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farm crops


PR-777

2019 Soybean Yield and Quality Contest

6/2/2020 (new)
Authors: Matt Adams, Danny Adams, Matt Futrell, Clint Hardy, Curt Judy, Carrie Knott, Leann Martin, Tyler Miller, Michelle Simon, Darrell Simpson, Mike Smith

In Kentucky, farmers grow soybeans in two common soybean production systems: full season and double crop. Farmers plant full season soybeans in the spring and harvest them that fall, so they have harvested one crop in one calendar year. Farmers plant double crop soybeans after wheat harvest in June. These soybeans are harvested later that fall, making them the second crop harvested in the same calendar year. Both systems are important to the overall production of soybean in Kentucky. Identifying management practices that maximize yield of each system is a vital step in identifying the most profitable management systems for Kentucky. Therefore, in 1980, an annual soybean yield contest was initiated in Kentucky to document the agronomic practices utilized by producers.

Departments: Boone County, Christian County, Daviess County, Hardin County, Henderson County, Lincoln County, Logan County, Muhlenberg County, Plant and Soil Sciences, Todd County, Wayne County
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans
Size: 985 kb
Pages: 12



PR-762

2019 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/5/2019 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Daniel Becker, Win Dunwell, Rachel Rudolph, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, John Strang

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collection of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmer markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry.Evaluation of varieties is a continuing necessity and allows us to provide the most up to date information in communications with vegetable growers. The vegetable variety trial results are the basis for updating the recommendations in our Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers (ID-36).

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, vegetables
Size: 6.67 mb
Pages: 34



ID-36

Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, 2020-21

11/26/2019 (major revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Emily Pfeufer, Rachel Rudolph, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Successful vegetable production generally requires the grower to make daily decisions regarding pest management, irrigation, and cultural practices. The most widely commercially-grown vegetables in Kentucky are included in this publication.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 22.00 mb
Pages: 128



AGR-6

Chemical Control of Weeds in Kentucky Grain Crops, 2020

11/7/2019 (major revision)
Authors: J.D. Green, Travis Legleiter

The use of herbicides suggested in this publication is based on research at the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and elsewhere. We have given what we believe to be the most effective herbicides, with the most suitable rates and times of application. Smaller files are available here.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, production practices, small grains, soybeans, weeds
Size: 2.25 mb
Pages: 140



HO-82

Rootstocks for Kentucky Fruit Trees

10/15/2019 (major revision)
Authors: Daniel Becker, John Strang, Dwight Wolfe, Shawn Wright

Most fruit trees that can be grown in Kentucky do not come true from seed. For example, a tree grown from a Golden Delicious apple seed will produce an apple tree, but the fruit will have different characteristics than Golden Delicious in color, taste, and shape. This is why fruit trees are reproduced by asexual propagation, such as budding and grafting.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 6



PR-761

2019 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/15/2019 (new)
Authors: Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee, Matthew Piersawl, Phillip Shine

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 1.04 mb
Pages: 28



AGR-240

Cover Crop Benefits and Challenges in Kentucky

8/7/2019 (new)
Authors: Chad Lee, Hanna Poffenbarger, Dan Quinn

A cover crop is a plant species that is grown between cash crops primarily to provide cropping system services rather than to produce a harvestable product. Services provided by cover crops include soil health improvement, soil conservation, nutrient release and capture, and weed suppression. However, like any management practice, cover crops also have challenges and limitations. This publication is intended to provide an overview of cover crop use in Kentucky and the challenges and benefits of this practice.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops
Size: 4.82 mb
Pages: 6



PPFS-FR-S-15

Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Strawberry Diseases

8/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 398 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-T-2

Apple Fruit Diseases Appearing at Harvest

8/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

Diseases of apple fruits appearing at harvest can cause significant losses in yield and quality. To know what control measures to take next year to prevent similar losses, it is important to recognize what is being observed. In some cases, growers will need to cut the fruit open to identify the problem.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 306 kb
Pages: 2



PR-760

2019 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/12/2019 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Matthew Piersawl, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The 2019 soft red winter wheat growing season ended with Kentucky farmers harvesting approximately 340,000 acres of the 450,000 acres planted, for a total production of 26.2 million bushels of grain. An average yield of 77 bushels per acre was estimated by NASS. The acreage not harvested for grain was primarily used for forage production and cover cropping.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.25 mb
Pages: 28



PPFS-AG-T-5

Maintaining the Efficacy of Foliar Fungicides for Tobacco Disease Management

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Bob Pearce, Emily Pfeufer

Management of resistance to fungicides is based on alternating the use of particular modes of action, or FRAC groups, which essentially presents multiple different challenges to the fungal population. Overall, fungi that are naturally resistant to a mode of action are very rare in the environment. Challenging a population with multiple different modes of action will reduce the chance of developing widespread resistance, which will prolong the efficacy of these chemicals.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 473 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-18

Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Grape Diseases

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 407 kb
Pages: 5



PPFS-FR-S-21

Sample Fungicide Spray Schedule for Commercial Blueberry

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

A sample fungicide spray schedule for commercial blueberry growers (table).

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 1



PPFS-FR-S-23

Simplified Backyard Grape Spray Guide

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Patsy Wilson

A simplified backyard grape spray guide (table).

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 351 kb
Pages: 1



PPFS-FR-S-24

Backyard Grape Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar

7/1/2019 (reviewed)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Backyard grape production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 1.21 mb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-25

Backyard Berry Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar

7/1/2019 (reviewed)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Backyard berry (blueberry, raspberry, blackberry, and strawberry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 1.04 mb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-26

Commercial Strawberry Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet and Sample Spray Guide

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

A fungicide spray guide and worksheet for commercial strawberry growers.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 230 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-T-15

Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Apple Diseases

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 385 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-T-18

Simplified Backyard Apple Spray Guides

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Beth Wilson

Apple production requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays.

Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Pulaski County
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 626 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-T-20

Simplified Backyard Peach and Stone Fruit Spray Guide

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Peach, nectarine, apricot, plum, and cherry are all stone fruits. Production of these tree fruits requires pest and disease management programs for quality fruit. Home orchards are no different. Homeowners, however, are generally more tolerant of aesthetic maladies or minor crop losses than commercial orchardists. Thus, homeowners may choose to limit numbers of insecticide and fungicide sprays. Disease resistant cultivars are the preferred method for reducing spray inputs.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 672 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-T-21

Backyard Apple and Pear Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar

7/1/2019 (reviewed)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Backyard apple production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. While intensive culture may result in the highest quality fruit, reduced inputs can result in acceptable fruit with minor crop losses or aesthetic maladies. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 1.01 mb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-T-22

Backyard Peach and Stone Fruit Disease, Pest, and Cultural Practices Calendar

7/1/2019 (reviewed)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kimberly Leonberger, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Backyard stone fruit (peach, nectarine, plum, and cherry) production requires a proactive approach to disease, insect, and weed management. Preventative practices are recommended to minimize inputs. This guide focuses on preventative cultural practices with options of low-input pesticide applications. Refer to the homeowner fruit spray guide (ID-21) for a more complete pesticide spray schedule.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 890 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-T-23

Commercial Peach/Stone Fruit Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

A spray schedule worksheet for commercial peach/stone fruit growers.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 458 kb
Pages: 1



PPFS-VG-1

Black Rot of Crucifers

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: David Davis, Emily Pfeufer

Black rot, caused by the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), can be a very destructive disease of cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli. Other susceptible crucifers include: collards, kale, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, turnip, mustard, radish, and rutabaga.

Departments: Clark County, Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 227 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-10

Foliar Diseases of Cucurbits

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Vegetables in the cucurbit family include cucumber, gourds, muskmelon (cantaloupe), summer squash, winter squash, and pumpkin. The following diseases primarily affect the foliage of these crops and can result in losses in commercial fields and home gardens.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 327 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-11-QF

Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits Quick Facts

7/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Steve Osborne, Kenny Seebold

Highlights from the publication Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits, PPFS-VG-11.

Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 786 kb
Pages: 2



ID-254

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Grape in Kentucky

6/11/2019 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Patsy Wilson, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky grape plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 36



PPFS-FR-T-14

Effectiveness of Fungicides for Management of Stone Fruit Diseases

6/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

This guide is a decision-making tool to help growers select fungicides from different chemical classes (FRAC). Additional information can be found in a number of UK Cooperative Extension Service publications, including ID-232, or by contacting county Extension agents.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 401 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-VG-24

Biological Products for Tomato Disease Management

6/1/2019 (new)
Authors: Erica Fealko, Emily Pfeufer

Disease management products with biologically-based active ingredients are often labeled for numerous diseases, but can vary markedly in their efficacy. This Extension publication summarizes factors to consider when choosing biological controls and data available pertaining to tomato disease management efficacy.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, nursery and landscape, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 268 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-T-19

Commercial Apple Fungicide Spray Schedule Worksheet and Sample Spray Guide

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

A sample spray guide and spray schedule worksheet.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 337 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-GEN-8

Simplified Fungicide Guide for Backyard Fruit

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

This fungicide spray guide is intended as a supplement to the more detailed spray schedule available in Disease and Insect Control Programs for Homegrown Fruit in Kentucky, Including Organic Alternatives, ID-21.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: General Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-GEN series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 431 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-19

Sustainable Disease Management of Cucurbit Crops in the Home Garden

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kimberly Leonberger, Emily Pfeufer

Cucurbit vining crops include cucumbers, watermelons, cantaloupe, pumpkins, zucchini, and summer and winter squashes, and can be highly productive plants in small gardens. During wet summers, downy mildew and fungal leaf spot diseases tend to occur, while in drier summers, powdery mildew is the most common disease. Gardens with cucumber beetle pressure are much more likely to have plants affected by bacterial wilt, since striped and spotted cucumber beetles can carry the bacterial wilt pathogen.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, production practices, sustainabable agriculture, vegetables
Size: 995 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-20

Sustainable Disease Management of Leafy Green Crops in the Home Garden

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kimberly Leonberger, Emily Pfeufer

Leafy greens are great garden plants as a result of their short seasons, ease of growing, and ability to be succession planted. In wet summers, bacterial diseases, fungal leaf spots, and downy mildew are common problems, while powdery mildew is more common during dry summers. Bacterial diseases are also benefited by hot weather with occasional strong storms, which injure plants and spread pathogens in the garden. Lettuce drop, caused by the Sclerotinia fungus, can become a multi-year problem and may spread to different families of plants.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, production practices, sustainabable agriculture, vegetables
Size: 896 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-21

Sustainable Disease Management of Solanaceous Crops in the Home Garden

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kimberly Leonberger, Emily Pfeufer

Solanaceous crops, including tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes, may be the most popular garden plants, but many diseases commonly affect them. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot occur each year under even the best disease management, and bacterial spot may be spread easily under rainy conditions. A combination of approaches, such as using resistant varieties, record-keeping, cultural, and chemical management, is the best practice for minimizing vegetable garden diseases.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, production practices, sustainabable agriculture, vegetables
Size: 874 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-22

Sustainable Disease Management of Legume Vegetable Crops in the Home Garden

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kimberly Leonberger, Emily Pfeufer

Beans and peas, both legume crops, are excellent plants to integrate into gardens for multiple reasons. These plants are affected by few of the diseases that affect other popular garden plants. Beans and peas increase nitrogen fertility where they are planted, enriching the soil for the plants that are to follow them in a rotation. These plants can be extremely productive, and are a great source of dietary fiber and, in some cases, vegetable protein.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, production practices, sustainabable agriculture, vegetables
Size: 460 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-23

Sustainable Disease Management of Cole Crops in the Home Garden

4/1/2019 (minor revision)
Authors: Kimberly Leonberger, Emily Pfeufer

Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kohlrabi, and brussel sprouts, all cole crops, are excellent plants to integrate into gardens. During wet seasons, bacterial diseases, fungal leaf spots, and downy mildew are common problems, while powdery mildew is more common during dry seasons. Bacterial diseases are also benefited by hot weather with occasional strong storms, which injure plants and spread pathogens in the garden.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, production practices, sustainabable agriculture, vegetables
Size: 788 kb
Pages: 2



ID-232

Midwest Tree and Small Fruit Spray Guide, 2019-20

2/1/2019 (major revision)
Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

This guide provides pest management recommendations for commercial tree fruit, small fruit, and grape producers in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. These recommendations have been formulated to provide up-to-date information on pesticides and their application. This publication replaces two previous annual publications: The Midwest Tree Fruit Spray Guide (ID-168) and The Midwest Small Fruit and Grape Spray Guide (ID-169).

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 3.50 mb
Pages: 168



PR-759

Kentucky Corn Silage Hybrid Performance Report, 2018

12/18/2018 (new)
Authors: Ricky Arnett, Matthew Campbell, Chad Lee, Linda McClanahan, Nick Roy, Julia Santoro, Will Stallard

The objective of the Silage Corn Hybrid Performance Test is to provide unbiased forage yield and quality data for corn hybrids commonly grown for silage in Kentucky.

Departments: Adair County, Green County, Lincoln County, Mason County, Mercer County, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, other crops, research, variety trials
Size: 196 kb
Pages: 4



PR-757

2018 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/13/2018 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Krista Jacobsen, Emily Pfeufer, Rachel Rudolph, John Snyder, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collec-tion of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, vegetables
Size: 6.84 mb
Pages: 44



PR-758

2018 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/11/2018 (new)
Authors: Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties commercially available in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars in the 2018 tests were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, state and federal institutions. Forty soybean tests were planted in 2018 in Kentucky, at the eight test locations shown below. However, due to weed pressure, one location was discontinued.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 2.90 mb
Pages: 26



PR-753

2018 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)

12/5/2018 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 24



PR-754

2018 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials

12/5/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, research, variety trials
Size: 3.10 mb
Pages: 28



ID-160

Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guide, 2019-2020

12/4/2018 (major revision)
Authors: Andy Bailey, Ric Bessin, Lowell Bush, J.D. Green, Ann Jack, Bob Miller, Bob Pearce, Mark Purschwitz, Will Snell, Larry Swetnam

Under ideal conditions, growing a good crop of tobacco is relatively easy, but when conditions are challenging it takes good management skills and attention to detail to make tobacco a profitable crop. This publication is designed to provide the good manager with the latest information for the production of high yielding, good quality tobacco.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 4.15 mb
Pages: 84



PR-752

2018 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

11/30/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 859 kb
Pages: 8



PR-748

2018 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

11/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. Tables 15, 16, and 17 show summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 17 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 16



PR-749

2018 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

11/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season. Table 5 shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the last 18 years.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 4



PR-750

2018 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

11/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure. Table 10 shows a summary of all white clover varieties tested in Kentucky during the last 15 years.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 504 kb
Pages: 6



PR-751

2018 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

11/27/2018 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.45 mb
Pages: 14



PR-743

2018 Alfalfa Report

11/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. Tables 14 and 15 (Roundup Ready varieties) shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the past 16 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states as well as a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 12



PR-744

2018 Red and White Clover Report

11/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield and persistence data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. Tables 12 and 13 show a summary of all clover varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 925 kb
Pages: 8



PR-756

2018 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/26/2018 (new)
Authors: Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee, M.W. Piersawl

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 2.83 mb
Pages: 28



ID-235

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of High Tunnel and Greenhouse Vegetable Crops in Kentucky

10/17/2018 (major revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, John Obrycki, Emily Pfeufer, Rachel Rudolph, Shubin Saha, Shawn Wright

Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The pictures included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur on vegetable crops grown in high tunnel and greenhouse structures in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter problems not included here. Please contact a local Cooperative Extension Service office for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, high tunnel, nursery and landscape, production practices, vegetables
Size: 1.94 mb
Pages: 28



ID-251

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Brambles in Kentucky

9/13/2018 (new)
Authors: Daniel Becker, Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, Matthew Springer, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pathogen and pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pathogens and pests are managed (although rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring for diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders helps identify potential problems before serious losses result. This is essential to the IPM approach. The key to effective monitoring is accurate identification. The images included in this guide represent the more common abiotic and biotic problems that occur in Kentucky blackberry and raspberry plantings.

Departments: Entomology, Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Mercer County, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, insect pests, plant diseases, weeds
Size: 2.50 mb
Pages: 32



CCD-CP-5

Elderberry

9/12/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra subsp. canadnesis) is a large shrub or small tree native to Kentucky. The small fruit has prominent seeds and are produced in large clusters. While elderberries are not normally eaten fresh due to their tartness, wild and cultivated elderberries can be processed, either alone or with other fruit.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-121

Summer Squash

9/10/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Summer squashes (Curcurbita pepo) are warm-season cucurbits that are harvested when the fruits are immature. The most common summer squash types include yellow (crookneck and straightneck) and zucchini. Also included in the summer squash group are scallop squashes and cocozelle. Summer squashes grow on plants with a bush growth habit, rather than vining.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-98

Field-grown Tomatoes

8/3/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is a warm-season crop that originated in South America. Tomatoes are one of the most popular and profitable crop alternatives in Kentucky. Growers able to provide the earliest locally grown tomatoes can often demand a premium price.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 861 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-14

Pawpaw

7/31/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is a unique tree fruit native to the eastern United States. Its highly aromatic fruit has a sweet, almost tropical-like flavor. The large fruit is oblong and typically produced singly or in clusters of two to nine. Pawpaw fruit pulp can be eaten fresh or prepared in a variety of desserts. Kentucky is fortunate to have the USDA National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Asimina spp. located at Kentucky State University in Frankfort.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 778 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-3

Asian and European Pears

7/31/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Very few European pears (Pyrus communis) are grown commercially in Kentucky, primarily due to problems with fire blight and late spring frosts. Asian pears (P. pyrifolia, synonym P. serotina), on the other hand, are more consistently productive in Kentucky in spite of these problems. Also called apple pears, Asian pears are crisp and juicy like an apple, but with the sweetness associated with pears.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.70 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-133

Heirloom Beans

7/25/2018 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Heirloom beans are vintage varieties of the warm-season crop (Phaseolus vulgaris) that have been handed down from generation to generation. There is a long tradition of saving bean seed in Appalachia, and heirloom beans are sought by customers at Kentucky farmers markets. Heirloom bean varieties, often named after particular areas or families, appeal to buyers because of both taste characteristics and cultural heritage.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 3



ID-250

An Introduction to Industrial Hemp and Hemp Agronomy

7/20/2018 (new)
Authors: Rich Mundell, David Williams

Cannabis sativa is a summer annual plant that is strongly photoperiod-sensitive (flowers according to day length/photoperiod; not physiological maturity). It is mostly dioecious in that male and female flowers occur on separate plants (i.e. there are both male plants and female plants). However, there are also several monoecious commercial varieties (male and female flower parts on the same plant). Different plant parts are harvested for specific purposes, and modern day hemp may be produced for one or more purposes. Depending on the harvestable component of interest, (i.e. fiber, grain or cannabinoids) male plants and/or pollen might be vitally necessary or completely unwanted.

Departments: KTRDC, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 3.17 mb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-122

Sweet Corn

7/18/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Sweet corn (Zea mays subsp. mays) is one of the most popular fresh market vegetables produced in Kentucky. While field corn has thousands of years of history, sweet corn has only been available since the 1700s. Present day cultivars vary by kernel color (yellow, white and bicolor) and sugar content.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-123

Sweet Potato

7/16/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

The terms "sweet potato" and "yam" are often used interchangeably; however, they are actually two entirely different crops. Only sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are grown in the U.S.; yams (Dioscorea spp.) are grown in the Caribbean and many other tropical areas. The most profitable marketing opportunities for sweet potatoes in Kentucky are through local fresh markets, such as farmers markets, direct delivery and CSA, and on-farm stands. Producers also market through local wholesale channels, selling directly from the farm to restaurants, grocers and institutional foodservice, including schools.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 810 kb
Pages: 3



PR-742

2018 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/3/2018 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, M.W. Piersawl, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The 2018 soft red winter wheat growing season ended with Kentucky farmers harvesting approximately 300,000 acres of the 440,000 acres planted, for a total production of 24 million bushels of grain. An average yield of 80 bushels per acre was estimated by NASS, but that figure may be reduced due to the shorter seed filling period associated with persistent high temperatures in May. The acreage not harvested for grain was primarily used for forage production and cover cropping.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 560 kb
Pages: 24



CCD-CP-4

Blackberries

6/18/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as 'brambles' or 'caneberries.' They have perennial crowns and roots. Most blackberry types produce canes the first season (primocanes) that do not bear fruit. The following year these are called floricanes, and bear fruit and then die naturally after harvest. Primocane-fruiting blackberries are an exception. They produce fruit on the primocanes in late summer and fall and again on these same canes (floricanes) the following July and early August before dying. With favorable growing conditions, brambles may produce for 12 or more years. Blackberries are grouped according to their growth habit: erect, semi-erect or trailing. Erect (thorny and thornless) and semi-erect (thornless) blackberries grow and yield well in most parts of the state. The trailing types are not recommended for commercial production in Kentucky due to their lack of winter hardiness. Primocane-fruiting thorny and thornless blackberries also do well in Kentucky; however, hot summers substantially reduce the primocane crop because a week of temperatures above 85 degrees F causes flowers to abort.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.10 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-57

Greenhouse Tomatoes

6/12/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Greenhouse tomato production has increased in recent years, responding to consumer demand for year-round fresh produce and advances in greenhouse vegetable production practices. However, of all the greenhouse crops, tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) are the most complicated to grow because they require the most management, the most labor, and the most light. A grower must be committed to meeting the daily demands of production to be successful. Prospective growers need to get as much information as they can about all aspects of greenhouse production before beginning this enterprise.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, greenhouse, production practices, vegetables
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 4



ID-249

A Comprehensive Guide to Soybean Management in Kentucky

6/7/2018 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Carl Bradley, J.D. Green, John Grove, Greg Halich, Erin Haramoto, Carrie Knott, Chad Lee, Travis Legleiter, Josh McGrath, Sam McNeill, Javier Reyes, Edwin Ritchey, Montse Salmeron, Jordan Shockley, Claire Venard, Raul Villanueva, Ole Wendroth, Kiersten Wise, Xi Zhang

This publication provides information on soybean growth and development, principles of variety selection, and management practices to maximize soybean profitability in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 38.99 mb
Pages: 84



CCD-CP-10

Jujube and Aronia

6/6/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Black aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) and jujube (Ziziphus jujube) are minor fruits that could have commercial potential in some areas of Kentucky. Growers looking for unique crops to add to their product mix may want to consider these novel fruits on a small scale.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 832 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-132

Heirloom Tomatoes

6/6/2018 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) are the most popular of heirloom vegetables, which are vintage varieties preserved by passing seed down from generation to generation. Heirloom tomato purchases grew in popularity as consumers sought flavorful, historic varieties. Many heirloom tomato varieties have unique coloration and appearance, but poor shipping characteristics, giving heirloom tomatoes an advantage for local sales.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-88

