University of Kentucky

Online Publications

Filter by Tag

Not a complete list as of 8-30-17.

Tag: nutrition and health

Strategic Winter Feeding of Cattle using a Rotational Grazing Structure
7/30/2019 (reviewed)

Winter feeding of cattle is a necessary part of nearly all cow-calf operations. In winter months, livestock producers often confine animals to smaller "sacrifice" pastures to reduce the area damaged from winter feeding. A poorly chosen site for winter feeding can have significant negative impacts on soil and water quality. Such areas include locations in floodplains, such as those along creek bottoms or around barns near streams. These locations are convenient, flat areas for setting hay ring feeders; however, their negative effects on water quality outweigh the convenience. | ID-188
web only | 4 pages | 2,255 words | 182 downloads | PDF: 737 kb

Fenceline Feeder Systems for Beef Cattle Production and Resource Conservation
7/29/2019 (major revision)

One of the most challenging and costly aspects of beef cattle production in Kentucky is winter-feeding. Many producers complain about the time required to feed stored forages, the mud, the drudgery that it creates for the operator, and the decline in production. The intense traffic associated with winter-feeding on unimproved surfaces causes mud, compaction, erosion, and loss of desirable vegetation, often resulting in annual pasture renovations to address areas impacted by winter-feeding practices. Fenceline feeding systems offer an alternative to traditional in-field bale feeding during the wet winter conditions that Kentucky often experiences. These structures can be utilized to reduce the impact of winter-feeding on pastures and improve the operational efficiency of a winter-feeding area. | AEN-134
web only | 13 pages | 3,500 words | 232 downloads | PDF: 2,550 kb

Equine Cushing's Disease or PPID
12/18/2018 (new)

Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is one of the most common endocrine diseases in horses, generally affecting those over the age of 15 years. It is also frequently referred to as Equine Cushing's Disease. PPID is caused by degenerative changes in an area of the brain known as the pituitary gland, hence the name of the disease. This gland is located at the base of the brain. In horses with PPID, the specific section of the pituitary gland that is most affected is called the pars intermedia. Unfortunately, in horses with PPID, changes occur within this gland, which results in increased production of a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). | ID-252
web only | 3 pages | 1,648 words | 12 downloads | PDF: 1,250 kb

Feeds and Feeding for Small-Scale Egg Production Enterprises
1/25/2018 (new)

Animals eat in order to get the energy and nutrients they need to live, grow and reproduce. Animals use energy to perform normal body functions such as breathing, walking, eating, digesting, and maintaining body temperature. Different types of nutrients provide energy as well as the building blocks needed for the development of bone, flesh, feathers, and eggs. These nutrients include: water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Each of these components is important and a deficit of even one can have serious health consequences for poultry. | ASC-233
web only | 12 pages | 5,611 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 2,536 kb

Pastured Poultry
9/21/2017 (new)

There has been an increased interest in pasture-raising poultry for both meat and egg production in the last decade. Raising poultry on pasture was a common occurrence until the latter half of the 20th century. Fresh forage provided an important ration balancing factor during the years before poultry nutritionists fully understood the required essential vitamins and minerals for growth and optimum meat and egg production. With the development of balanced rations, poultry no longer require access to pasture and year-round production of meat and eggs is possible. However, there are still some benefits from the lush forage, invertebrates, and exercise that pasture provides. In addition, we continue to learn more and more about the positive influence that fresh grasses and legumes have on fatty acid profiles and general bird health. As a result, there is an increased interest in pasture-raised poultry for both meat and eggs. | ID-247
web only | 7 pages | 4,900 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 2,000 kb

Common External Parasites of Poultry
9/8/2017 (minor revision)

Periodic examination of your flock is recommended so that infestations can be detected early and a larger flock outbreak contained. It is especially important to detect infestations early in food-producing poultry because there are restrictions on the treatments available. | ASC-206
web only | 4 pages | 1,817 words | 78 downloads | PDF: 839 kb

Body Condition Scoring Ewes
8/25/2017 (new)

Body condition scoring is a system of classifying breeding ewes on the basis of differences in body fat. While it is subjective, with practice it can be accurate enough to indicate the nutritional status of individual ewes as well as the entire flock. Thus, it allows the shepherd to identify, record, and adjust the feed intake of ewes determined to be thin, in average flesh, or fat. In the long run, this can save money for producers and/or prevent problems attributable to ewe condition. | ASC-228
50 printed copies | 5 pages | 1,567 words | 21 downloads | PDF: 2,200 kb

Rotational Grazing
11/21/2016 (reprinted)

