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 339 kb


Soybean Loss Prediction Tool for Managing Soybean Rust
7/1/2010 (new)

Soybean rust (SBR), caused by the fungus, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, is a potentially devastating foliar disease of soybean. The disease was first detected in the Continental United States in the fall of 2004. Since that time, it has caused only sporadic yield losses in the U.S., primarily in the Gulf States. However, the potential still exists for devastating losses to occur in all soybean producing areas of the U.S. should the proper combination of weather conditions come together to support significant disease development by mid-summer. Currently, the only way to avert significant yield loss caused by SBR when disease risk is high is by applying foliar fungicides. | PPFS-AG-S-10
web only | 4 pages | 1,542 words | 1 download | PDF: 656 kb


Peach Cultivar Performance
6/14/2010 (major revision)

The commercial success of a peach orchard depends largely on selecting cultivars that will perform reliably and meet market needs. Although many fruit and tree characteristics are presented in this report, the final cultivar selection should be determined by the grower. A grower may be influenced by soil type, local climate, or marketing methods and prefer a cultivar that is not a general favorite. Growers should have test plots of two to four trees of new cultivars to help them judge the performance in their orchard. | HO-6
web only | 6 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 275 kb


Soybean Rust Fungicide Use Guidelines
6/1/2010 (minor revision)

Effective use of fungicides to control soybean rust is not very complicated. The whole idea is to wait to spray until the soybean rust risk is at least moderate, and make a fungicide application before significant infection has occurred. This means applying fungicides when plant pathologists in and around Kentucky are "sounding the alarm," but before symptoms are evident. Many soybean producers in the deep South have been using fungicides to control soybean rust since 2005 with considerable success. I believe we will have the same experience if it ever becomes necessary to apply fungicides for soybean rust in Kentucky. | PPFS-AG-S-23
web only | 2 pages | 407 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 473 kb


Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management
5/18/2010 (minor revision)

Good management of livestock feeding enterprises requires an understanding of feed inventories and their use. This publication is intended to help producers meet animal forage needs in a rotational grazing system by mastering the use of a grazing stick to estimate pasture yield and pasture allocation. | AGR-191
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 27 downloads | PDF: 350 kb


Wheat Bacterial Streak
5/1/2010 (new)

Occasionally, wheat leaves and spikes are invaded by the bacterium, Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens. When leaf tissue is affected, the resulting disease is known as bacterial streak. When the bacterium invades the head, the disease is called black chaff. While this disease has primarily been a problem in the lower mid-South, it is often found in Kentucky in fields that have been impacted by strong winds with blowing soil or following a damaging freeze. | PPFS-AG-SG-2
web only | 3 pages | 789 words | 1 download | PDF: 247 kb


Take-All of Wheat
5/1/2010 (minor revision)

"Take-all" is the common name of a root, crown, and basal stem (foot) rot that primarily affects wheat, but can also affect barley, oats, rye, as well as other grass crops and weeds. The disease has been known to destroy entire stands of wheat, thus the name. Barley, oats, rye, and other grass crops, however, have not been seriously impacted in Kentucky. Take-all is most common where susceptible crops are grown continuously without adequate rotation, or in fields where weedy grass hosts were not controlled in non-host crops, and were subsequently sown to wheat. The disease is rarely a serious problem in Kentucky due to excellent weed control practices, as well as the widespread adoption of cropping systems where wheat is produced, at most, every other year. | PPFS-AG-SG-1
web only | 2 pages | 749 words | - | PDF: 248 kb


Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky
4/22/2010 (major revision)

Kentucky is generally well suited for growing nut trees. Northern pecans, black walnuts, heartnuts, hickory nuts, hardy Persian walnuts (Carpathian strain), American hazelnuts, and Chinese chestnuts all grow well in the state. Although most nut trees are grown by hobbyists and backyard gardeners, several varieties appear to have potential for commercial production, particularly some of the USDA pecan selections and some Chinese chestnut varieties. | ID-77
web only | 24 pages | - | 52 downloads | PDF: 680 kb


Soybean Diseases Control Series: Soybean Cyst Nematode
1/1/2010 (minor revision)

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) exists virtually everywhere soybean is grown in Kentucky. The pest is insidious in that significant yield damage often occurs without the appearance of visible disease symptoms. This is an extremely important point because it suggests that farmers are frequently unaware that SCN is active and doing damage in a field. | PPFS-AG-S-13
web only | 4 pages | 1,774 words | 1 download | PDF: 336 kb


2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report: Tolerance to Horses
12/21/2009 (new)

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival. | PR-598
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 313 kb


2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/21/2009 (new)

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival. | PR-597
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 294 kb


Corn and Soybean Production Calendar
12/16/2009 (reprinted)

The Corn and Soybean Production Calendar was developed to help producers prioritize and schedule work events in a timely fashion on the farm. Weather events and equipment breakdowns rarely follow an organized schedule. However, if other practices within the farming operation are prioritized, perhaps a producer can better address the emergencies that will occur. | ID-159
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 650 kb


2009 Summer Annual Grass Report
12/15/2009 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2009 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-601
700 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 230 kb


2009 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/15/2009 (new)

Kentucky's pasture and hay acres are largely seeded in cool-season species. This practice results in a natural decline in midsummer production and often limits livestock production. High-yielding, native warm-season perennial grasses are viable options for Kentucky livestock enterprises and the emerging biomass market and provide an additional benefit of wildlife habitat. | PR-599
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 227 kb


2009 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/15/2009 (new)

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky, as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. | PR-592
1,250 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 283 kb


2009 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/11/2009 (new)

The 2009 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report includes results for more than 45 field research and demonstration trials that were conducted in 19 counties in Kentucky. Many of these reports include data on varietal performance as well as different production methods in an effort to provide growers with better tools that they can use to improve fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky. | PR-603
1,000 printed copies | 56 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 850 kb


2009 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report
12/10/2009 (new)

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. | PR-594
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 269 kb


2009 Orchardgrass Report
12/10/2009 (new)

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. | PR-591
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 244 kb


2009 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens) are both high-quality forage legumes that are used primarily in mixed stands with tall fescue or orchardgrass for improving yield and quality of pastures. | PR-596
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 214 kb


2009 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. | PR-595
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 216 kb


2009 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. | PR-593
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 230 kb


2009 Red and White Clover Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance. | PR-590
1,250 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 271 kb


2009 Alfalfa Report
11/24/2009 (new)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. | PR-589
1,500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 309 kb


2009 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/22/2009 (new)

The Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. | PR-588
5,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | - | PDF: 452 kb


2009 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/18/2009 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices. | PR-587
4,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 434 kb


Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky
9/18/2009 (minor revision)

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay. | AGR-48
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 300 kb


Comparing No-Till and Tilled Wheat in Kentucky
8/26/2009 (new)

Historically, wheat planting in Kentucky has involved tillage. With conventional tillage practices, most residues from the previous crop are cut and buried prior to seeding wheat. No-till wheat planting eliminates tillage and reduces soil erosion, particularly on sloping soils, as well as reducing labor, machinery, and energy costs. | ID-177
1,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 233 kb


2009 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/10/2009 (new)