Broccoli

5/15/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) is a cool-season crop that performs poorly in hot weather. As a member of the crucifer family, broccoli is closely related to other cole crops, such as cabbage, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 786 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-104

Microgreens

5/8/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Microgreens are young, tender, edible crops that are harvested as seedlings. These tiny plants are grown to the first true leaf stage. They should not be confused with sprouts, which are germinated seeds lacking true leaves. Microgreens are sold as a raw product for use in salads, on sandwiches, and as a garnish.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 819 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-102

Kohlrabi

5/7/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Miranda Combs, Matthew Ernst

Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) is a cool-season annual cole crop that is related to broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts. Kohlrabi originated in northern Europe in the 16th century. It forms a round globe just above the soil line with leaves emerging in a spiral from the stem. The edible portion is actually an enlarged stem, not root tissue. Kohlrabi can be eaten raw or cooked. In flavor, it is like a mild, sweet broccoli stem or turnip. Once the thick skin is peeled off, the crisp flesh can be eaten like a carrot often with a dip or in salads. It can be boiled, braised, used in soups and stews, made into home fries and even pies. In Kentucky, kohlrabi does well in the spring but is best as a fall crop.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 3



AGR-148

Weed Control in Alfalfa and Other Forage Legume Crops

4/23/2018 (major revision)
Authors: J.D. Green, Travis Legleiter

The importance of weed control in forage production should not be overlooked, especially when you consider the high investment associated with alfalfa and other legume forages. Weeds reduce forage yield by competing for water, sunlight, and nutrients. In addition to yield losses, weeds can also lower forage quality, increase the incidence of disease and insect problems, cause premature stand loss, and create harvesting problems. Some weeds are unpalatable to livestock or, in some cases, may be poisonous.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, weeds
Size: 528 kb
Pages: 12



CCD-CP-113

Potatoes

4/17/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a cool-season plant originally from the Andes Mountains of South America. The tubers are underground stems, not roots. Potatoes are most often grown in Kentucky as an early crop for fresh market consumption.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.10 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-101

Hot Peppers and Specialty Sweet Peppers

4/13/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Hot peppers, also known as chili (or chile) peppers, owe most of their "heat" or pungency to a chemical substance called capsaicin. This chemical is concentrated in the cross walls of the fruit and around the developing seeds. Chili peppers can be mild to fiery hot, depending on the amount of capsaicin present. The amount of capsaicin in peppers is measured in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Currently, the hottest pepper is considered to be the 'Carolina Reaper' which has 2.2 million SHUs. A combination of genetics and environment are responsible for the amount of heat in hot peppers. Peppers that do not contain capsaicin, such as bell peppers (0 SHUs), are considered "sweet." In addition to the hot types, other specialty peppers include sweet varieties of unusual shape, size and/or color.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 823 kb
Pages: 5



PPFS-AG-T-8

Fungicide Guide for Burley and Dark Tobacco, 2018

4/1/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Will Barlow, Bob Pearce, Emily Pfeufer

The number of fungicides that are registered for use on tobacco in Kentucky is relatively small in comparison to the large array of products available to producers of other crops. Although growers have a limited number of fungicides from which to choose, those that are available are effective against most of the major diseases of roots, stems, and foliage.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 295.34 mb
Pages: 7



AGR-175

Forage Identification and Use Guide

3/28/2018 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. They provide most of the feed for beef, dairy, horse, sheep, and wildlife. In addition, forage crops play a critical role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. The purpose of this publication is to provide both agronomic and identification information on several forage grasses and legumes.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops
Size: 9.10 mb
Pages: 28



CCD-CP-106

Okra

3/20/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is a heat-loving vegetable in the Hibiscus family. It is particularly popular in the South, where the immature pods are used as an ingredient and thickening agent in soups, stews and gumbos. Okra can also be boiled, fried or pickled.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 762 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-236

Managing Frost Damaged Alfalfa Stands

3/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Matthew Dixon, Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Wide fluctuations in springtime temperature are common in Kentucky. Late freezing temperatures in the spring can cause damage to alfalfa depending on how far along it is in breaking dormancy. This publication provides information on the effect of low spring temperatures on both established and new alfalfa stands that have begun growth, as well as a method of predicting sensitivity to late frosts or freezes.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-91

Cauliflower

3/15/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) is a cool-season crop in the crucifer family. While it is closely related to broccoli and cabbage, cauliflower is more exacting in its environmental requirements than other cole crops. Cauliflower is very sensitive to unusually hot weather, temperatures that are too low, and drought. It is also subject to black rot and other diseases.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.10 mb
Pages: 2



AGR-229

Warm Season Annual Grasses in Kentucky

3/5/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

In Kentucky, cool-season grasses produce ample forage in the spring and fall, but high temperatures and short-term drought stress often limits growth during the summer months. Warm-season annual grasses can fill this gap with relatively high quality forage when properly managed. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of the various summer annuals for Kentucky.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 1.32 mb
Pages: 3



AGR-235

Baleage: Frequently Asked Questions

3/5/2018 (new)
Authors: Mike Collins, Dennis Hancock, Jimmy Henning, Brandon Sears, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Baled silage, or "baleage", is an excellent method for forage harvest, storage and feed efficiency. Baled silage allows forage to be harvested at higher whole plant moisture levels than required for dry hay. Baleage is ideal for spring cuttings of annual and perennial forages when seasonally frequent rainfall events provide little opportunity for properly curing dry hay. Many producers who want to harvest high quality small grain crops have found baleage to be a good fit for their operation.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, other crops
Size: 145 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-96

Ethnic Vegetables: Asian

3/2/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Asian vegetables are generally those vegetable crops originating from East Asia (China, Japan, and Korea) and Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Myanmar). They may also include crops of South Asia (India and Pakistan). While often referred to as "oriental" vegetables, the term "Asian" is preferred. A number of these Asian crops have been successfully grown and marketed in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 5



PPFS-AG-T-2

Managing Rhizoctonia Damping-off and Target Spot in the Float System

3/1/2018 (major revision)
Authors: Emily Pfeufer

Damping-off and target spot occur each year in tobacco transplant crops in Kentucky. These diseases can cause significant levels of damage to tobacco seedlings. Once considered minor problems in float beds, both have increased steadily in importance in recent years. Sound management practices and early recognition of these diseases are keys to preventing serious losses during the transplant production cycle.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 727 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-T-3

Collar Rot in the Tobacco Float System

3/1/2018 (major revision)
Authors: Emily Pfeufer

Collar rot can be found in tobacco float beds each year in Kentucky, causing a great deal of concern when it makes its appearance. Severe losses to this disease tend to be rare but can occur if care is not taken to minimize risk of disease development and reduce spread after it appears.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 666 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-MP-4

Roadside Farm Markets

2/23/2018 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Tim Woods

A roadside farm market is sometimes distinguished from a roadside stand by location and hours. The term "roadside farm market" can refer to those markets located in permanent facilities at the farm or food manufacturing location; they are typically open most of the year. Roadside stand, by contrast, is a more general term referring to those markets that may be located off the farm and are seasonal in operation.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.60 mb
Pages: 4



AGR-230

Forage Sorghum

2/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Forage sorghum is the tallest of the summer annuals, reaching 6 to 15 feet in height and is best harvested as silage. Taller varieties produce high forage yield but can lodge, making them difficult to harvest mechanically. Some varieties have been developed that are shorter with increased resistance to lodging. Forage sorghums, like corn, are harvested once per season by direct chopping. While forage sorghum yields are similar to corn, they are lower in energy. The primary advantage of utilizing sorghum for silage production is its greater drought tolerance.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 567 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-231

Pearl Millet

2/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

The primary benefits of pearl millet are that it does not contain prussic acid and is not susceptible to the sugarcane aphid. Dwarf varieties are available, which are leafier and better suited for grazing.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 1.18 mb
Pages: 2



AGR-232

Crabgrass

2/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Crabgrass possesses significant potential for supplying high quality summer forage although it is considered a weed by many. A primary advantage of crabgrass is that it is well adapted to Kentucky and occurs naturally in most summer pastures, especially those that have been overgrazed. It is also highly palatable and a prolific re-seeder. Planting an improved variety of crabgrass is recommended because the production of naturally-occurring ecotypes varies greatly. Crabgrass is best utilized by grazing.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 428 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-233

Foxtail Millet

2/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Foxtail millet (German millet) is a fine-stemmed summer annual used mainly for emergency hay or pasture for cattle. It is the lowest yielding of the summer annual grasses since it will not regrow after cutting. It can also be used as a smoother crop when transitioning to other perennial forage crops. Foxtail millet is also commonly used for wildlife plantings to produce food and cover for doves, quail, and other birds.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 960 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-234

Sudangrass and Sorghum-sudangrass Hybrids

2/19/2018 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Tom Keene, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are developed by crossing sorghum with true sudangrass. The result is an annual grass that resembles sudangrass, but has coarser stems, taller growth habit, and higher yields. Like sudangrass, hybrids will regrow after grazing if growth is not limited by environmental factors. The coarse stems are difficult to cure as dry hay, therefore these grasses are best utilized for grazing, chopped silage and baleage.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 785 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-F-10

Possible Causes of Yellowing Alfalfa

2/16/2018 (new)
Authors: Chris Teutsch, Paul Vincelli, Kiersten Wise

During spring, several leaf spotting diseases--including Leptosphaerulina (Lepto) leaf spot and spring black stem/leaf spot--are common in alfalfa. Leaf spotting diseases result in distinct round to elongated spots that sometimes have a dark margin. Very wet weather in spring and early summer favor activity of leaf spotting diseases in first and second cuttings. Wet and humid weather during summer favor other leaf spotting and blighting diseases. All leaf spots and blights weaken plants, but alfalfa often outgrows the damage in later cuttings. Maintain a regular cutting schedule, cutting at 30- to 35-day intervals.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 754 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-C-7

Physoderma Brown Spot

2/1/2018 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Brenda Kennedy, Kelsey Mehl, Kiersten Wise

Physoderma brown spot can be a striking foliar disease that is periodically observed in field corn in Kentucky. This publication describes the symptoms and cause of disease, conditions that favor disease development, and options for disease management.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 743 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-131

Eggplant

1/22/2018 (reviewed)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a heat-loving member of the Solanaceous family. While it is generally grown as an annual in North America, eggplant is actually an herbaceous perennial. Long a popular vegetable in Asian, Middle Eastern, Greek and Italian cuisine, the eggplant is thought to have been introduced to America by Thomas Jefferson.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 3



PR-737

2017 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)

12/20/2017 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 2.13 mb
Pages: 20



PR-738

2017 Long-Term Summary of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials

12/20/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties. This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based on a summary of forage yield and grazing tolerance trials conducted in Kentucky over the past 12 to 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, research, variety trials
Size: 2.85 mb
Pages: 24



PR-735

2017 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/18/2017 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 12



PR-736

2017 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/13/2017 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 725 kb
Pages: 8



PR-733

2017 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/11/2017 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 413 kb
Pages: 4



PR-734

2017 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/11/2017 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 450 kb
Pages: 4



PR-740

2017 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/7/2017 (new)
Authors: Brandon Roberts, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties commercially available in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars in the 2017 tests were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, state and federal institutions. Forty soybean tests were planted in 2017 in Kentucky, at the eight test locations.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 3.48 mb
Pages: 31



PR-732

2017 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/6/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties. Tables 14, 15, and 16 show summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 17 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety test-ing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.35 mb
Pages: 16



PR-739

2017 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/5/2017 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Ty Cato, Steve Diver, Bob Geneve, June Johnston, Dave Lowry, Emily Pfeufer, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Joseph Tucker, Dwight Wolfe

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collec-tion of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry. The 2017 Fruit and Vegetable Crops re-search report includes results for 16 projects.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, vegetables
Size: 7.21 mb
Pages: 46



PR-729

2017 Orchardgrass Report

12/1/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties. Table 11 shows a summary of all orchardgrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and from a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 833 kb
Pages: 8



PR-730

2017 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

12/1/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties. Tables 15 and 16 show a summary of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 17 years. The UK Forage Extension Web site at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 12



PR-731

2017 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/1/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky. Tables 10 and 11 show summaries of all timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 542 kb
Pages: 6



PR-727

2017 Alfalfa Report

11/29/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties. Tables 14 and 15 (Roundup Ready varieties) shows a summary of all alfalfa varieties tested in Kentucky during the past 16 years. The UK Forage Extension website, at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage, contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states as well as a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.53 mb
Pages: 12



PR-726

Kentucky Corn Silage Hybrid Performance Report, 2017

11/28/2017 (new)
Authors: Ricky Arnett, Matthew Campbell, Chad Lee, Linda McClanahan, Nick Roy, Will Stallard

The objective of the Silage Corn Hybrid Performance Test is to provide unbiased forage yield and quality data for corn hybrids commonly grown for silage in Kentucky.

Departments: Adair County, Green County, Lincoln County, Mason County, Mercer County, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, research, variety trials
Size: 341 kb
Pages: 4



PR-728

2017 Red and White Clover Report

11/27/2017 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Chris Teutsch

This report provides current yield and persistence data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties. Tables 13 and 14 show a summary of all clover varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years. The UK Forage Extension website at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage contains electronic versions of all forage variety testing reports from Kentucky and surrounding states and a large number of other forage publications.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 757 kb
Pages: 6



PR-725

2017 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/2/2017 (new)
Authors: Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee, Brandon Roberts

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 2.92 mb
Pages: 24



PPFS-FR-S-17

Cane Diseases of Brambles

11/1/2017 (major revision)
Authors: Daniel Becker, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Anthracnose can cause severe damage to blackberries, purple and black raspberries, and to a much lesser extent, red raspberries in Kentucky. When left unchecked, anthracnose can significantly reduce overall yields, as well as limit the longevity of bramble plantings. Disease also causes loss of winter hardiness.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 299 kb
Pages: 5



ID-149

2017 Kentucky Blackberry Cost and Return Estimates

10/11/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, John Strang, Tim Woods, Shawn Wright

Potential producers should realize that while thornless semi-erect varieties produce superior economic returns, thorny and thornless erect varieties may hold some marketing advantages that can command superior prices and result in better returns than those estimated using these standard assumptions.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: business and records, farm crops, fruits and nuts, production practices
Size: 265 kb
Pages: 20



PPFS-AG-C-5

Diplodia Ear Rot

10/11/2017 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Kelsey Mehl, Kiersten Wise

Diplodia ear rot can reduce yield and grain quality by damaging kernels, lowering grain test weight, and reducing grain fill. Incidence of affected ears in the field can vary from 1% or 2% to as high as 80%. Although mycotoxins have been associated with Diplodia ear rot in South America and South Africa, there have been no reports of livestock feeding issues due to mycotoxins linked to Diplodia ear rot in the United States.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 990 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-AG-C-6

Holcus Leaf Spot

10/11/2017 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Kelsey Mehl, Kiersten Wise

Holcus leaf spot, a bacterial disease, can be seen sporadically in Kentucky cornfields, and it is challenging to diagnose. This publication describes the disease symptoms, conditions that favor disease, and how to distinguish holcus spot from herbicide injury that can mimic this disease.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, production practices
Size: 889 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-116

Romaine Lettuce

10/10/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Romaine (Lactuca sativa), also known as cos, is a lettuce that produces elongated heads. Romaine is considered more nutritious and has more volume than iceberg. Because it is slower to bolt than other head lettuces, romaine can be grown commercially in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 692 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-117

Root Crops

10/4/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Root crops include a number of vegetables grown for their enlarged, edible storage roots. The root crops discussed here are all hardy, cool-season crops with a long storage life. While they belong to several unrelated plant families, these crops have similar cultural requirements. This profile will overview several root crops grown in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.70 mb
Pages: 4



PPA-48

Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Wheat Diseases

9/28/2017 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Kiersten Wise

The North Central Regional Committee on Management of Small Grain Diseases (NCERA-184) has developed the following information about fungicide efficacy for the control of certain foliar diseases of wheat for use by the grain production industry in the United States. The efficacy ratings for each fungicide listed in this table were determined by field testing the materials over multiple years and locations by the members of the committee.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Plant Pathology (PPA series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 2



PPA-49

Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Corn Diseases

9/28/2017 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Kiersten Wise

The Corn Disease Working Group (CDWG) developed ratings for how well fungicides control major corn diseases in the United States. The CDWG determined efficacy ratings for each fungicide listed in the table by field testing the materials over multiple years and locations. Ratings are based on the product's level of disease control and does not necessarily reflect yield increases obtained from product application. A product's efficacy depends upon proper application timing, rate, and application method as determined by the product label and overall disease level in the field at the time of application.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Plant Pathology (PPA series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases
Size: 1.12 mb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-120

Specialty Melons

9/20/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Specialty melons (Cucumis melo) have cultural requirements similar to the more familiar muskmelon (cantaloupe). These melons offer consumers outstanding eating quality and a range of flesh colors, textures, and flavors. With one exception, cultivars of the specialty types listed below have performed well in University of Kentucky research trials. Consult the Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers (ID-36) for the latest variety recommendations.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 950 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-62

High Tunnel Tomatoes

9/5/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

High tunnels, also known as hoop houses, are simple polyethylene-covered unheated structures that typically do not use fans for ventilation. Tunnels can be covered with one or two sheets of plastic; those covered with two have an air layer in between, thus offering better insulation and, consequently, more cold protection (and wind protection). High tunnels are used to extend the growing season earlier into spring and later into fall. Determinate and indeterminate tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) can be successfully grown in this production system, yielding a potentially profitable "out of season."

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, high tunnel, production practices, vegetables
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-130

Malabar Spinach

8/25/2017 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Malabar spinach is a leafy vine native to tropical Asia and is a commonly cultivated vegetable in Asia and Africa. Malabar spinach--also called Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach, climbing spinach and vine spinach--is a member of the Basellacea family. (Spinach commonly grown for market in North America is a member of the family Chenopodiaceae.) According to the University of Florida, Malabar spinach is also known as basella, gui, acelga trepadora, bretana, libato and Malabar nightshade.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-90

Cabbage

8/25/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Cabbage is a cool-season crop with a high cold tolerance; however, heads may bolt (flower prematurely) in warm temperatures.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 725 kb
Pages: 2



HO-116

Wine Distribution for Small Farm Wineries in Kentucky

8/22/2017 (new)
Authors: Ryan Baumgardner, Seth DeBolt

Small farm wineries in the state of Kentucky face a major issue when they look to expand, through wholesale distribution, into retail outlets. Like many states, Kentucky uses a "three-tier system" of distribution, where wineries must sell their product to a distributor, who then can legally sell the product to retailers. But because small- to medium-sized wineries rarely produce a volume that is attractive to major brand distributors, their products either don't make it to the retail shelves, or are placed suboptimally for their target market. Here, we look at ways to address this issue in order to help promote the wine industry from the wholesale point-of-view.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 173 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-95

English and Edible Pod Peas

8/16/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Peas (Pisum sativum) are a cool-season vegetable that must be planted in early spring to ensure good yields in Kentucky. Fall planting of peas is also possible on a small scale, but they are very sensitive to warm temperatures and may not produce well. Types include the English pea (shelled for the fresh green seeds within non-edible pods), sugar snap types (round, fleshy edible pods), and Asian pod types (thin, flat edible pods) also referred to as snow peas.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 647 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-93

Cucumber

8/15/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

The cucumber (Cucumus sativus) is a warm-season vining crop in the Cucurbit family. Cucumbers suitable for immediate consumption are referred to as "slicers," while those for processing are "picklers." Although there once was a large pickling cucumber industry in Kentucky, nearly all cucumbers grown commercially in the state are now for fresh market consumption.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 729 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-FS-6

Three-Year Average Prices and Quantities at Kentucky Produce Auctions: 2014-2016

8/15/2017 (new)
Authors: Martin Bechu, Alex Butler, Brett Wolff, Tim Woods

This report compares average volumes and prices for 18 crops from two major Kentucky produce auctions for the 2014, 2015, and 2016 seasons.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Factsheets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-FS series)
Tags: business and records, farm crops, production practices, vegetables
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 22



CCD-CP-100

Heirloom Vegetables

7/17/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Heirloom vegetables are vintage varieties that have been preserved by passing seed down from generation to generation. These varieties are generally 50 to 100 years old, although many are much older. All heirlooms are open-pollinated and usually breed true-to-type. Heirlooms were often selected for flavor potential and eating quality before vegetable breeding emphasized hybrid varieties bred for uniformity in size, shape and ripening, as well as for durability in shipping

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 652 kb
Pages: 4



SR-111

Economic Analysis of the University of Kentucky Community Supported Agriculture Organic Vegetable Production System

7/12/2017 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Carl Dillon, Tiffany Thompson, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Farms marketing through a vegetable CSA are complex businesses facing many operational and economic challenges. To be economically viable, CSA farms must achieve the appropriate match of crops, equipment, and labor with farm size and number of CSA members. A diverse array of vegetable crops are typically grown with unique requirements for crop production, pest management, harvest, and post-harvest handling. An extensive suite of skills, tools, and equipment are required to produce these crops efficiently, and mechanization becomes critical as the number of acres in production increases.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horticulture
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: farm crops, organic production, production practices, research, vegetables
Size: 6.50 mb
Pages: 28



CCD-CP-60

High Tunnel Leafy Greens and Herbs

7/11/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

High tunnels and other season extension techniques allow producers to extend the time period over which cash flows are generated from produce crops. High tunnel production is expanding to supply the increasing demand for locally grown produce, as well as policy and grant programs favoring high tunnel production. High tunnel production of leafy greens and herbs can also enable producers to market products at higher prices, before the start of a traditional local season. High tunnel leafy greens and herbs are typically added by producers already selling through direct markets: farmers markets, CSAs (community supported agriculture programs), and direct to local restaurants and groceries.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, high tunnel, production practices, vegetables
Size: 893 kb
Pages: 5



PR-724

2017 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

6/28/2017 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Anthony Clark, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Brandon Roberts, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, barley, triticale and cereal rye that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.36 mb
Pages: 24



CCD-FS-5

Vegetable Transplant Production

6/22/2017 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Vegetable transplants may be grown in the greenhouse as a stand-alone crop or grown alongside other plants. Information in this factsheet can aid growers in determining whether to produce their own vegetable transplants or obtain transplants from another source. It will also help growers evaluate transplant production as a primary enterprise.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Factsheets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-FS series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-MP-1

Community Supported Agriculture

5/25/2017 (major revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)is relatively new to the United States, beginning in Massachusetts in 1986 and growing to 60 CSA farms in the U.S. in 1990. The CSA structure grew significantly in popularity among both producers and consumers during the 2000s; by 2009, as many as 6,000 farms were operating a CSA. The 2015 USDA Local Food Marketing Practices Survey reported 7,398 farms nationally selling by CSA for a sales value of $226 million. There were nearly 60 CSAs listed for Kentucky, in 2016, in the Kentucky Department of Agriculture CSA directory. The CSA marketing channel continues to increase in popularity, moving to new demographics besides the original core affluent urban consumer.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 3.30 mb
Pages: 8



CCD-CP-103

Leafy Greens

5/3/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

"Leafy greens" or "greens" are broad terms used for a number of vegetable crops with edible leaves. Plants in this group belong to several unrelated taxonomic plant families that includes Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Asteraceae. Greens are cool-season crops that are planted in early spring or late summer/fall in Kentucky. High tunnels and similar structures can be used to extend the season into winter; however, extreme summer temperatures make year-round production in Kentucky a challenge.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-11

Juneberries

4/19/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.), also known as serviceberry, is a small multiple-stemmed tree or shrub that bears edible fruit. This genus includes saskatoons (Amelanchier alnifolia), which are grown commercially for fruit production in Canada and the North Central U.S. Unfortunately, saskatoons are not considered winter hardy in Kentucky and have serious leaf spot problems in this region. Most other species of Amelanchier are cultivated for use in landscape plantings; however, several of these ornamental cultivars show potential for fruit production. Among these are the Allegheny serviceberry (A. laevis) and hybrids (Amelanchier x grandiflora), which are hardy and have good leaf spot resistance in Kentucky

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-128

Black Walnuts

4/19/2017 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

This profile focuses on Eastern black walnut for nut production. Persian walnuts are not recommended for commercial production in Kentucky, where Persian walnut is limited by cold temperatures, winter injury and late spring frost damage; walnut blight; and squirrels, which eat the nuts when they are immature. Detailed production information for both Eastern black walnut and Persian walnut is available in the University of Kentucky Extension publication ID-77, Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky. The University of Missouri offers a very detailed publication, listed in the Selected Resources section at the end of this publication, on establishing and cultivating Eastern black walnut for nut production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 672 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-107

Onions

4/12/2017 (major revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Onions (Allium cepa) are a cool-season biennial crop typically grown as an annual. Dry bulb onions are harvested after the leaves have died back and the bulbs have fully matured. Green bunching onions are harvested while the leaves are still green and before the bulbs have developed. The terms 'scallion' and 'spring onion' are sometimes incorrectly used interchangeably for green onions. Scallions are onions that completely lack bulb formation, while spring onions have bulbs somewhat more developed than green onions.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 881 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-85

Baby Corn

4/12/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Baby corn (Zea mays) is a popular Asian vegetable that can be consumed cooked or raw due to its sweet and succulent taste. Many people presume the tiny ears come from dwarf corn plants. In fact, baby corn is the immature ear of fully grown standard cultivars; ears are harvested two or three days after silk emergence, but prior to fertilization.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 688 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-86

Baby Vegetables

4/12/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Baby (petite, miniature, mini) vegetables are smaller versions of full-sized produce. Many baby vegetables are simply standard cultivars that are harvested at an immature stage (e.g. baby corn), while others are cultivars that have been genetically developed to produce miniature vegetables (e.g. cherry tomatoes). Smaller vegetables produced from secondary buds after the initial full-sized crop has been harvested can also be sold as baby vegetables (e.g. broccoli).