A rotational grazing program can generally be defined as use of several pastures, one of which is grazed while the others are rested before being regrazed. Continuous grazing is the use of one pasture for the entire grazing season. | ID-143
2,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 113 downloads | PDF: 887 kb

Help! My Horse Roars! What Is Laryngeal Hemiplegia?
10/10/2016 (new)

Various ailments can affect the different parts of the larynx of horses. Diseases of the larynx can produce airway obstruction and sometimes dysphagia. Obstructive diseases, such as laryngeal hemiplegia, often produce an abnormal respiratory noise and, most important, they limit airflow, which leads to early fatigue and poor exercise performance. | ASC-226
web only | 4 pages | 2,122 words | 14 downloads | PDF: 402 kb

Equine Metabolic Syndrome: Is My Horse Just Fat, or Is He Sick?
10/4/2016 (new)

Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) is an endocrine disorder that affects equids (horses, ponies, and donkeys) in three defining ways: they are obese and/or have localized fat deposits, they are in an insulin resistance (IR) state, now referred to as insulin dysregulation (ID), and they are predisposed to developing laminitis. | ID-239
web only | 3 pages | 1,558 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 1,473 kb

Providing Water for Beef Cattle in Rotational Grazing Systems
8/2/2016 (new)

Water is the most essential nutrient for cattle production. Water is used in almost every bodily function, including digestion, milk production, and excretion. Given the role and function of water in relation to animal production, health, and welfare, it is critical that abundant, clean water is available in any livestock production operation. Livestock must have immediate access to water within every paddock of a rotational grazing system to realize maximum efficiency and production. | ID-236
web only | 6 pages | 3,800 words | 108 downloads | PDF: 3,000 kb

Etymology of the Scientific Names of Some Endoparasites of Horses
10/29/2015 (new)

The use of only common names for parasites can be confusing because of lack of uniformity. Fortunately a huge contribution for science was made by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus who is considered the father of taxonomy. English translation of the scientific names here are mainly from "dictionary" sources. A few are from the original descriptions. More than one possible meaning is listed for some of the scientific names. | SR-110
25 printed copies | 4 pages | 1,500 words | 17 downloads | PDF: 114 kb

Strongyles in Horses
7/24/2015 (new)

Parasites live in a host from which they obtain food and protection. They may harm but usually do not benefit the host. The word "parasite" is derived from the Latin and Greek languages meaning, in general, "one who eats at the table of another." It is said that a "good" parasite does not overtly harm or kill its host. It is theoretically possible that a more benign parasite (e.g. Gasterophilus spp.) is much "older in eons of time" and it and its host have adjusted better to each other than a conceivably "newer" parasite (e.g. Strongylus spp.) which may be more harmful to its host. | SR-109
40 printed copies | 8 pages | 2,655 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 2,600 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Staggers (Tremorgenic Syndrome)
7/20/2015 (new)

"Staggers" is an all-inclusive term for a group of nervous system disorders caused by indole-diterpenoid mycotoxins produced by various types of fungi on forages. These mycotoxins are collectively known as "tremorgens", and they may be found in several types of grasses at varying stages of maturity. | VET-35
web only | 2 pages | 758 words | 18 downloads | PDF: 588 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Acute or Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)
7/17/2015 (new)

In the Southeastern United States, acute interstitial pneumonia has been produced by ingestion of the leaves and seeds of perilla mint (Perilla frutescens). Perilla ketone is the toxin absorbed from the rumen into the bloodstream and carried to the lungs where it damages the lung tissue in cattle. | ID-231
web only | 3 pages | 1,551 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 507 kb

Slaframine Toxicosis or "Slobbers" in Cattle and Horses
7/17/2015 (new)

Although black patch occurs only sporadically, the right temperature, moisture, and soil pH may combine and allow Rhizoctonia leguminicola to thrive. Be aware of the possible consequences of this fungus, especially profuse salivation or "Sobbers" in cattle and horses. Good forage management, will reduce the risk of problems when utilizing this forage. | ID-230
web only | 2 pages | 948 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 256 kb

Mineral and Protein Blocks and Tubs for Cattle
11/3/2014 (new)

Nutritional supplement blocks and tubs are convenient for beef producers, require no investment in feeding troughs and require a limited area for storing. One of the most attractive features is that they lower the labor needed to supplement livestock. Many producers use these products to provide supplemental nutrients to cattle consuming low-quality forages or as a mechanism to promote a more consistent intake of minerals. These products are also attractive to producers who have off-farm employment as they eliminate the need for daily feeding. Yet, they often come at a greater cost per unit of nutrient than more conventional feedstuffs. Since there are differences in the blocks and tubs being marketed today, familiarity with how to compare products and determine their differences will enable producers to decide which product best fits their needs. | ASC-215
web only | 4 pages | 2,891 words | 55 downloads | PDF: 159 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Hypomagnesemic Tetany or "Grass Tetany"
9/18/2014 (new)