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. | PR-586
4,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 580 kb


Crown Rots of Alfalfa
5/1/2009 (minor revision)

Crown rots are chronic disease problems of alfalfa throughout the world. Crown rots cause loss of stand and forage yield in several ways. If the crowns are rotted severely enough, infected plants will die simply by being choked off. Carbohydrates for winter survival are stored in the crown and upper taproot. By rotting this area, crown rots also make alfalfa plants more sensitive to winter kill. Some crown rot fungi produce toxins, thus weakening or even killing the plant. | PPFS-AG-F-5
web only | 2 pages | 565 words | 1 download | PDF: 239 kb


2008 Summer Annual Grass Report
4/22/2009 (new)

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2008 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff. | PR-585
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 129 kb


Warm Season Perennial Grasses for Forages in Kentucky
3/10/2009 (minor revision)

Native warm-season perennial grasses are well adapted for production in Kentucky's climate and soils. In this publication, native warm-season perennial grasses that have the greatest forage potential for Kentucky are described. Management techniques necessary to establish stands and keep them productive are also discussed. | AGR-145
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 21 downloads | PDF: 1,636 kb


Common Alfalfa Seedling Diseases and Disorders
3/1/2009 (minor revision)

Alfalfa seedlings are subject to a number of biotic and abiotic problems which can affect establishment. Several of the more common seedling diseases and disorders are described below. This information is being provided as a diagnostic aid; publications which provide specific management and production information can be found in the resource list. | PPFS-AG-F-3
web only | 2 pages | 639 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 115 kb


Value of Wheat Residue in Soybean Cyst Nematode Management
3/1/2009 (minor revision)

Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines) is the most widespread and significant pest of soybean in Kentucky. SCN is managed primarily by rotating fields to non-host crops (such as corn) and using SCN-resistant varieties. However, for a variety of reasons, producers occasionally desire to plant a SCN-susceptible variety. | PPFS-AG-S-8
web only | 3 pages | 914 words | 1 download | PDF: 218 kb


"Emergency" Inoculation for Poorly Inoculated Legumes
2/1/2009 (minor revision)

Frequently, stunted and yellowed legumes are thought by growers to be diseased. Close examination often reveals that such "diseased" plants are actually just poorly nodulated. | PPFS-AG-F-4
web only | 3 pages | 912 words | 1 download | PDF: 187 kb


2008 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-583
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 197 kb


2008 Cool Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-582
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


2008 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-581
1,100 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 246 kb


2008 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-580
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 200 kb


2008 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-579
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 197 kb


2008 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-578
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 226 kb


2008 Tall Fescue and Brome Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-577
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 235 kb


2008 Orchardgrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-576
1,700 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 216 kb


2008 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-575
1,100 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 200 kb


2008 Red and White Clover Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-574
1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 230 kb


2008 Alfalfa Report
12/3/2008 (new)

| PR-573
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 250 kb


Risk Factors for Sclerotinia Crown and Stem Rot in Fall-Seeded Alfalfa
12/1/2008 (minor revision)

Alfalfa seeded during late summer or fall is susceptible to the destructive disease Sclerotinia crown and stem rot. Fall-seeded stands are particularly vulnerable to this disease because the young seedlings have not had sufficient time to develop adequate resistance before infectious spores of the pathogen are produced in late October. In contrast, spring-seeded stands are able to develop larger, more resistant crowns prior to this infectious period. Thus, spring plantings are better able to withstand an attack, should these air-borne spores be present in the field. | PPFS-AG-F-2
web only | 3 pages | 977 words | 1 download | PDF: 280 kb


2008 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/1/2008 (new)

| PR-572
1,100 printed copies | 72 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 800 kb


2008 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/6/2008 (new)

| PR-570
5,000 printed copies | 86 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,170 kb


Alfalfa Diseases Caused by Rhizoctonia Fungi
11/1/2008 (minor revision)

Rhizoctonia fungi, particularly Rhizoctonia solani, are found in most agricultural soils in Kentucky. These fungi are natural soil inhabitants that colonize and live on dead organic matter. Under the right environmental conditions, the Rhizoctonia organisms are often able to attack living plants, including alfalfa. When warm, wet conditions prevail, Rhizoctonia fungi can cause just about every conceivable type of alfalfa disease. | PPFS-AG-F-6
web only | 3 pages | 701 words | 1 download | PDF: 294 kb


Summertime Foliar Diseases of Alfalfa
11/1/2008 (minor revision)

Warm, humid weather can favor development of foliar diseases of alfalfa during summer. | PPFS-AG-F-1
web only | 2 pages | 409 words | 1 download | PDF: 194 kb


2008 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
10/30/2008 (new)

| PR-569
2,750 printed copies | 28 pages | - | - | PDF: 380 kb


Seed and Seedling Diseases of Corn
10/1/2008 (minor revision)

Corn seeds and seedlings are susceptible to infection by a number of soilborne fungi. When planted into cool, wet soils, seeds may decay before or after germination. Affected plants that survive past the seedling stage may go on to produce an ear if nodal roots develop normally, although stunting and reduced ear size can occur as a result of seedling diseases. Severely affected plants may die during stressful weather as the result of an inadequate root system. | PPFS-AG-C-2
web only | 2 pages | 430 words | 1 download | PDF: 160 kb


Diseases of Concern in Continuous Corn
10/1/2008 (minor revision)

Although most corn in Kentucky is planted following a rotation to other crops, individual producers are often interested in planting corn following corn. In these situations, one of the main concerns voiced by producers is increased pressure from diseases, and rightfully so. Crop rotation is one of the most fundamental disease control practices available. Rotating to other crops deprives pathogens (disease-causing microorganisms) of a food source and exposes them to "starvation." Furthermore, as infested crop residues decompose, pathogens are exposed to antagonism by native soil microbes. These mechanisms have the effect of naturally reducing the populations of many pathogens in the soil. | PPFS-AG-C-1
web only | 4 pages | 1,434 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 233 kb


Southern Blight of Soybeans
10/1/2008 (minor revision)

Southern blight is a minor disease of soybeans in the United States. Although the disease can occur in plants anytime from emergence through pod fill, it most commonly occurs in isolated plants in the latter stages of reproductive development. Occasionally, southern blight develops when plants are in the early to mid-vegetative stages. When this occurs, the disease may spread rapidly down rows, resulting in serious stand losses in patches. However, even in the worst case scenario, it would be extremely rare for southern blight to cause measurable yield losses in a commercial soybean field. | PPFS-AG-S-6
web only | 2 pages | 641 words | 1 download | PDF: 207 kb


Fruit Rots of Grape
10/1/2008 (new)

Kentucky's typically wet springs and warm, humid summers favor the development of several fruit rots of grape. These include anthracnose, bitter rot, black rot, Botrytis bunch rot, ripe rot, and sour rot. | PPFS-FR-S-14
web only | 7 pages | 2,467 words | 1 download | PDF: 358 kb


Downy Mildew of Grape
9/1/2008 (new)

Downy mildew is an important disease of commercial and backyard grapes in Kentucky. This disease causes direct losses when flowers, clusters, and shoots decay and yields are reduced. Indirect losses result when premature defoliation predisposes grapevines to winter injury. It may take a vineyard several years to fully recover after severe winter injury. | PPFS-FR-S-13
web only | 3 pages | 987 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 282 kb