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 975 kb
Pages: 3



PPA-30

Sampling for the Tall Fescue Endophyte in Pasture or Hay Stands

4/10/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Ray Smith, Tina Tillery, Paul Vincelli

Most of the tall fescue growing in Kentucky is colonized by the tall fescue endophyte, a fungus which causes disorders in livestock that feed on the infected grass. The animal disease syndrome is called fescue toxicosis, which some researchers estimate may cost Kentucky producers over $200 million yearly. This problem can be greatly reduced by identifying the infected fields and replacing them with endophyte-free or novel endophyte tall fescue varieties or by managing them in a way to minimize the impact of the endophyte on herd productivity. One of the simplest ways to reduce toxicity symptoms in cattle is add red and white clover to existing tall fescue stands.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology, Regulatory Services
Series: Plant Pathology (PPA series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, plant diseases
Size: 253 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-130

Soybean Production in Kentucky

3/22/2017 (major revision)
Authors: Carrie Knott, Chad Lee

Soybean seed quality is very important for crop establishment. In general, seed quality is an indicator of a seed's ability to produce a seedling in field conditions and includes both seed germination and seed vigor. Most producers are familiar with seed germination since they have seen it on a seed tag. Fewer are familiar with seed vigor.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-124

Tomatillo

3/1/2017 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Tomatillo (Physalis ixocarp) is a small edible fruit in the Solanaceae family. A tan to straw-colored calyx covers the fruit like a husk, giving rise to the common name of "husk tomato." Native to Mexico and Guatemala, these tomato-like fruits are a key ingredient in a number of Latin American recipes, including salsa and chili sauces. Tomatillo may have potential as a specialty crop in some areas of Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 680 kb
Pages: 3



AGR-227

Identifying Canola Growth Stages

2/6/2017 (new)
Authors: Carrie Knott

To effectively manage canola in Kentucky, the ability to identify key developmental growth stages is important. The most common canola growth stage system describes developmental stages. Several canola growth stages are important for Kentucky producers to recognize for optimal crop management and to maximize grain yield and profitability.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, oil crops
Size: 7.33 mb
Pages: 8



PPFS-AG-C-4

Stewart's Wilt of Corn

1/1/2017 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Kelsey Mehl, Emily Pfeufer

Historically, Stewart's wilt of corn has resulted in losses for corn producers. Although this disease still occurs occasionally, it has become less prevalent in recent years in Kentucky and surrounding states. Stewart's wilt has been known by other names, such as bacterial leaf blight, Stewart's leaf blight, and maize bacteriosis.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases
Size: 1.45 mb
Pages: 3



PR-709

2016 Alfalfa Report

12/13/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.75 mb
Pages: 12



PR-710

2016 Red and White Clover Report

12/13/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.02 mb
Pages: 8



PR-721

2016 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/13/2016 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Jessica Bessin, Ty Cato, Steve Diver, June Johnston, Dave Lowry, Patty Lucas, Sean Lynch, Shubin Saha, Alexis Sheffield, Pam Sigler, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Joseph Tucker, John Walsh, Neil Wilson, Dwight Wolfe

Fruit and vegetable production continues to show sustained growth in Kentucky. As the industry grows around a diverse collection of marketing tactics (wholesale, farmers markets, CSAs, and direct to restaurants) as well as various production systems, there continues to be a need for applied practical information to support the industry.

Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 2.80 mb
Pages: 40



PR-722

2016 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/9/2016 (new)
Authors: Joshua Duckworth, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties sold in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars in the 2016 tests were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 4.61 mb
Pages: 36



PR-719

2016 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)

12/6/2016 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.62 mb
Pages: 16



CCD-CP-79

Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms

12/5/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Commercial growers who have successfully produced shiitake (Lentinula edodes) and/or oyster (Pleurotus spp.) mushrooms may want to consider expanding their operation to include other specialty mushrooms. While considered riskier from the perspectives of production and marketing than shiitake and oyster mushrooms, a number of other exotic and native mushroom species could be successfully cultivated in Kentucky. Four of these potential species are discussed here.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 778 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-83

Truffles and Other Edible Mycorrhizal Mushrooms

12/5/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

The most highly prized gourmet mushrooms in the world are edible mycorrhizal fungi. Included in this group are truffles, chanterelles, matsutake, porcini (boletes), and morels. All of these mushrooms have complex life cycles that make them difficult to produce artificially. Despite the risk and challenges, however, many have attempted to cultivate these valuable culinary delicacies. To date, only truffles are currently in widespread commercial production; they will be the main focus of this profile. The artificial production of other fungi in this group will be discussed briefly.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 786 kb
Pages: 7



PR-713

2016 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/5/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 594 kb
Pages: 6



PR-714

2016 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/5/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.81 mb
Pages: 16



PR-711

2016 Orchardgrass Report

11/30/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 754 kb
Pages: 8



PR-712

2016 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

11/30/2016 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.13 mb
Pages: 10



CCD-CP-110

Organic Sweet Corn

11/23/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Organic sweet corn is produced using pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic pesticides or petroleum-based fertilizers. Because organic crop production standards are regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP), growers producing and selling sweet corn labeled "organic" must be certified by a USDA-approved state or private agency. While there are benefits to using the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) for the certification process, Kentucky residents can be certified by any approved agency operating in the Commonwealth.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 604 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-111

Organic Tomatoes

11/23/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) are one of the most popular fresh market vegetables grown commercially in Kentucky. With the rising consumer demand for organic products, organic tomatoes should be an excellent prospect for local fresh market sales.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 566 kb
Pages: 6



PR-717

2016 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

11/18/2016 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.24 mb
Pages: 12



PR-718

2016 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

11/18/2016 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 842 kb
Pages: 8



PR-715

2016 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

11/17/2016 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 397 kb
Pages: 4



PR-716

2016 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

11/17/2016 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 440 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-20

Sweet Cherries

11/14/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium) are mainly consumed fresh; however, they may also be frozen, canned, or processed for wine. Frequent losses due to such factors as fluctuating winter temperatures, spring frosts, rain-induced fruit cracking, and bird losses make commercial sweet cherry production a challenge in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 881 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-12

Organic Blackberries and Raspberries

11/3/2016 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Blackberries and raspberries (both Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as "brambles" or "caneberries." Erect (thorny and thornless), thorny primocane fruiting, and semi-erect (thornless) blackberries, as well as fall bearing raspberries, present an opportunity for organic production in Kentucky. Pests, especially spotted wing drosophila (SWD), present the greatest challenge for organic bramble production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, production practices
Size: 799 kb
Pages: 5



PR-708

2016 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/24/2016 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee, Brandon Roberts

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 2.90 mb
Pages: 24



AEC-100

Post-Harvest Management: The Economics of Grain Transportation

10/13/2016 (new)
Authors: Jordan Shockley

While transporting grain to the market may be the last input cost in the production of grain, it is a critical decision a producer has to make, especially when margins are thin. Determining which market to sell your grain (if you have options) can be a complex decision, as the market that provides the highest price is not always the most profitable price.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Agricultural Economics (AEC series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 458 kb
Pages: 5



AGR-223

Identifying Soybean Growth Stages

9/30/2016 (new)
Authors: Carrie Knott, Chad Lee

Accurate identification of soybean growth stages is important to maximize grain yield and profitability, because most management decisions are based upon the growth stage of soybean plants within the fields. Key features of soybean growth stages are highlighted within this guide.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 4.82 mb
Pages: 8



AGR-224

Identifying Wheat Growth Stages

9/30/2016 (new)
Authors: Carrie Knott

Identifying growth stages of any crop is important to enable timely crop management decisions that maximize yields and profitability. There are several wheat growth stages that are important for Kentucky producers to recognize for optimal crop management and to maximize grain yield and profitability.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 5.27 mb
Pages: 8



CCD-CP-99

Garlic and Elephant Garlic

9/27/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Garlic (Allium sativum) is commonly used as a flavoring for food, as a condiment, and for medicinal purposes. The milder-flavored elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) is actually a leek that produces large cloves.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 593 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-97

Ethnic Vegetables: Hispanic

9/13/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

There is a growing demand for ethnic fruits, vegetables, and herbs, particularly in larger cities. One obvious reason for this is the increased ethnic diversity of these areas. Many ethnic groups, including Hispanics, have a high per capita consumption of fresh produce. Also contributing to the increased demand for ethnic produce is a greater emphasis on healthy foods and the public's seemingly insatiable desire for variety in their diets. The increased growth of Kentucky's Hispanic population, along with these other factors, present an opportunity for local growers to develop a product mix aimed at these markets.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 617 kb
Pages: 5



CCD-CP-94

Edamame

9/1/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Edamame is the Japanese name for edible soybeans consumed at the green stage. Also referred to as vegetable soybeans, edamame is the same species as the traditional grain soybean (Glycine max) commonly grown in Kentucky. However, compared to grain soybean, edamame seeds are larger with a sweet, nutty flavor, and better digestibility.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 598 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-81

Maple Syrup

8/17/2016 (new)
Authors: Christy Cassady, Matthew Ernst

Maple syrup is made by processing (boiling) tree sap. Sap may be processed from all maple tree species; the highest sugar content usually occurs in sugar maple and black maple sap. Maple sugaring may occur wherever late winter temperatures permit sap collection, ideally when nighttimes are below freezing and daytime highs do not exceed 45F. Kentucky is among the southernmost states for commercial maple syrup production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 5



CCD-CP-109

Organic Lettuce and Leafy Greens

8/5/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Leafy greens and lettuce, which are among the most popular fresh market vegetables grown commercially in Kentucky, have excellent potential for organic production. Organic crops are produced using integrated pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic compounds. Growers producing and selling lettuce and greens with an organic label must be certified by a USDA-approved state agency (e.g. the Kentucky Department of Agriculture) or private agency, plus follow production standards regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP).

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 575 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-66

Chinese Chestnuts

7/18/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

American chestnuts (Castanea dentata), once prominent in the eastern U.S. landscape, all but disappeared in the mid-1900s when chestnut blight eradicated nearly all of these popular trees. Blight resistant varieties of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) are a viable alternative for commercial chestnut production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 594 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-BG-6

2016 Kentucky Grape Costs and Returns: Budget Summaries and Assumptions

7/15/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Patsy Wilson, Tim Woods

Production budgets for American, hybrid, European (vinifera), and table grape varieties were updated to estimate grape profitability in Kentucky for 2016. This analysis indicates that wine grapes can be economically feasible in Kentucky when best production practices are followed that maximize yields and when market prices approach $1,200/ton for vinifera wine grapes and $1,000 per ton for French-American and American hybrid wine grape varieties. Sound management that maximizes wine grape yields and minimizes input costs, with marketing that captures top grape prices, is absolutely necessary for economically viable wholesale grape production in Kentucky.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 193 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-BG-7

Table Grapes, Kentucky, 2016

7/15/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Steve Isaacs, Patsy Wilson, Tim Woods

Budget worksheet.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 119 kb
Pages: 5



CCD-BG-8

Wine Grapes, Kentucky, 2016: French-American Hybrid and American Varieties

7/15/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Patsy Wilson, Tim Woods

Budget worksheet.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 340 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-BG-9

Wine Grapes, Kentucky, 2016: Vinifera

7/15/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Patsy Wilson, Tim Woods

Budget worksheet.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Horticulture
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 336 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-17

Plums

7/5/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Plums, like peaches, are stone fruits and in the Rose family. These two crops have similar cultural requirements, as well as similar disease and pest concerns. Plums are also sensitive to late spring frosts, which can result in crop losses in Kentucky. Depending on the type and cultivar, plums can be consumed fresh, canned, frozen, processed in jams and jellies, and dried.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 750 kb
Pages: 3



PR-707

2016 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/1/2016 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Anthony Clark, John Connelly, Blazan Mijatovic, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, barley, triticale and cereal rye that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.24 mb
Pages: 24



CCD-CP-78

Beekeeping and Honey Production

6/30/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Apiculture, the study and maintenance of honey bees, often begins as a hobby, with beekeepers later expanding their interest into small businesses. A beekeeping enterprise can provide marketable honey and serve as a source of pollinators for nearby cultivated crops.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 934 kb
Pages: 5



CCD-CP-18

Raspberries

6/9/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Raspberries (Rubus spp.) are included in the group of small fruits generally referred to as "brambles" or "caneberries." They have perennial crowns and roots that produce biennial canes. The canes bear fruit the second year and then die naturally after harvest. Some raspberries (known as "everbearing" or "fall-bearing") also produce fruit at the tips of the first-year canes.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 713 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-108

Organic Asparagus

6/1/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Asparagus is grown primarily in Kentucky for fresh market, especially near large population centers. Potential markets for organic asparagus include roadside stands, farmers markets, cooperatives, community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, produce auctions, and local wholesalers. Restaurants, health food stores, and locally owned grocers may also be interested in Kentucky-grown organic products. Kentucky's market window for asparagus, which varies depending on region, can start as early as April and run through the month of June.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 513 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-BG-1

Sample Asparagus Production Budget for Kentucky

5/2/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Asparagus is a popular, early-season crop that can aid a diversified vegetable producer's cash flow during the first part of Kentucky's harvest season. Once established, properly managed asparagus plantings can produce for many years. According to these sample budgets, an acre of asparagus marketed at $1.75 per pound will return the costs of establishment in the second year of full production (third year after planting). Following that year, properly managed asparagus can return in the $1200 to $1500 range to land, labor, and management.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 389 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-84

Asparagus

5/1/2016 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

This crop is grown primarily in Kentucky for fresh market, especially near large population centers. Asparagus has great potential for farmers markets, for direct sales to local supermarkets, and for sales to local and regional wholesalers. Direct sales to local restaurants may also be possible. Kentucky's market window for asparagus is from early May through mid-June.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 542 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-22

Sample Fungicide Spray Schedule for Commercial Bramble

4/1/2016 (reviewed)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

A sample fungicide spray schedule for commercial bramble (table).

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 236 kb
Pages: 1



PPFS-FR-T-6

Cherry Leaf Spot

3/1/2016 (new)
Authors: John Hartman

Cherry leaf spot occurs on both sweet and sour cherry; however, it is considerably more serious on sour cherries. Premature defoliation from cherry leaf spot reduces flower bud set for the next year, weakens trees, and increases sensitivity to winter injury.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 500 kb
Pages: 1



ID-125

A Comprehensive Guide to Wheat Management in Kentucky

2/23/2016 (reprinted)
Authors: Bill Bruening, J.D. Green, John Grove, Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, Doug Johnson, Chad Lee, Jim Martin, Sam McNeill, Michael Montross, Lloyd Murdock, Doug Overhults, Greg Schwab, Lee Townsend, Dick Trimble, Dave Van Sanford

The soft red winter wheat grown in Kentucky is the fourth most valuable cash crop in the state. Winter wheat has been an integral part of crop rotation for Kentucky farmers. Wheat is normally harvested in June in Kentucky and provides an important source of cash flow during the summer months.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 6.50 mb
Pages: 72



ID-234

Grain Sorghum (Milo) Production in Kentucky

2/8/2016 (new)
Authors: Carl Bradley, Doug Johnson, Carrie Knott, Chad Lee, Jim Martin, Sam McNeill, Edwin Ritchey

Grain sorghum can be used for a variety of purposes including animal feed, unleavened breads, cakes, wallboard, starch, dextrose, brooms, ethanol, high quality wax, and alcoholic beverages. Grain sorghum produced in Kentucky is most commonly used for animal feed and was first grown here in the 1920s. Although acreage in Kentucky has fluctuated considerably over the years, yields have generally exceeded the national average since the 1970s, indicating that grain sorghum is an option for producers interested in diversifying grain crop operations.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 1.80 mb
Pages: 8



AGR-207

Broadleaf Weeds of Kentucky Pastures

2/4/2016 (reprinted)
Authors: J.D. Green, Bill Witt

A guide to the identification and control of broadleaf weeds in Kentucky pastures.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, weeds
Size: 4.20 mb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-T-3

Frogeye Leaf Spot, Black Rot, and Canker of Apple

2/1/2016 (new)
Authors: Paul Andrew Rideout, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Black rot and frogeye are common names of an apple disease that occurs in three phases: (1) leaf infections result in frogeye leaf spot, while (2) fruit rot and (3) branch infections are referred to as black rot. All three phases can cause significant damage in Kentucky home and commercial orchards.

Departments: County Extension, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 3



ID-233

Tomato Disease Management in Greenhouses

12/22/2015 (new)
Authors: Shubin Saha

Tomato is, by far, the most common vegetable crop grown in greenhouses in Indiana and Kentucky. This publication examines common tomato diseases of the greenhouse and provides management recommendations.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 465 kb
Pages: 6



PR-706

2015 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/21/2015 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Emily Pfeufer, Shubin Saha, John Snyder, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

The 2015 Fruit and Vegetable Crops research report includes results for more than 19 field research plots and demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in seven counties in Kentucky: Jefferson, Spencer, Trimble, Shelby, Caldwell, Franklin, and Fayette.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.54 mb
Pages: 44



PR-704

2015 Annual Grass Report: Warm Season and Cool Season (Cereals)

12/15/2015 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

The major factor in selecting a variety of summer annual grass is yield, both total and seasonal. Growth after first cutting is strongly dependent on available moisture and nitrogen fertilization. Summer annual grasses generally have different characteristics and uses. The major factors in selecting cool season cereal grass varieties are yield, winter survival and regrowth.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 16



PR-700

2015 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2015 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 525 kb
Pages: 6



PR-701

2015 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2015 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a low-growing, perennial pasture legume with white flowers. It differs from red clover in that the stems (stolons) grow along the surface of the soil and can form adventitious roots that may lead to the development of new plants. This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 530 kb
Pages: 6



PR-702

2015 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2015 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and the brome grasses can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 12



PR-698

2015 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/10/2015 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage--after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat. Management is similar to that for other cool-season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a high-quality, highly palatable, long-lived pasture plant with limited use for hay. It tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. It has low yields and low summer production and becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish. This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 8



PR-703

2015 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/10/2015 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 875 kb
Pages: 8



PR-697

2015 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

12/8/2015 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Tall fescue is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle. All bromegrasses have several advantages over tall fescue, including retaining quality as they mature and better growth during dry weather, but they are generally less well adapted in Kentucky. This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties, including summaries of all tall fescue and bromegrass varieties tested in Kentucky for the past 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.24 mb
Pages: 10



PR-699

2015 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/8/2015 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive, cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock. In Kentucky, winter survival can be an issue for many annual ryegrass varieties, so before planting, review winter survival results in this publication. The severe winter of 2013-2014 showed those varieties that are not adapted to Kentucky. Festuloliums are hybrids between various fescues and ryegrasses with higher quality than tall fescue and improved stand survival over perennial ryegrass. Their use in Kentucky is still limited since they do not survive as long as tall fescue but some of the newer varieties are more adapted to Kentucky environmental conditions. This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties, as well as summaries of all annual and perennial ryegrass and festulolium varieties tested in Kentucky for the last 15 years.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.88 mb
Pages: 16



PPFS-FR-T-1

Peach Leaf Curl and Plum Pockets

12/1/2015 (new)
Authors: Dennis Morgeson, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Peach leaf curl occurs annually in commercial and residential orchards throughout Kentucky. The disease causes severe defoliation, weakens trees, and reduces fruit quality, fruit set, and yield. Peaches, apricots, and nectarines are susceptible to peach leaf curl. Plum pockets is a similar, but less common, disease that occurs on wild and cultivated plums.