Magnesium is a vital component of normal nerve conduction, muscle function, and bone mineral formation. Hypomagnesemic tetany or "grass tetany" is a disorder caused by an abnormally low blood concentration of the essential mineral magnesium (Mg). Synonyms for this disorder include spring tetany, grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning, or lactation tetany. | ID-226
web only | 3 pages | 1,726 words | 38 downloads | PDF: 121 kb

Is Creep Feeding Lambs a Profitable Undertaking?
9/8/2014 (new)

Creep feeding is a technique of providing feed to nursing lambs to supplement the milk they consume. Creep-fed lambs grow faster than noncreep-feds and are more aggressive in nursing ewes. This aggression stimulates greater ewe milk production which, in turn, increases creep feed intake because these lambs will be bigger at a given age. Typically, the creep diet is a grain-protein supplement mixture and is made available in an area constructed so lambs can enter, but ewes cannot. Some situations when it may be economical to creep feed are described in this document. | ASC-214
300 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,940 words | 27 downloads | PDF: 309 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Brassicas--Be Aware of the Animal Health Risks
8/12/2014 (new)

Although infrequent, brassica crops can cause animal health disorders if grazing is managed improperly. Most brassica-related disorders in cattle tend to occur during the first two weeks of grazing while adjusting to the forage. The primary potential disorders are polioencephalomalcia or PEM, hemolytic anemia (mainly with kale), nitrate poisoning, and pulmonary emphysema. Other possible clinical disorders include bloat and rumen acidosis, and metabolic problems such as hypomagnesemia and hypothyroidism with goiter. Glucosinates present in brassicas are precursors of irritants that can cause colic and diarrhea. Large bulbs may lodge in the esophagus and lead to choking. Certain brassicas (specifically rape) can cause sunburn or "scald" on light-skinned animals, especially when grazed while the plants are immature. Other potential problems include oxalate poisoning and off-flavoring of meat and milk. | ID-223
web only | 3 pages | 1,867 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 913 kb

Fescue Toxicosis
7/3/2014 (new)

"Fescue toxicosis" is the general term used for the clinical diseases that can affect cattle consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue. Tall-fescue pastures containing ergot alkaloids are responsible for the toxic effects observed in livestock, including hyperthermia (elevated body temperature), gangrene of the extremities, decreased weight gain, and poor reproductive performance. Clinical signs vary depending on the cattle, the environmental conditions, and the level and duration of the exposure. Early clinical signs are often reversible after removal from contaminated pastures or hay. | ID-221
web only | 4 pages | 2,470 words | 30 downloads | PDF: 740 kb

Cool-season Forage Grasses: Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, Bluegrass, and Timothy
5/5/2014 (minor revision)

Tall fescue, orchardgrass, bluegrass, and timothy are the dominant forage grasses in Kentucky. They have potential for the cash hay market and for intensive grazing. Significant price premiums may be possible for high-quality hay. Timothy hay, either alone or in mixtures with alfalfa, is much desired by horse owners. Historically, timothy has been an important seed crop in Kentucky; however, at present only a small acreage of timothy is grown for seed. | CCD-CP-27
web only | 3 pages | 773 words | 1 download | PDF: 410 kb

Cyanide Poisoning in Ruminants
4/21/2014 (new)

Cyanide poisoning of livestock is commonly associated with johnsongrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and other forage sorghums. Choke-cherry or wild cherry, elderberry, and arrow grass are less frequent causes. Young plants, new shoots, and regrowth of plants after cutting often contain the highest levels of cyanogenic glycosides. The risk from potentially dangerous forages may be reduced by following the management practices in this publication. | ID-220
web only | 2 pages | 973 words | 34 downloads | PDF: 255 kb

A Fresh Cow Health Monitoring System
4/2/2014 (new)

Researchers at the University of Kentucky combined existing disease detection systems to produce a fresh cow examination system that may help producers detect diseases earlier by monitoring subtle changes every day during a cow's fresh period. Compiling daily information about each animal will enable producers to notice changes in health that may otherwise have been overlooked. These records may help producers detect illnesses early, thus reducing the long-term effects (reduced milk production or fertility) and costs (re-treatment, milk loss, or death) of a disease. Learning what diseases are common on a particular farm can focus producers' efforts towards preventive measures specific to their operation. Preventing disease, rather than treating, can save producers time and money and can improve overall cow well-being. | ID-218
web only | 15 pages | 3,501 words | 45 downloads | PDF: 1,900 kb