Poor Fruit Set in Brambles
9/1/2008 (new)

Poor fruit set and sterility commonly occur on bramble fruits (red raspberries, black raspberries, and blackberries) both in commercial and home plantings. Typically the fruit fails to develop or small misshapen berries form. When an insufficient number of drupelets fully develop, they tend to separate so that the fruit "crumbles" when picked. This symptom, referred to as "crumbly berry," is another common result of poor fruit set. | PPFS-FR-S-9
web only | 4 pages | 1,393 words | 1 download | PDF: 234 kb


2008 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test
7/11/2008 (new)

| PR-568
3,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Ornamental Corn Production
7/10/2008 (minor revision)

| HO-81
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 1,234 kb


Phytophthora Root Rot of Brambles
7/1/2008 (new)

Brambles that are subjected to wet soil conditions or periods of flooding are often predisposed to Phytophthora root rot. Excess water not only promotes susceptibility of roots to this disease, but also aids the fungus in moving to new infection sites. Phytophthora root rot is primarily a disease of raspberries; however, it can also occur on blackberries. | PPFS-FR-S-7
web only | 2 pages | 655 words | 1 download | PDF: 296 kb


Bacterial Canker of Tomato
7/1/2008 (new)

Bacterial canker is a potentially serious disease of tomato that can occur in commercial plantings and home gardens. This infectious disease is capable of spreading rapidly, resulting in devastating losses. It is a particularly difficult disease to manage because not only is there no cure, but the pathogen can be hard to eradicate once it has been introduced into a greenhouse, garden, or field. | PPFS-VG-6
web only | 3 pages | 840 words | 1 download | PDF: 392 kb


Strawberry Fruit Rots
6/1/2008 (new)

Strawberry fruit rot diseases often make it difficult to obtain high yields of quality berries. Kentucky's typically moist springtime growing conditions favor these diseases, which often begin with infections of flowers at bloom. Diseases causing the decay of developing and ripe strawberries include gray mold, leather rot, and anthracnose. | PPFS-FR-S-8
web only | 5 pages | 2,025 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 274 kb


Commercial Asparagus Production
2/13/2008 (minor revision)

| HO-66
web only | 8 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 875 kb


Black Rot of Crucifers
2/1/2008 (minor revision)

Black rot, caused by the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), can be a very destructive disease of cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli. Other susceptible crucifers include: collards, kale, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, turnip, mustard, radish, and rutabaga. | PPFS-VG-1
web only | 3 pages | 792 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 227 kb


Blueberry Diseases
1/1/2008 (new)

Kentucky blueberry growers sometimes experience plant and crop losses due to diseases. While most losses are due to root rot, or to stem and twig canker diseases, fruit rots and nutritional problems can also reduce yields. With good crop management, most blueberry diseases can be avoided. | PPFS-FR-S-10
web only | 4 pages | 1,107 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 292 kb


Southern Blight
1/1/2008 (minor revision)

Southern blight affects a wide variety of crops, but the disease most commonly occurs in Kentucky on ajuga, beans, cabbage, cucumbers, pepper, soybeans, and tomato. Other susceptible plants include apple, carrot, columbine, coreopsis, eggplant, lupine, muskmelon, peanut, pumpkin, peony, phlox, potato, radish, rhubarb, sweet woodruf, tarragon, tobacco, turnip, watermelon, and vinca. | PPFS-VG-3
web only | 2 pages | 591 words | 1 download | PDF: 242 kb


Blossom End Rot
1/1/2008 (minor revision)

Blossom end rot is a physiological disorder (non-parasitic disease) caused by a lack of calcium (Ca) in the distal ends of developing fruit. Calcium is an essential part of the chemical "glue" that binds cells together within the fruit. When fruits are enlarging rapidly, sufficient amounts of Ca fail to reach the end of the fruit and cells then come apart. This is because Ca is not a very mobile element, so any disruption in uptake of Ca can result in a deficiency of Ca in developing fruit. | PPFS-VG-2
web only | 2 pages | 518 words | 1 download | PDF: 165 kb


2007 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/15/2007 (new)

| PR-563
1,100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 165 kb


2007 Red and White Clover Report
12/15/2007 (new)

| PR-562
1,750 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 191 kb


2007 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2007 (new)

| PR-561
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 143 kb


2007 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2007 (new)

| PR-560
1,000 printed copies | 7 pages | - | - | PDF: 148 kb


2007 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/12/2007 (new)

| PR-559
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 133 kb


2007 Tall Fescue Report
12/12/2007 (new)

| PR-558
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 177 kb


2007 Orchardgrass Report
12/12/2007 (new)

| PR-557
1,700 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 162 kb


2007 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
11/29/2007 (new)

| PR-555
1,000 printed copies | 92 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 1,400 kb


2007 Alfalfa Report
11/16/2007 (new)

| PR-556
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 205 kb


2007 Native Warm-Season Perrenial Grasses Report
11/15/2007 (new)

| PR-567
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 138 kb


2007 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
11/15/2007 (new)

| PR-565
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 213 kb


2007 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
11/15/2007 (new)

| PR-564
1,100 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 211 kb


2007 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/8/2007 (new)

| PR-553
5,400 printed copies | 34 pages | - | - | PDF: 800 kb


2007 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/1/2007 (new)

| PR-552
3,500 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 360 kb


Vineyard Site Selection in Kentucky Based on Climate and Soil Properties
10/5/2007 (new)

Commercial wine grapes have recently emerged as an alternative crop in Kentucky after laws evolved encouraging private entrepreneurs to invest in vineyards and small farm wineries many decades after prohibition shut down the industry. Grapes grown in Kentucky are exposed to biotic and abiotic stresses that reduce crop yields and quality or kill grapevines. Damaging winter temperatures, spring frosts, and higher than optimal growing temperatures occur regularly. Despite these challenges, grape growing is a successful enterprise in many areas of the state. | HO-87
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 30 downloads | PDF: 290 kb


Double Crop Curing Dark Fired Tobacco
9/18/2007 (new)

Double crop curing is the practice of curing two crops of tobacco in the same barn and growing season. The practice of double crop curing has been utilized by some dark-fired tobacco growers for several years but has increased in recent years as growers have attempted to consolidate operations a nd incre a se efficienc y of production. Tobacco buying companies have started accepting the crop earlier than in the past to better accommodate this practice. | AGR-196
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 190 kb


Viticultural Regions and Suggested Cultivars in Kentucky
9/14/2007 (new)

Grapes grown in Kentucky are subject to environmental stresses that reduce crop yield and quality, and injure and kill grapevines. Damaging critical winter temperatures, late spring frosts, short growing seasons, and extreme summer temperatures all occur with regularity in regions of Kentucky. However, despite the challenging climate, certain species and cultivars of grapes are grown commercially in Kentucky. The aim of this bulletin is to describe the macroclimatic features affecting grape production that should be evaluated in the site selection process and to shorten the trial and error process of finding the best cultivar and climate match. | HO-88
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 39 downloads | PDF: 1,100 kb