Departments: County Extension, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 887 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-T-4

Black Knot

12/1/2015 (new)
Authors: Dennis Morgeson, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Black knot is a common, often serious, disease of plums and cherries in Kentucky. Ornamental Prunus species, as well as wild plums and cherries, may also be affected. Trees in both commercial and residential plantings are susceptible.

Departments: County Extension, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 784 kb
Pages: 2



PR-693

2015 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/1/2015 (new)
Authors: Joshua Duckworth, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.93 mb
Pages: 44



PR-694

2015 Alfalfa Report

11/23/2015 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highestyielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 10



PR-695

2015 Red and White Clover Report

11/23/2015 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures and hay fields. This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 875 kb
Pages: 6



PR-696

2015 Orchardgrass Report

11/23/2015 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is welladapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife. This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 850 kb
Pages: 8



PPFS-FR-T-8

Gummosis and Perennial Canker of Stone Fruits

11/1/2015 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Bachi, John Hartman

Gummosis is a general, nonspecific condition of stone fruits (peach, nectarine, plum and cherry) in which gum is exuded and deposited on the bark of trees. Gum is produced in response to any type of wound, regardless of whether it is due to insects, mechanical injury or disease.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 207 kb
Pages: 2



PR-692

2015 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/30/2015 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 3.30 mb
Pages: 28



PPFS-FR-T-5

Apple Rust Diseases

8/1/2015 (new)
Authors: Annette Meyer Heisdorffer, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Cedar-apple rust is the most common and economically important rust disease occurring on apple in Kentucky. Two other rusts, cedar-hawthorn rust and cedar-quince rust, are of lesser importance on apple, but can significantly impact ornamental plants. All three diseases occur on crabapple, hawthorn, mountain ash, pear, and serviceberry.

Departments: County Extension, Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 813 kb
Pages: 5



PR-690

2015 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/6/2015 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Anthony Clark, John Connelly, Ron Curd, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.35 mb
Pages: 24



CCD-CP-92

Celery and Celeriac

6/8/2015 (new)
Authors: Miranda Combs, Matthew Ernst

Celery (Apium graveolens) is an herb and vegetable member of the parsley family. It is a cool-season crop that is a biennial, but is often grown as an annual for fresh market consumption. It does best when temperatures are relatively cool, particularly at night. Celery is a versatile ingredient for cooking and during 2012 U.S. consumers used an average 6 pounds of fresh celery per person per year. Celery leaves are used much like an herb, similar to parsley, in flavoring soups, stews, salads and other dishes. Celeriac (Apium rapaceum) is also known as celery root, and is grown for its smooth celery flavor and long storage capacity.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 635 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-S-19

Blueberry Root Rot

5/1/2015 (new)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

Blueberry is considered one of the most disease-free fruit crops in Kentucky. Many of the diseases that affect blueberry result in minor damage. However, the most common disease of blueberry, Phytophthora root rot, can cause severe dieback and often results in plant death. The causal agent of blueberry root rot is Phytophthora cinnamomi, a soilborne water mold that occurs world-wide and can infect a wide range of hosts, including woody ornamentals. Under optimal conditions, the pathogen proliferates, and disease symptoms occur.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 702 kb
Pages: 3



ID-227

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Legume Vegetables in Kentucky

1/30/2015 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Shubin Saha, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

Long before the term "sustainable" became a household word, farmers were implementing sustainable practices in the form of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are used to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" (but rarely eliminated entirely) to reduce their negative impact on the crop. Scouting and monitoring diseases, insects, weeds, and abiotic disorders in order to identify potential problems before they result in serious losses is essential to the IPM approach. Proper identification is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during bean and pea production in Kentucky. This manual is not all-inclusive, and growers may encounter a problem that is not included here. Please contact your county Extension service for assistance.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 33.00 mb
Pages: 32



ID-225

Organic Corn Production in Kentucky

1/15/2015 (new)
Authors: Chad Lee, Will Martin, Sam McNeill, Lee Meyer, Michael Montross, Edwin Ritchey, Tom Sikora

The number of organic dairy cows in Kentucky has been steadily increasing for years, yet there's not enough organic corn produced in the state to feed the growing herds. In short, a new market has developed in the state, but few local farmers are taking advantage of it. While Kentucky farmers are no strangers to corn, growing corn organically utilizes different management, cultural and marketing practices and requires new skills. And, importantly, organic production must follow an approved farm plan that allows farmers to sell their corn as certified organic. This publication is designed to be both an introduction to a new enterprise as well as a practical manual for those interested in pursuing organic corn production on their own farms.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 30



PR-688

2014 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

1/7/2015 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Julie Beale, Lucas Hanks, June Johnston, Brenda Kennedy, Sara Long, Sean Lynch, Tracey Parriman, Shubin Saha, Nancy Savage, Kenny Seebold, Pam Sigler, Darrell Slone, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Jeff Wheeler, Patsy Wilson, Dwight Wolfe, Shawn Wright

The 2014 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 18 field research plots and demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in three counties in Kentucky, including: Mason, Shelby, and Spencer.

Departments: Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 950 kb
Pages: 42



PR-689

2014 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/11/2014 (new)
Authors: Benjamin Abourjeily, Joshua Duckworth, Laura Jane Phelps, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions. Thirty soybean tests were planted in 2014 in Kentucky at the six test locations shown below. Planting dates and other information are shown in Table 1. Data for the maturity groups IV Early, IV Late and V at the Caldwell County location are not provided to avoid penalizing any variety (plots were damaged by a storm soon after planting).

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 4.30 mb
Pages: 28



CCD-CP-126

Winter Squash

12/10/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Winter squash is a taxonomically diverse group of vegetables in the Cucurbita genus. Cultivars may belong to one of several species: Cucurbita pepo (acorn and spaghetti squashes), C. maxima (hubbard, buttercup, and kabocha), C. moschata (butternut), and C. mixta (cushaw). Because these squash are harvested when mature and rinds have hardened, most types can be stored for use during the winter.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 668 kb
Pages: 2



PR-686

2014 Summer Annual Grass Report

12/10/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2011-2014 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.15 mb
Pages: 12



PR-684

2014 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 12



PR-685

2014 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 810 kb
Pages: 8



PR-682

2014 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/2/2014 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 550 kb
Pages: 4



PR-683

2014 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/2/2014 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 660 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-AG-F-9

Managing Diseases of Alfalfa

12/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli

Alfalfa can be a vigorous and productive forage crop for Kentucky farmers. Like all farm crops, however, alfalfa is subject to infectious diseases that can limit forage production. Managing these diseases is an important part of economical alfalfa production.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 756 kb
Pages: 4



PR-676

2014 Alfalfa Report

11/25/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.78 mb
Pages: 12



PR-677

2014 Red and White Clover Report

11/24/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 8



PR-678

2014 Orchardgrass Report

11/24/2014 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 855 kb
Pages: 8



PR-679

2014 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

11/24/2014 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.11 mb
Pages: 10



PR-680

2014 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

11/24/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 676 kb
Pages: 6



PR-681

2014 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

11/24/2014 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.90 mb
Pages: 13



CCD-BG-5

Kentucky Strawberry Profitability Estimated Costs and Returns

11/10/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

The profitability of two different strawberry production scenarios in Kentucky was analyzed to reflect 2014 production costs. The attached tables report potential profits for both Pick Your Own (PYO) and Wholesale/Retail production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 332 kb
Pages: 2



PR-675

2014 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/3/2014 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 3.39 mb
Pages: 28



PPFS-AG-S-24

Soybean Cyst Nematode Management Recommendations for Kentucky, 2015

11/1/2014 (reviewed)
Authors: Don Hershman

SCN-resistant soybean varieties are an essential tool in the management of SCN. Although some of the early resistant varieties lagged behind susceptible varieties in yield, newer resistant varieties adapted for use in Kentucky do not suffer the same yield penalty. In fact, in the absence of SCN, it is common for modern SCN-resistant varieties to out-yield the best susceptible varieties in university research trials.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 546 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-F-8

Kentucky Plant Disease Management Guide for Forage Legumes

10/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Disease management in forage legumes relies heavily on using disease-resistant varieties and employing sound agronomic practices. It is important to integrate both of these strategies into a comprehensive disease management program. Failure to consider one or the other will compromise the success of your efforts. The appropriate use of pesticides sometimes plays a significant role in managing certain diseases, but it is secondary to sound cultural practices and proper variety selection.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 907 kb
Pages: 7



PPFS-VG-18

Blackleg and Bacterial Soft Rot of Potato

10/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Blackleg and soft rot are bacterial diseases that cause heavy losses in Kentucky potato patches in some years. These diseases may result in missing hills when seed pieces are destroyed or the sprouts decay before they emerge from the ground. Serious rotting of tubers in potato hills and in storage can also occur.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 707 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-MP-5

Roadside Stands

9/26/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Roadside stand is generic term for a type of marketing site in which a farm producer sells directly to consumers. A roadside stand is a seasonal, temporary or semi-temporary structure that may be located on or off the farm. A roadside stand may be distinguished from a roadside market in that the latter is usually a permanent structure that is often open year-round.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 774 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-89

Brussels Sprouts

9/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Miranda Combs, Matthew Ernst

Currently there is little production of brussels sprouts in Kentucky. Much of the commercial production for brussels sprouts produced in the United States is concentrated in California. The Census of Agriculture reported that two Kentucky farms harvested brussels sprouts in the 2012 growing season.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 626 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-VG-17

Bacterial Spot of Pepper and Tomato

9/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Bacterial spot can result in severe damage to tomato, sweet pepper, and pimento crops. The bacterium attacks leaves, fruits, and stems causing blemishes on these plant parts. Outbreaks of leaf spotting have resulted in leaf drop and poor fruit set in the field. Defoliation due to leaf spotting can increase the incidence of sun scald on fruit. Fruit infections result in badly spotted fruit, which are of little market value. In addition, fruit injury from this disease allows entry of secondary fruit rotting organisms, causing further damage.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 636 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-BG-2

Blueberry Cost and Return Estimates

8/29/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Blueberries are a crop with excellent long-term profitability potential for Kentucky producers willing to invest the time, capital, and management necessary for establishing productive blueberry acreage. Blueberries have the advantage of having lower establishment costs than other berry crops that require trellis systems for production. Once established, properly managed blueberry bushes can produce for many years.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 561 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-BG-3

Highbush Blueberries, Kentucky, 2014 (PYO Harvest)

8/29/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Budget worksheet.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 352 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-BG-4

Highbush Blueberries, Kentucky, 2014 (Wholesale/Retail Marketing)

8/29/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Budget worksheet.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Budgets: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-BG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 352 kb
Pages: 7



CCD-CP-13

Organic Blueberries

8/20/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

The highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a perennial shrub that will do well in most areas of Kentucky as long as the soil pH is properly adjusted. Organic production requires the use of pest management and fertilization methods that do not include synthetic compounds. Growers producing and selling their berries with an organic label must be certified by a USDA-approved state or private agency and follow production standards regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP).

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, organic production, production practices
Size: 633 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-VG-16

Bean Diseases

8/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Anthracnose can reduce bean quality, as well as yield. Losses can be severe during cool, rainy weather. It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, which appears on all aboveground parts of the plant but rarely on roots. Lesions generally are dark brown and may contain pink spore masses during moist weather. Elongate, angular spots appear on lower leaf veins. As the fungus spreads into surrounding tissue, lesions eventually appear on the upper side of veins. Affected seeds become discolored. Plants grown from infected seed may develop lesions on the cotyledons.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 1.15 mb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-105

Muskmelon (Cantaloupe)

7/21/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Kentucky fresh market muskmelons are sold at farmers markets throughout the Commonwealth. Other retail outlets include community supported agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, roadside stands, and farm markets. Local groceries and restaurants are also potential melon markets. Larger-scale wholesale markets are also accessible for muskmelons, and some Kentucky growers have made wholesale alliances with national melon shippers. Kentucky's produce auctions, especially the Fairview Produce Auction in Western Kentucky, have handled more and more melons each year since 2002.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 612 kb
Pages: 3



PR-674

2014 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/11/2014 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Anthony Clark, John Connelly, Ron Curd, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.70 mb
Pages: 24



ID-172s

Guia de Monitoreo de MIP para Plagas Comunes de los Cultivos de Solanaceas on Kentucky

7/9/2014 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny Seebold, John Strang

La identificacion correcta de los patogenos y de insectos plagas, asi como los trastornos nutricionales y fisiologicos e incluso derivas de herbicidas es esencial para determinar el curso apropiado de accion. Las imagenes incluidas en esta guia representan algunas plagas o problemas comunes que los agricultores pueden encontrar cuando se producen cultivos de solanaceas (tomates, pimientos, berenjena y papas) en Kentucky.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 5.60 mb
Pages: 32



CCD-CP-82

Shiitake and Oyster Mushrooms

7/3/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) and oyster (Pleurotus spp.) mushrooms are specialty mushrooms that are well-suited for small-scale production in Kentucky. Unlike Agaricus types (common button mushroom, portabellas, and criminis), which require large, highly mechanized facilities with environmental controls, shiitake and oyster mushrooms can be log-cultivated outdoors. While growers with access to a woodlot will have a clear advantage in terms of production site and log supply, these mushrooms can also be cultivated in other heavily shaded locations.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 561 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-MP-3

Pick-Your-Own (U-Pick) Marketing

6/30/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Pick-Your-Own (PYO), also referred to as U-Pick, occurs when farmers "invite the public onto the farm to harvest their own food."1 Producers searching for new crops, combined with a growing Kentucky population, renewed interest in PYO during the past 20 years.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-7

Grapes

6/23/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Grapes (Vitis spp.) are suitable for either large-scale or small-scale commercial production. Typically three types of grapes are grown in Kentucky: Native American, hybrid, and European grapes. The climate in Kentucky is the limiting factor to grape production. Although American and hybrid cultivars are better suited for production in Kentucky, European (vinifera) cultivars are more desirable and potentially have the highest economic gain for grape growers and wine makers. However, vinifera cultivars are more susceptible to winter injury and diseases resulting in a lower yield, reduced fruit quality, and often vine death. Growing grapes in Kentucky can be highly successful and rewarding if the cultivars are matched to a specific site and proper production techniques are implemented.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 694 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-MP-8

Marketing Asian Produce in Kentucky

6/19/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Burgeoning Asian populations and consumer interest in Asian cuisine helped stimulate increased interest in purchasing fresh Asian vegetables to prepare at home, a trend expected to continue. Caucasian consumers tend to prefer value-added and processed vegetables, but there are market niches for fresh Asian vegetables. Kentucky producers have received inquiries to source edamame (vegetable soybean) and daikon (Chinese radish) at wholesale quantities.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 758 kb
Pages: 6



ID-184

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Sweet Corn in Kentucky

6/3/2014 (reprinted)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Terry Jones, Kenny Seebold, John Strang

In terms of acreage, sweet corn is the largest commercial vegetable crop grown in Kentucky. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs have played an important role in its production and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed" but not necessarily eliminated in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 1.05 mb
Pages: 16



ID-210

Midwest Blueberry Production Guide

5/12/2014 (reprinted)
Authors: Tom Barnes, Cheryl Kaiser, Chris Smigell, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Dwight Wolfe, Shawn Wright

Blueberries are one of the few fruit crops native to North America. Wild blueberries were utilized by Native Americans for making medicines, dyes, and flavorings, as well as for direct consumption. Once a small-scale crop produced within limited regions, blueberries are now grown throughout the United States and the rest of the world.

Departments: Forestry and Natural Resources, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 58



ID-219

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Apple in Kentucky

5/7/2014 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Cheryl Kaiser, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Shawn Wright

The National Integrated Pest Management Network defines IPM as "a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks." One of the key components of IPM is to continually scout and monitor crops to identify problems before they result in significant economic losses. Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter during apple production in Kentucky.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 20



CCD-CP-27

Cool-season Forage Grasses: Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, Bluegrass, and Timothy

5/5/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Tall fescue, orchardgrass, bluegrass, and timothy are the dominant forage grasses in Kentucky. They have potential for the cash hay market and for intensive grazing. Significant price premiums may be possible for high-quality hay. Timothy hay, either alone or in mixtures with alfalfa, is much desired by horse owners. Historically, timothy has been an important seed crop in Kentucky; however, at present only a small acreage of timothy is grown for seed.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health
Size: 410 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-31

Grain Sorghum

5/1/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), commonly called "milo," is used primarily as a feed grain for livestock. Sorghum stubble makes excellent roughage following harvest and can be used for pasture. Grain sorghum can also be made into silage, although sorghum/sudangrass hybrids are more commonly used for this purpose.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 496 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-MP-2

Marketing Via the Internet

5/1/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Tim Woods

The Internet can be utilized in a variety of marketing strategies. Producers may sell their products online through e-commerce, use a website to take orders for their goods, or simply advertise their operation through a "billboard" type website. Social media and blogs provide yet another way the Internet can be used for promoting a farm enterprise. The increase in access to Web-based services through handheld devices makes many customers more immediately accessible to products and services.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 442 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-15

Tomato Wilt Problems

5/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Fusarium and Verticillium wilts are two fungal diseases that cause similar wilts in tomato. Fusarium wilt tends to be more common during warm weather, while Verticillium wilt is found more often when temperatures are cool. Both diseases share similar symptoms and can be hard to tell apart visually; laboratory tests are often needed for an accurate diagnosis.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 2.07 mb
Pages: 4



ID-21

Disease and Insect Control Program for Home Grown Fruit in Kentucky

4/29/2014 (reprinted)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Rick Durham, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Many homeowners in Kentucky grow a variety of fruits in their garden and are rewarded for their effort. One distinct advantage homeowners have over commercial orchardists is the diverse ecosystem of the home landscape (vegetable gardens, flower and fruit plantings intermixed with turf and landscape plants). Diversity often reduces the spread of insect and disease organisms and tends to keep their populations at lower, more manageable levels.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 20



AGR-213

Soybean Nutrient Management in Kentucky

4/24/2014 (new)
Authors: John Grove, Carrie Knott, Chad Lee, Edwin Ritchey

Soybean grows best on fertile soils. For decades, the University of Kentucky has conducted field studies to establish the relationship between soil nutrient supplies and soybean yield. Adequate soil fertility must be present so that yields are not limited.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, nutrient management, production practices, soybeans
Size: 1.02 mb
Pages: 5



CCD-CP-8

High Tunnel Brambles

4/7/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

High tunnels are relatively simple polyethylene-covered greenhouses placed over irrigated ground beds. Also known as hoop houses, high tunnels have been used to extend the marketing window of a wide variety of annual crops in Kentucky, such as vegetables and cut flowers. Perennial crops, such as brambles, can also be produced in high tunnels.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 619 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-61

High Tunnel Strawberries

4/4/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

High tunnels are relatively simple polyethylene-covered unheated structures placed over irrigated ground beds. Also known as hoop houses, high tunnels can be used to extend the production season of a wide variety of crops in Kentucky, including strawberries. A plasticulture system with drip irrigation is recommended when using high tunnels for strawberry production.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: equipment and structures, farm crops, fruits and nuts, high tunnel, production practices
Size: 528 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-11

Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits

4/1/2014 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kenny Seebold

Bacterial wilt is a common, often destructive, disease of cucurbits. This disease can cause nearly complete losses of a planting before the first harvest. Bacterial wilt primarily affects cucumber and muskmelon (cantaloupe). While squash and pumpkin are also susceptible, the damage to these hosts is usually less severe.

Departments: Entomology, Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 575 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-MP-6

Selling Farm Products at Farmers Markets

3/25/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst

Farmers markets are used by Kentucky growers of all farm sizes and scales. "Market gardeners" often tend less than an acre of land for selling strictly at the local farmers market. On the other hand, some of Kentucky's largest orchards use local farmers markets as a retail outlet during the fall to command a premium price for their crop.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Marketing Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-MP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 811 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-129

Soybean Variety Selection

3/20/2014 (major revision)
Authors: Carrie Knott, Chad Lee, Edwin Ritchey

Soybean variety selection is one of the most important and most difficult management decisions a producer must make each year. It takes careful identification of the problems and needs of the production system. When done properly it increases the chance the variety will reach its full yield potential while eliminating costs for unnecessary traits, resulting in highly profitable returns.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 570 kb
Pages: 6



HO-110

Sustainable Production Systems: Principles and Approaches for Optimizing Efficiency in Nursery and Landscape Businesses

3/14/2014 (new)
Authors: Dewayne Ingram, Sarah Vanek

Publications in the Sustainable Production Systems series discuss ways of pursuing sustainability in nursery production systems. Sustainable businesses are those that yield acceptable returns on investments, conserve natural resources, make positive contributions to the community, and create a workplace culture where employees feel safe, productive, and valued.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, production practices, sustainabable agriculture
Size: 5.95 mb
Pages: 17



CCD-CP-35

Kura Clover

3/1/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Kura clover was investigated by the University of Kentucky Department of Plant and Soil Sciences for several years. Unfortunately, due to establishment difficulties, UK researchers have concluded that kura clover succeeds best further north.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 389 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-210

Fertilizer Management in Alfalfa

1/8/2014 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Lloyd Murdock, Edwin Ritchey, Greg Schwab

Alfalfa is a high quality, valuable forage crop that can be successfully produced on most well-drained soils in Kentucky for hay, silage, and grazing. Fertilizing alfalfa can be uniquely challenging because it is a high-yielding crop that removes a tremendous amount of soil nutrients when compared to other crops grown in Kentucky. A thorough understanding of alfalfa's growth habits, nutrient requirements, and soil nutrient supply mechanisms is necessary to effectively manage fertilizer inputs and maximize profitability while minimizing environmental impact.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, nutrient management, production practices
Size: 4 kb
Pages: 4



PR-673

2013 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

1/8/2014 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Shubin Saha, Kenny Seebold, John Snyder, John Strang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Patsy Wilson

Variety trials included in this year's publication include: cabbage, asparagus, bell peppers, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, apples, peaches, and grapes. Additional research trials include organic management of cucumber beetles, financial comparison of organic potato integrated pest management systems, and effect of organic fertilizer materials for production of kale.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 2.49 mb
Pages: 44



PPFS-AG-S-9

Sampling Soybean Fields for Soybean Cyst Nematode Analysis

1/1/2014 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

The soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines, SCN) causes many millions of dollars worth of damage to Kentucky soybean fields each year. This occurs even though damage is mostly preventable and controls are inexpensive. This situation exists because a large number of soybean producers are unaware that cyst nematode is damaging their crops. In most cases soybean cyst nematode will cause significant yield reductions without producing any detectable symptoms in soybeans. When symptoms do occur, they are frequently thought to be associated with some other factor, such as soil compaction or low soil fertility.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, soybeans
Size: 679 kb
Pages: 3



PR-668

2013 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.15 mb
Pages: 10



PR-669

2013 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/4/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 940 kb
Pages: 8



PR-672

2013 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/2/2013 (new)
Authors: Joshua Duckworth, Laura Jane Phelps, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased and objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 3.50 mb
Pages: 28



PR-667

2013 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

11/25/2013 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of red and white clover varieties when subjected to continuous grazing pressure.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 6



PR-670

2013 Summer Annual Grass Report

11/25/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2009-2013 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.25 mb
Pages: 12



PR-666

2013 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

11/22/2013 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report summarizes research on the grazing tolerance of alfalfa varieties when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure during the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 680 kb
Pages: 4



PR-664

2013 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

11/19/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides maturity and yield data on timothy and Kentucky bluegrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 700 kb
Pages: 6



PR-665

2013 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

11/19/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on annual and perennial ryegrass varieties in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.75 mb
Pages: 16



PR-661

2013 Red and White Clover Report

11/18/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on red and white clover varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting clover varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 960 kb
Pages: 8



PR-662

2013 Orchardgrass Report

11/18/2013 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on orchardgrass varieties included in yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting orchardgrass varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 8



PR-663

2013 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

11/18/2013 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.60 mb
Pages: 12



PR-660

2013 Alfalfa Report

11/15/2013 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It is an important part of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence. This report provides yield data on alfalfa varieties included in current yield trials in Kentucky as well as guidelines for selecting alfalfa varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.95 mb
Pages: 12



PR-659

2013 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/11/2013 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Cam Kenimer, Chad Lee

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide relative performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test attempts to treat every hybrid similarly in an unbiased manner. Agronomic practices that meet or exceed university guidelines are implemented at each location.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 2.60 mb
Pages: 24



SR-107

Sensor Technology for Variable Rate Nitrogen Applications on Wheat in Kentucky: Recommendations and Verification

10/28/2013 (new)
Authors: Dottie Call, John James, Lloyd Murdock, Ole Wendroth

Nitrogen (N) applications on wheat using sensor-based technology can improve both N use efficiency and yields.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Special Report (SR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 812 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-GEN-5

Fruit, Orchard, and Vineyard Sanitation

8/1/2013 (new)
Authors: David Koester, Faye Tewksbury, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Diseases can become a significant problem in commercial and home fruit plantings, resulting in premature leaf drop, fruit decay, dieback, decline, and even plant death. When diseases do occur, it is often presumed that fungicides are the most important and effective disease management tools available. However, a good sanitation program can help reduce the need for chemical controls and can improve the effectiveness of other practices for managing disease. This often-overlooked disease management tool reduces pathogen numbers and eliminates infective propagules that cause disease.