Forage-Related Cattle Disorders: Ergotism
3/31/2014 (new)

Ergotism and fescue toxicosis are clinically similar syndromes caused by consuming plants containing ergot alkaloids. The toxic effects and mechanisms of action are similar in both syndromes although the alkaloids are produced by different species of fungi. It grows on rye, wheat, barley, triticale, oats, and various grasses. Rye and triticale are more susceptible than other grains because they require a longer period of pollination. Grasses potentially infected include tall fescue, bluegrass, brome, canarygrass, quackgrass, timothy, wild barley, and annual and perennial ryegrass. Shallow cultivation, no-till farming, and lack of crop rotation increase the likelihood of infection of crops. Environmental conditions of a cool, wet spring followed by hot early summer temperatures are ideal for the fungus to grow. | VET-34
web only | 2 pages | 964 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 400 kb

Stereotypic Behavior in Horses: Weaving, Stall Walking, and Cribbing
3/14/2014 (new)

Many stabled horses perform a variety of repetitive behaviors such as weaving, stall walking, cribbing, headshaking and pawing. These behaviors have been called many different names including stereotypic behavior, stereotypies, stereotypes, obsessive compulsive disorders, vices and habits. Although it may be difficult to know why exactly each horse performs these vices, there may be specific causal factors for these activities in the horse. These behaviors are not simply learned and not simply inherited, but may be a mixture of both. Studies show that some families of horses have a higher prevalence of certain vices, which suggests heritability and genetic components. However, the tendency to perform the behavior only becomes apparent when other risk factors are also in place. | ASC-212
web only | 2 pages | 1,401 words | 26 downloads | PDF: 480 kb

Forage-Related Disorders in Cattle: Nitrate Poisoning
3/10/2014 (new)

Few plants normally contain high nitrate levels, since under normal growing conditions the nitrates are converted to protein as quickly as they are absorbed from the roots. However, under certain conditions plants can develop dangerously high nitrate levels which can cause nitrate intoxication. Death or abortion may result. Care must be taken to recognize possible toxic forages and manage them appropriately to avoid animal loss. | ID-217
web only | 3 pages | 2,447 words | 32 downloads | PDF: 314 kb

Colostrum Management for Dairy Calves
1/22/2014 (new)

During gestation, the placenta of the cow effectively separates the blood of the fetus from that of the dam and prevents any transfer of protective immunity while in the uterus. Therefore, the calf is born completely dependent on the absorption of maternal antibodies from colostrum after birth. Colostrum is the milk produced from the mammary gland in the first 24 hours after birth. A calf's gastrointestinal tract is designed to temporarily allow the absorption of large molecules including antibodies from the small intestine, but only during the first 24 hours after birth. Although colostrum contains several different types of immunoglobulins, IgG accounts for roughly 85 percent of the total volume. IgG absorption is most efficient in the first four hours of life and declines rapidly after 12 hours of age. At 24 hours, the gut is completely closed and there is no further immunoglobulin absorption. These absorbed antibodies must be consumed in order to protect the calf from disease organisms until its own immune system becomes functional. | VET-33
web only | 3 pages | 1,983 words | 20 downloads | PDF: 280 kb

Selecting Feeds for Horses
1/6/2014 (new)

Feeds should be selected with the nutrient requirements of the horse in mind, recognizing that requirements vary with the life stage of the horse (growing, pregnant, lactating, working, idle). Feeds for horses should always be clean and free from toxins. Feeds should also promote gastrointestinal health. The large intestine (cecum and colon) of the digestive tract contains a diverse population of beneficial microbes that can easily be upset by poor feed selection. In nature horses will spend more than 50% of their time grazing; therefore, feed that promotes similar feeding behavior may be desirable. Once appropriate feeds have been selected, it is important that they are fed in the correct amounts using good feeding management strategies. | ASC-205
web only | 5 pages | 3,082 words | 10 downloads | PDF: 1,450 kb

Review of Life Cycles of Some Parasitic Nematodes in Mammals
10/28/2013 (new)

Most internal parasites of vertebrates require stages outside the host for development and transmission. Some life cycles are simple and straightforward. Others may have one or more intermediate or paritenic hosts. Knowledge of life cycles of parasites first of all is of great scientific interest. Secondly, life cycles are of great importance in controlling parasites. The object of this presentation is to review life cycles of some mammalian parasitic nematode species in research in association with the University of Kentucky. | SR-106
100 printed copies | 8 pages | 4,600 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 1,000 kb