Crop Estimation in Vineyards
8/15/2007 (new)

Viticulture is becoming a successful alternative cropping system in Kentucky due to the increased demand for locally grown grapes and their profitability. However, the sustainability of the industry is hindered by insufficient experience on estimating crop size of hybrid and vinifera cultivars in a region that is subject to frequent damaging winter and spring temperatures. | HO-86
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 307 kb


Replanting Options for Corn
7/27/2007 (new)

Evaluating damaged corn stands and determining when to replant is often a difficult task. Survival, health, and expected yield of the current stand must be weighed against replanting costs, additional management, and expected yield of a replanted crop. The options are rarely clear-cut because damaged corn is rarely uniform throughout the field. The following information will help when making evaluations and management decisions. | AGR-195
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 194 kb


Estimating Hail Damage in Corn
7/27/2007 (new)

Hail is precipitation in the form of irregular shapes of ice. Hail can shred leaves off corn plants, bruise stalks, and turn a beautiful field of corn into bare stalks with a few ragged leaves. The initial sight of hail damage is sickening to any farmer. Small corn, with the growing point below the soil surface (see corn staging below) is highly tolerant to hail damage. As the growing point moves above the soil surface and the corn plant gets closer to tasseling, corn becomes more susceptible to hail damage. Corn is most susceptible to hail damage from the period just prior to tasseling through early milk. Once corn passes the early milk stage, it becomes more tolerant to hail damage. | AGR-194
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 170 kb


Evaluating Flood Damage in Corn
7/27/2007 (new)

| AGR-193
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 160 kb


Evaluating Early Season Frost Damage in Corn
7/27/2007 (new)

| AGR-192
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 160 kb


Grain and Forage Crop Guide
7/27/2007 (reprinted)

| AGR-18
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


Dark Tobacco Sucker Control
7/11/2007 (minor revision)

| AGR-154
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 163 kb


2007 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Test
7/11/2007 (new)

| PR-551
3,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 812 kb


Peach Fruit Diseases
6/1/2007 (new)

Peaches are grown in many Kentucky orchards for local fresh market sales. Fruit diseases, often resulting in decayed peaches, are a serious problem, especially during warm, humid, rainy weather conditions. | PPFS-FR-T-9
web only | 5 pages | 1,737 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 277 kb


Grape Crown Gall
5/1/2007 (new)

Crown gall is a common, devastating grape disease that has been known to result in losses of entire vineyards in Kentucky. Besides grapes, over 600 types of plants are known to be susceptible to crown gall, including apples, stone fruits and brambles. | PPFS-FR-S-11
web only | 3 pages | 871 words | 3 downloads | PDF: 168 kb


Strawberry Production in Kentucky
2/25/2007 (minor revision)

| HO-16
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 64 downloads | PDF: 340 kb


2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/26/2007 (reprinted)

| PR-547
1,200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 242 kb


Honeyvine Milkweed Control in Tree Fruits, Small Fruits, and Grapes
1/19/2007 (new)

Honeyvine milkweed is a perennial weed commonly found in Kentucky fields, groves, and orchards. In general, honeyvine milkweed is a difficult weed to control due to its extensive taproot system and rapid growth rate. It is especially difficult to control in permanent crop situations such as plantings of apples, blueberries, and grapes. This is due to the fact that soil tillage is not practiced in orchards, blueberry fields, or vineyards, which would otherwise destroy the root system of honeyvine milkweed and prevent it from getting established. | HO-85
100 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 320 kb


2006 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-549
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 136 kb


2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report, Tolerance to Horses
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-548
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 189 kb


2006 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-546
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 136 kb


2006 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-545
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 136 kb


2006 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-544
1,250 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 158 kb


2006 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-543
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 147 kb


2006 Orchardgrass Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-542
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 182 kb


2006 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/15/2006 (new)

| PR-538
1,100 printed copies | 82 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 1,337 kb


2006 Tall Fescue Report
12/6/2006 (new)

| PR-541
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 184 kb


2006 Red and White Clover Report
12/6/2006 (new)

| PR-540
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 197 kb


2006 Alfalfa Report
12/6/2006 (new)

| PR-539
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 212 kb


2006 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/6/2006 (new)

| PR-536
5,000 printed copies | 93 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,201 kb


2006 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/2/2006 (new)

| PR-535
3,500 printed copies | 28 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 377 kb


Orange Rust of Brambles
9/1/2006 (new)

Orange rust is a disease caused by one of two very similar fungi, Gymnoconia nitens in the Southeast, and Arthuriomyces peckianus in the Midwest. Both fungi, causing the same symptoms, may be active in Kentucky. In Kentucky, orange rust is severe on some wild and cultivated thorny blackberries. It infects black and purple raspberries and thornless blackberries somewhat, but is not known to infect red raspberries. | PPFS-FR-S-6
web only | 2 pages | 657 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 232 kb


2006 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Test
7/15/2006 (new)

| PR-534
4,300 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 284 kb


Weed Management in Grass Pastures, Hayfields, and Other Farmstead Sites
6/30/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-172
8,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 78 downloads | PDF: 310 kb


Producing Corn for Silage
3/20/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-79
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 332 kb


Dealing with Chemical Injury in Tobacco
3/1/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-158
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 612 kb


Harvesting, Curing, and Preparing Dark Air Cured Tobacco for Market
3/1/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-153
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 255 kb


Harvesting, Curing, and Preparing Dark Fired Tobacco for Market
3/1/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-152
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 284 kb


2005 Orchardgrass Report
1/20/2006 (reprinted)

| PR-523
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 177 kb


2005 Alfalfa Report
1/20/2006 (reprinted)

| PR-522
1,800 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 450 kb


Estimating Corn Yields
1/7/2006 (new)

| AGR-187
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 135 kb


2005 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report
1/7/2006 (new)

| PR-532
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb


2005 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

| PR-531
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 178 kb


2005 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
1/7/2006 (new)

| PR-530
1,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 243 kb


2005 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
1/5/2006 (new)

| PR-529
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 130 kb


2005 Annual and Perrenial Ryegrass Report
1/5/2006 (new)

| PR-528
1,250 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 187 kb


2005 Red and White Clover Report
1/5/2006 (new)

| PR-527
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb


Stockpiling for Fall and Winter Pasture
1/1/2006 (minor revision)

| AGR-162
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 110 downloads | PDF: 187 kb


2005 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
12/30/2005 (new)

| PR-526
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 154 kb


2005 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report
12/30/2005 (new)

| PR-521
1,100 printed copies | 98 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 1,555 kb


Estimating Soybean Yields
12/15/2005 (new)

| AGR-188
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 138 kb


2005 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report
12/15/2005 (new)

| PR-525
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 176 kb


2005 Tall Fescue Report
12/1/2005 (new)

| PR-524
1,750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 181 kb


2005 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/30/2005 (new)

| PR-519
5,000 printed copies | 97 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,091 kb


2005 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/30/2005 (new)

| PR-518
3,500 printed copies | 28 pages | - | - | PDF: 370 kb


Reproducing Fruit Trees by Graftage Budding and Grafting
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-39
web only | 8 pages | - | 33 downloads | PDF: 789 kb