Departments: County Extension, Plant Pathology
Series: General Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-GEN series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 723 kb
Pages: 3



ID-216

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Cole Crops in Kentucky

7/22/2013 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny Seebold

Cole crops are important as a group, particularly when all acreage of cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts are combined. Spring planted crops may have very different problems associated with them compared to fall crops. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs fill an important role in production of these crops and have enabled growers to improve quality and minimize input costs. IPM uses a combination of biological, cultural, physical, and chemical methods to reduce and/or manage pest populations. These strategies are employed in such a way as to minimize environmental risks, economic costs, and health hazards. Pests are "managed," but not necessarily eliminated, in order to reduce their negative impact on the crop.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 5.30 mb
Pages: 16



CCD-CP-48

White and Yellow Food-Grade Corn

7/15/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Kentucky continues to be one of the leading states in the production of white and yellow corn for food. The demand for food grade corn remains strong, with an increasing demand for white corn for snack food uses. Food grains can be grown for the open market or under contract to dry mill processors. The contract should be in place prior to planting. There is no on-farm market.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, vegetables
Size: 344 kb
Pages: 2



PR-658

2013 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/12/2013 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Anthony Clark, John Connelly, Ron Curd, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 24



PPFS-AG-F-7

Rating Scale for Brown Stripe of Orchardgrass

7/1/2013 (new)
Authors: Leah Saylor, Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli

As of right now, there is little published on how to assess foliar disease severity in forage grasses in order to determine the percentage which may be diseased. This publication provides a tool for visually determining the percentage of diseased foliar tissue in orchardgrass. It is based on the observation of individual leaves; however, it is hoped that eventually a rating system will be devised that provides disease percentages for entire plots.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, plant diseases
Size: 566 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-28

Corn for Grain and Silage

6/15/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Corn for grain and silage can be produced for on-farm use and/or off-farm sale. There are a variety of local and regional markets for corn in Kentucky, such as local grain elevators. U.S. producers face international competition in the livestock category; corn prices have fluctuated greatly in recent years. Expanded corn markets, as well as the emergence of more uses for corn, could help stabilize future prices. In addition to animal feed, field corn uses include industrial (sweeteners) and energy (ethanol) products

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 360 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-38

Popcorn and Blue Corn

6/4/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Popcorn and blue corn (Zea mays) are harvested for their grain and sold for human consumption. Popcorn is a special type of flint corn, while blue corn is a general term for corn varieties that produce ears with blue or mixtures of blue and white kernels.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 532 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-39

Red and White Clover

5/28/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, Cheryl Kaiser

Red and white (ladino) clovers are high quality forage legumes with excellent feed value and animal palatability. Red clover (Trifolium pretense), a tall-growing and short-lived perennial, is used for hay, pasture, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitats. While white clover (Trifolium repens), a low-growing perennial, is best suited for grazing, it can also be used for soil improvement and reclaiming disturbed land.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 512 kb
Pages: 2



ID-133

Vegetable Cultivars for Kentucky Gardens, 2013

5/6/2013 (major revision)
Authors: Tim Coolong, Rick Durham, Terry Jones, Kenny Seebold, John Strang, Shawn Wright

Gardening makes sense! Growing your own vegetables makes you feel self-sufficient and provides fresh, healthful food. Your surplus crop can be frozen, canned, or stored in cool, dry locations. To assure gardening success, start by selecting suitable vegetable cultivars. Planting resistant or tolerant varieties is one of the most effective ways for the home gardener to avoid destructive vegetable diseases.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 425 kb
Pages: 8



PPFS-AG-S-19

Soybean Foliar Spots and Blights

5/1/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Soybean foliage is susceptible to a number of fungal and bacterial pathogens. These pathogens cause leaf spots and blights and are generally common in Kentucky; however, few fields in any given year are seriously damaged by foliar diseases. Crop rotation and weather that is unfavorable to disease typically keeps foliar diseases at low levels. Occasionally an extended period of wet and humid weather in July to early August will result in significant amounts of foliar disease and yields may be seriously affected. However, this scenario is relatively uncommon in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 856 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-23

Broomcorn

4/18/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Broomcorn (Sorghum vulgare) is not actually corn, but is instead related to the sorghums used for grain and syrup (Sorghum bicolor). Broomcorn has a coarse, fibrous seed head that has been used to make various types of brooms and brushes for several hundred years. While there are still artisans creating these natural brooms today, this crop is now more commonly used to make decorative items, such as wreaths, swags, floral arrangements, baskets, and autumn displays. It takes about 60 sprays (heads) to make a broom, but wreaths and dried arrangements require only a few plants. Broomcorn is available in natural colors, as well as purple and various fall colors.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 623 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-21

Alfalfa

4/2/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, Cheryl Kaiser

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has the highest yield potential and highest feeding values of all adapted perennial forage legumes. It is a versatile crop that may be used for pasture, hay, silage, green-chop, pellets, cubes, soil improvement, and soil conservation.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 426 kb
Pages: 3



PR-657

Soybean Management Verification Program, 2012

3/29/2013 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Amanda Martin, Lloyd Murdock

The 2012 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) enrolled 19 fields across Western Kentucky, providing ten direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producers practices for soybean production. All fields were scouted weekly and recommendations were made on the university portion of the field based on established thresholds and observations from agronomic research. The objective of these comparisons is to validate university research and identify areas for more research.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 2.30 mb
Pages: 48



CCD-CP-41

Specialty Soybeans

3/19/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Carl Dillon, Cheryl Kaiser, Michael Vassalos

The first commercial use of soybean (Glycine max) was for its oil; however, this crop is now considered a valuable source of protein as well. Specialty or novel soybeans are used to produce various soyfoods of Asian origin, such as tofu, miso, soy sauce, natto, soymilk, and tempeh. Assorted health food snacks, energy foods, and cereals are also produced from specialty soybeans. Other uses include bean sprouts and soy nuts.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 922 kb
Pages: 4



CCD-CP-40

Specialty Field Corns

3/18/2013 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

This profile discusses some of the types of special purpose field corn (Zea mays) that are harvested for grain and sold for animal feed, industrial use, or human consumption. These specialty corns have been genetically altered to improve their starch, protein, or oil content, depending on their intended use.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 512 kb
Pages: 3



ID-205

Drought-Stressed Corn Silage Valuation, 2012

2/6/2013 (new)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, Greg Halich, Jeff Lehmkuhler, Cory Walters

Extended dry conditions have impacted the corn crop severely in many areas of the state this year. As the condition of the corn crop deteriorates, many have been forced to look at salvage options such as cutting corn for silage and possibly hay for some fields. Due to the extreme weather conditions this year, this publication will focus on valuing drought-stressed corn silage.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 445 kb
Pages: 6



HO-109

Sustainable Production Systems: Efficient Wholesale Nursery Layout

1/31/2013 (new)
Authors: Dewayne Ingram, Sarah Vanek

This publication provides the framework for planning and implementing efficient wholesale nursery layout. Concepts and ideas presented here are applicable to new construction or the modification of an existing nursery. A basic approach toward creating efficient systems will be discussed as well as common nursery activities that may require consideration during the planning stages. Functional areas will be defined, and a framework for understanding the relationships between these functional areas will be presented.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, production practices, sustainabable agriculture
Size: 4.00 mb
Pages: 10



PR-651

2012 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2012 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 475 kb
Pages: 12



PR-652

2012 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/14/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses. The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 900 kb
Pages: 8



PR-656

2012 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/6/2012 (new)
Authors: Ben Abell, Angela Anandappa, Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, Julie Beale, Ty Cato, Tim Coolong, June Johnston, Brenda Kennedy, Sara Long, Sean Lynch, Kenny Seebold, Pam Sigler, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Zheng Wang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Jeff Wheeler, Mark Williams, Neil Wilson, Patsy Wilson, Dwight Wolfe, Tim Woods, Shang-Ho Yang

Fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky continues to grow. The 2012 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 18 field research plots and several demonstration trials. This year fruit and vegetable research and demonstration trials were conducted in more than 15 counties in Kentucky. Research was conducted by faculty and staff from several departments within the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture including: Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, and Agricultural Economics. This report also includes collaborative research projects conducted with faculty and staff at Kentucky State University.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 47



PR-649

2012 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/5/2012 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 670 kb
Pages: 8



PR-650

2012 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/5/2012 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 650 kb
Pages: 6



PR-653

2012 Summer Annual Grass Report

12/5/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2012 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.25 mb
Pages: 12



PR-655

2012 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/4/2012 (new)
Authors: Jessica Cole, Ron Curd, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 3.39 mb
Pages: 28



PR-647

2012 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/3/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage---after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It also can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 460 kb
Pages: 6



PR-646

2012 Tall Fescue and Bromegrass Report

11/28/2012 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 10



PR-648

2012 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

11/28/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 1.60 mb
Pages: 14



PR-643

2012 Alfalfa Report

11/26/2012 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest-yielding, highest-quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 2.00 mb
Pages: 12



PR-644

2012 Red and White Clover Report

11/26/2012 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties generally are productive for 2.5 to 3 years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, yield, and animal acceptance.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 1.26 mb
Pages: 10



PR-645

2012 Orchardgrass Report

11/26/2012 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well-adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunch-type sod, making it compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 890 kb
Pages: 8



PR-642

2012 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/12/2012 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Jessica Cole, Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 978 kb
Pages: 16



CCD-CP-47

Wheat

10/24/2012 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Wheat, a cereal grain in the grass family, is the fourth most valuable cash crop grown in Kentucky. Current intensive management technology has made it possible for growers to produce a high quality, high-yielding crop. Wheat production is mechanized; with the exception of scouting, little to no handwork is involved with this crop. Despite significant acreage already dedicated to wheat production, additional opportunities continue to be available to make profitable returns. Most wheat grown in the Commonwealth is soft red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) which is used in cakes, pastries, cookies, crackers, and cereals.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 434 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-CP-65

Sprouts

10/23/2012 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Sprouts are the germinated seeds of various herbaceous plants, including vegetables, herbs, and field crops. The entire germinated plant (root, shoot, cotyledons, and remnant seed coat) is sold for use mainly in salads and sandwiches. Sprouting is considered a form of food processing, rather than agricultural crop production; as such, it is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, other crops
Size: 439 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-S-16

Black Rot of Grape

10/1/2012 (new)
Authors: Cheryl Kaiser, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Black rot is the most prevalent and one of the most important grape diseases in Kentucky. While this disease can affect all young developing plant tissues above ground, fruit infections are the most destructive. Without an adequate disease management program, both home and commercial vineyards suffer significant yield losses.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 555 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-S-3

Downy Mildew of Soybean

9/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Small, irregular spots on upper leaf surfaces are initially pale yellow in appearance, later becoming gray-brown with a yellowish margin. On the underside of the leaves, the spots have a gray, fuzzy appearance due to the presence of the pathogen. These fungal-like tufts are reproductive structures of the organism and their appearance is diagnostic for this disease. Symptoms frequently occur at low levels throughout the crop canopy. Early leaf spots are non-descript and are commonly confused with leaf spots and pustules caused by soybean rust.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 538 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-119

Southernpean (Cowpea)

8/28/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Southernpeas (Vigna unguiculata), also referred to as common cowpeas, crowder peas, black-eyed peas, and field peas, are a warm season annual. The highly nutritious seed is grown for fresh, processed, and dried uses. Interestingly, southernpeas are not a pea at all, but a type of bean related to the yardlong bean and marble pea. This profile will only discuss its production as a vegetable crop, but southernpea is also an excellent cover crop for weed suppression and nitrogen fixation. It can also be used as livestock feed.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 432 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-T-12

Fire Blight

8/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Cheryl Kaiser, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Fire blight is a highly destructive disease of apple and pear that can occur in commercial orchards and home plantings. Many landscape trees and shrubs in the rose family are also susceptible to this disease. Fire blight can cause severe damage in a very short period of time. Because precise conditions are needed for infection, disease appearance is erratic from year to year.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 650 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-FR-T-13

Apple Scab

8/1/2012 (new)
Authors: Nicole Ward Gauthier

Apple scab is the most consistently serious disease of apple and flowering crabapple in Kentucky. This disease also occurs on hawthorn and mountain ash; a similar disease affects pear and pyracantha (firethorn). The most noticeable losses on apple result from reduced fruit quality and from premature drop of infected fruit. Scab also causes a general weakening of the host when leaves are shed prematurely. Summer defoliation of flowering crabapple due to scab invariably results in fewer flowers the next spring.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 486 kb
Pages: 3



ID-204

Introductory Safety Training for Tobacco Workers

7/25/2012 (new)
Authors: Bob Pearce, Mark Purschwitz, John Wilhoit

This safety bulletin is intended to offer introductory safety training to tobacco workers in conjunction with a farm walk-around. It was written as if you and your workers are standing in or around the object currently being discussed, e.g., a tractor, with you or a designated assistant pointing out the various safety issues listed in the bulletin. It is not meant to be used as a stand-alone bulletin, especially just in a room, unless you have already gone through the walk-around and are reviewing points or having a discussion. It must be used out by the barn, equipment, or other subject being discussed.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 476 kb
Pages: 16



PPFS-AG-S-4

Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot of Soybean

7/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRSR), caused by Phythophthora sojae, is infrequently encountered in Kentucky. However, where it does occur, the disease can be quite destructive. Soon after planting, P. sojae can cause damping-off of germinating seeds and/or young seedlings. Severe stand loss often necessitates replanting. Alternately, this pathogen can infect and kill established plants of susceptible soybean varieties any time during the season. Varieties that have some resistance to P. sojae may be stunted, but rarely die. PRSR is primarily a problem in poorly drained fields (due to high clay content, "hard pan," and/or soil compaction) or areas of fields that are prone to flooding.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 355 kb
Pages: 3



PR-640

2012 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

6/27/2012 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small-grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat, and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties continually are being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small-grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 973 kb
Pages: 24



PPFS-AG-S-1

Brown Spot of Soybean

6/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Brown spot, caused by the fungus Septoria glycines, is present in all soybean fields in Kentucky. In most years the disease causes little to no yield impact; however, up to 15% yield losses can occur in select environments. For example, brown sport tends to be worse where soybeans follow no-till soybeans, where early-maturing varieties are planted, and/or when fields are planted in late April. River bottom fields or fields subject to fog or morning shade are frequently impacted.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 420 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-SG-8

Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV) in Kentucky

6/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Wheat streak mosaic (WSM) is a potentially devastating virus disease of wheat. In the United States, WSM is most prevalent in hard red wheat grown in the central Great Plains region. Soft red winter wheat produced in the mid-south and Midwest is infrequently impacted by WSM. Epidemics are rare in Kentucky with the only recorded ones occurring in 1989 and 2000.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 282 kb
Pages: 4



ID-199

Prechilling Switchgrass Seed on Farm to Break Dormancy

4/23/2012 (new)
Authors: Holly Boyd, Cindy Finneseth, Tom Keene, Laura Schwer, Ray Smith

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie. It has been investigated as a renewable energy crop due to its high productivity across a wide geographic range including various environmental conditions and soil types. Switchgrass has also been used for erosion control, summer grazing in pasture and hay systems for cattle, native prairie restoration, wildlife habitat, fiber production, and as an ornamental grass.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Regulatory Services
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 4



HO-104

Growing Tree Fruits: Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 16

3/12/2012 (new)
Authors: John Strang

Growing tree fruits and/or nuts can provide a great deal of satisfaction, but it takes a commitment to care for your trees year-round.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 900 kb
Pages: 14



CCD-CP-6

Gooseberries and Currants

2/27/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Gooseberries and currants (Ribes spp.) are woody, multi-stemmed shrubs best known for their tart fruit. While some enjoy eating them fresh, these fruit are especially prized for use in making jellies, jams, pies, and sauces.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 3



PR-639

Soybean Management Verification Program, 2011

2/24/2012 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Amanda Martin, Lloyd Murdock

The goal of SoyMVP is to verify applied research at the University of Kentucky and to identify whether University of Kentucky recommendations are adequate.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.50 mb
Pages: 16



ID-195

Sweetpotato Production for Kentucky

2/21/2012 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Sarah Fannin, Kenny Seebold, Tim Woods

Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is a member of the morningglory or Convolvulaceae family. Sweetpotatoes have their origins in tropical America, with early remains having been found in Panama, Peru and Mexico. A perennial plant in their native regions, they are typically killed by frost when grown in a temperate climate. Sweetpotatoes are true roots and not tubers as is the case with the Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum). Because they are true roots they will continue to grow and enlarge as long as the plant continues to grow.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 16



PPFS-FR-S-5

Strawberry Anthracnose

2/1/2012 (minor revision)
Authors: John Hartman, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Anthracnose can be a serious problem in Southern and Midwestern strawberry plantings. The disease may appear as a fruit or crown rot, both of which severely reduce plant stands and yields. Fruit rot, the most common form of anthracnose, appears as fruit begins to ripen in late spring. Crown rots, on the other hand, can develop in young plants soon after planting or when weather warms in spring.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 293 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-GEN-3

Damping-off of Vegetables and Herbaceous Ornamentals

2/1/2012 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Damping-off can occur on any herbaceous crop grown from seed, including vegetables, ornamentals, and field crops. Seeds, seedlings, and young plants may be affected, resulting in poor stands in home gardens, greenhouses, and commercial fields. Losses to damping-off can be severe, especially when cool, wet weather prevails at seeding or seed emergence.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: General Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-GEN series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 288 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-OR-W-15

Sample Submission Protocol for Diagnosis of Thousand Cankers Disease in Walnut

2/1/2012 (new)
Authors: Paul Bachi, Julie Beale, Brenda Kennedy, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Thousand cankers disease (TCD) is a fatal disease of black walnut (Juglans nigra), and most recently, butternut (Juglans cinerea). The disease complex involves a fungus that is carried to trees by the walnut twig beetle, causing numerous cankers on branches and killing trees 5 to 6 years after infection. The disease complex is widespread in the western U.S., and has recently been identified in Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Woody Ornamental Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-OR-W series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 361 kb
Pages: 2



CCD-CP-112

Peanuts

1/25/2012 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), also referred to as groundpeas or groundnuts, are an annual herbaceous legume with an indeterminate growth habit. As these alternate names imply, this unique plant produces its fruit (peanut) below ground. Once the small yellow flowers are self-pollinated, the fertilized ovary elongates into a "peg" which grows downward and penetrates into the soil. Peanuts develop underground at the ends of the pegs. The peanut seed is referred to a kernel and the outer shell is called a pod or hull.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 620 kb
Pages: 4



ID-198

Benefits and Costs Associated with the Wheat Storage Hedge

1/24/2012 (new)
Authors: Doug Johnson, Sam McNeill, Cory Walters

Each year producers must decide whether to store or sell their crop at harvest. Market prices are important in guiding producers on whether to store priced grain for future delivery (referred to as a storage hedge), store unpriced grain, or sell. Generally, producers know more about deciding to sell or store unpriced grain than using the storage hedge. This publication explains how a storage hedge works, when to use it, and risks and costs involved. (See glossary for definition of terms.)

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 4



PR-630

2011 Tall Fescue and Brome Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 355 kb
Pages: 12



PR-631

2011 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 316 kb
Pages: 8



PR-632

2011 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 370 kb
Pages: 12



PR-633

2011 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 402 kb
Pages: 4



PR-634

2011 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 322 kb
Pages: 4



PR-635

2011 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Joey Clark, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 387 kb
Pages: 10



PR-636

2011 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 410 kb
Pages: 6



PR-637

2011 Summer Annual Grass Report

12/23/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2011 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 376 kb
Pages: 9



PR-626

2011 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/20/2011 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, Julie Beale, Steve Berberich, Ric Bessin, Jessica Cole, Tim Coolong, Vaden Fenton, Lucas Hanks, John Hartman, June Johnston, Sara Long, Logan Minter, Janet Pfeiffer, Kenny Seebold, Pam Sigler, Darrell Slone, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Zheng Wang, Nicole Ward Gauthier, Jeff Wheeler, Patsy Wilson, Dwight Wolfe

The 2011 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 19 field research plots and several demonstration trials. Many of these reports include data on varietal performance as well as different production methods in an effort to provide growers with better tools, which they can use to improve fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky.