On-Farm Disposal of Animal Mortalities
5/6/2013 (minor revision)

Animal mortalities are an expected part of animal production. Depending on the scale of the animal enterprise, animal mortalities can overwhelm the producer with a large number and mass of dead animals. This publication provides guidance to the producer for handling animal mortalities in accordance with Kentucky law. | ID-167
web only | 4 pages | 1,382 words | 76 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb

On-Farm Composting of Animal Mortalities
5/6/2013 (minor revision)

On-farm composting can provide animal producers with a convenient method for disposing of animal mortalities and also provide a valuable soil amendment. In addition, the finished compost can be stockpiled and reused to help compost other mortalities. | ID-166
web only | 6 pages | 2,973 words | 110 downloads | PDF: 2,800 kb

How Much Will My Chickens Eat?
12/10/2012 (new)

Before purchasing chicks (or chickens) it is important to consider the cost of keeping them. Much of this cost is in the feed they consume. So the key question is, "How much will my chickens eat?" Chickens need a complete feed that contains protein (with the right balance of amino acids), energy, vitamins, and minerals. Today we know more about the nutritional requirements of chickens than any other animal. The amount of feed they need will depend on several factors. | ASC-191
web only | 3 pages | 2,070 words | 94 downloads | PDF: 320 kb

Management of the Dry Cow to Prevent Mastitis
11/30/2012 (new)

As we move into a new era of lower acceptable somatic cell count levels, the prevention and control of mastitis takes on increased importance. For many years, the contagious mastitis pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Mycoplasma bovis were the focus of control measures primarily implemented in the milking parlor to stop the spread of these organisms from cow to cow. These contagious organisms often cause high individual somatic cell counts and ultimately high bulk tank somatic cell counts. As these high somatic cell count cows have been culled due to milk marketing regulations and more dairymen have adopted NMC recommended milking procedures, the contagious pathogens are decreasing. | ID-209
100 printed copies | 3 pages | 1,647 words | 44 downloads | PDF: 430 kb

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis ("Pinkeye") in Cattle
9/24/2012 (major revision)

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is a costly disease for the beef producer. Tremendous losses stem from poor weight gain and loss of appetite in affected animals suffering from visual impairment and ocular pain. | ID-135
100 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,053 words | 37 downloads | PDF: 325 kb

Feeding the Broodmare: Four Easy Steps
8/22/2012 (new)

The nutritional needs of broodmares change as they go through the stages of reproduction. This publication begins with nutritional strategies to enhance the likelihood a mare will become pregnant, then it discusses feeding management of the mare during pregnancy and lactation, and it ends with some nutritional considerations for the post-weaning period. | ASC-185
web only | 4 pages | 2,998 words | 43 downloads | PDF: 1,750 kb

A Practical Method of Identification of the North American Cyathostomes (Small Strongyles) in Equids in Kentucky
5/3/2012 (major revision)

Now that veterinarians and researchers are beginning to accept the pathological consequences that can be caused by cyathostomes (small strongyles), more and more researchers want to learn to identify them. Fortunately, for those just learning, the reality is that they will probably see fewer than one-third of the 33 species. Additionally, these species are the most prevalent and in the greatest numbers; consequently, they are the most dangerous to equids. Once a person is familiar with these, a rare species will "stick out like a sore thumb." The fact that a species is so different will be noted and its characteristics easily remembered. | SR-2000-1
100 printed copies | 44 pages | 10,187 words | 17 downloads | HTML: 3 kb

Help! My Horse is Too Fat!
4/19/2012 (new)

As we understand more about the impact that obesity has on animal health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition. | ASC-187
web only | 4 pages | 2,833 words | 46 downloads | PDF: 413 kb

Staphylococcus aureus Mastitis
3/5/2012 (reprinted)

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial cause of contagious mastitis on dairy farms worldwide. More importantly, it is often at the root of chronically high somatic cell counts, recurrent clinical mastitis, and damaged mammary gland tissue. It is considered to be a contagious udder pathogen that spreads within and between cows during milking. Because it is often subclinical (milk looks normal but with a potentially high somatic cell count), infected animals pose a risk of infection to herd mates during each milking. | ID-190
200 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,035 words | 16 downloads | PDF: 271 kb

Distillers Grain Coproducts for Beef Cattle
12/5/2011 (new)