Growing Blackberries and Raspberries in Kentucky
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

| HO-15
web only | 12 pages | - | 92 downloads | PDF: 325 kb


Phomopsis Cane and Leaf Spot and Eutypa Dieback Diseases of Grape
11/1/2005 (minor revision)

"Cane and leaf spot" and "Eutypa dieback" were once thought to be the same disease. However, it is now known that each is a distinct disease caused by a different fungus. Grapes grown in areas where a moist environment persists are especially vulnerable to these fungal diseases. | PPFS-FR-S-1
web only | 2 pages | 631 words | 1 download | PDF: 183 kb


Bt Basics for Vegetable Integrated Pest Management
8/1/2005 (new)

| ID-156
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 655 kb


2005 Small Grain Variety Performance Tests
8/1/2005 (new)

| PR-517
4,300 printed copies | 20 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,060 kb


2004 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report
7/1/2005 (new)

| PR-516
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 106 kb


Grain Farming Primer for Landowners
4/30/2005 (new)

| ID-155
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 158 kb


Movable Tobacco Curing Frames
4/1/2005 (new)

| AEN-86
500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 631 kb


Specialty Soybeans
4/1/2005 (reprinted)

| AGR-182
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 312 kb


Growing Highbush Blueberries in Kentucky
3/15/2005 (reprinted)

| HO-60
200 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 68 downloads | PDF: 403 kb


Predicting Soybean First Flowering Date
3/1/2005 (new)

| AGR-184
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 270 kb


2004 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-515
1,200 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 555 kb


2004 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-514
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 284 kb


2004 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-513
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 275 kb


2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
2/20/2005 (new)

| PR-512
750 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 538 kb


2004 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
2/1/2005 (new)

| PR-511
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 329 kb


2004 Tall Fescue Report
2/1/2005 (new)

| PR-510
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 279 kb


2004 Timothy Report
2/1/2005 (new)

| PR-509
1,200 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 183 kb


Late-Season Frost Damage to Corn Grown for Silage
1/30/2005 (new)

| AGR-183
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | - | PDF: 135 kb


2004 Red and White Clover Report
1/30/2005 (new)

| PR-508
2,000 printed copies | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 648 kb


2004 Orchardgrass Report
1/30/2005 (new)

| PR-507
1,200 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 277 kb


2004 Alfalfa Report
1/30/2005 (new)

| PR-506
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 521 kb


2004 Fruit and Vegetable Report
12/15/2004 (new)

| PR-504
1,100 printed copies | 74 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 1,899 kb


2004 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/1/2004 (new)

| PR-505
web only | 55 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,303 kb


2004 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/21/2004 (new)

| PR-503
3,500 printed copies | 32 pages | - | - | PDF: 538 kb


Comparison and Use of Chlorophyll Meters on Wheat
11/1/2004 (new)

| AGR-181
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


Corn Stalk Nitrate Test
8/27/2004 (new)

| AGR-180
3,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 136 kb


2004 Small Grains Variety Trials
8/15/2004 (new)

| PR-500
6,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 177 kb


Apple Fruit Diseases Appearing at Harvest
8/1/2004 (minor revision)

Diseases of apple fruits appearing at harvest can cause significant losses in yield and quality. To know what control measures to take next year to prevent similar losses, it is important to recognize what is being observed. In some cases, growers will need to cut the fruit open to identify the problem. | PPFS-FR-T-2
web only | 2 pages | 613 words | 1 download | PDF: 306 kb


Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky
7/15/2004 (reprinted)

| ID-152
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 266 kb


Post-Tier Rail and Typar or Metal-Covered Tobacco Field Curing Structures
7/1/2004 (new)

| AEN-85
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 552 kb


Raspberry Fruit Rots
7/1/2004 (minor revision)

Rainy summer and fall weather in Kentucky can provide ideal conditions for fruit decay diseases of raspberries. The most damaging are the fungal diseases gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) and soft rot, or leak (Rhizopus and Mucor spp.). Both diseases are favored by long periods of wet fruit and foliage, and by high humidity levels. During some parts of the season, fruit rots account for up to 50% loss of potential harvest, and additional losses after harvest. | PPFS-FR-S-4
web only | 2 pages | 446 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


Blackberry Rosette (Double Blossom)
7/1/2004 (minor revision)

Rosette disease, caused by the fungus Cercosporella rubi, is a serious and destructive disease of blackberries in most parts of Kentucky. In some locations, growers have been forced out of growing blackberries because of rosette disease. | PPFS-FR-S-3
web only | 2 pages | 516 words | 2 downloads | PDF: 208 kb


Round Bale Hay Storage in Kentucky
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-171
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 181 kb


Weed Control Strategies for Alfalfa and Other Forage Legume Crops
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-148
1,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 154 kb


2003 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-499
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 77 kb


2003 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-494
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 85 kb


2003 Timothy Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-493
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 77 kb


2003 Orchardgrass Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-492
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 84 kb


2003 Tall Fescue Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-491
300 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 88 kb


2003 Red Clover Report
4/1/2004 (reprinted)

| PR-490
300 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 252 kb


Baling Forage Crops for Silage
2/10/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-173
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 84 kb


2003 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-498
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 78 kb


2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-497
1,200 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 115 kb


2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/10/2004 (new)

| PR-496
750 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 87 kb


2003 Alfalfa Report
12/24/2003 (new)

| PR-489
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 107 kb


2003 Fruit and Vegetable Report
12/15/2003 (new)

| PR-488
1,100 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 1 kb


2003 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/15/2003 (new)

| PR-487
5,000 printed copies | 55 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,381 kb


2003 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/15/2003 (new)

| PR-485
8,000 printed copies | 30 pages | - | - | PDF: 578 kb


Kentucky Bluegrass as a Forage Crop
11/1/2003 (minor revision)

| AGR-134
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 13 kb


Annual Ryegrass
9/15/2003 (new)

| AGR-179
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 97 kb


2003 Small Grains Variety Trials
8/8/2003 (new)

| PR-482
6,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 171 kb


Tall Fescue
7/30/2003 (minor revision)

| AGR-59
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 115 kb


Orchardgrass
7/30/2003 (minor revision)

| AGR-58
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 100 kb


Harvesting, Drying and Storing Grain Sorghum
4/30/2003 (minor revision)

| AEN-17
1,000 printed copies | 5 pages | - | 19 downloads | PDF: 111 kb


Alfalfa the Queen of Forage Crops
4/1/2003 (reprinted)

| AGR-76
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 108 kb


2002 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report
3/31/2003 (new)

| PR-481
600 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 5 downloads | PDF: 72 kb


2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
3/15/2003 (new)

| PR-480
1,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 102 kb


2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-479
750 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 79 kb


2002 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-477
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 86 kb


2002 Orchardgrass Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-476
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 81 kb


2002 Timothy Report
1/31/2003 (new)

| PR-475
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 69 kb


Proper Curing Management to Minimize Green Tobacco
1/30/2003 (new)

| AGR-177
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 80 kb


2002 Tall Fescue Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-474
2,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 85 kb


2002 Red Clover Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-473
3,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 102 kb