Departments: Entomology, Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture, Kentucky State University, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.39 mb
Pages: 53



PR-627

2011 Alfalfa Report

12/19/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 322 kb
Pages: 12



PR-628

2011 Red and White Clover Report

12/19/2011 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 313 kb
Pages: 8



PR-629

2011 Orchardgrass Report

12/19/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 8



ASC-186

Distillers Grain Coproducts for Beef Cattle

12/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Roy Burris, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Feeding distillers grains derived from the production of spirits or ethanol for fuel is an acceptable practice for beef cattle production. The use of these products as both an energy and a protein supplement has been beneficial as the cereal grain prices have increased making these coproducts more cost competitive.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences
Series: Animal Science (ASC series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, nutrition and health, small grains
Size: 231 kb
Pages: 4



PR-625

2011 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/7/2011 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, Kolter Kalberg, Eugene Lacefield, Claire Venard

The Kentucky Soybean Variety Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation. Soybean cultivars were entered by soybean growers, commercial companies, and state and federal institutions.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 444 kb
Pages: 28



PR-624

2011 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/4/2011 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 450 kb
Pages: 24



PPFS-MISC-6

Assessing Foliar Diseases of Corn, Soybeans, and Wheat: Principles and Practices

11/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Don Hershman, Paul Vincelli

This publication provides basic information on how to conduct disease assessments in on-farm trials. The focus is on foliar diseases, since root diseases are much more difficult to assess properly. The publication begins with fundamentals of proper design of field trials.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Miscellaneous Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-MISC series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains, soybeans
Size: 719 kb
Pages: 5



ID-193

Profitability of Nitrogen Applications for Stockpiling Tall Fescue Pastures: 2011 Guide

10/5/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Burdine, Greg Halich, John Johns, Lloyd Murdock, Ray Smith

The concept of stockpiling is pretty straightforward, but the challenge each year is to determine the likelihood that this practice will be profitable given the economic and agronomic conditions present at mid-summer. This practice can yield significant benefits, but it also carries significant costs. These benefits and costs must be quantified and compared to assess the overall profitability of the practice.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 290 kb
Pages: 4



ID-110

Soybean Cyst Nematode: A Potential Problem for Nursuries

10/4/2011 (major revision)
Authors: Win Dunwell, Don Hershman, Nicole Ward Gauthier

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most serious disease pest of soybean in the United States (and Kentucky) and results in an estimated $1 billion in losses annually. SCN is a microscopic roundworm (Heterodera glycines) that feeds on root of soybean and reduces its capacity to absorb water and nutrients. Yield losses of 30% or more are common where SCN-susceptible soybean varieties are grown and SCN levels are high. SCN was first discovered in Kentucky in 1957 in Fulton County but is now found in every Kentucky county in which soybean is grown commercially.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 368 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-GEN-12

Foliar Fungicide Use in Corn and Soybeans

10/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Don Hershman, Cheryl Kaiser, Paul Vincelli

Interest in the use of foliar fungicides for corn and soybean has expanded dramatically in the U.S. over the past few years, resulting in a major change in how these crops are being produced on many farms. Until recently, foliar fungicides for soybeans and corn were reserved for seed production fields to protect seed quality in very specific circumstances or for specialty crops. Applications for the purpose of protecting crop yield were rarely economical. However, the current trend in Kentucky, as well as many other corn/soybean producing states, is towards an increased use of foliar fungicides on these crops as a means of maximizing yields.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: General Plant Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-GEN series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, soybeans
Size: 1.09 mb
Pages: 9



AGR-202

Corn Growth Stages and Growing Degree Days: A Quick Reference Guide

9/13/2011 (new)
Authors: Chad Lee

Corn growth stages are based on the leaf collar method, where fully emerged leaves (leaf collar visible) are used to stage vegetative development. Growing degree days (GDDs) are used to relate temperature to corn growth and development.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 278 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-SG-5

Fungicide Use in Wheat

9/1/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Disease management is a key component of high-yielding wheat production. In most years, it simply is not possible to produce high wheat yields without paying attention to disease control. Most diseases are best managed through the use of multiple tactics, both proactive (e.g., crop rotation, delayed and/or staggered planting plates, use of resistant varieties of varying maturities, proper fertility, and application of seed treatment and/or foliar fungicides) and reactive (e.g., application of foliar fungicides and timely harvest). Fungicides are just one tool in the disease management arsenal; however, growers often place too much emphasis on this one tool.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 459 kb
Pages: 8



PPFS-AG-SG-7

Black "Sooty" Head Mold of Wheat

9/1/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Each year, just prior to and during wheat harvest, the Plant Disease Diagnostic Laboratories at Princeton and Lexington receive many samples with questions about severe head molding. This condition is known as black head mold or sooty head mold.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 264 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-12

Yellow Vine Decline of Cucurbits

8/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Kenny Seebold

Symptoms of yellow vine decline begin to appear approximately 2 weeks before fruit maturity. The disease may appear initially as stunting of plants and/or intense yellowing of foliage, followed by a slow decline in plant health. In some cases, a sudden collapse of vines may occur with no other symptoms. Vascular tissue (phloem) from crowns of affected plants is often discolored, appearing light brown rather than a healthy translucent green.

Departments: Entomology, Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 454 kb
Pages: 3



CCD-SV-1

2011 Regional Wine Grape Marketing and Price Outlook

7/20/2011 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Tim Woods

Wine grape producers in the Southeast benefited from a rapid increase in the number of wineries in the region during the 1990s and early 2000s. The steady winery growth indicates continued expansion and demand for winegrapes. This survey was conducted in early 2011 to better understand how business practices are developing among wineries in Kentucky and six contiguous states---Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, Virginia, and Missouri.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Surveys: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-SV series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 205 kb
Pages: 6



CCD-CP-30

Grain Amaranth

7/19/2011 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Amaranth is a versatile warm-season, broadleaf plant that can be grown as a grain, ornamental, leafy vegetable, or forage crop. In the U.S. it is grown almost exclusively for its grain, which is produced on large, brightly colored seed heads. Most grain amaranth grown in the States is Amaranthus hypochondriacus; however, A. cruentus is grown to a lesser extent. The seeds are high in lysine, fiber, and protein; low in saturated fats; and gluten-free. Amaranth can be ground into flour, popped like popcorn, or flaked like oatmeal. Because many of amaranth's uses are similar to that of cereal grasses, amaranth is often referred to as a pseudo-cereal.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 442 kb
Pages: 3



PR-623

2011 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/7/2011 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat, oat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 24



PPFS-AG-T-4

Blackleg of Tobacco

6/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Blackleg becomes a concern whenever Kentucky experiences extended periods of warm, wet, overcast weather in the spring. This disease, also referred to as bacterial soft rot, is one of the most serious problems likely to be encountered on tobacco seedlings. Blackleg has the potential for destroying large numbers of plants in a relatively short period of time. As with other diseases in the float system, proper management goes a long way in preventing problems with blackleg.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 428 kb
Pages: 2



ENT-67

An IPM Identification Guide for Natural Enemies of Vegetable Pests

5/16/2011 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Obrycki

Natural enemies play a crucial role in the management of insect and other arthropod pests of vegetable crops grown throughout Kentucky. The control they exert on pest populations is realized on every farm every day. Often the value of natural enemies may be overlooked or taken for granted, but as a group they slow the buildup of pest populations and keep some pests from reaching economic levels.

Departments: Entomology
Series: Entomology (ENT series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 1.70 mb
Pages: 24



PPFS-AG-T-1

Pythium Root Rot in Tobacco Float Systems

5/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Pythium root rot is the most common disease found in tobacco float beds in Kentucky; it can cause severe losses or delays in transplanting. Damage caused by this disease can be minimized through a combination of sound management practices and timely application of fungicide.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tobacco Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-T series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, tobacco
Size: 883 kb
Pages: 3



ID-172

An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Pests of Solanaceous Crops in Kentucky

4/29/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Kenny Seebold, John Strang

Proper identification of pathogens and insect pests as well as nutritional and physiologic disorders and even herbicide drift is essential to determining the proper course of action. The pictures included in this guide represent some common pests or problems that growers may encounter when producing solanaceous crops (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and potatoes) in Kentucky.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 2.00 mb
Pages: 32



PR-622

Soybean Management Verification Program, 2010

4/6/2011 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Lloyd Murdock, Jason Sarver, Greg Schwab

The 2010 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) consisted of 16 fields across western Kentucky which were split to give seven direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producer practices for soybean production.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 20



PPFS-AG-S-12

Seed Treatment Fungicides for Soybeans: Issues to Consider

4/1/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Kentucky soybean producers frequently ask the question "Is it advisable to treat soybean seed with fungicides?" There is no pat answer to this question because of the many variables involved. Historically, soybean has not been treated to the same extent that corn and wheat have in the U.S. There are many good reasons for this, and some of them are discussed below. However, the trend is toward greater use of fungicide seed treatment on soybean, both in Kentucky and nationally.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 400 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-AG-SG-12

The Importance of Scouting Wheat for Plant Diseases

4/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Don Hershman

For a variety of reasons, few Kentucky wheat producers place much emphasis on scouting their wheat diseases. Time and labor constraints (for do-it-yourselfers), the cost of hiring a crop consultant, and indifference to the need for scouting rank among the top reasons why this is the case. However, scouting is essential for those interested in managing diseases using an integrated approach.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 195 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-SG-6

Preplant Decisions Greatly Impact Disease Potential in Wheat

4/1/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Kentucky wheat producers have a majority of their disease management program in place once the seed is in the ground. By that time, decisions have been made regarding the length of time since the last wheat crop, tillage method and seedbed preparation, variety selection, seed quality, seed treatment, planting date, seeding rate, seeding method, and fall fertility. Individually and collectively, these decisions play an important role in determining which diseases might develop, their severity, and their potential impact on crop yield, test weight, and grain quality. Because pre-plant and planting decisions are so important in the management of wheat diseases, you need to understand how they influence disease development.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 413 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-13

Late Blight of Tomato

4/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Late blight is an extremely important and damaging disease of tomatoes and potatoes, and can be found nearly anywhere these crops are produced. Total crop failures are common with this disease. In the United States, significant losses occur each year--mainly in northeastern and north-central states. However, serious outbreaks have been reported in the southeastern U.S. as well.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 565 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-14

Recognizing Late Blight on Tomato Seedlings

4/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Tomato seedlings that have late blight when transplanted can serve as sources of inoculum (spores) that can spread to nearby gardens and commercial plantings, so every measure should be taken to prevent these plants from making it to the field. The added threat is that sources of disease are introduced early in the tomato production season, magnifying the potential for heavy losses in seasons that favor late blight.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 436 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-VG-8

Gummy Stem Blight and Black Rot of Cucurbits

4/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Gummy stem blight is an important disease of cucurbits in many parts of Kentucky. Under conditions favorable to disease development, commercial growers and home gardeners may experience heavy losses. This disease can occur at any point in plant growth, from seedling stage to fruit in storage. Gummy stem blight is the name given to the disease when leaves and stems are infected. Muskmelon (cantaloupe), cucumber, and watermelon are most commonly affected by this phase of the disease. Black rot refers to the same disease on fruit; it is seen less often than the foliar phase.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 584 kb
Pages: 3



AGR-201

Switchgrass for Biomass Production in Kentucky

3/14/2011 (new)
Authors: Laura Schwer, Kenton Sena, Ray Smith

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunch-type grass native to the North American Tallgrass Prairie that has been investigated as a bioenergy crop due to its adaptation to a wide range of environmental conditions and soil types as well as its high stable yields. Switchgrass is recommended for soil conservation and wildlife habitat in both monoculture and in mixed stands of native warm-season grasses and forbs as well as for summer grazing in pasture systems and as a hay crop for cattle.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 8



PR-605

Soybean Management Verification Program, 2009

3/14/2011 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Lloyd Murdock, Jason Sarver, Greg Schwab

The 2009 Soybean Management Verification Program (SoyMVP) consisted of 16 fields across Western Kentucky, which were split to give eight direct comparisons between University of Kentucky recommendations and producer practices for soybean production.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 780 kb
Pages: 24



PPFS-VG-4

Phytophthora Blight of Cucurbits and Peppers

3/1/2011 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Under ideal conditions, Phytophthora blight is an aggressive, fast moving disease that can cause extensive losses. This disease has become increasingly problematic on cucurbits and solanaceous crops in the United States. During the past decade, Phytophthora blight has been causing significant losses in several major vegetable production areas of the U.S. In Kentucky, serious outbreaks have been reported on summer squash, winter squash, cucumbers, watermelons, and peppers.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 544 kb
Pages: 5



CCD-CP-37

Organic Corn for Feed or Food

2/14/2011 (new)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Organic white and yellow food grade corn is produced for use in organic cereals, tortillas, corn chips, snack foods, cornmeal, and other corn-based processed products. Organic corn is also used as animal feed in organic beef, dairy, poultry, and hog production

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, organic production, production practices, vegetables
Size: 467 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-AG-SG-4

Wheat Spindle Streak Mosaic Virus (WSSMV)

2/1/2011 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Wheat spindle streak mosaic (WSSM), also known as wheat yellow mosaic, is a common virus disease that affects only wheat. In most years, WSSM has little to no impact on crops grown in Kentucky. However, significant yield damage can occur in highly susceptible varieties when conditions favor infection and subsequent disease development.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 308 kb
Pages: 3



PR-617

2010 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

1/3/2011 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Cool-season grasses such as tall fescue and orchardgrass are the primary pasture grasses in Kentucky. Other species such as perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and prairie brome can be used in pasture systems. Little is known about the effect of variety on the grazing tolerance of these cool-season grass species.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 12



PR-618

2010 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

1/3/2011 (new)
Authors: Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, tall fescue, and orchardgrass are dominant pasture grasses for horses in Kentucky. Variety evaluations for yield have been carried out for many years, but little work has been done to establish the effect of variety on persistence when subjected to close, continuous grazing by horses.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 365 kb
Pages: 6



PR-619

2010 Summer Annual Grass Report

1/3/2011 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2010 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 8



CCD-CP-115

Rhubarb

12/20/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Matthew Ernst, Cheryl Kaiser

Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum) is a winter-hardy herbaceous perennial grown for its edible leaf stalks. The tart-flavored stalks are most commonly used in pies, often in combination with strawberries for added sweetness. The leaves themselves are not eaten, either cooked or raw, as they contain toxic levels of oxalic acid.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology
Series: Crop Profiles: Center for Crop Diversification (CCD-CP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 747 kb
Pages: 2



PR-608

2010 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/20/2010 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, Sandra Bastin, Julie Beale, Steve Berberich, Ric Bessin, Bob Caudle, Jennie Condra, Tim Coolong, Leighia Eggett, Vaden Fenton, Lucas Hanks, John Hartman, Nathan Howell, Kelly Jackson, June Johnston, Chlodys Johnstone, Patrick Kelley, Katie Kittrell, Janet Lensing, Amy Lentz Poston, Sara Long, Patty Lucas, Sean Lynch, Logan Minter, John Obrycki, Janet Pfeiffer, Sutapa Roy, Marc Ruberg, Rebecca Schnelle, Delia Scott, Kenny Seebold, Pam Sigler, Darrell Slone, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Joseph Tucker, Sarah Vanek, Jeff Wheeler, John Wilhoit, Mark Williams, Patsy Wilson, Dwight Wolfe

Fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky continues to grow. The 2010 Fruit and Vegetable crops research report includes results for more than 34 field research and demonstration trials that were conducted in 20 counties in Kentucky.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, County Extension, Entomology, Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture, Kentucky State University, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 70



PR-614

2010 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/15/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 290 kb
Pages: 8



PR-615

2010 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/15/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Recent emphasis on its use as a grazing crop and the release of grazing-tolerant varieties have raised the following question: Do varieties differ in tolerance to grazing? We have chosen to use the standard tolerance test recommended by the North American Alfalfa Improvement Conference. This test uses continuous heavy grazing to sort out differences in grazing tolerance in a relatively short period of time.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 260 kb
Pages: 4



PR-616

2010 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/15/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two and a half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield and animal acceptance.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 260 kb
Pages: 4



PR-609

2010 Alfalfa Report

12/6/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 12



PR-610

2010 Red and White Clover Report

12/6/2010 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two-and-a-half to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 260 kb
Pages: 8



PR-611

2010 Orchardgrass Report

12/6/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life. It produces an open, bunchtype sod, making it very compatible with alfalfa or red clover as a pasture and hay crop or as habitat for wildlife.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 260 kb
Pages: 8



PR-612

2010 Tall Fescue and Brome Report

12/6/2010 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a productive, well-adapted, persistent, soil-conserving, cool-season grass that is grown on approximately 5.5 million acres in Kentucky. This grass, used for both hay and pasture, is the forage base of most of Kentucky's livestock enterprises, particularly beef cattle.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 12



PR-613

2010 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/6/2010 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrasses are increasing in use across Kentucky as more winter-hardy varieties are released and promoted. Annual ryegrass is productive for three to four months and is used primarily for late fall and early-to-late spring pasture.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 12



PR-607

2010 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/3/2010 (new)
Authors: Kolter Kalberg, Eugene Lacefield

The Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 452 kb
Pages: 28



PPFS-VG-7

Fruit Rots of Cucurbits

11/1/2010 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Vegetables in the cucurbit family include cucumber, muskmelon (cantaloupe), summer squash, winter squash, and pumpkin. The following diseases primarily affect the fruit of these crops and can result in losses in commercial fields and home gardens.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 315 kb
Pages: 5



PR-606

2010 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/28/2010 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 424 kb
Pages: 24



AEC-96

An Introduction to Futures Hedging for Grain Producers

8/12/2010 (new)
Authors: Collin Allgood, Leigh Maynard, Cory Walters

This guide is written for farm producers who want to know the basics of how futures markets operate and how to use them for protection against the risk of falling prices.

Departments: Agricultural Economics
Series: Agricultural Economics (AEC series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 1.36 mb
Pages: 12



AEN-97

Pallet Rack Structures for Curing Burley Tobacco

7/29/2010 (new)
Authors: Dave Ash, George Duncan, John Wilhoit

Curing facilities for housing tobacco can be expensive. However, using pallet racks for suspending stick tobacco, a recently developed technique for curing burley tobacco, can offer tobacco growers an alternative that substantially reduces long-term investment.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 513 kb
Pages: 6



PR-604

2010 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/16/2010 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. Annual evaluation of small grain varieties and selections provides farmers, seed producers, and other agricultural workers with current information to help them select the varieties best adapted to their locality and individual requirements.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 339 kb
Pages: 16



PPFS-AG-S-10

Soybean Loss Prediction Tool for Managing Soybean Rust

7/1/2010 (new)
Authors: Don Hershman, Joseph Omielan

Soybean rust (SBR), caused by the fungus, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, is a potentially devastating foliar disease of soybean. The disease was first detected in the Continental United States in the fall of 2004. Since that time, it has caused only sporadic yield losses in the U.S., primarily in the Gulf States. However, the potential still exists for devastating losses to occur in all soybean producing areas of the U.S. should the proper combination of weather conditions come together to support significant disease development by mid-summer. Currently, the only way to avert significant yield loss caused by SBR when disease risk is high is by applying foliar fungicides.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 656 kb
Pages: 4



HO-6

Peach Cultivar Performance

6/14/2010 (major revision)
Authors: John Strang, Dwight Wolfe

The commercial success of a peach orchard depends largely on selecting cultivars that will perform reliably and meet market needs. Although many fruit and tree characteristics are presented in this report, the final cultivar selection should be determined by the grower. A grower may be influenced by soil type, local climate, or marketing methods and prefer a cultivar that is not a general favorite. Growers should have test plots of two to four trees of new cultivars to help them judge the performance in their orchard.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 275 kb
Pages: 6



PPFS-AG-S-23

Soybean Rust Fungicide Use Guidelines

6/1/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Effective use of fungicides to control soybean rust is not very complicated. The whole idea is to wait to spray until the soybean rust risk is at least moderate, and make a fungicide application before significant infection has occurred. This means applying fungicides when plant pathologists in and around Kentucky are "sounding the alarm," but before symptoms are evident. Many soybean producers in the deep South have been using fungicides to control soybean rust since 2005 with considerable success. I believe we will have the same experience if it ever becomes necessary to apply fungicides for soybean rust in Kentucky.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 473 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-191

Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management

5/18/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Adam Probst, Ray Smith

Good management of livestock feeding enterprises requires an understanding of feed inventories and their use. This publication is intended to help producers meet animal forage needs in a rotational grazing system by mastering the use of a grazing stick to estimate pasture yield and pasture allocation.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops
Size: 350 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-SG-1

Take-All of Wheat

5/1/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Bachi, Don Hershman

"Take-all" is the common name of a root, crown, and basal stem (foot) rot that primarily affects wheat, but can also affect barley, oats, rye, as well as other grass crops and weeds. The disease has been known to destroy entire stands of wheat, thus the name. Barley, oats, rye, and other grass crops, however, have not been seriously impacted in Kentucky. Take-all is most common where susceptible crops are grown continuously without adequate rotation, or in fields where weedy grass hosts were not controlled in non-host crops, and were subsequently sown to wheat. The disease is rarely a serious problem in Kentucky due to excellent weed control practices, as well as the widespread adoption of cropping systems where wheat is produced, at most, every other year.

Departments:
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 248 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-SG-2

Wheat Bacterial Streak

5/1/2010 (new)
Authors: Paul Bachi, Don Hershman

Occasionally, wheat leaves and spikes are invaded by the bacterium, Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens. When leaf tissue is affected, the resulting disease is known as bacterial streak. When the bacterium invades the head, the disease is called black chaff. While this disease has primarily been a problem in the lower mid-South, it is often found in Kentucky in fields that have been impacted by strong winds with blowing soil or following a damaging freeze.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Grains Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-SG series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains
Size: 247 kb
Pages: 3



ID-77

Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky

4/22/2010 (major revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, John Strang

Kentucky is generally well suited for growing nut trees. Northern pecans, black walnuts, heartnuts, hickory nuts, hardy Persian walnuts (Carpathian strain), American hazelnuts, and Chinese chestnuts all grow well in the state. Although most nut trees are grown by hobbyists and backyard gardeners, several varieties appear to have potential for commercial production, particularly some of the USDA pecan selections and some Chinese chestnut varieties.