Feeding distillers grains derived from the production of spirits or ethanol for fuel is an acceptable practice for beef cattle production. The use of these products as both an energy and a protein supplement has been beneficial as the cereal grain prices have increased making these coproducts more cost competitive. | ASC-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 3,485 words | 85 downloads | PDF: 231 kb

Equine Viral Arteritis
11/14/2011 (new)

Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a contagious disease of horses and other equine species caused by equine arteritis virus (EAV) that is found in horse populations in many countries. It was first isolated and identified in 1953 from the lung of an aborted fetus with characteristic pathologic changes in the smaller arteries, which is how the disease got its name. | ID-197
web only | 3 pages | 1,640 words | 19 downloads | PDF: 270 kb

Preventing Barn Fire: Tips for Horse Owners
6/2/2011 (new)

Every year, close to 200 horses are reported to have died in barn fires in the United States. Although less frequent than house fires, barn fires are more common than we would like. Many barn fires could be prevented by good barn design/construction, strict personnel policies, and clear directives about how the barn and equipment should be maintained. | ASC-184
web only | 3 pages | 1,943 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 1,300 kb

Colic in Horses
5/18/2011 (major revision)

Among the species of domestic livestock, the horse is the species that most commonly suffers from colic, which is a general term for abdominal pain. Colic is one of the leading causes of death in horses and should be of concern for horse owners. | ASC-128
web only | 2 pages | 1,636 words | 29 downloads | PDF: 200 kb

Managing Legume Induced Bloat in Cattle
3/10/2011 (new)

Ruminal tympany, or bloat, can result in lost animal performance and in severe cases, death. It occurs as a result of a buildup of fermentation gases in the rumen. Bloat may be categorized as frothy bloat, which is caused by the formation of a stable foam in the rumen, or free gas bloat, which is due to excessive production of gaseous compounds from fermentation or as a result of an obstruction preventing the escape of gas compounds. Legume bloat is a frothy bloat condition. | ID-186
500 printed copies | 4 pages | 2,366 words | 41 downloads | PDF: 400 kb

Equine Infectious Anemia
3/4/2011 (new)

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, lethargy, inappetence (lack of appetite) and anemia (low red blood cell count). | ASC-181
web only | 2 pages | 1,500 words | 23 downloads | PDF: 169 kb

Anthrax in Horses
10/7/2010 (new)

Horses become infected with anthrax either through ingestion, inhalation or skin penetration by biting flies or injury, especially when animals are exposed to soil or carcasses of infected animals. | ASC-180
500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 210 kb

Establishing Horse Pastures
9/20/2010 (major revision)

Kentucky and surrounding states are known for grass pastures and horses. Pastures supply nutrients, provide hoof support for exercise, control erosion, and add to the aesthetic value of horse farms. The ability to establish and manage horse pastures is therefore important to horse owners. | ID-147
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 207 kb

Wobbler Syndrome in Horses
9/13/2010 (new)

Wobbler syndrome, or cervical vertebral malformation (CVM), is a devastating disease that can affect a horse's neurologic and musculoskeletal systems. It is a structural narrowing of the spinal canal due to a variety of vertebral malformations and leads to spinal cord compression. As a result, horses exhibit clinical signs of spasticity, ataxia, and lack of coordination. | ID-182
web only | 2 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 167 kb

Rabies in Horses
6/15/2010 (major revision)

Rabies in the horse is a relatively uncommon disease. Although the number of confirmed rabies cases in horses is low, the potential for human exposure makes it important to discuss the causes of rabies and its diagnosis, treatment, and control. It is noteworthy that the American Association of Equine Practitioners and the American Veterinary Medical Association include rabies as one of the diseases for which horses should be vaccinated every year. | ASC-125
web only | 2 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 170 kb

Evaluating the Health of Your Horse
2/5/2010 (new)

Horse owners, managers, and handlers can help to maintain the health of their animals by studying their behavior through observation and inspection, and should be able to accurately determine important measurements such as temperature, pulse, respiration, and mucous membrane color through a clinical examination. Having this information about your horse can be critical if the animal is ill or injured and you need to supply these details to your veterinarian. | ID-179
web only | 6 pages | - | 40 downloads | PDF: 373 kb

Bermudagrass: A Summer Forage in Kentucky
9/18/2009 (minor revision)

Bermudagrass can be used successfully as part of a livestock forage program to supplement summer production of cool-season grasses. It is high-yielding, sod-forming, warm-season perennial grass that is most productive on well-drained, fertile soils. Bermudagrass is widely grown in the southern United States for pasture and hay. | AGR-48
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 9 downloads | PDF: 300 kb