2002 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2003 (new)

| PR-472
2,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 72 kb


2002 Alfalfa Report
1/5/2003 (new)

| PR-471
3,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 185 kb


2002 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/3/2003 (new)

| PR-470
1,000 printed copies | 65 pages | - | - | PDF: 2,400 kb


Inoculation of Forage Legumes
11/22/2002 (minor revision)

| AGR-90
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 110 kb


Grazing Alfalfa
11/1/2002 (reprinted)

| ID-97
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 34 downloads | PDF: 152 kb


2002 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/1/2002 (new)

| PR-469
5,000 printed copies | 55 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


2002 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/1/2002 (new)

| PR-467
8,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | - | PDF: 200 kb


Timothy
10/1/2002 (minor revision)

| AGR-84
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 95 kb


The Agronomics of Manure Use for Crop Production
9/20/2002 (minor revision)

| AGR-165
5,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 187 kb


2002 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Trials
8/15/2002 (new)

| PR-466
6,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 153 kb


2001 Red Clover Report
8/1/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-454
500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 79 kb


2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-462
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 57 kb


2001 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-461
50 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 64 kb


2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-460
350 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 88 kb


2001 Orchardgrass Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-458
500 printed copies | 5 pages | - | - | PDF: 71 kb


2001 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-457
500 printed copies | 5 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 67 kb


2001 Timothy Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-456
350 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 52 kb


2001 Tall Fescue Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-455
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 60 kb


2001 Alfalfa Report
5/13/2002 (reprinted)

| PR-453
500 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 209 kb


Growing Red Clover in Kentucky
1/31/2002 (reprinted)

| AGR-33
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 108 kb


2001 Fruit and Vegetable Report
1/4/2002 (new)

| PR-452
1,100 printed copies | 60 pages | - | - | PDF: 437 kb


New Recommendations for Perennial Ryegrass Seedings for Kentucky Horse Farms
1/1/2002 (new)

| ID-142
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 41 kb


2001 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/7/2001 (new)

| PR-449
8,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | - | PDF: 190 kb


2001 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
11/1/2001 (new)

| PR-451
6,000 printed copies | 54 pages | - | - | PDF: 240 kb


A Comprehensive Guide to Corn Management in Kentucky
9/30/2001 (new)

The corn grown in Kentucky is used mainly for livestock feed and as a cash crop. As a cash crop sold from the farm, corn ranks third behind tobacco and soybeans but is the number one row crop in terms of acreage. Because the cost of producing an acre of corn is high and the value per bushel has declined in recent years, producers must manage and market their corn crop more carefully for adequate profits. The goal of this publication is to serve as a guide for corn production strategies that focus on efficient use of resources and provide the principles and practices for obtaining maximum, profitable corn yields. | ID-139
7,500 printed copies | 64 pages | 37,214 words | 52 downloads | PDF: 639 kb


2001 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Trials
8/25/2001 (new)

| PR-448
6,300 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 200 kb


Alfalfa Cubes for Horses
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-145
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 310 kb


Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-144
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 362 kb


Total Quality Assurance Apple Production: Best Management Practices
5/1/2001 (new)

| ID-137
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 32 downloads | PDF: 271 kb


2000 Timothy Report
2/10/2001 (new)

| PR-445
800 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 188 kb


2000 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report
2/5/2001 (new)

| PR-446
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 206 kb


2000 Orchardgrass Report
1/31/2001 (new)

| PR-443
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 209 kb


2000 Tall Fescue Report
1/30/2001 (new)

| PR-442
1,800 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 207 kb


2000 Alfalfa Report
1/15/2001 (new)

| PR-440
3,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 398 kb


2000 Red Clover Report
1/10/2001 (new)

| PR-441
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 247 kb


2000 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/10/2001 (new)

| PR-439
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 77 kb


2000 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/1/2001 (new)

| PR-438
2,200 printed copies | 4 pages | - | - | PDF: 186 kb


Kentucky Soybean Performance Test - 2000
12/15/2000 (new)

| PR-435
6,000 printed copies | 50 pages | - | - | PDF: 759 kb


Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report 2000
12/3/2000 (new)

| PR-436
1,100 printed copies | 57 pages | - | - | PDF: 768 kb


2000 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/13/2000 (new)

| PR-434
8,000 printed copies | 30 pages | - | - | PDF: 587 kb


Marketing Options for Commercial Vegetable Growers
9/7/2000 (reprinted)

| ID-134
3,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 598 kb


2000 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
8/1/2000 (new)

| PR-433
6,300 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 295 kb


No-Till Small Grain Production in Kentucky
5/1/2000 (new)

| ID-136
5,000 printed copies | 11 pages | - | 20 downloads | PDF: 467 kb


An Alfalfa Disease Calendar
5/1/2000 (new)

| PPA-44
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 168 kb


Growing Grapes in Kentucky
4/30/2000 (reprinted)

Kentucky has a long record of good grape production. As a home fruit crop or commercial crop, grapes have many benefits. Grapevines are relatively inexpensive and easy to propagate. They reach full bearing potential in four years and bear annually. The many varieties of grapes can be consumed fresh or used to make grape juice, jams, jellies, and wine. Grapes are also easy to manage. Vines are trained on trellises or arbors and easily can be sprayed using small equipment for control of insects and diseases. | ID-126
3,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 70 downloads | PDF: 238 kb


Consumer Trends and Opportunities: Vegetables
3/15/2000 (new)

| IP-58C
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 90 kb


Consumer Trends and Opportunities: Fruits
3/15/2000 (new)

| IP-58D
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 89 kb


High Tensile Wire or Cable Tobacco Field Curing Structure
2/25/2000 (reprinted)

| AEN-80
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 316 kb


1999 Orchardgrass Report
2/15/2000 (new)

| PR-430
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 189 kb


Measurement of Temperature Extremes in Tobacco Float Systems
2/1/2000 (new)

| AGR-176
3,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 14 downloads | PDF: 552 kb


1999 Tall Fescue Report
1/31/2000 (new)

| PR-429
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 191 kb


1999 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/31/2000 (new)

| PR-428
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 189 kb


1999 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
1/31/2000 (new)

| PR-427
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 226 kb


Grain Drill Calibration Procedures for Winter Wheat
1/30/2000 (new)

| AEN-81
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 254 kb


Weed Control Recommendations for Kentucky Bluegrass and Tall Fescue Lawns and Recreational Turf
1/1/2000 (minor revision)

| AGR-78
5,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 144 kb


1999 Red Clover Report
12/31/1999 (new)

| PR-426
4,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 97 kb


Fruit and Vegetable Crop Research Report 1999
12/31/1999 (new)

| PR-423
750 printed copies | 43 pages | - | - | PDF: 712 kb


1999 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests
12/18/1999 (new)

| PR-424
6,000 printed copies | 40 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 551 kb