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 680 kb
Pages: 24



PPFS-AG-S-13

Soybean Diseases Control Series: Soybean Cyst Nematode

1/1/2010 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) exists virtually everywhere soybean is grown in Kentucky. The pest is insidious in that significant yield damage often occurs without the appearance of visible disease symptoms. This is an extremely important point because it suggests that farmers are frequently unaware that SCN is active and doing damage in a field.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 336 kb
Pages: 4



PR-597

2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/21/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, and other species when they are subjected to continuous, heavy grazing pressure by cattle within the grazing season. The main focus will be on plant stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 294 kb
Pages: 12



PR-598

2009 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report: Tolerance to Horses

12/21/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

The purpose of this report is to summarize current research on the grazing tolerance of varieties of tall fescue, orchardgrass, and other species when subjected to continuous heavy grazing pressure by horses within the grazing season. The main focus will be on stand survival.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 313 kb
Pages: 6



ID-159

Corn and Soybean Production Calendar

12/16/2009 (reprinted)
Authors: Ric Bessin, J.D. Green, Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, Doug Johnson, Chad Lee, Jim Martin, Lloyd Murdock, Steve Riggins, Greg Schwab, Tim Stombaugh, Paul Vincelli

The Corn and Soybean Production Calendar was developed to help producers prioritize and schedule work events in a timely fashion on the farm. Weather events and equipment breakdowns rarely follow an organized schedule. However, if other practices within the farming operation are prioritized, perhaps a producer can better address the emergencies that will occur.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 650 kb
Pages: 12



PR-592

2009 Tall Fescue and Brome Report

12/15/2009 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

This report provides current yield data on tall fescue varieties and similar grass species in trials in Kentucky, as well as guidelines for selecting tall fescue varieties.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 283 kb
Pages: 10



PR-599

2009 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report

12/15/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Kentucky's pasture and hay acres are largely seeded in cool-season species. This practice results in a natural decline in midsummer production and often limits livestock production. High-yielding, native warm-season perennial grasses are viable options for Kentucky livestock enterprises and the emerging biomass market and provide an additional benefit of wildlife habitat.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 227 kb
Pages: 4



PR-601

2009 Summer Annual Grass Report

12/15/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2007-2009 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 230 kb
Pages: 6



PR-603

2009 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/11/2009 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Paul Bachi, Julie Beale, Tim Coolong, Vaden Fenton, John Hartman, Ryan Hays, Otto Hoffman, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, June Johnston, Terry Jones, Amy Lentz Poston, Sara Long, Brandon O'Daniel, Janet Pfeiffer, Rebecca Schnelle, Kenny Seebold, Pam Sigler, Darrell Slone, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, Crystal Sparks, John Strang, Ginny Travis, Richard Warner, Jeff Wheeler, John Wilhoit, Patsy Wilson, Dwight Wolfe

The 2009 Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report includes results for more than 45 field research and demonstration trials that were conducted in 19 counties in Kentucky. Many of these reports include data on varietal performance as well as different production methods in an effort to provide growers with better tools that they can use to improve fruit and vegetable production in Kentucky.

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Family and Consumer Sciences, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 850 kb
Pages: 56



PR-591

2009 Orchardgrass Report

12/10/2009 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Orchardgrass (Dactylus glomerata) is a high-quality, productive, cool-season grass that is well adapted to Kentucky conditions. This grass is used for pasture, hay, green chop, and silage, but it requires better management than tall fescue for greater yields, higher quality, and longer stand life.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 244 kb
Pages: 8



PR-594

2009 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium Report

12/10/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are high-quality, productive cool-season grasses used in Kentucky. Both have exceptionally high seedling vigor and are highly palatable to livestock.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 269 kb
Pages: 8



PR-589

2009 Alfalfa Report

11/24/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has historically been the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets. Choosing a good variety is a key step in establishing a stand of alfalfa. The choice of variety can impact yield, thickness of stand, and persistence.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 309 kb
Pages: 12



PR-590

2009 Red and White Clover Report

11/24/2009 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a high-quality, short-lived, perennial legume that is used in mixed or pure stands for pasture, hay, silage, green chop, soil improvement, and wildlife habitat. This species is adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. Stands of improved varieties are generally productive for two to three years, with the highest yields occurring in the year following establishment. Red clover is used primarily as a renovation legume for grass pastures. It is a dominant forage legume in Kentucky because it is relatively easy to establish and has high forage quality, high yield, and animal acceptance.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 271 kb
Pages: 12



PR-593

2009 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

11/24/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the fourth most widely sown cool-season perennial grass used in Kentucky for forage after tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. It is a late-maturing bunchgrass that is primarily harvested as hay, particularly for horses. It can be used for grazing or wildlife habitat.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 230 kb
Pages: 8



PR-595

2009 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

11/24/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the highest yielding, highest quality forage legume grown in Kentucky. It forms the basis of Kentucky's cash hay enterprise and is an important component in dairy, horse, beef, and sheep diets.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 216 kb
Pages: 4



PR-596

2009 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

11/24/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens) are both high-quality forage legumes that are used primarily in mixed stands with tall fescue or orchardgrass for improving yield and quality of pastures.

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 214 kb
Pages: 4



PR-588

2009 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/22/2009 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield

The Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests are conducted to provide an unbiased, objective estimate of the relative performance of soybean varieties in Kentucky. This information may be used by growers and seed producers to aid in selecting varieties that will give the highest total production in a specific situation.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 452 kb
Pages: 28



PR-587

2009 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/18/2009 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

The objective of the Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test is to provide performance estimates of hybrid seed corn sold in Kentucky. The test has been conducted in an unbiased manner according to accepted agronomic practices.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 434 kb
Pages: 24



AGR-48

Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky

9/18/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health
Size: 300 kb
Pages: 6



ID-177

Comparing No-Till and Tilled Wheat in Kentucky

8/26/2009 (new)
Authors: Dottie Call, Larry Grabau, John Grove, Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, John James, Doug Johnson, Jim Martin, Lloyd Murdock, Dave Van Sanford

Historically, wheat planting in Kentucky has involved tillage. With conventional tillage practices, most residues from the previous crop are cut and buried prior to seeding wheat. No-till wheat planting eliminates tillage and reduces soil erosion, particularly on sloping soils, as well as reducing labor, machinery, and energy costs.

Departments: Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 233 kb
Pages: 10



PR-586

2009 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/10/2009 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety performance test is to evaluate varieties of wheat and barley that are commercially available or may soon be available to Kentucky farmers. New varieties are continually being developed by agricultural experiment stations and commercial firms.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 580 kb
Pages: 16



PPFS-AG-F-5

Crown Rots of Alfalfa

5/1/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Crown rots are chronic disease problems of alfalfa throughout the world. Crown rots cause loss of stand and forage yield in several ways. If the crowns are rotted severely enough, infected plants will die simply by being choked off. Carbohydrates for winter survival are stored in the crown and upper taproot. By rotting this area, crown rots also make alfalfa plants more sensitive to winter kill. Some crown rot fungi produce toxins, thus weakening or even killing the plant.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 239 kb
Pages: 2



PR-585

2008 Summer Annual Grass Report

4/22/2009 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Summer annual grasses provide an important forage crop option for producers in Kentucky. These grasses are mainly used as emergency or supplemental hay and pasture crops, but little information is available on their yield potential. The purpose of this publication is to summarize the University of Kentucky 2008 forage yield trials with sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, millets, and teff.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 129 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-145

Warm Season Perennial Grasses for Forages in Kentucky

3/10/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Tom Keene, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Native warm-season perennial grasses are well adapted for production in Kentucky's climate and soils. In this publication, native warm-season perennial grasses that have the greatest forage potential for Kentucky are described. Management techniques necessary to establish stands and keep them productive are also discussed.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health
Size: 1.64 mb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-F-3

Common Alfalfa Seedling Diseases and Disorders

3/1/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli

Alfalfa seedlings are subject to a number of biotic and abiotic problems which can affect establishment. Several of the more common seedling diseases and disorders are described below. This information is being provided as a diagnostic aid; publications which provide specific management and production information can be found in the resource list.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 115 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-S-8

Value of Wheat Residue in Soybean Cyst Nematode Management

3/1/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman

Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines) is the most widespread and significant pest of soybean in Kentucky. SCN is managed primarily by rotating fields to non-host crops (such as corn) and using SCN-resistant varieties. However, for a variety of reasons, producers occasionally desire to plant a SCN-susceptible variety.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Soybean Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-S series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases, small grains, soybeans
Size: 218 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-AG-F-4

"Emergency" Inoculation for Poorly Inoculated Legumes

2/1/2009 (minor revision)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli

Frequently, stunted and yellowed legumes are thought by growers to be diseased. Close examination often reveals that such "diseased" plants are actually just poorly nodulated.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 187 kb
Pages: 3



PR-573

2008 Alfalfa Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 250 kb
Pages: 10



PR-574

2008 Red and White Clover Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 230 kb
Pages: 10



PR-575

2008 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 6



PR-576

2008 Orchardgrass Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 216 kb
Pages: 6



PR-577

2008 Tall Fescue and Brome Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 235 kb
Pages: 8



PR-578

2008 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 226 kb
Pages: 8



PR-579

2008 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 197 kb
Pages: 4



PR-580

2008 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 6



PR-581

2008 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 246 kb
Pages: 12



PR-582

2008 Cool Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 6



PR-583

2008 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report

12/3/2008 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 197 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-F-2

Risk Factors for Sclerotinia Crown and Stem Rot in Fall-Seeded Alfalfa

12/1/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Alfalfa seeded during late summer or fall is susceptible to the destructive disease Sclerotinia crown and stem rot. Fall-seeded stands are particularly vulnerable to this disease because the young seedlings have not had sufficient time to develop adequate resistance before infectious spores of the pathogen are produced in late October. In contrast, spring-seeded stands are able to develop larger, more resistant crowns prior to this infectious period. Thus, spring plantings are better able to withstand an attack, should these air-borne spores be present in the field.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 280 kb
Pages: 3



PR-572

2008 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/1/2008 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Tim Coolong, Tom Cottrell, Rick Durham, Vaden Fenton, John Hartman, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, Wuyang Hu, Dewayne Ingram, Terry Jones, Kaan Kurtural, Joe Masabni, Kenny Seebold, Bonnie Sigmon, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Paul Vincelli, Richard Warner, John Wilhoit, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 800 kb
Pages: 72



PR-570

2008 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/6/2008 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.17 mb
Pages: 86



PPFS-AG-F-1

Summertime Foliar Diseases of Alfalfa

11/1/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Warm, humid weather can favor development of foliar diseases of alfalfa during summer.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 194 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-AG-F-6

Alfalfa Diseases Caused by Rhizoctonia Fungi

11/1/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Rhizoctonia fungi, particularly Rhizoctonia solani, are found in most agricultural soils in Kentucky. These fungi are natural soil inhabitants that colonize and live on dead organic matter. Under the right environmental conditions, the Rhizoctonia organisms are often able to attack living plants, including alfalfa. When warm, wet conditions prevail, Rhizoctonia fungi can cause just about every conceivable type of alfalfa disease.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Forage Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-F series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 294 kb
Pages: 3



PR-569

2008 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

10/30/2008 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 380 kb
Pages: 28



PPFS-AG-C-1

Diseases of Concern in Continuous Corn

10/1/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Don Hershman, Paul Vincelli

Although most corn in Kentucky is planted following a rotation to other crops, individual producers are often interested in planting corn following corn. In these situations, one of the main concerns voiced by producers is increased pressure from diseases, and rightfully so. Crop rotation is one of the most fundamental disease control practices available. Rotating to other crops deprives pathogens (disease-causing microorganisms) of a food source and exposes them to "starvation." Furthermore, as infested crop residues decompose, pathogens are exposed to antagonism by native soil microbes. These mechanisms have the effect of naturally reducing the populations of many pathogens in the soil.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases
Size: 233 kb
Pages: 4



PPFS-AG-C-2

Seed and Seedling Diseases of Corn

10/1/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Corn seeds and seedlings are susceptible to infection by a number of soilborne fungi. When planted into cool, wet soils, seeds may decay before or after germination. Affected plants that survive past the seedling stage may go on to produce an ear if nodal roots develop normally, although stunting and reduced ear size can occur as a result of seedling diseases. Severely affected plants may die during stressful weather as the result of an inadequate root system.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Corn Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-AG-C series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, plant diseases
Size: 160 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-FR-S-14

Fruit Rots of Grape

10/1/2008 (new)
Authors: John Hartman, Cheryl Kaiser

Kentucky's typically wet springs and warm, humid summers favor the development of several fruit rots of grape. These include anthracnose, bitter rot, black rot, Botrytis bunch rot, ripe rot, and sour rot.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 358 kb
Pages: 7



PPFS-FR-S-13

Downy Mildew of Grape

9/1/2008 (new)
Authors: Julie Beale, John Hartman, Cheryl Kaiser

Downy mildew is an important disease of commercial and backyard grapes in Kentucky. This disease causes direct losses when flowers, clusters, and shoots decay and yields are reduced. Indirect losses result when premature defoliation predisposes grapevines to winter injury. It may take a vineyard several years to fully recover after severe winter injury.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 282 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-S-9

Poor Fruit Set in Brambles

9/1/2008 (new)
Authors: John Hartman

Poor fruit set and sterility commonly occur on bramble fruits (red raspberries, black raspberries, and blackberries) both in commercial and home plantings. Typically the fruit fails to develop or small misshapen berries form. When an insufficient number of drupelets fully develop, they tend to separate so that the fruit "crumbles" when picked. This symptom, referred to as "crumbly berry," is another common result of poor fruit set.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 234 kb
Pages: 4



PR-568

2008 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Performance Test

7/11/2008 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Nicole Mundell, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 20



HO-81

Ornamental Corn Production

7/10/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tim Coolong, Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, Kenny Seebold, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 1.23 mb
Pages: 12



PPFS-FR-S-7

Phytophthora Root Rot of Brambles

7/1/2008 (new)
Authors: John Hartman

Brambles that are subjected to wet soil conditions or periods of flooding are often predisposed to Phytophthora root rot. Excess water not only promotes susceptibility of roots to this disease, but also aids the fungus in moving to new infection sites. Phytophthora root rot is primarily a disease of raspberries; however, it can also occur on blackberries.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 296 kb
Pages: 2



PPFS-VG-6

Bacterial Canker of Tomato

7/1/2008 (new)
Authors: Kenny Seebold

Bacterial canker is a potentially serious disease of tomato that can occur in commercial plantings and home gardens. This infectious disease is capable of spreading rapidly, resulting in devastating losses. It is a particularly difficult disease to manage because not only is there no cure, but the pathogen can be hard to eradicate once it has been introduced into a greenhouse, garden, or field.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Vegetable Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-VG series)
Tags: farm crops, plant diseases, vegetables
Size: 392 kb
Pages: 3



PPFS-FR-S-8

Strawberry Fruit Rots

6/1/2008 (new)
Authors: John Hartman, Cheryl Kaiser

Strawberry fruit rot diseases often make it difficult to obtain high yields of quality berries. Kentucky's typically moist springtime growing conditions favor these diseases, which often begin with infections of flowers at bloom. Diseases causing the decay of developing and ripe strawberries include gray mold, leather rot, and anthracnose.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 274 kb
Pages: 5



HO-66

Commercial Asparagus Production

2/13/2008 (minor revision)
Authors: John Strang

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 875 kb
Pages: 8



PPFS-FR-S-10

Blueberry Diseases

1/1/2008 (new)
Authors: Paul Bachi, Julie Beale, John Hartman, Sara Long

Kentucky blueberry growers sometimes experience plant and crop losses due to diseases. While most losses are due to root rot, or to stem and twig canker diseases, fruit rots and nutritional problems can also reduce yields. With good crop management, most blueberry diseases can be avoided.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 292 kb
Pages: 4



PR-560

2007 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 148 kb
Pages: 7



PR-561

2007 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 143 kb
Pages: 4



PR-562

2007 Red and White Clover Report

12/15/2007 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 191 kb
Pages: 10



PR-563

2007 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

12/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 165 kb
Pages: 8



PR-557

2007 Orchardgrass Report

12/12/2007 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 162 kb
Pages: 4



PR-558

2007 Tall Fescue Report

12/12/2007 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 177 kb
Pages: 8



PR-559

2007 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/12/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 133 kb
Pages: 4



PR-555

2007 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

11/29/2007 (new)
Authors: Doug Archbold, Tim Coolong, Tom Cottrell, Courtney Flood, John Hartman, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, Wuyang Hu, Terry Jones, Kaan Kurtural, Joe Masabni, Kenny Seebold, Bonnie Sigmon, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Richard Warner, John Wilhoit, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.40 mb
Pages: 92



PR-556

2007 Alfalfa Report

11/16/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 205 kb
Pages: 10



PR-564

2007 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

11/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 211 kb
Pages: 12



PR-565

2007 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

11/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 213 kb
Pages: 8



PR-567

2007 Native Warm-Season Perrenial Grasses Report

11/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 138 kb
Pages: 4



PR-553

2007 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/8/2007 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 800 kb
Pages: 34



PR-552

2007 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/1/2007 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 360 kb
Pages: 24



HO-87

Vineyard Site Selection in Kentucky Based on Climate and Soil Properties

10/5/2007 (new)
Authors: Kaan Kurtural, Patsy Wilson

Commercial wine grapes have recently emerged as an alternative crop in Kentucky after laws evolved encouraging private entrepreneurs to invest in vineyards and small farm wineries many decades after prohibition shut down the industry. Grapes grown in Kentucky are exposed to biotic and abiotic stresses that reduce crop yields and quality or kill grapevines. Damaging winter temperatures, spring frosts, and higher than optimal growing temperatures occur regularly. Despite these challenges, grape growing is a successful enterprise in many areas of the state.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, soil and land
Size: 290 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-196

Double Crop Curing Dark Fired Tobacco

9/18/2007 (new)
Authors: Andy Bailey

Double crop curing is the practice of curing two crops of tobacco in the same barn and growing season. The practice of double crop curing has been utilized by some dark-fired tobacco growers for several years but has increased in recent years as growers have attempted to consolidate operations a nd incre a se efficienc y of production. Tobacco buying companies have started accepting the crop earlier than in the past to better accommodate this practice.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 190 kb
Pages: 6



HO-88

Viticultural Regions and Suggested Cultivars in Kentucky

9/14/2007 (new)
Authors: Kaan Kurtural, Patsy Wilson

Grapes grown in Kentucky are subject to environmental stresses that reduce crop yield and quality, and injure and kill grapevines. Damaging critical winter temperatures, late spring frosts, short growing seasons, and extreme summer temperatures all occur with regularity in regions of Kentucky. However, despite the challenging climate, certain species and cultivars of grapes are grown commercially in Kentucky. The aim of this bulletin is to describe the macroclimatic features affecting grape production that should be evaluated in the site selection process and to shorten the trial and error process of finding the best cultivar and climate match.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 1.10 mb
Pages: 6



HO-86

Crop Estimation in Vineyards

8/15/2007 (new)
Authors: Kaan Kurtural, Brandon O'Daniel

Viticulture is becoming a successful alternative cropping system in Kentucky due to the increased demand for locally grown grapes and their profitability. However, the sustainability of the industry is hindered by insufficient experience on estimating crop size of hybrid and vinifera cultivars in a region that is subject to frequent damaging winter and spring temperatures.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 307 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-192

Evaluating Early Season Frost Damage in Corn

7/27/2007 (new)
Authors: Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 160 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-193

Evaluating Flood Damage in Corn

7/27/2007 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Lloyd Murdock, Greg Schwab

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 160 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-194

Estimating Hail Damage in Corn

7/27/2007 (new)
Authors: Chad Lee

Hail is precipitation in the form of irregular shapes of ice. Hail can shred leaves off corn plants, bruise stalks, and turn a beautiful field of corn into bare stalks with a few ragged leaves. The initial sight of hail damage is sickening to any farmer. Small corn, with the growing point below the soil surface (see corn staging below) is highly tolerant to hail damage. As the growing point moves above the soil surface and the corn plant gets closer to tasseling, corn becomes more susceptible to hail damage. Corn is most susceptible to hail damage from the period just prior to tasseling through early milk. Once corn passes the early milk stage, it becomes more tolerant to hail damage.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 170 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-195

Replanting Options for Corn

7/27/2007 (new)
Authors: J.D. Green, Jim Herbek, Chad Lee, Jim Martin, Paul Vincelli

Evaluating damaged corn stands and determining when to replant is often a difficult task. Survival, health, and expected yield of the current stand must be weighed against replanting costs, additional management, and expected yield of a replanted crop. The options are rarely clear-cut because damaged corn is rarely uniform throughout the field. The following information will help when making evaluations and management decisions.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 194 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-154

Dark Tobacco Sucker Control

7/11/2007 (minor revision)
Authors: Andy Bailey

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 163 kb
Pages: 2



PR-551

2007 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Test

7/11/2007 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Nicole Mundell, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 812 kb
Pages: 20



PPFS-FR-T-9

Peach Fruit Diseases

6/1/2007 (new)
Authors: John Hartman

Peaches are grown in many Kentucky orchards for local fresh market sales. Fruit diseases, often resulting in decayed peaches, are a serious problem, especially during warm, humid, rainy weather conditions.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Tree Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-T series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 277 kb
Pages: 5



HO-16

Strawberry Production in Kentucky

2/25/2007 (minor revision)
Authors: Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, John Strang

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 340 kb
Pages: 10



PR-547

2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

1/26/2007 (reprinted)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 242 kb
Pages: 12



HO-85

Honeyvine Milkweed Control in Tree Fruits, Small Fruits, and Grapes

1/19/2007 (new)
Authors: Joe Masabni

Honeyvine milkweed is a perennial weed commonly found in Kentucky fields, groves, and orchards. In general, honeyvine milkweed is a difficult weed to control due to its extensive taproot system and rapid growth rate. It is especially difficult to control in permanent crop situations such as plantings of apples, blueberries, and grapes. This is due to the fact that soil tillage is not practiced in orchards, blueberry fields, or vineyards, which would otherwise destroy the root system of honeyvine milkweed and prevent it from getting established.

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 320 kb
Pages: 8



PR-538

2006 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tom Cottrell, Rick Durham, John Hartman, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, Terry Jones, Kaan Kurtural, Joe Masabni, Dan Potter, Brent Rowell, Amanda Sears, Kenny Seebold, Bonnie Sigmon, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.34 mb
Pages: 82



PR-542

2006 Orchardgrass Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 182 kb
Pages: 8



PR-543

2006 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 147 kb
Pages: 6



PR-544

2006 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 158 kb
Pages: 6



PR-545

2006 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 136 kb
Pages: 4



PR-546

2006 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 136 kb
Pages: 4



PR-548

2006 Cool Season Grass Grazing Report, Tolerance to Horses

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 189 kb
Pages: 6



PR-549

2006 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report

12/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 136 kb
Pages: 4



PR-539

2006 Alfalfa Report

12/6/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 212 kb
Pages: 8



PR-540

2006 Red and White Clover Report

12/6/2006 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 197 kb
Pages: 10



PR-541

2006 Tall Fescue Report

12/6/2006 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 184 kb
Pages: 8



PR-536

2006 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/6/2006 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.20 mb
Pages: 93



PR-535

2006 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/2/2006 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 377 kb
Pages: 28



PPFS-FR-S-6

Orange Rust of Brambles

9/1/2006 (new)
Authors: John Hartman, Chris Smigell

Orange rust is a disease caused by one of two very similar fungi, Gymnoconia nitens in the Southeast, and Arthuriomyces peckianus in the Midwest. Both fungi, causing the same symptoms, may be active in Kentucky. In Kentucky, orange rust is severe on some wild and cultivated thorny blackberries. It infects black and purple raspberries and thornless blackberries somewhat, but is not known to infect red raspberries.