Some Historic Aspects of Small Strongyles and Ascarids in Equids Featuring Drug-Resistance with Notes on Ovids: Emphasis on Research at the Unversity of Kentucky
3/13/2009 (new)

The present bulletin focuses mainly on drug-resistant species (small strongyles and ascarids) of internal parasites of the horse with emphasis on historic research. Some discussion is presented also of research at UK on the sheep "barber pole" stomach worm (Haemonchus contortus) which has a historic role in drug resistance. | SR-102
500 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 23 downloads | PDF: 249 kb

Warm Season Perennial Grasses for Forages in Kentucky
3/10/2009 (minor revision)

Native warm-season perennial grasses are well adapted for production in Kentucky's climate and soils. In this publication, native warm-season perennial grasses that have the greatest forage potential for Kentucky are described. Management techniques necessary to establish stands and keep them productive are also discussed. | AGR-145
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 24 downloads | PDF: 1,636 kb

Core Vaccination Program and Infectious Disease Control for Horses
9/19/2008 (new)

| ASC-176
1,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 34 downloads | PDF: 240 kb

Botulism: A Deadly Disease That Can Affect Your Horse
3/28/2008 (new)

| ASC-173
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 192 kb

Drinking Water Quality Guidelines for Cattle
3/26/2008 (new)

| ID-170
120 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 52 downloads | PDF: 300 kb

Heaves in Horses
1/31/2008 (new)

| ASC-172
2,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 531 kb

Grain and Forage Crop Guide
7/27/2007 (reprinted)

| AGR-18
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 53 downloads | PDF: 181 kb

Chicory: an Alternative Livestock Forage
1/26/2007 (new)

| AGR-190
2,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 28 downloads | PDF: 143 kb

Feeding and Managing Baby Calves from Birth to 3 Months of Age
8/30/2006 (minor revision)

| ASC-161
web only | 6 pages | - | 105 downloads | PDF: 172 kb

Using Byproducts to Feed Dairy Cattle
8/30/2006 (minor revision)

| ASC-136
web only | 8 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 158 kb

Managing Steep Terrain for Livestock Forage Production
8/30/2006 (new)

| ID-158
2,000 printed copies | 12 pages | - | 38 downloads | PDF: 417 kb

Tapeworms in Horses
4/15/2006 (minor revision)

| VET-32
5,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 21 downloads | PDF: 430 kb

Controlling Internal Parasites of the Horse
4/15/2006 (minor revision)

| VET-1
5,000 printed copies | 16 pages | - | 51 downloads | PDF: 662 kb

Managing Livestock Forage for Beef Cattle Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land
1/20/2006 (new)

| ID-157
2,500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 13 downloads | PDF: 477 kb

Grazing Corn: an Option for Extending the Grazing Season in Kentucky
7/15/2004 (reprinted)

| ID-152
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 266 kb

Baling Forage Crops for Silage
2/10/2004 (reprinted)

| AGR-173
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 84 kb

Trace Mineral Supplementation for Kentucky Beef Cows
11/15/2003 (new)

| ASC-155
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 65 downloads | PDF: 96 kb

Kentucky Bluegrass as a Forage Crop
11/1/2003 (minor revision)

| AGR-134
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 13 kb

Proceedings, First Workshop on Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome
4/28/2003 (new)

| SR-2003-1
1,500 printed copies | 1 pages | - | 3 downloads | PDF: 1 kb

Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Efficiency in Beef Cows
2/1/2003 (reprinted)

| ASC-162
2,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 55 downloads | PDF: 158 kb

Inoculation of Forage Legumes
11/22/2002 (minor revision)

| AGR-90
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 7 downloads | PDF: 110 kb

Feeding Your Dairy Cows a Total Mixed Ration: Getting Started
12/15/2001 (new)

| ID-141A
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 19 downloads | PDF: 55 kb

Managing the Total Mixed Ration to Prevent Problems in Dairy Cows
12/15/2001 (new)

| ID-141B
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 93 kb

Planning the Yearly Forage and Commodity Needs for a Dairy Herd
8/30/2001 (new)

| ASC-160
500 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 18 downloads | PDF: 126 kb

Choosing Hay for Horses
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-146
1,500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 397 kb

Alfalfa Cubes for Horses
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-145
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 310 kb

Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares
5/1/2001 (reprinted)

| ID-144
1,500 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 26 downloads | PDF: 362 kb

Selection and Management Practices to Increase Consistency in Beef Cattle
9/30/2000 (new)

| ASC-159
5,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 61 downloads | PDF: 78 kb