1999 Alfalfa Report
12/15/1999 (new)

| PR-425
4,000 printed copies | 14 pages | - | - | PDF: 244 kb


1999 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/30/1999 (new)

| PR-421
8,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 474 kb


Packaging and Handling Burley Tobacco in Bales at the Farm
11/1/1999 (reprinted)

| ID-39
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 39 kb


The 1998 Kura Clover Report
10/15/1999 (new)

| PR-419
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 188 kb


1999 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
8/4/1999 (new)

| PR-418
6,000 printed copies | 18 pages | - | - | PDF: 145 kb


Using Conductivity Meters for Nitrogen Management in Float Systems
6/30/1999 (new)

| AGR-174
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 105 kb


Low Cost Post-Row Field Tobacco Curing Framework
5/1/1999 (minor revision)

| ID-116
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 202 kb


1998 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
4/1/1999 (new)

| PR-416
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 112 kb


Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report
4/1/1999 (new)

| PR-415
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 74 kb


1998 Tall Fescue Report
2/1/1999 (new)

| PR-413
web only | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 82 kb


1998 Orchardgrass Report
1/29/1999 (new)

| PR-414
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 85 kb


1998 Red Clover Report
1/15/1999 (new)

| PR-412
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 78 kb


1998 Alfalfa Report
1/15/1999 (new)

| PR-411
4,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 188 kb


Management of Tobacco Float Systems
1/10/1999 (new)

| ID-132
web only | 8 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 445 kb


Fruit and Vegetable Program: 1998 Research Report
12/1/1998 (new)

The emphases in our research program reflect industry-defined needs, expertise available at UK, and the nature of research projects around the world generating information applicable to Kentucky. Although the purpose of this publication is to report research results, the report also highlights our Extension program and Undergraduate and Graduate degree programs that address the needs of the horticultural industries. | PR-410
web only | 46 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 335 kb


Midwest Tree Fruit Pest Management Handbook
11/1/1998 (new)

| ID-93
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 10 downloads | HTML: 3 kb


1998 Soybean Performance Tests
11/1/1998 (new)

| PR-408
6,000 printed copies | 30 pages | - | - | PDF: 216 kb


1998 Hybrid Corn Performance Test
11/1/1998 (new)

| PR-407
8,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 168 kb


1998 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Trials
8/1/1998 (new)

| PR-405
6,300 printed copies | 18 pages | - | - | PDF: 103 kb


A Cost Comparison of Three 10-Acre Tobacco Transplant Production Systems
2/15/1998 (reprinted)

| ID-129
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 209 kb


One-Tier Plastic-Covered Tobacco Curing Structure: Tier Rail Design
2/1/1998 (reprinted)

| AEN-74
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 302 kb


1997 Red Clover Report
2/1/1998 (new)

| PR-400
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 67 kb


1997 Alfalfa Report
2/1/1998 (new)

| PR-399
4,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 153 kb


1997 Tall Fescue Report
12/20/1997 (new)

| PR-404
web only | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 46 kb


1997 Soybean Performance Tests
12/15/1997 (new)

| PR-398
5,750 printed copies | 22 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 123 kb


1997 Hybrid Corn Variety Trials
11/1/1997 (new)

| PR-397
10,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | - | PDF: 174 kb


Using a Chlorophyll Meter to Make Nitrogen Recommendations on Wheat
9/1/1997 (new)

| AGR-170
5,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 24 kb


Kentucky Winter Wheat Calendar
9/1/1997 (reprinted)

| ID-125A
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 117 kb


1997 Small Grain Variety Trials
8/1/1997 (new)

| PR-396
6,300 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 105 kb


Overview of Kentucky's Tobacco Economy
6/1/1997 (new)

| AEC-83
8,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 27 downloads | PDF: 217 kb


Kura Clover for Kentucky
4/1/1997 (minor revision)

| AGR-141
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 203 kb


Two-Tier Air-Cure Tobacco Barn
3/7/1997 (reprinted)

| AEN-76
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 6 downloads | PDF: 289 kb


1997 Orchardgrass Report
1/1/1997 (new)

| PR-403
web only | 6 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 52 kb


1996 Soybean Performance Tests
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-394
6,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 218 kb


1996 Timothy Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-393
2,000 printed copies | 3 pages | - | - | PDF: 124 kb


1996 Orchardgrass Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-392
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | - | PDF: 150 kb


1996 Tall Fescue Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-391
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 178 kb


1996 Alfalfa Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-390
4,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 172 kb


1996 Red Clover Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-389
4,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 165 kb


1996 Hybrid Corn Variety Trials
12/1/1996 (new)

| PR-388
10,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 235 kb


Growing White Clover in Kentucky
11/1/1996 (minor revision)

| AGR-93
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 184 kb


Producing Red Clover Seed in Kentucky
11/1/1996 (new)

| AGR-2
web only | 4 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 144 kb


Problems in Diagnosing Nutrient Deficiencies of Cool Season Grasses
10/1/1996 (new)

| AGR-169
5,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 12 kb


Alternatives for Fungus Infected Tall Fescue
10/1/1996 (reprinted)

| AGR-119
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 12 kb


The US Tobacco Program: How It Works and Who Pays for It
9/1/1996 (new)

| AEC-82
10,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 113 kb


1996 Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1996 (new)

| PR-386
6,300 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 876 kb


A Computer Model for Analysis of Alternative Burley Tobacco Harvesting Practices
5/1/1996 (new)

| AEN-78
1,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 400 kb


1995 Tall Fescue Report
4/1/1996 (reprinted)

| PR-381
1,000 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 61 kb


1995 Orchardgrass Variety Trials
4/1/1996 (reprinted)

| PR-378
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 30 kb


Water Quality Guidelines for Tobacco Float Systems
2/1/1996 (new)

| AGR-164
3,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 196 kb


Selecting the Right Fertilizer for Tobacco Production in Float Systems
2/1/1996 (new)

| AGR-163
5,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 180 kb


1995 Timothy Report
1/1/1996 (new)

| PR-382
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 27 kb


1995 Alfalfa Variety Trials
12/1/1995 (new)

| PR-380
4,000 printed copies | 14 pages | - | - | PDF: 83 kb


1995 Red Clover Variety Trials
12/1/1995 (new)

| PR-379
4,000 printed copies | 15 pages | - | - | PDF: 63 kb


1995 Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1995 (new)

| PR-376
6,300 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 3,000 kb


Fertilization of Cool-Season Grasses
3/5/1995 (reprinted)

| AGR-103
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 11 downloads | HTML: 16 kb


Managing Small Grains for Livestock Forage
3/1/1995 (new)

| AGR-160
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 15 downloads | PDF: 224 kb