Departments: Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 232 kb
Pages: 2



PR-534

2006 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Test

7/15/2006 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Nicole Mundell, Gene Olson, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 284 kb
Pages: 20



AGR-172

Weed Management in Grass Pastures, Hayfields, and Other Farmstead Sites

6/30/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: J.D. Green, Jim Martin, Bill Witt

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, weeds
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 16



AGR-79

Producing Corn for Silage

3/20/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Garry Lacefield, Chad Lee, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 332 kb
Pages: 8



AGR-152

Harvesting, Curing, and Preparing Dark Fired Tobacco for Market

3/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Andy Bailey

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 284 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-153

Harvesting, Curing, and Preparing Dark Air Cured Tobacco for Market

3/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Andy Bailey

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 255 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-158

Dealing with Chemical Injury in Tobacco

3/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Andy Bailey, J.D. Green, Gary Palmer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 612 kb
Pages: 8



PR-522

2005 Alfalfa Report

1/20/2006 (reprinted)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 450 kb
Pages: 8



PR-523

2005 Orchardgrass Report

1/20/2006 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 177 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-187

Estimating Corn Yields

1/7/2006 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 135 kb
Pages: 2



PR-530

2005 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

1/7/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 243 kb
Pages: 10



PR-531

2005 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Tolerance Report

1/7/2006 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 178 kb
Pages: 6



PR-532

2005 Native Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Report

1/7/2006 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 206 kb
Pages: 4



PR-527

2005 Red and White Clover Report

1/5/2006 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 206 kb
Pages: 10



PR-528

2005 Annual and Perrenial Ryegrass Report

1/5/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 187 kb
Pages: 8



PR-529

2005 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

1/5/2006 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 130 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-162

Stockpiling for Fall and Winter Pasture

1/1/2006 (minor revision)
Authors: Roy Burris, Jimmy Henning, John Johns, Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops
Size: 187 kb
Pages: 4



PR-521

2005 Fruit and Vegetable Research Report

12/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Tom Cottrell, Rick Durham, John Hartman, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, Terry Jones, Kaan Kurtural, Joe Masabni, Brent Rowell, Christopher Schardl, Amanda Sears, Kenny Seebold, Bonnie Sigmon, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Paul Vincelli, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.56 mb
Pages: 98



PR-526

2005 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

12/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 154 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-188

Estimating Soybean Yields

12/15/2005 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 138 kb
Pages: 2



PR-525

2005 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report

12/15/2005 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 176 kb
Pages: 6



PR-524

2005 Tall Fescue Report

12/1/2005 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 6



PR-518

2005 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 370 kb
Pages: 28



PR-519

2005 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.09 mb
Pages: 97



HO-15

Growing Blackberries and Raspberries in Kentucky

11/1/2005 (minor revision)
Authors: Gerald Brown, Terry Jones, John Strang

Departments: County Extension, Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 325 kb
Pages: 12



HO-39

Reproducing Fruit Trees by Graftage Budding and Grafting

11/1/2005 (minor revision)
Authors: Leonard Stoltz, John Strang

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 789 kb
Pages: 8



PPFS-FR-S-1

Phomopsis Cane and Leaf Spot and Eutypa Dieback Diseases of Grape

11/1/2005 (minor revision)
Authors: Paul Bachi, John Hartman

"Cane and leaf spot" and "Eutypa dieback" were once thought to be the same disease. However, it is now known that each is a distinct disease caused by a different fungus. Grapes grown in areas where a moist environment persists are especially vulnerable to these fungal diseases.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 183 kb
Pages: 2



ID-156

Bt Basics for Vegetable Integrated Pest Management

8/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Brent Rowell

Departments: Entomology, Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 655 kb
Pages: 8



PR-517

2005 Small Grain Variety Performance Tests

8/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Bill Bruening, John Connelly, Carrie Knott, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 1.06 mb
Pages: 20



PR-516

2004 Native Warm Season Perennial Grasses Report

7/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 106 kb
Pages: 4



ID-155

Grain Farming Primer for Landowners

4/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Rodney Grusy, Steve Isaacs, Chad Lee

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 158 kb
Pages: 6



AEN-86

Movable Tobacco Curing Frames

4/1/2005 (new)
Authors: George Duncan, Larry Swetnam, Linus Walton

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 631 kb
Pages: 8



AGR-182

Specialty Soybeans

4/1/2005 (reprinted)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 312 kb
Pages: 6



HO-60

Growing Highbush Blueberries in Kentucky

3/15/2005 (reprinted)
Authors: John Strang

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Horticulture (HO series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 403 kb
Pages: 12



AGR-184

Predicting Soybean First Flowering Date

3/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Dennis Egli, Jim Herbek, Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, soybeans
Size: 270 kb
Pages: 2



PR-512

2004 Cool-Season Grass Horse Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

2/20/2005 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Ray Smith

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 538 kb
Pages: 6



PR-513

2004 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

2/20/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 275 kb
Pages: 4



PR-514

2004 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Report

2/20/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 284 kb
Pages: 4



PR-515

2004 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Report

2/20/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 555 kb
Pages: 14



PR-509

2004 Timothy Report

2/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 183 kb
Pages: 4



PR-510

2004 Tall Fescue Report

2/1/2005 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 279 kb
Pages: 6



PR-511

2004 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

2/1/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 329 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-183

Late-Season Frost Damage to Corn Grown for Silage

1/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Jim Herbek, Chad Lee

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops
Size: 135 kb
Pages: 2



PR-506

2004 Alfalfa Report

1/30/2005 (new)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 521 kb
Pages: 8



PR-507

2004 Orchardgrass Report

1/30/2005 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Tim Phillips, Ray Smith

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 277 kb
Pages: 6



PR-508

2004 Red and White Clover Report

1/30/2005 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Ray Smith, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 648 kb
Pages: 10



PR-504

2004 Fruit and Vegetable Report

12/15/2004 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Shane Bogle, Gerald Brown, John Hartman, Bob Houtz, Nathan Howard, Nathan Howell, Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, Bill Nesmith, Brent Rowell, Bonnie Sigmon, Chris Smigell, John Snyder, Dave Spalding, John Strang, Mark Williams, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1.90 mb
Pages: 74



PR-505

2004 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/1/2004 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer, Roger Rhodes

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.30 mb
Pages: 55



PR-503

2004 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/21/2004 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 538 kb
Pages: 32



AGR-181

Comparison and Use of Chlorophyll Meters on Wheat

11/1/2004 (new)
Authors: Dottie Call, John James, Lloyd Murdock

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-180

Corn Stalk Nitrate Test

8/27/2004 (new)
Authors: Lloyd Murdock, Greg Schwab

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, nutrient management, production practices
Size: 136 kb
Pages: 2



PR-500

2004 Small Grains Variety Trials

8/15/2004 (new)
Authors: Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 177 kb
Pages: 20



ID-152

Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky

7/15/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Steve Isaacs, John Johns, Chad Lee

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, nutrition and health
Size: 266 kb
Pages: 4



AEN-85

Post-Tier Rail and Typar or Metal-Covered Tobacco Field Curing Structures

7/1/2004 (new)
Authors: George Duncan

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Agricultural Engineering (AEN series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 552 kb
Pages: 12



PPFS-FR-S-4

Raspberry Fruit Rots

7/1/2004 (minor revision)
Authors: John Hartman

Rainy summer and fall weather in Kentucky can provide ideal conditions for fruit decay diseases of raspberries. The most damaging are the fungal diseases gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) and soft rot, or leak (Rhizopus and Mucor spp.). Both diseases are favored by long periods of wet fruit and foliage, and by high humidity levels. During some parts of the season, fruit rots account for up to 50% loss of potential harvest, and additional losses after harvest.

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Small Fruit Disease: Plant Pathology Factsheet (PPFS-FR-S series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, plant diseases
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-171

Round Bale Hay Storage in Kentucky

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Steve Isaacs, Garry Lacefield, Larry Turner

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops
Size: 181 kb
Pages: 8



PR-490

2003 Red Clover Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 252 kb
Pages: 12



PR-491

2003 Tall Fescue Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 88 kb
Pages: 6



PR-492

2003 Orchardgrass Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 84 kb
Pages: 6



PR-493

2003 Timothy Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 77 kb
Pages: 4



PR-494

2003 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 85 kb
Pages: 6



PR-499

2003 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

4/1/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 77 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-173

Baling Forage Crops for Silage

2/10/2004 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, nutrition and health
Size: 84 kb
Pages: 4



PR-496

2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

1/10/2004 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Mike Collins, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 87 kb
Pages: 8



PR-497

2003 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/10/2004 (new)
Authors: Mike Collins, Charles Dougherty, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 115 kb
Pages: 14



PR-498

2003 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/10/2004 (new)
Authors: Mike Collins, Charles Dougherty, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 78 kb
Pages: 4



PR-489

2003 Alfalfa Report

12/24/2003 (new)
Authors: Mike Collins, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 107 kb
Pages: 8



PR-488

2003 Fruit and Vegetable Report

12/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, Rick Durham, John Hartman, Bob Houtz, Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, Bill Nesmith, Brent Rowell, John Snyder, John Strang, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 1 kb
Pages:



PR-485

2003 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 578 kb
Pages: 30



PR-487

2003 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.38 mb
Pages: 55



AGR-134

Kentucky Bluegrass as a Forage Crop

11/1/2003 (minor revision)
Authors: Garry Lacefield, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health
Size: 13 kb
Pages:



AGR-179

Annual Ryegrass

9/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Mike Collins, Dan Grigson, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Monroe Rasnake, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 97 kb
Pages: 2



PR-482

2003 Small Grains Variety Trials

8/8/2003 (new)
Authors: John Connelly, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 171 kb
Pages: 20



AGR-58

Orchardgrass

7/30/2003 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips

Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. This high-quality grass will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock.

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 100 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-59

Tall Fescue

7/30/2003 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 115 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-76

Alfalfa the Queen of Forage Crops

4/1/2003 (reprinted)
Authors: Mike Collins, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 108 kb
Pages: 4



PR-481

2002 Red and White Clover Grazing Tolerance Report

3/31/2003 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 72 kb
Pages: 4



PR-480

2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

3/15/2003 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 102 kb
Pages: 8



PR-475

2002 Timothy Report

1/31/2003 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 69 kb
Pages: 4



PR-476

2002 Orchardgrass Report

1/31/2003 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 81 kb
Pages: 4



PR-477

2002 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

1/31/2003 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 86 kb
Pages: 6



PR-479

2002 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

1/31/2003 (new)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 79 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-177

Proper Curing Management to Minimize Green Tobacco

1/30/2003 (new)
Authors: Andy Bailey, Gary Palmer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 80 kb
Pages: 2



PR-472

2002 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/10/2003 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Eric Vanzant

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 72 kb
Pages: 4



PR-473

2002 Red Clover Report

1/10/2003 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 102 kb
Pages: 8



PR-474

2002 Tall Fescue Report

1/10/2003 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 85 kb
Pages: 6



PR-471

2002 Alfalfa Report

1/5/2003 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 185 kb
Pages: 12



PR-470

2002 Fruit and Vegetable Report

1/3/2003 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, David Ditsch, John Hartman, Terry Jones, Joe Masabni, Bill Nesmith, Brent Rowell, John Snyder, John Strang, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 2.40 mb
Pages: 65



AGR-90

Inoculation of Forage Legumes

11/22/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, nutrition and health
Size: 110 kb
Pages: 2



ID-97

Grazing Alfalfa

11/1/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Curtis Absher, Roy Burris, Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 152 kb
Pages: 4



PR-467

2002 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/1/2002 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Chad Lee, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 32



PR-469

2002 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/1/2002 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 1.00 mb
Pages: 55



AGR-84

Timothy

10/1/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 95 kb
Pages: 2



AGR-165

The Agronomics of Manure Use for Crop Production

9/20/2002 (minor revision)
Authors: Monroe Rasnake

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, waste management
Size: 187 kb
Pages: 4



PR-466

2002 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Trials

8/15/2002 (new)
Authors: John Connelly, Sandy Swanson, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 153 kb
Pages: 20



PR-454

2001 Red Clover Report

8/1/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Gene Olson, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 79 kb
Pages: 8



PR-453

2001 Alfalfa Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 209 kb
Pages: 16



PR-455

2001 Tall Fescue Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 60 kb
Pages: 4



PR-456

2001 Timothy Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 52 kb
Pages: 4



PR-457

2001 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 67 kb
Pages: 5



PR-458

2001 Orchardgrass Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 71 kb
Pages: 5



PR-460

2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 88 kb
Pages: 12



PR-461

2001 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 64 kb
Pages: 4



PR-462

2001 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Variety Report: Tolerance to Horses

5/13/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence, Tim Phillips, David Powell, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences, Veterinary Science
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses, research, variety trials
Size: 57 kb
Pages: 4



AGR-33

Growing Red Clover in Kentucky

1/31/2002 (reprinted)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes
Size: 108 kb
Pages: 2



PR-452

2001 Fruit and Vegetable Report

1/4/2002 (new)
Authors: Bob Anderson, Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, David Ditsch, Rick Durham, John Hartman, Terry Jones, Bill Nesmith, Brent Rowell, John Snyder, John Strang

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 437 kb
Pages: 60



ID-142

New Recommendations for Perennial Ryegrass Seedings for Kentucky Horse Farms

1/1/2002 (new)
Authors: Lowell Bush, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Christopher Schardl, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, horses
Size: 41 kb
Pages: 2



PR-449

2001 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/7/2001 (new)
Authors: Ron Curd, Bill Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 190 kb
Pages: 32



PR-451

2001 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

11/1/2001 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 240 kb
Pages: 54



ID-139

A Comprehensive Guide to Corn Management in Kentucky

9/30/2001 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Morris Bitzer, J.D. Green, Jim Herbek, Greg Ibendahl, Jim Martin, Sam McNeill, Michael Montross, Lloyd Murdock, Paul Vincelli, Ken Wells

The corn grown in Kentucky is used mainly for livestock feed and as a cash crop. As a cash crop sold from the farm, corn ranks third behind tobacco and soybeans but is the number one row crop in terms of acreage. Because the cost of producing an acre of corn is high and the value per bushel has declined in recent years, producers must manage and market their corn crop more carefully for adequate profits. The goal of this publication is to serve as a guide for corn production strategies that focus on efficient use of resources and provide the principles and practices for obtaining maximum, profitable corn yields.

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, vegetables
Size: 639 kb
Pages: 64



PR-448

2001 Kentucky Small Grains Variety Trials

8/25/2001 (new)
Authors: Dottie Call, Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 200 kb
Pages: 20



ID-137

Total Quality Assurance Apple Production: Best Management Practices

5/1/2001 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, John Hartman, Joe O'Leary, John Strang

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 271 kb
Pages: 4



ID-144

Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, nutrition and health
Size: 362 kb
Pages: 2



ID-145

Alfalfa Cubes for Horses

5/1/2001 (reprinted)
Authors: Bob Coleman, Jimmy Henning, Laurie Lawrence

Departments: Animal and Food Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, horses, legumes, nutrition and health
Size: 310 kb
Pages: 2



PR-445

2000 Timothy Report

2/10/2001 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 188 kb
Pages: 4



PR-446

2000 Annual and Perennial Ryegrass Report

2/5/2001 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 206 kb
Pages: 4



PR-443

2000 Orchardgrass Report

1/31/2001 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 209 kb
Pages: 6



PR-442

2000 Tall Fescue Report

1/30/2001 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 207 kb
Pages: 6



PR-440

2000 Alfalfa Report

1/15/2001 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 398 kb
Pages: 16



PR-439

2000 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/10/2001 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 77 kb
Pages: 12



PR-441

2000 Red Clover Report

1/10/2001 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 247 kb
Pages: 6



PR-438

2000 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/1/2001 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 186 kb
Pages: 4



PR-435

Kentucky Soybean Performance Test - 2000

12/15/2000 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer, Charles Tutt

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 759 kb
Pages: 50



PR-436

Fruit and Vegetable Crops Research Report 2000

12/3/2000 (new)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, David Ditsch, John Hartman, Terry Jones, Bill Nesmith, Joe O'Leary, Brent Rowell, John Snyder, John Strang

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Animal and Food Sciences, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 768 kb
Pages: 57



PR-434

2000 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/13/2000 (new)
Authors: Bill Pearce, Chuck Poneleit

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 587 kb
Pages: 30



ID-134

Marketing Options for Commercial Vegetable Growers

9/7/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Brent Rowell, Tim Woods

Departments: Horticulture
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 598 kb
Pages: 8



PR-433

2000 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials

8/1/2000 (new)
Authors: Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 295 kb
Pages: 20



ID-136

No-Till Small Grain Production in Kentucky

5/1/2000 (new)
Authors: John Grove, Jim Herbek, Don Hershman, Doug Johnson, Jim Martin, Sam McNeill, Lloyd Murdock, Dick Trimble, Dave Van Sanford, Bill Witt

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, small grains
Size: 467 kb
Pages: 11



PPA-44

An Alfalfa Disease Calendar

5/1/2000 (new)
Authors: Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant Pathology
Series: Plant Pathology (PPA series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, plant diseases
Size: 168 kb
Pages: 4



ID-126

Growing Grapes in Kentucky

4/30/2000 (reprinted)
Authors: Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, John Hartman, Terry Jones, John Strang, Dwight Wolfe

Kentucky has a long record of good grape production. As a home fruit crop or commercial crop, grapes have many benefits. Grapevines are relatively inexpensive and easy to propagate. They reach full bearing potential in four years and bear annually. The many varieties of grapes can be consumed fresh or used to make grape juice, jams, jellies, and wine. Grapes are also easy to manage. Vines are trained on trellises or arbors and easily can be sprayed using small equipment for control of insects and diseases.

Departments: County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 238 kb
Pages: 24



IP-58C

Consumer Trends and Opportunities: Vegetables

3/15/2000 (new)
Authors: Betty King, Janet Tietyen-Mullins, Steven Vickner

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Family and Consumer Sciences
Series: Interprogram (IP series)
Tags: farm crops, vegetables
Size: 90 kb
Pages: 4



IP-58D

Consumer Trends and Opportunities: Fruits

3/15/2000 (new)
Authors: Betty King, Janet Tietyen-Mullins, Steven Vickner

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Family and Consumer Sciences
Series: Interprogram (IP series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts
Size: 89 kb
Pages: 4



PR-430

1999 Orchardgrass Report

2/15/2000 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 189 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-176

Measurement of Temperature Extremes in Tobacco Float Systems

2/1/2000 (new)
Authors: Gary Palmer, Bob Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 552 kb
Pages: 8



PR-427

1999 Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/31/2000 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 226 kb
Pages: 12



PR-428

1999 Cool-Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

1/31/2000 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 189 kb
Pages: 6



PR-429

1999 Tall Fescue Report

1/31/2000 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 191 kb
Pages: 6



AGR-78

Weed Control Recommendations for Kentucky Bluegrass and Tall Fescue Lawns and Recreational Turf

1/1/2000 (minor revision)
Authors: J.D. Green, Jim Martin, A.J. Powell

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses
Size: 144 kb
Pages: 2



PR-423

Fruit and Vegetable Crop Research Report 1999

12/31/1999 (new)
Authors: Bob Anderson, Doug Archbold, Ric Bessin, Gerald Brown, Bob Geneve, John Hartman, Terry Jones, Bill Nesmith, Brent Rowell, John Snyder, John Strang, Tim Woods

Departments: Agricultural Economics, County Extension, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, fruits and nuts, research, variety trials, vegetables
Size: 712 kb
Pages: 43



PR-426

1999 Red Clover Report

12/31/1999 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 97 kb
Pages: 6



PR-424

1999 Kentucky Soybean Performance Tests

12/18/1999 (new)
Authors: Eugene Lacefield, Todd Pfeiffer, Charles Tutt

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, soybeans, variety trials
Size: 551 kb
Pages: 40



PR-425

1999 Alfalfa Report

12/15/1999 (new)
Authors: Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Paul Vincelli

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 244 kb
Pages: 14



PR-421

1999 Kentucky Hybrid Corn Performance Test

11/30/1999 (new)
Authors: Bill Pearce, Chuck Poneleit

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: corn, farm crops, grain crops, research, variety trials
Size: 474 kb
Pages: 32



ID-39

Packaging and Handling Burley Tobacco in Bales at the Farm

11/1/1999 (reprinted)
Authors: George Duncan, Jones Smiley

Departments: Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 39 kb
Pages:



PR-419

The 1998 Kura Clover Report

10/15/1999 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri, Norm Taylor

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 188 kb
Pages: 4



PR-418

1999 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Trials

8/4/1999 (new)
Authors: Sandy Swanson, Charles Tutt, Dave Van Sanford

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: farm crops, grain crops, research, small grains, variety trials
Size: 145 kb
Pages: 18



AGR-174

Using Conductivity Meters for Nitrogen Management in Float Systems

6/30/1999 (new)
Authors: Gary Palmer, Bob Pearce

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Agronomy (AGR series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 105 kb
Pages: 2



ID-116

Low Cost Post-Row Field Tobacco Curing Framework

5/1/1999 (minor revision)
Authors: George Duncan, Steve Isaacs

Departments: Agricultural Economics, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering
Series: Interdepartmental (ID series)
Tags: farm crops, tobacco
Size: 202 kb
Pages: 8



PR-415

Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

4/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, legumes, research, variety trials
Size: 74 kb
Pages: 8



PR-416

1998 Cool Season Grass Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

4/1/1999 (new)
Authors: Charles Dougherty, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 112 kb
Pages: 12



PR-413

1998 Tall Fescue Report

2/1/1999 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 82 kb
Pages: 8



PR-414

1998 Orchardgrass Report

1/29/1999 (new)
Authors: David Ditsch, Jimmy Henning, Garry Lacefield, Tim Phillips, Robert Spitaleri

Departments: Plant and Soil Sciences
Series: Progress Report (PR series)
Tags: cover and forage crops, farm crops, grasses, research, variety trials
Size: 85 kb
Pages: 8



PR-411

1998