Assessing Sow Body Condition
10/31/1999 (new)

| ASC-158
1,000 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 32 downloads | PDF: 257 kb

Potential for Livestock and Poultry Manure to Provide the Nutrients Removed by Crops and Forages in Kentucky
9/8/1999 (new)

| IP-57
3,500 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 47 downloads | PDF: 641 kb

Feeding and Managing the Far-Off Dry Cow
9/1/1999 (new)

| ASC-156
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 17 downloads | PDF: 294 kb

Assessment of the Potential for Livestock and Poultry Manure to Provide the Nutrients Removed by Crops and Forages in Kentucky
9/1/1999 (new)

| IP-56
1,000 printed copies | 18 pages | - | 25 downloads | PDF: 794 kb

Using Nutrition to Improve Immunity Against Disease: Copper, Zinc, Selenium, and Vitamin E
5/1/1999 (new)

| ASC-154
1,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 41 downloads | PDF: 114 kb

Mastitis and Its Control
7/11/1997 (minor revision)

| ASC-140
1,000 printed copies | 14 pages | - | 31 downloads | PDF: 79 kb

Pasture for Dairy Cattle: Challenges and Opportunities
4/1/1997 (new)

| ASC-151
1,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 184 kb

Using the Dart Ration Computer Program to Answer Nutrition Questions About Dairy Cattle
9/15/1996 (minor revision)

| ASC-131
30 printed copies | 18 pages | - | 8 downloads | PDF: 210 kb

Feeding Growing-Finishing Pigs to Maximize Lean Growth Rate
8/31/1995 (reprinted)

| ASC-147
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 44 downloads | PDF: 96 kb

Feeding and Managing the Weanling Pig
8/1/1995 (new)

| ASC-149
2,000 printed copies | 8 pages | - | 35 downloads | PDF: 67 kb

Equine Feeding Management
4/1/1995 (new)

| ASC-143
3,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 146 kb

Managing Small Grains for Livestock Forage
3/1/1995 (new)

| AGR-160
3,000 printed copies | 6 pages | - | 16 downloads | PDF: 224 kb

A Health Calendar for Spring-Calving Herds
11/1/1993 (new)

| VET-31
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | MS Word: 89 kb

Club Lamb Fungus Disease
5/1/1993 (new)

| VET-30
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | MS Word: 37 kb

Sheep Foot Care and Diseases
4/1/1993 (reprinted)

| ASC-129
1,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | HTML: 24 kb

Role of Nutrition on Reproductive Performance
10/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-138
500 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 29 downloads | PDF: 191 kb

Balancing Rations for Dairy Cows
8/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-139
500 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 23 kb

Should You Be Feeding Fat to Your Dairy Cows?
8/1/1992 (new)

| ASC-134
300 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 10 downloads | PDF: 189 kb

Balancing Rations
5/31/1991 (minor revision)

| ASC-12
2,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 32 kb

Preventing and Treating Disease in Exhibition Market Animals
8/1/1990 (new)

| VET-28
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 2 downloads | MS Word: 30 kb

Chemical and Drug Residues in Livestock
10/1/1989 (new)

| VET-27
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | MS Word: 34 kb

Forages for Horses
5/1/1989 (new)

| ASC-120
10,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 45 downloads | PDF: 201 kb

Economical Alternative Feeds for Sheep
4/1/1989 (new)

| ASC-119
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 3 downloads | HTML: 24 kb

Basic Horse Nutrition
7/1/1988 (new)

| ASC-114
10,000 printed copies | 4 pages | - | 48 downloads | PDF: 243 kb

Creep Grazing for Beef Calves
4/1/1987 (new)

| ID-76
20,000 printed copies | - | - | 7 downloads | HTML: 11 kb

Factors Affecting Feed Conversion in Growing-Finishing Swine
9/1/1985 (new)

| ASC-104
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 23 kb

Improving Preweaning Survival of Pigs
6/1/1985 (new)

| ASC-106
3,000 printed copies | - | - | 1 download | HTML: 9 kb

Brucellosis of Cattle
3/1/1985 (reprinted)

| VET-26
5,000 printed copies | - | - | 4 downloads | MS Word: 37 kb

E.I.A. Equine Infectious Anemia
1/1/1973 (new)

| VET-10
300 printed copies | 2 pages | - | 11 downloads | PDF: 107 kb

Some Plants of Kentucky Poisonous to Livestock
6/1/1972 (minor revision)

| ID-2
10,000 printed copies | - | - | 7 downloads | HTML: 59 kb