1994 Red Clover Variety Trials
2/1/1995 (reprinted)

| PR-369
1,000 printed copies | 11 pages | - | - | PDF: 43 kb


1994 Tall Fescue Variety Trials
12/1/1994 (new)

| PR-371
web only | 9 pages | - | - | PDF: 33 kb


1994 Alfalfa Variety Trials
12/1/1994 (new)

| PR-370
web only | 15 pages | - | - | PDF: 18 kb


1994 Orchardgrass Variety Trials
12/1/1994 (new)

| PR-368
web only | 10 pages | - | - | PDF: 32 kb


1994 Small Grain VarIety Trials
9/1/1994 (new)

| PR-365
web only | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 850 kb


Cutworm Management in Corn
3/1/1994 (reprinted)

| ENT-59
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 175 kb


1993 Orchardgrass Variety Trials
12/1/1993 (new)

| PR-361
web only | 7 pages | - | - | PDF: 25 kb


1993 Tall Fescue Variety Trials
12/1/1993 (new)

| PR-360
web only | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 23 kb


1993 Alfalfa Variety Trials
12/1/1993 (new)

| PR-359
web only | 15 pages | - | - | PDF: 77 kb


1993 Red Clover Variety Trials
12/1/1993 (new)

| PR-358
web only | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 45 kb


Soybean Production in Kentucky Part 5: Harvesting, Drying, Storage, and Marketing
9/1/1993 (new)

| AGR-132
5,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 419 kb


1993 Small Grain Variety Trials
8/1/1993 (new)

| PR-355
web only | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 850 kb


1992 Tall Fescue Yield Update
3/1/1993 (new)

| PR-350
web only | 12 pages | - | - | PDF: 36 kb


1992 Red Clover Variety Trials
3/1/1993 (new)

| PR-349
web only | 13 pages | - | - | PDF: 37 kb


1992 Alfalfa Variety Trials
2/1/1993 (new)

| PR-351
web only | 14 pages | - | - | PDF: 63 kb


Tobacco Management: Optimizing Profits
1/1/1993 (new)

| AGR-157
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 136 kb


Tobacco Transplant Production: Plug and Transfer System
1/1/1993 (new)

| AGR-156
5,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 142 kb


Selecting a Tobacco Transplant Production System
1/1/1993 (new)

| AGR-155
5,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 137 kb


1992 Small Grain Variety Trials
10/1/1992 (new)

| PR-344
web only | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 841 kb


Food Safety Pesticide Residues in Grains, Vegetables, Fruits and Nuts
9/1/1992 (minor revision)

| IP-9
300 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 16 kb


Growing Lespedeza in Kentucky
8/1/1992 (minor revision)

| AGR-86
4,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 146 kb


Using Fans in Conventional Burley Barns
4/1/1992 (new)

| AEN-69
3,000 printed copies | 5 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 229 kb


1991 Red Clover Variety Trials
2/1/1992 (new)

| PR-339
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | - | PDF: 20 kb


1991 Alfalfa Variety Trials
12/1/1991 (new)

| PR-340
web only | 7 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 25 kb


1991 Small Grain Variety Trials
11/1/1991 (new)

| PR-335
web only | 18 pages | - | 2 downloads | PDF: 865 kb


Buying and Selling Burley Quota: What Factors Should Farmers Consider?
10/1/1991 (reprinted)

| AEC-76
2,000 printed copies | 7 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 67 kb


Understanding Produce Marketing for Kentucky's Direct Markets
8/1/1991 (new)

| ID-107
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 8 downloads | HTML: 19 kb


Curing Burley Tobacco
2/4/1991 (reprinted)

| AEN-59
1,000 printed copies | - | - | - | MS Word: 40 kb


1990 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Tests
9/1/1990 (new)

| PR-330
8,000 printed copies | 18 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,100 kb


Managing Slowly Permeable Soils for Tobacco and Corn Production in Kentucky
1/1/1990 (new)

| AGR-143
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 16 kb


1989 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1989 (new)

| PR-320
8,000 printed copies | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,200 kb


Preparing Burley in Bales
9/1/1988 (reprinted)

| ID-38
4,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 7 kb


1988 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1988 (new)

| PR-314
8,000 printed copies | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,200 kb


Using Drought-Stressed Corn Harvesting, Storage, Feeding, Pricing and Marketing
8/1/1988 (new)

| ID-86
7,500 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 32 kb


Soybean Production in Kentucky Part 4: Weed, Disease and Insect Control
4/1/1988 (new)

| AGR-131
12,000 printed copies | - | - | 8 downloads | HTML: 62 kb


Soybean Production in Kentucky Part 1: Status, Uses and Planning
1/1/1988 (new)

| AGR-128
12,000 printed copies | - | - | 7 downloads | HTML: 38 kb


1987 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1987 (new)

| PR-305
8,500 printed copies | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Liming and Fertilizing Burley Tobacco
4/1/1987 (new)

| AGR-49
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 33 kb


1986 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
12/1/1986 (new)

| PR-298
8,500 printed copies | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


1985 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1985 (new)

| PR-290
9,000 printed copies | 19 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Managing Acid Soils for Production of Burley Tobacco
8/1/1985 (new)

| AGR-109
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 12 kb


1984 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1984 (new)

| PR-283
8,500 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


'Fergus' Birdsfoot Trefoil
6/30/1984 (reprinted)

| AGR-104
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 6 downloads | HTML: 18 kb


1983 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1983 (new)

| PR-273
10,000 printed copies | 20 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Fertilization and Liming for Corn
2/1/1983 (new)

| AGR-105
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 10 downloads | HTML: 21 kb


1982 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials
9/1/1982 (new)

| PR-266
11,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,200 kb


Estimating Fan Sizes for Grain Drying and Storage Bins
12/15/1981 (reprinted)

| AEES-6
1,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 287 kb


Fan Performance on Grain Drying Bins
12/15/1981 (minor revision)

| AEES-5
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 284 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1981
12/1/1981 (new)

| PR-257
12,500 printed copies | 36 pages | - | - | PDF: 2,000 kb


Grain Drying Performance Evaluation
2/1/1981 (reprinted)

| AEES-7
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 302 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1980
10/1/1980 (new)

| PR-250
12,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 2,200 kb


Suffocation Hazards in Grain Bins
3/1/1980 (reprinted)

| AEN-39
10,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,097 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1979
12/1/1979 (new)

| PR-243
10,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 2,100 kb


Harvesting and Curing Burley Tobacco
7/1/1979 (reprinted)

| AGR-14
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 7 downloads | HTML: 16 kb


Tobacco Stalks and Stems Fertility Value and Use
5/1/1979 (reprinted)

| AGR-23
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 6 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1978
4/1/1979 (new)

| PR-240
12,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,800 kb


Manganese Toxicity in Burley Tobacco
3/1/1979 (reprinted)

| AGR-22
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 7 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1977
9/1/1977 (new)

| PR-228
12,000 printed copies | 28 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,400 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1976
9/1/1976 (new)

| PR-224
12,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,600 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1975
2/1/1976 (new)

| PR-222
12,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,100 kb


Harvesting, Drying and Storing Soybeans
9/1/1975 (reprinted)

| AEN-25
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 14 downloads | MS Word: 36 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1974
3/1/1975 (new)

| PR-217
12,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,000 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1973
2/1/1974 (new)

| PR-213
10,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,450 kb


Preventing Storage Rots of Grain
1/1/1974 (reprinted)

| ID-3
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 4 downloads | HTML: 9 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1972
2/1/1973 (new)

| PR-205
6,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 1,450 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1971
2/1/1972 (new)

| PR-203
5,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,300 kb


Kentucky Wheat Variety Trials, 1970
7/1/1971 (new)

| PR-192
5,000 printed copies | 24 pages | - | - | PDF: 1,150 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1969
3/1/1970 (new)

| PR-186
5,000 printed copies | 40 pages | - | 1 download | PDF: 2,000 kb


Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials, 1968
3/1/1969 (new)

| PR-179
5,000 printed copies | 32 pages | - | 4 downloads | PDF: 1,800 kb